Luke 6: The Twelve Apostles

Why did Jesus’ disciples feel at liberty to eat grain from the fields? How did the Pharisees know what they did? Why did they protest?

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Luke 6:1–2 On a Sabbath day, Jesus went through the grain fields. His disciples picked some heads of grain. They rubbed off the husks with their hands and ate the kernels.
The Pharisees said, “Why are you doing work that is not permitted on the Sabbath?”
King James
Luke 6:1–2 And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, rubbing them in their hands. And certain of the Pharisees said unto them, Why do ye that which is not lawful to do on the sabbath days?

How did Jesus justify doing work on the Sabbath? How might the Pharisees have responded to his words?

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Luke 6:3–5 “Haven’t you read,” Jesus said, “what David and his men did when they were hungry? He entered the house of God and ate the sacred bread that only the priests were allowed to eat. He also gave loaves to his men. The Son of Man is Lord, even of the Sabbath.”
King James
Luke 6:3–5 And Jesus answering them said, Have ye not read so much as this, what David did, when himself was an hungred, and they which were with him; how he went into the house of God, and did take and eat the shewbread, and gave also to them that were with him; which it is not lawful to eat but for the priests alone? And he said unto them, That the Son of man is Lord also of the sabbath.

Why were the Pharisees watching to see if Jesus would heal the man with the crippled hand?

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Luke 6:6–7 On another Sabbath, Jesus taught in the synagogue. A man with a crippled hand was there.
The Pharisees and the teachers of the Law were looking for a reason to accuse Jesus, so they watched closely to see if he would heal the man.
King James
Luke 6:6–7 And it came to pass also on another sabbath, that he entered into the synagogue and taught: and there was a man whose right hand was withered. And the scribes and Pharisees watched him, whether he would heal on the sabbath day; that they might find an accusation against him.

If Jesus could have healed the man’s crippled hand on another day, why did he heal on the Sabbath?

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6:8–11Paraphrase
Luke 6:8–11 Knowing their intentions, he said to the man, “Come stand in front of everyone.”
The man came forward.
Jesus said to them, “Is it lawful to do good or evil on the Sabbath, to save life or destroy it?” He said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.”
As the man reached out, his hand became completely restored, as healthy as the other.
The Pharisees and teachers were furious and began to plot what they might do to Jesus.
King James
Luke 6:8–11 But he knew their thoughts, and said to the man which had the withered hand, Rise up, and stand forth in the midst. And he arose and stood forth. Then said Jesus unto them, I will ask you one thing; Is it lawful on the sabbath days to do good, or to do evil? to save life, or to destroy it? And looking round about upon them all, he said unto the man, Stretch forth thy hand. And he did so: and his hand was restored whole as the other. And they were filled with madness; and communed one with another what they might do to Jesus.

Why did Jesus spend a whole night, praying? What might he have done and said during so many hours?

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Luke 6:12 One day, Jesus went up on a mountain and spent the whole night praying to God.
King James
Luke 6:12 And it came to pass in those days, that he went out into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.

From how many people did Jesus choose his twelve disciples? Why did they accept his call? If some were not called, what happened to them?

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Luke 6:13–16 The next morning, he invited his followers and chose twelve men, whom he named his special messengers, to stay with him. They were Simon, whom he named Peter, his brother Andrew, and James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, Simon the Zealot, Judas the son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor.
King James
Luke 6:13–16 And when it was day, he called unto him his disciples: and of them he chose twelve, whom also he named apostles; Simon, (whom he also named Peter,) and Andrew his brother, James and John, Philip and Bartholomew, Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes, and Judas the brother of James, and Judas Iscariot, which also was the traitor.

How could people see that Jesus had power to heal them?

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Luke 6:17–19 When Jesus saw a crowd gathering, he and his disciples went down the mountain to level ground. A great multitude was there from Judea, Jerusalem, and the coastal cities of Tyre and Sidon—some of his followers and other people who had come to hear him and be healed of their diseases. People who were tormented by evil spirits also came and were cured. They tried to touch him because they saw he had power to heal them.
King James
Luke 6:17–19 And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judaea and Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases; and they that were vexed with unclean spirits: and they were healed. And the whole multitude sought to touch him: for there went virtue out of him, and healed them all.

Which is more important, the miracle or the message?

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Luke 6:17–19 When Jesus saw a crowd gathering, he and his disciples went down the mountain to level ground. A great multitude was there from Judea, Jerusalem, and the coastal cities of Tyre and Sidon—some of his followers and other people who had come to hear him and be healed of their diseases. People who were tormented by evil spirits also came and were cured. They tried to touch him because they saw he had power to heal them.
King James
Luke 6:17–19 And he came down with them, and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and a great multitude of people out of all Judaea and Jerusalem, and from the sea coast of Tyre and Sidon, which came to hear him, and to be healed of their diseases; and they that were vexed with unclean spirits: and they were healed. And the whole multitude sought to touch him: for there went virtue out of him, and healed them all.

What does it mean to be “poor in spirit”? How is that a blessing?

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Luke 6:20 Jesus looked at his followers who had come to hear his teaching. “Blessed are the poor in spirit, those who recognize their need for God, for the Kingdom of Heaven belongs to them.
King James
Luke 6:20 And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said, Blessed be ye poor: for yours is the kingdom of God.

What does hunger to please God have to do with righteousness?

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Luke 6:21 “Blessed are the righteous, those who hunger and thirst to please God, for they will find true satisfaction. Blessed are the mourners, those who are grieving, for God will bring comfort, joy, and laughter to their aching hearts.”
King James
Luke 6:21 Blessed are ye that hunger now: for ye shall be filled. Blessed are ye that weep now: for ye shall laugh.

How is mourning helpful? What would cause it to be damaging?

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Luke 6:21 “Blessed are the righteous, those who hunger and thirst to please God, for they will find true satisfaction. Blessed are the mourners, those who are grieving, for God will bring comfort, joy, and laughter to their aching hearts.”
King James
Luke 6:21 Blessed are ye that hunger now: for ye shall be filled. Blessed are ye that weep now: for ye shall laugh.

When is it a blessing to be hated?

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Luke 6:22–23 “Blessed are the hated, those who are rejected, insulted, and falsely accused because of me. In their day of abuse, they will rejoice because their reward in Heaven is great. The ancient prophets were treated the same way.”
King James
Luke 6:22–23 Blessed are ye, when men shall hate you, and when they shall separate you from their company, and shall reproach you, and cast out your name as evil, for the Son of man’s sake. Rejoice ye in that day, and leap for joy: for, behold, your reward is great in heaven: for in the like manner did their fathers unto the prophets.

What are “riches”? When are riches a blessing, and when are they a curse?

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Luke 6:24 “Woe to the rich, those unwilling to help those who have less, for they already have their blessing.”
King James
Luke 6:24 But woe unto you that are rich! for ye have received your consolation.

What are the dangers of being satisfied?

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Luke 6:25 “Woe to the well fed, those who think they have no need, for they will be hungry. Woe to the joyful, those who depend on circumstances for happiness, for they will weep and cry.”
1 Timothy 6:6 Actually, we are truly rich when we have learned contentment in using for good whatever God provides.
Revelation 3:15–17 I know what you have done. You are neither hot nor cold. I wish you were one or the other. Since you are lukewarm, neither hot nor cold, I will spit you out of my mouth like vomit. While you say, “I am rich, my business is thriving, and I have everything I could want,” you don’t realize how pitifully poor, blind, and naked you are, spiritually destitute.
King James
Luke 6:25 Woe unto you that are full! for ye shall hunger. Woe unto you that laugh now! for ye shall mourn and weep.
1 Timothy 6:6 But godliness with contentment is great gain.
Revelation 3:15–17 I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot. So then because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue thee out of my mouth. Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked:

What is wrong with being “politically correct”?

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Luke 6:26 “Woe to the politically correct, those who say what people want to hear, for that is what their fathers liked about the false prophets.”
Acts 5:29 “We are compelled to obey God, not men,” Peter said, and the rest of the apostles agreed.
Romans 12:18 Then Peter and the other apostles answered and said, We ought to obey God rather than men.
King James
Luke 6:26 Woe unto you, when all men shall speak well of you! for so did their fathers to the false prophets.
Acts 5:29 Then Peter and the other apostles answered and said, We ought to obey God rather than men.
Romans 12:18 If it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men.

What does it mean to love our enemies?

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Luke 6:27–31 “Love your enemies. Do good to those who hate you. Show kindness to those who curse you. Pray for those who mistreat you. If people slap you on the cheek, do not retaliate, but allow them to slap the other cheek. If someone wants your shirt, be willing to give up your coat as well. Give to everyone who asks, and when things are taken from you, do not demand their return. Do what you would have others do to you.”
King James
Luke 6:27–31 But I say unto you which hear, Love your enemies, do good to them which hate you, bless them that curse you, and pray for them which despitefully use you. And unto him that smiteth thee on the one cheek offer also the other; and him that taketh away thy cloke forbid not to take thy coat also. Give to every man that asketh of thee; and of him that taketh away thy goods ask them not again. And as ye would that men should do to you, do ye also to them likewise.

How should the behavior of those who love God differ from those who don’t?

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Luke 6:32 “What is commendable about loving only those who love you? Even sinners do that.”
King James
Luke 6:32 For if ye love them which love you, what thank have ye? for sinners also love those that love them.

Why is there credit for those who show kindness to their enemies?

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Luke 6:33–36 “You get no credit for showing kindness to those who treat you well, because sinners do that much. Will you receive compliments for lending money only to those you are sure will pay you back? Even sinners lend to sinners when they are confident of repayment. Lend when you have no assurance of being paid back. Then you will be rewarded as children who are like their Father God, who is kind to the wicked and ungrateful. Show mercy to others, just as your Father has shown mercy to you.”
Romans 12:20 If your enemy is hungry, prepare a feast for him. If he is thirsty, give him your best wine. Your generosity will amaze him—as much a shock as coals of fire being poured upon his head—and God will reward you.
King James
Luke 6:33–36 And if ye do good to them which do good to you, what thank have ye? for sinners also do even the same. And if ye lend to them of whom ye hope to receive, what thank have ye? for sinners also lend to sinners, to receive as much again. But love ye your enemies, and do good, and lend, hoping for nothing again; and your reward shall be great, and ye shall be the children of the Highest: for he is kind unto the unthankful and to the evil. Be ye therefore merciful, as your Father also is merciful.
Romans 12:20 Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head.

What does it mean to “not judge” others?

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Luke 6:37 “Do not judge, and you will not be judged. Do not condemn, and you will not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven.”
King James
Luke 6:37 Judge not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be condemned: forgive, and ye shall be forgiven:

How is giving not a net loss?

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Luke 6:38 “Give, and you will not have to worry about receiving. You will receive a full measure, packed down, shaken together, and spilling into your lap. The measure you give determines the measure you will receive.”
King James
Luke 6:38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again.

Under what conditions would a blind person lead a blind person?

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Luke 6:39 Jesus used these analogies: “Can one blind person lead another? Wouldn’t both of them fall into a ditch?”
King James
Luke 6:39 And he spake a parable unto them, Can the blind lead the blind? shall they not both fall into the ditch?

Who bears responsibility for learning, the student or the teacher? Why?

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Luke 6:40 “A student is not above the teacher, but the one who is fully taught will be like the teacher.”
King James
Luke 6:40 The disciple is not above his master: but every one that is perfect shall be as his master.

Jesus asks a great question but doesn’t give an answer. Why people tend to see fault in others but not themselves?

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Luke 6:41 “Why do you worry about the sawdust in your brother’s eye but never notice the board in your own eye?”
King James
Luke 6:41 And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother’s eye, but perceivest not the beam that is in thine own eye?

What are the dangers of seeking to correct other people’s faults when we suffer from the same issues ourselves?

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Luke 6:42 “How can you say, ‘Brother, let me take the speck out of your eye,’ and not admit the existence of something much larger in your own eye? Hypocrite! First take the large object from your eye. Then you can see clearly to remove the small piece from your brother’s eye.”
King James
Luke 6:42 Either how canst thou say to thy brother, Brother, let me pull out the mote that is in thine eye, when thou thyself beholdest not the beam that is in thine own eye? Thou hypocrite, cast out first the beam out of thine own eye, and then shalt thou see clearly to pull out the mote that is in thy brother’s eye.

If a single tree trunk can support several varieties of grafted-in fruit, why can’t a bad tree produce good fruit?

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Luke 6:43–44 Verse “A good tree cannot produce bad fruit, and a bad tree cannot produce good fruit. Each tree is identified by its own fruit. No one picks grapes from thorn bushes or figs from briers.”
King James
Luke 6:43–44 For a good tree bringeth not forth corrupt fruit; neither doth a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. For every tree is known by his own fruit. For of thorns men do not gather figs, nor of a bramble bush gather they grapes.

Actors develop amazing skills to portray themselves as someone they are not. Is it possible for good things to proceed from evil hearts? Why?

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Luke 6:45 “Out of the treasury of a good heart, people do good things. From an evil heart, people do evil things. What they say flows from what is in their hearts.”
James 3:10 Both blessing and cursing come from the same person’s mouth. My friends, that should never happen.
King James
Luke 6:45 A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil: for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh.
James 3:10 Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be.

How often do employees call their superiors “boss” but don’t do what they say? Why does that happen?

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Luke 6:46 “Why do you call me your master and not do what I say?”
King James
Luke 6:46 And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?

What similarities and differences exist between the wise and foolish men that Jesus describes?

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Luke 6:47–49 “Everyone who not only hears my words but also puts them into practice is like a wise man who dug deep and laid the foundation of his house on solid rock. When a storm brought torrential rain, flooded streams, and hurricane-force winds, his house did not collapse, because it was well built on an unshakeable foundation. Anyone who hears my words but never acts on them is like a foolish man who built his house on sand, without a foundation. The rain fell, causing the streams to rise. As soon as the high winds came, the house fell with a great crash and was completely destroyed.”
King James
Luke 6:47–49 Whosoever cometh to me, and heareth my sayings, and doeth them, I will shew you to whom he is like: He is like a man which built an house, and digged deep, and laid the foundation on a rock: and when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently upon that house, and could not shake it: for it was founded upon a rock. But he that heareth, and doeth not, is like a man that without a foundation built an house upon the earth; against which the stream did beat vehemently, and immediately it fell; and the ruin of that house was great.