Revelation: Everything Made New

How is the earth, sea, and sky changed? Why might we think Heaven will not be changed?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Revelation 21:1 I saw a new earth, sea, and sky, because the old had passed away.
King James
Revelation 21:1 And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.

How can a city descend from above?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Revelation 21:2 The holy city, the new Jerusalem, came down from God. I saw it descend from above, prepared like a bride beautifully dressed for her wedding day.
Revelation 21:10–11 By the Holy Spirit, the messenger took me to a great, high mountain, where I saw the beautiful, holy city Jerusalem, descending from God above, shining with his glory, having the brilliance of a flawlessly clear diamond.
King James
Revelation 21:2 And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.
Revelation 21:10–11 And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;

In what ways will God live among humans?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Revelation 21:3 A loud voice from above said, “Look! God’s home is with humanity. God himself will live with people. They will be his family, and he will be their God.
King James
Revelation 21:3 And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God.

What does God do to wipe away the tears and eliminate the pain?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Revelation 21:4 God will wipe the tears from their eyes. There will be no death, no sorrow, no reason to cry. The old days of pain will be gone forever.
King James
Revelation 21:4 And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.

How would you contrast the “old” from the “new”?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Revelation 21:5–8 The One sitting upon the throne said, “Look, I will make everything new. Write,” he said to me, “for these words are absolute truth, entirely trustworthy. It is finished. I am the beginning alpha and the ending omega. To all who are thirsty, I will freely give water from the fountain of life. The victorious will inherit my blessing, I will be their God, and they will be my children. The faithless and cowardly, the detestable and murderous, the prostitutes and fortune tellers, the idolaters and liars—all will be cast into the fiery lake of burning stones, which is the second death.”
King James
Revelation 21:5–8 And he that sat upon the throne said, Behold, I make all things new. And he said unto me, Write: for these words are true and faithful. And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely. He that overcometh shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son. But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death.

If there is no marriage in Heaven, how does the Lamb have a bride?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Mark 12:25 “In the resurrection, people will not marry, but will be like the angels of Heaven.”
Revelation 21:9 One of the seven messengers, who held a vial of plagues said, “Come and I will show you the bride, the Lamb’s wife.”
King James
Mark 12:25 For when they shall rise from the dead, they neither marry, nor are given in marriage; but are as the angels which are in heaven.
Revelation 21:9 And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb’s wife.

What is the significance of the details given in relation to the new Jerusalem?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Revelation 21:12–22 The broad and high city wall had twelve gates with a messenger, each bearing a name of one of Israel’s tribes. Three gates were on the east side, three on the north, three on the south, and three on the west. The city wall had twelve foundation stones, each with a name of one of the Lamb’s twelve apostles. The messenger talking to me held a gold rod for measuring the city and its gates and walls. The city was square, as wide as it was long, each side measuring 1,500 miles. The messenger measured the height of the wall at 216 feet. The wall was made of translucent stone, and the city was of the purest gold—clean, polished, and translucent like glass. The foundation of the city wall was adorned with jewels, first with jasper, then sapphire, agate, and emerald. The fifth was onyx, then red agate, yellow-green chrysotile, and beryl, as well as topaz and green chrysoprase. The twelfth stone was amethyst. Each gate was made of one pearl, and the pavement of the city was of the purest gold—clean, polished, and translucent like glass. The city had no temple, for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb were its temple.
King James
Revelation 21:12–22 And had a wall great and high, and had twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel: On the east three gates; on the north three gates; on the south three gates; and on the west three gates. And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. And he that talked with me had a golden reed to measure the city, and the gates thereof, and the wall thereof. And the city lieth foursquare, and the length is as large as the breadth: and he measured the city with the reed, twelve thousand furlongs. The length and the breadth and the height of it are equal. And he measured the wall thereof, an hundred and forty and four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of the angel. And the building of the wall of it was of jasper: and the city was pure gold, like unto clear glass. And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald; The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst. And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; every several gate was of one pearl: and the street of the city was pure gold, as it were transparent glass. And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord God Almighty and the Lamb are the temple of it.

How does the glory of God and the Lamb differ from sunlight?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Revelation 21:23 The sun and moon were not needed, because the glory of God and the Lamb illuminated the city.
King James
Revelation 21:23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof.

How is it possible to add to God’s glory?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Revelation 21:24–26 The multitudes that were saved on Earth will walk in this light, and their leaders will bring their glory and honor into it. The gates will remain open all the time, for there will be no night when they need to be closed. The multitudes will bring their glory and honor into the city.
King James
Revelation 21:24–26 And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honour into it. And the gates of it shall not be shut at all by day: for there shall be no night there. And they shall bring the glory and honour of the nations into it.

With the gates always open, how are the unclean or repulsive excluded?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Revelation 21:25–27 The gates will remain open all the time, for there will be no night when they need to be closed. The multitudes will bring their glory and honor into the city. Only those whose names are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life can enter the city, which excludes everything unclean or hypocritical.
King James
Revelation 21:25–27 And the gates of it shall not be shut at all by day: for there shall be no night there. And they shall bring the glory and honour of the nations into it. And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination, or maketh a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb’s book of life.