Luke 24: Resurrection of Jesus

What did the women think when they saw the open tomb and two men in dazzling clothes, but Jesus wasn’t there?

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Luke 24:1–5 At the break of dawn on the first day of the week, the women went to the tomb with spices they had prepared. The stone had already been rolled back from the entrance. They walked in, but Jesus’ body was not there.
While they stood there, wondering what had happened, two men appeared in dazzling clothes.
Terrified, the women bowed their faces to the ground.
The men said to them, “Why do you look for the living among the dead?”
King James
Luke 24:1–5 Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain others with them. And they found the stone rolled away from the sepulchre. And they entered in, and found not the body of the Lord Jesus. And it came to pass, as they were much perplexed thereabout, behold, two men stood by them in shining garments: And as they were afraid, and bowed down their faces to the earth, they said unto them, Why seek ye the living among the dead?

How well did the women understand the two messengers?

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Luke 24:6–9 “He is not here, because he has risen. Do you remember what he told you while he was in Galilee? The Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men to be crucified, and he will rise on the third day.”
Then the women remembered what Jesus had said. They left the tomb to tell the eleven apostles and all the other disciples.
King James
Luke 24:6–9 He is not here, but is risen: remember how he spake unto you when he was yet in Galilee, saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again. And they remembered his words, and returned from the sepulchre, and told all these things unto the eleven, and to all the rest.

Why couldn’t the disciples believe the women who said they had seen Jesus?

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Luke 24:10–11 Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the women who were with them also told these things to the apostles. But their words seemed like a fairy tale, so the men did not believe them.
King James
Luke 24:10–11 It was Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and other women that were with them, which told these things unto the apostles. And their words seemed to them as idle tales, and they believed them not.

When Peter saw the empty tomb, what did he think had happened?

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Luke 24:12 Peter ran to the tomb, stooped down, and saw the pieces of linen lying by themselves. Then he left, wondering what had happened.
King James
Luke 24:12 Then arose Peter, and ran unto the sepulchre; and stooping down, he beheld the linen clothes laid by themselves, and departed, wondering in himself at that which was come to pass.

On the way to Emmaus, why were two of Jesus’ followers unable to recognize him?

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Luke 24:13–16 On the same day, two of Jesus’ followers left for Emmaus, about seven miles from Jerusalem. As they walked, they talked about everything that had happened. While they discussed the events and reasoned together, Jesus came near and walked with them, but they were kept from recognizing him.
King James
Luke 24:13–16 And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs. And they talked together of all these things which had happened. And it came to pass, that, while they communed together and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them. But their eyes were holden that they should not know him.

How widespread was the knowledge of Jesus crucifixion and burial, and the disappearance of his body?

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Luke 24:17–18 “What are you talking about?” Jesus said. “Why are you so sad?”
One of the two, Cleopas, said, “Are you the only visitor to Jerusalem who does not know what has happened in the last few days?”
King James
Luke 24:17–18 And he said unto them, What manner of communications are these that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and are sad? And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said unto him, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass there in these days?

How much credence did the two followers give to the reports that Jesus was alive?

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Luke 24:17–24 “What are you talking about?” Jesus said. “Why are you so sad?”
One of the two, Cleopas, said, “Are you the only visitor to Jerusalem who does not know what has happened in the last few days?”
“What are you talking about?”
“Jesus of Nazareth. He was a prophet who did incredible miracles and was a powerful teacher in the eyes of God and all the people. Our chief priests and religious leaders delivered him to be sentenced to death and crucified. We had hoped he was the one who would liberate Israel. It has been three days since these things happened. Some women of our group were at the tomb early this morning and brought an unbelievable report. They could not find his body, they said, but they saw a vision of angels who said he was alive. Some of our men went to the tomb and saw that the body was gone, just as the women had said, but they did not see him.”
King James
Luke 24:17–24 And he said unto them, What manner of communications are these that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and are sad? And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said unto him, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass there in these days? And he said unto them, What things? And they said unto him, Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people: And how the chief priests and our rulers delivered him to be condemned to death, and have crucified him. But we trusted that it had been he which should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, to day is the third day since these things were done. Yea, and certain women also of our company made us astonished, which were early at the sepulchre; and when they found not his body, they came, saying, that they had also seen a vision of angels, which said that he was alive. And certain of them which were with us went to the sepulchre, and found it even so as the women had said: but him they saw not.

How much time might Jesus have spent explaining the scriptures concerning himself?

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Luke 24:25–27 “Why don’t you understand?” Jesus said. “You are so slow to believe what the prophets have said. Wasn’t it necessary for the Messiah to suffer these things before entering his glory?”
Beginning with Moses and all the prophets, Jesus took them through the scriptures and explained everything concerning himself.
King James
Luke 24:25–27 Then he said unto them, O fools, and slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken: Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory? And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself.

What was Jesus’ intention when he acted as if he would go farther?

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Luke 24:28–29 As they came to Emmaus, Jesus acted as if he would go farther.
“Stay with us,” the two said. “It’s getting late, and there is little daylight left.”
So he went with them.
King James
Luke 24:28–29 And they drew nigh unto the village, whither they went: and he made as though he would have gone further. But they constrained him, saying, Abide with us: for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent. And he went in to tarry with them.

What is the significance of Jesus eating bread with his followers just before they recognized him and he disappeared?

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Luke 24:30–31 As they sat down to eat, Jesus took the bread and gave thanks. He broke off a piece and gave the loaf to them. Their eyes were opened, and they recognized him.
Then he disappeared.
King James
Luke 24:30–31 And it came to pass, as he sat at meat with them, he took bread, and blessed it, and brake, and gave to them. And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight.

How long did the followers take in getting back to Jerusalem and meeting with the eleven disciples?

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Luke 24:32–33 They said to each other, “Didn’t our hearts burn within us while we were on the road and he explained the scriptures?” At once, they returned to Jerusalem and found the eleven disciples gathered with the others.
King James
Luke 24:32–33 And they said one to another, Did not our heart burn within us, while he talked with us by the way, and while he opened to us the scriptures? And they rose up the same hour, and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and them that were with them,

What did Cleopas say to validate his claim of seeing Jesus?

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Luke 24:34–35 “It’s true,” Cleopas said. “The Lord Jesus has risen. It’s not my word alone. Simon was with me, and he saw him too.”
They told what had happened on the way to Emmaus and how they recognized Jesus when he broke the bread.
King James
Luke 24:34–35 Saying, The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appeared to Simon. And they told what things were done in the way, and how he was known of them in breaking of bread.

After hearing Cleopas and then seeing Jesus appear in their midst, what kept the disciples from believing?

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Luke 24:36–40 While the disciples talked about what had happened, Jesus appeared and stood among them. “Peace be with you.”
Startled by what they thought was a ghost, they were terrified.
“Why are you fearful?” Jesus said. “Why do you question who I am? Look at my hands and feet. Touch me, and see for yourself. Ghosts do not have flesh and bone as I have.” 40 As he spoke, he showed them his scarred hands and feet.
King James
Luke 24:36–40 And as they thus spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you. But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they had seen a spirit. And he said unto them, Why are ye troubled? and why do thoughts arise in your hearts? Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have. And when he had thus spoken, he shewed them his hands and his feet.

At what point did the disciples believe that Jesus was alive in human flesh?

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Luke 24:41–48 In their joy and amazement, this seemed too good to be true. Jesus said, “May I have something to eat?”
They gave him a piece of broiled fish and watched him eat it.
“When I was with you,” Jesus said, “I told you that everything written in the Law of Moses, the prophets, and the psalms concerning me must be fulfilled.” He opened their minds to understand the scriptures and said, “It is written that the Messiah must suffer and will rise from the dead on the third day. Beginning in Jerusalem, repentance and forgiveness of sins must be preached among all nations. You have been eyewitnesses of these things.”
King James
Luke 24:41–48 And while they yet believed not for joy, and wondered, he said unto them, Have ye here any meat? And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, and of an honeycomb. And he took it, and did eat before them. And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me. Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures, and said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. And ye are witnesses of these things.

How did Jesus open their minds to understand the scriptures?

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Luke 24:41–48 In their joy and amazement, this seemed too good to be true. Jesus said, “May I have something to eat?”
They gave him a piece of broiled fish and watched him eat it.
“When I was with you,” Jesus said, “I told you that everything written in the Law of Moses, the prophets, and the psalms concerning me must be fulfilled.” He opened their minds to understand the scriptures and said, “It is written that the Messiah must suffer and will rise from the dead on the third day. Beginning in Jerusalem, repentance and forgiveness of sins must be preached among all nations. You have been eyewitnesses of these things.”
King James
Luke 24:41–48 And while they yet believed not for joy, and wondered, he said unto them, Have ye here any meat? And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, and of an honeycomb. And he took it, and did eat before them. And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me. Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures, and said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. And ye are witnesses of these things.

After seeing Jesus a second time, what might Cleopas and his companion, Simon, have said?

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Luke 24:41–48 In their joy and amazement, this seemed too good to be true. Jesus said, “May I have something to eat?”
They gave him a piece of broiled fish and watched him eat it.
“When I was with you,” Jesus said, “I told you that everything written in the Law of Moses, the prophets, and the psalms concerning me must be fulfilled.” He opened their minds to understand the scriptures and said, “It is written that the Messiah must suffer and will rise from the dead on the third day. Beginning in Jerusalem, repentance and forgiveness of sins must be preached among all nations. You have been eyewitnesses of these things.”
King James
Luke 24:41–48 And while they yet believed not for joy, and wondered, he said unto them, Have ye here any meat? And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, and of an honeycomb. And he took it, and did eat before them. And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me. Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures, and said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. And ye are witnesses of these things.

What did the disciples understand about Jesus’ command to “wait in Jerusalem”?

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Luke 24:49 “As my Father promised, I will send the Holy Spirit upon you. Wait in Jerusalem until you are equipped with power from Heaven.”
King James
Luke 24:49 And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high.

Where and how did Jesus ascend into the clouds to enter Heaven?

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Luke 24:50–53 After leading them to a place near Bethany, Jesus lifted his hands and blessed them. While he blessed them, he was lifted up into Heaven.
They worshiped him and returned to Jerusalem, rejoicing.
They were continually in the Temple, praying and praising God.
King James
Luke 24:50–53 And he led them out as far as to Bethany, and he lifted up his hands, and blessed them. And it came to pass, while he blessed them, he was parted from them, and carried up into heaven. And they worshipped him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy: And were continually in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen.