Matthew 6: Sermon on the Mount II

What are the benefits and liabilities for making our gifts public knowledge?

Author’s Thoughts
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Matthew 6:1–4 “Be careful not to do your good deeds publicly so others will admire you. If you do, you will have no reward from your Father in Heaven. When you give to the needy, do not call attention to yourself, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and streets. They want people to praise them. Without a doubt, they have received all the reward they will ever get. Instead, when you help someone, do it quietly, without fanfare. Then your Father will see what you have done in secret and will reward you.”
King James
Matthew 6:1–4 Take heed that ye do not your alms before men, to be seen of them: otherwise ye have no reward of your Father which is in heaven. Therefore when thou doest thine alms, do not sound a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may have glory of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward. But when thou doest alms, let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doeth: That thine alms may be in secret: and thy Father which seeth in secret himself shall reward thee openly.

How is prideful boasting different from “letting our light shine”?

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Matthew 6:5 “Do not be like the hypocrites, who love to stand and pray in the synagogues and on the street corners so people will see them. I assure you, they already have their reward.”
King James
Matthew 6:5 And when thou prayest, thou shalt not be as the hypocrites are: for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and in the corners of the streets, that they may be seen of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.

What is the difference between public and private prayer?

Author’s Thoughts
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Matthew 6:6 “Go to your room, close the door, and pray to your Father without being seen. Then your Father will see what you have done in secret and will reward you.”
King James
Matthew 6:6 But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy closet, and when thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father which is in secret; and thy Father which seeth in secret shall reward thee openly.

How can persistent prayer be a problem?

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Matthew 6:7–8 “When you pray, do not repeat empty words like the pagans, who think they will be heard because of their incessant babbling. Do not be like them, because your Father knows what you need before you ask.”
Luke 11:8–9 “I tell you, he will not get up because of friendship. But because of the persistent knocking, he will rise and answer your needs. Ask and you will receive, seek and you will find, knock and the door will be opened for you.”
King James
Matthew 6:7–8 But when ye pray, use not vain repetitions, as the heathen do: for they think that they shall be heard for their much speaking. Be not ye therefore like unto them: for your Father knoweth what things ye have need of, before ye ask him.
Luke 11:8–9 I say unto you, Though he will not rise and give him, because he is his friend, yet because of his importunity he will rise and give him as many as he needeth. And I say unto you, Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you.

How do we honor God’s name?

Author’s Thoughts
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Matthew 6:9 “Pray like this: ‘Our Father in Heaven, may your name be honored.'”
King James
Matthew 6:9 After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name.

What is the effect of praying for God’s will?

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Matthew 6:10 “May your Kingdom come and your will be done, on Earth as it is in Heaven.”
King James
Matthew 6:10 Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven.

How should we pray concerning our needs?

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Matthew 6:11 “Give us the bread we need for today.”
King James
Matthew 6:11 Give us this day our daily bread. (Matt. 6:11 KJV)

What does forgiving someone else’s offense have to do with our being forgiven for our own wrongdoing?

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Matthew 6:12 “Forgive our wrongs as we forgive the wrongs of others.”
Matthew 6:14–15 “If you forgive others for the wrongs they have done, your heavenly Father will forgive you. But if you refuse to forgive them, he will not forgive you.”
Luke 6:37 “Do not judge, and you will not be judged. Do not condemn, and you will not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven.”
King James
Matthew 6:12 And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.
Matthew 6:14–15 For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you: But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.
Luke 6:37 Judge not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be condemned: forgive, and ye shall be forgiven:

What is the difference between forgiving and forgetting?

Author’s Thoughts
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Matthew 6:12 “‘Forgive our wrongs as we forgive the wrongs of others.”
King James
Matthew 6:12 And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.

Will God ever lead a person into temptation? Why?

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Matthew 6:13 “Keep us from temptation and protect us from evil. For yours is the Kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen.”
King James
Matthew 6:13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.

How are we helped by recognizing God’s power and glory?

Author’s Thoughts
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Matthew 6:13 “Keep us from temptation and protect us from evil. For yours is the Kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen.”
King James
Matthew 6:13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.

For what reasons should people fast?

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Matthew 6:16–18 “Do not make your fasting obvious like the hypocrites, who look hungry and miserable so people will admire them for their sacrifice. I am telling you, they have received their reward. Instead, comb your hair and wash your face so no one will know. Your Father will see what was done in secret and will reward you.”
King James
Matthew 6:16–18 Moreover when ye fast, be not, as the hypocrites, of a sad countenance: for they disfigure their faces, that they may appear unto men to fast. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward. But thou, when thou fastest, anoint thine head, and wash thy face; That thou appear not unto men to fast, but unto thy Father which is in secret: and thy Father, which seeth in secret, shall reward thee openly.

What value should we place upon Earth’s treasures?

Author’s Thoughts
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Matthew 6:19–21 “Do not store up treasure for yourselves on Earth, where moths and rust can eat it up and thieves break in and steal. Instead, store your treasure in Heaven, where it is safe from moths and rust and thieves. Wherever your treasure is, there your heart will be also.”
King James
Matthew 6:19–21 Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal: But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal: For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.

Why do people have trouble seeing the value of treasures in Heaven?

Author’s Thoughts
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Author’s Paraphrase
Matthew 6:19–21 “Do not store up treasure for yourselves on Earth, where moths and rust can eat it up and thieves break in and steal. Instead, store your treasure in Heaven, where it is safe from moths and rust and thieves. Wherever your treasure is, there your heart will be also.”
King James
Matthew 6:19–21 Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon earth, where moth and rust doth corrupt, and where thieves break through and steal: But lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust doth corrupt, and where thieves do not break through nor steal: For where your treasure is, there will your heart be also.

How are eyes like a lamp for the body?

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Matthew 6:22–23 “Your eyes are like a lamp for the body. If your eyes are good, your whole body will be full of light. But if your eyes are bad, darkness fills your body. If the light you think you have is really darkness, how terrible is that darkness!”
King James
Matthew 6:22–23 The light of the body is the eye: if therefore thine eye be single, thy whole body shall be full of light. But if thine eye be evil, thy whole body shall be full of darkness. If therefore the light that is in thee be darkness, how great is that darkness!

Why does earthly treasure conflict with serving God?

Author’s Thoughts
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Matthew 6:24 “You cannot be the slave of two masters. You will either hate the one and love the other, or be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve both God and earthly treasure.”
Matthew 19:23 Jesus said to his disciples, “I tell you the truth, it is nearly impossible for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of Heaven.”
King James
Matthew 6:24 No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other. Ye cannot serve God and mammon.
Matthew 19:23 Then said Jesus unto his disciples, Verily I say unto you, That a rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of heaven.

Why shouldn’t we worry over what we need? Why is not worrying difficult?

Author’s Thoughts
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Matthew 6:25–32 “That is why you should not worry about your life, whether you have enough food and drink or clothes to wear. Isn’t life more important than food and the body more important than clothes? Look at the birds. They do not plant seeds, gather a harvest, or store grain in barns. Yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Aren’t you far more valuable to him than they are? Can all of your worrying increase your lifespan? Why worry about clothes? Look how the wildflowers grow in the fields. They do not spin yarn or weave fabric. Yet Solomon in his greatest splendor was never dressed like one of them. If God clothes the wildflowers that are here now and gone tomorrow, don’t you suppose he will care for you? Why do you have such weak faith? Do not trouble yourselves with questions like ‘What shall we eat?’ or ‘What shall we drink?’ or ‘What shall we wear?’ People who do not know God seek such things, but your heavenly Father already knows what you need.”
King James
Matthew 6:25–32 Therefore I say unto you, Take no thought for your life, what ye shall eat, or what ye shall drink; nor yet for your body, what ye shall put on. Is not the life more than meat, and the body than raiment? Behold the fowls of the air: for they sow not, neither do they reap, nor gather into barns; yet your heavenly Father feedeth them. Are ye not much better than they? Which of you by taking thought can add one cubit unto his stature? And why take ye thought for raiment? Consider the lilies of the field, how they grow; they toil not, neither do they spin: And yet I say unto you, That even Solomon in all his glory was not arrayed like one of these. Wherefore, if God so clothe the grass of the field, which to day is, and to morrow is cast into the oven, shall he not much more clothe you, O ye of little faith? Therefore take no thought, saying, What shall we eat? or, What shall we drink? or, Wherewithal shall we be clothed? (For after all these things do the Gentiles seek:) for your heavenly Father knoweth that ye have need of all these things.

How does a person “seek first the Kingdom”?

Author’s Thoughts
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Matthew 6:33 “Seek first his Kingdom and his righteousness, and he will give you everything you need.”
King James
Matthew 6:33 But seek ye first the kingdom of God, and his righteousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.

What is gained and lost by worrying about tomorrow?

Author’s Thoughts
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Matthew 6:34 “Do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will have its own worries. Today’s problems are enough for today.”
King James
Matthew 6:34 Take therefore no thought for the morrow: for the morrow shall take thought for the things of itself. Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof.