Matthew 1: The Birth of Jesus

What group of people did Matthew want his book to reach?

Author’s Thoughts
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Author’s Paraphrase
Matthew 1:1 Matthew reports the ancestors of Jesus starting with Abraham,
King James
Matthew 1:1 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.

Why is Matthew’s genealogy different from what Luke reports?

Author’s Thoughts
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Author’s Paraphrase
Matthew 1:1–17 Matthew reports the ancestors of Jesus starting with Abraham, his son Isaac, and Isaac’s son Jacob. After that, there was Judah and his son Perez (whose mother was Tamar). Perez’s descendants were Hezron, Ram, Amminadab, Nahshon, Salmon, and Boaz (whose mother was Rahab). Boaz’s decendents were Obed (whose mother was Ruth), Jesse, David, and Solomon (whose mother was Bathsheba, the widow of Uriah). Solomon’s descendants were Rehoboam, Abijah, Asaph, Jehoshaphat, Jehoram, Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh, Amos, Josiah, and Jehoiachin, who was born when the Jews were exiled to Babylon. Jehoiachin’s descendants were Shealtiel, Zerubbabel, Abiud, Eliakim, Azor, Zadok, Akim, Eliud, Eleazar, Matthan, and Jacob. Joseph was Jacob’s son and the husband of Mary, the mother of Jesus the Messiah. Fourteen generations are listed from Abraham to King David, fourteen from David’s time to the Babylonian exile, and fourteen from the exile to the Messiah.
Luke 3:23–38 Jesus began his public ministry when he was about thirty years old. He was known as the son of Joseph, who was preceded by Heli, Matthat, Levi, Melki, Jannai, Joseph, Mattathias, Amos, Nahum, Esli, Naggai, Maath, Mattathias, Semein, Joda, Joanan, Rhesa, Zerubbabel, Shealtiel, Neri, Melki, Addi, Cosam, Elmadam, Er, Joshua, Eliezer, Jorim, Matthat, Levi, Simeon, Judah, Joseph, Jonam, Eliakim, Melea, Menna, Mattatha, Nathan, David, Jesse, Obed, Boaz, Salmon, Nahshon, Amminadab, Admin, Arni, Hezron, Perez, Judah, Jacob, Isaac, Abraham, Terah, Nahor, Serug, Reu, Peleg, Eber, Shelah, Cainan, Arphaxad, Shem, Noah, Lamech, Methuselah, Enoch, Jared, Mahalalel, Kenan, Enosh, and Seth, who was the son of Adam, the son of God.
King James
Matthew 1:1–17 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat Judas and his brethren; And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram; And Aram begat Aminadab; and Aminadab begat Naasson; and Naasson begat Salmon; And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse; And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her that had been the wife of Urias; And Solomon begat Roboam; and Roboam begat Abia; and Abia begat Asa; And Asa begat Josaphat; and Josaphat begat Joram; and Joram begat Ozias; And Ozias begat Joatham; and Joatham begat Achaz; and Achaz begat Ezekias; And Ezekias begat Manasses; and Manasses begat Amon; and Amon begat Josias; And Josias begat Jechonias and his brethren, about the time they were carried away to Babylon: And after they were brought to Babylon, Jechonias begat Salathiel; and Salathiel begat Zorobabel; And Zorobabel begat Abiud; and Abiud begat Eliakim; and Eliakim begat Azor; And Azor begat Sadoc; and Sadoc begat Achim; and Achim begat Eliud; And Eliud begat Eleazar; and Eleazar begat Matthan; and Matthan begat Jacob; And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ. So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ are fourteen generations.
Luke 3:23–38 And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli, Which was the son of Matthat, which was the son of Levi, which was the son of Melchi, which was the son of Janna, which was the son of Joseph, Which was the son of Mattathias, which was the son of Amos, which was the son of Naum, which was the son of Esli, which was the son of Nagge, Which was the son of Maath, which was the son of Mattathias, which was the son of Semei, which was the son of Joseph, which was the son of Juda, Which was the son of Joanna, which was the son of Rhesa, which was the son of Zorobabel, which was the son of Salathiel, which was the son of Neri, Which was the son of Melchi, which was the son of Addi, which was the son of Cosam, which was the son of Elmodam, which was the son of Er, Which was the son of Jose, which was the son of Eliezer, which was the son of Jorim, which was the son of Matthat, which was the son of Levi, Which was the son of Simeon, which was the son of Juda, which was the son of Joseph, which was the son of Jonan, which was the son of Eliakim, Which was the son of Melea, which was the son of Menan, which was the son of Mattatha, which was the son of Nathan, which was the son of David, Which was the son of Jesse, which was the son of Obed, which was the son of Booz, which was the son of Salmon, which was the son of Naasson, Which was the son of Aminadab, which was the son of Aram, which was the son of Esrom, which was the son of Phares, which was the son of Juda, Which was the son of Jacob, which was the son of Isaac, which was the son of Abraham, which was the son of Thara, which was the son of Nachor, Which was the son of Saruch, which was the son of Ragau, which was the son of Phalec, which was the son of Heber, which was the son of Sala, Which was the son of Cainan, which was the son of Arphaxad, which was the son of Sem, which was the son of Noe, which was the son of Lamech, Which was the son of Mathusala, which was the son of Enoch, which was the son of Jared, which was the son of Maleleel, which was the son of Cainan, Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God.

How can the genealogy have three groups of fourteen but only list forty-one names?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Matthew 1:1–17 Matthew reports the ancestors of Jesus starting with Abraham, his son Isaac, and Isaac’s son Jacob. After that, there was Judah and his son Perez (whose mother was Tamar). Perez’s descendants were Hezron, Ram, Amminadab, Nahshon, Salmon, and Boaz (whose mother was Rahab). Boaz’s decendents were Obed (whose mother was Ruth), Jesse, David, and Solomon (whose mother was Bathsheba, the widow of Uriah). Solomon’s descendants were Rehoboam, Abijah, Asaph, Jehoshaphat, Jehoram, Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh, Amos, Josiah, and Jehoiachin, who was born when the Jews were exiled to Babylon. Jehoiachin’s descendants were Shealtiel, Zerubbabel, Abiud, Eliakim, Azor, Zadok, Akim, Eliud, Eleazar, Matthan, and Jacob. Joseph was Jacob’s son and the husband of Mary, the mother of Jesus the Messiah. Fourteen generations are listed from Abraham to King David, fourteen from David’s time to the Babylonian exile, and fourteen from the exile to the Messiah.
King James
Matthew 1:1–17 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat Judas and his brethren; And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram; And Aram begat Aminadab; and Aminadab begat Naasson; and Naasson begat Salmon; And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse; And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her that had been the wife of Urias; And Solomon begat Roboam; and Roboam begat Abia; and Abia begat Asa; And Asa begat Josaphat; and Josaphat begat Joram; and Joram begat Ozias; And Ozias begat Joatham; and Joatham begat Achaz; and Achaz begat Ezekias; And Ezekias begat Manasses; and Manasses begat Amon; and Amon begat Josias; And Josias begat Jechonias and his brethren, about the time they were carried away to Babylon: And after they were brought to Babylon, Jechonias begat Salathiel; and Salathiel begat Zorobabel; And Zorobabel begat Abiud; and Abiud begat Eliakim; and Eliakim begat Azor; And Azor begat Sadoc; and Sadoc begat Achim; and Achim begat Eliud; And Eliud begat Eleazar; and Eleazar begat Matthan; and Matthan begat Jacob; And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ. So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ are fourteen generations.

Write the question here.

Author’s Thoughts
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Author’s Paraphrase
2 Samuel 7:12–16When you reach the end of your life on Earth, you will be buried with your ancestors. I will raise up your son and establish his kingdom. He will build my dwelling place, and the throne of his kingdom will stand forever. I will be his father, and he will be my son. If he does wrong, I will chasten him with the staff and stripes of men and their children. But I will not withhold my mercy as I did with from Saul, whom I rejected. Your house will be eternal. Your kingdom and throne will stand forever.
Matthew 1:1–17 Matthew reports the ancestors of Jesus starting with Abraham, his son Isaac, and Isaac’s son Jacob. After that, there was Judah and his son Perez (whose mother was Tamar). Perez’s descendants were Hezron, Ram, Amminadab, Nahshon, Salmon, and Boaz (whose mother was Rahab). Boaz’s decendents were Obed (whose mother was Ruth), Jesse, David, and Solomon (whose mother was Bathsheba, the widow of Uriah). Solomon’s descendants were Rehoboam, Abijah, Asaph, Jehoshaphat, Jehoram, Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh, Amos, Josiah, and Jehoiachin, who was born when the Jews were exiled to Babylon. Jehoiachin’s descendants were Shealtiel, Zerubbabel, Abiud, Eliakim, Azor, Zadok, Akim, Eliud, Eleazar, Matthan, and Jacob. Joseph was Jacob’s son and the husband of Mary, the mother of Jesus the Messiah. Fourteen generations are listed from Abraham to King David, fourteen from David’s time to the Babylonian exile, and fourteen from the exile to the Messiah.
King James
2 Samuel 7:12–16 And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever. I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men: But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee. And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.
Matthew 1:1–17 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat Judas and his brethren; And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram; And Aram begat Aminadab; and Aminadab begat Naasson; and Naasson begat Salmon; And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse; And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her that had been the wife of Urias; And Solomon begat Roboam; and Roboam begat Abia; and Abia begat Asa; And Asa begat Josaphat; and Josaphat begat Joram; and Joram begat Ozias; And Ozias begat Joatham; and Joatham begat Achaz; and Achaz begat Ezekias; And Ezekias begat Manasses; and Manasses begat Amon; and Amon begat Josias; And Josias begat Jechonias and his brethren, about the time they were carried away to Babylon: And after they were brought to Babylon, Jechonias begat Salathiel; and Salathiel begat Zorobabel; And Zorobabel begat Abiud; and Abiud begat Eliakim; and Eliakim begat Azor; And Azor begat Sadoc; and Sadoc begat Achim; and Achim begat Eliud; And Eliud begat Eleazar; and Eleazar begat Matthan; and Matthan begat Jacob; And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ. So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ are fourteen generations.

Where do you think Mary was when Gabriel appeared?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Matthew 1:18 The birth of Jesus the Messiah happened this Way: His mother, Mary, was engaged to Joseph, but before the marriage, while still a virgin, she became pregnant by the power of the Holy Spirit.
Luke 1:26–27 In the Galilean town of Nazareth, the angel Gabriel appeared to a virgin named Mary, who was engaged to marry Joseph, a descendant of Israel’s King David.
King James
Matthew 1:18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost.
Luke 1:26–27 And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, to a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin’s name was Mary.

Mary’s pregnancy could not have been a secret forever. Who do you think Mary told first?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Matthew 1:18 The birth of Jesus the Messiah happened this Way: His mother, Mary, was engaged to Joseph, but before the marriage, while still a virgin, she became pregnant by the power of the Holy Spirit.
King James
Matthew 1:18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph, before they came together, she was found with child of the Holy Ghost.

How did Joseph learn that Mary was pregnant?

Author’s Thoughts
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Author’s Paraphrase
Matthew 1:19 When Joseph discovered that his fiancée was pregnant, he did not want to subject her to public disgrace, so he decided to break their engagement quietly.
King James
Matthew 1:19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a publick example, was minded to put her away privily.

Why might Mary have wanted her pregnancy to be hidden from people in Nazareth?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Matthew 1:19 When Joseph discovered that his fiancée was pregnant, he did not want to subject her to public disgrace, so he decided to break their engagement quietly.
King James
Matthew 1:19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just man, and not willing to make her a publick example, was minded to put her away privily.

What caused Joseph to believe what he saw and heard in his dream?

Author’s Thoughts
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Author’s Paraphrase
Matthew 1:20–25 While still contemplating exactly what he would do, an angel appeared to him in a dream, saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to get married. The child has been conceived in Mary by the Holy Spirit. She will have a son, and you must name him Jesus because he will save his people from their sins.” All this happened to fulfill what God had spoken through the prophet Isaiah: Watch for this! A virgin will become pregnant and give birth to a son named Immanuel, meaning “God with us.” Aroused from sleep, Joseph did as the angel had commanded. He took Mary to be his wife but avoided intimacy with her until after the baby was born. And he named him Jesus.
King James
Matthew 1:20–25 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost. And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins. Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us. Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife: And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS.

Why might Matthew have thought it was important to mention Joseph and Mary’s sexual intimacy during their first year of marriage?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Matthew 1:24–25 Aroused from sleep, Joseph did as the angel had commanded. He took Mary to be his wife but avoided intimacy with her until after the baby was born. And he named him Jesus.
King James
Matthew 1:24–25 Then Joseph being raised from sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden him, and took unto him his wife: And knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn son: and he called his name JESUS.