Revelation: The Thousand-Year Reign

What did the messenger do with his key to the bottomless abyss?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Revelation 20:1–2 A messenger came from above, holding a big chain and a key to the bottomless abyss. He seized the dragon, that old serpent known as the devil or Satan, to bind him for a thousand years.
King James
Revelation 20:1–2 And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years,

After Satan has been bound for so long, why would he need to be released?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Revelation 20:3 Cast into the bottomless abyss, the door closed and sealed, Satan could no longer deceive the nations, not for a thousand years. After that, he must be released for a while.
Revelation 20:7–8 After a thousand years, Satan will be released from his prison and will enter every corner of Earth to deceive the nations, even Gog and Magog, and gather people for battle, a vast army as numerous as the sands of the sea.
King James
Revelation 20:3 And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.
Revelation 20:7–8 And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison, And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea.

Does the thousand-year reign coincide with the thousand years that Satan is bound? Why?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Revelation 20:4 Those who gave their lives as witnesses for Jesus and God’s word sat upon thrones as judges. People who had not worshiped the beast or his image, who did not have the beast’s mark on their foreheads or hands, will reign with Christ for a thousand years.
King James
Revelation 20:4 And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.

Who are the “rest of the dead” remaining in their graves until the end of a thousand years?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Revelation 20:5 The rest of the dead remained in their graves until the end of the thousand years. This is the first resurrection.
King James
Revelation 20:5 But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection.

What is the difference between the first and second deaths?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Revelation 20:5–6 The rest of the dead remained in their graves until the end of the thousand years. This is the first resurrection. People in the first resurrection are uniquely blessed as priests of God and Christ, reigning with him for a thousand years. The second death will have no power over them.
King James
Revelation 20:5–6 But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with him a thousand years.

Who are the people who “rose up from across the land”?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Revelation 20:7–9 After a thousand years, Satan will be released from his prison and will enter every corner of Earth to deceive the nations, even Gog and Magog, and gather people for battle, a vast army as numerous as the sands of the sea. After people rose up from across the land and surrounded God’s people and the beloved city, fire from above came upon the besieging armies, consuming them.
King James
Revelation 20:7–9 And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison, And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea. And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them.

Where is Satan’s final home? How does he get there? Why doesn’t he go earlier?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Revelation 20:10 The devil, who deceived them, was cast into the fiery lake with burning stones, where the beast and false prophet were, to be tormented day and night forever.
King James
Revelation 20:10 And the devil that deceived them was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone, where the beast and the false prophet are, and shall be tormented day and night for ever and ever.

What does it mean: Earth and skies fled?

Author’s Thoughts
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Author’s Paraphrase
Revelation 20:11 Earth and skies fled from the presence of the one sitting on the great white throne, but there was no place to hide.
King James
Revelation 20:11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them.

How were people judged, by who they were, what they did, or some other criteria? Why?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Revelation 20:12–15 And I saw the dead from the least to the greatest, standing before God. The scrolls were opened and also the Book of Life. The dead were judged from the works written there The sea gave up their dead for judgment. Death and hell delivered up their dead. All were judged according to their works. Death and its domain were cast into the fiery lake, which is the second death. Everyone whose name was not recorded in the Book of Life was cast into the fiery lake.
King James
Revelation 20:12–15 And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works. And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works. And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.

How could “Death and its domain” be cast into the fiery lake? Why is this the “second death”?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Revelation 20:14 Death and its domain were cast into the fiery lake, which is the second death.
King James
Revelation 20:14 And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.