Luke 22: Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus

For how long had religious leaders been unable to arrest Jesus because the feared the people?

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Luke 22:1–2 It was almost time for Passover, the Feast of Unleavened Bread. The chief priests and teachers of the Law sought a means to covertly capture Jesus and put him to death, because they feared how the people might react.
King James
Luke 22:1–2 Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover. And the chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill him; for they feared the people.

Why was Judas’s offer an answer to the religious leaders’ prayers?

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Luke 22:3–6 Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, thought of a devilish plan, left the other disciples, and talked to the chief priests and teachers of the Law about how he could betray Jesus to them. They were delighted and promised to pay, so he agreed and looked for a good place and time when he could hand him over without any people around.
King James
Luke 22:3–6 Then entered Satan into Judas surnamed Iscariot, being of the number of the twelve. And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him unto them. And they were glad, and covenanted to give him money. And he promised, and sought opportunity to betray him unto them in the absence of the multitude.

What was unusual about Jesus telling Peter and John to prepare the Passover meal?

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Luke 22:7–13 Tn the day of Unleavened Bread, when the Passover lambs must be killed, Jesus said to Simon Peter and John, “Go prepare the Passover meal so we may eat together.”
They said, “Where do you want us to go?”
“Go into the city. When you see a man carrying a pitcher of water, follow him. Say to the owner of the house that he enters, ‘The Teacher says, “Where is the room where I shall eat the Passover meal with my disciples?”‘ He will show you a large upstairs room that is furnished and ready for our use. Make preparations there.”
The disciples went into the city, found everything exactly as Jesus had said, and prepared the meal.
King James
Luke 22:7–13 Then came the day of unleavened bread, when the passover must be killed. And he sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare us the passover, that we may eat. And they said unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare? And he said unto them, Behold, when ye are entered into the city, there shall a man meet you, bearing a pitcher of water; follow him into the house where he entereth in. And ye shall say unto the goodman of the house, The Master saith unto thee, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples? And he shall shew you a large upper room furnished: there make ready. And they went, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.

Who sat near Jesus at the table?

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Luke 22:14  When the time came, Jesus sat with the disciples at the table.
King James
Luke 22:14 And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him.

When was the future Passover meal that Jesus anticipated with his disciples?

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Luke 22:14–16 When the time came, Jesus sat with the disciples at the table. Jesus said, “I have looked forward to eating this Passover meal with you before I suffer. I will not eat of it again until all has been fulfilled in the Kingdom of God.”
King James
Luke 22:14–16 And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him. And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer: For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God.

What was the importance of the wine and bread that Jesus offered thanks for?

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Luke 22:17–20 He held the cup, offered thanks, and passed it to the disciples. “Take this wine and drink, all of you. I will not drink wine again until the Kingdom of God has come.” He took the bread, blessed it, broke it, and passed it to the disciples. “This is my body that is given for you. Do this to remember me.” In the same way, he held the cup after they had eaten and said, “This cup is the new agreement sealed with my blood.”
King James
Luke 22:17–20 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves: For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come. And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me. Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.

Who did the disciples think might betray Jesus?

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Luke 22:21–23 “Listen. The one who will turn against me is with me at this table. I, the Son of Man, must suffer as it has been planned, but how terrible it will be for the man who turns against me.”
The disciples talked among themselves as they questioned who would do such a thing.
King James
Luke 22:21–23 But, behold, the hand of him that betrayeth me is with me on the table. And truly the Son of man goeth, as it was determined: but woe unto that man by whom he is betrayed! And they began to enquire among themselves, which of them it was that should do this thing.

What prompted the disciples’ argument over who would be greatest in the Kingdom?

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Luke 22:24 The disciples got into an argument over which one of them would be considered greatest in the Kingdom.
King James
Luke 22:24 And there was also a strife among them, which of them should be accounted the greatest.

If Jesus had already talked to the disciples about greatness in the Kingdom, why did he need to repeat the message?

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Luke 22:25–27 Jesus said to them, “Pagan kings exercise power over their subjects and are honored as if they cared for the people. You shall not be like them. The greatest among you must behave as the least. The leader is the one who serves. Who is greater, the man who sits at the table or the one who serves him? You think it is the one at the table, but I am with you as a servant.”
King James
Luke 22:25–27 And he said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors. But ye shall not be so: but he that is greatest among you, let him be as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that doth serve. For whether is greater, he that sitteth at meat, or he that serveth? is not he that sitteth at meat? but I am among you as he that serveth.

What power was Jesus giving to his disciples? When and how did that happen?

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Luke 22:29–30 “I confer power upon you as my Father conferred power upon me so you may eat and drink at my table in my Kingdom and sit on thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.”
24:49 “As my Father promised, I will send the Holy Spirit upon you. Wait in Jerusalem until you are equipped with power from Heaven.”
Acts 2:1–4 At midmorning on the day of Pentecost, the followers of Jesus were gathered in the Temple with a single passion for prayer. Suddenly, a sound came from above, like a violent wind, filling the area where they were sitting. Fiery tongues appeared and settled upon each of them, and the entire group was filled with the Holy Spirit. They began to speak in unknown languages as the Spirit gave them the words.
King James
Luke 22:29–30 And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed unto me; that ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
24:49 “As my Father promised, I will send the Holy Spirit upon you. Wait in Jerusalem until you are equipped with power from Heaven.”
Acts 2:1–4 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.

How did Jesus know what Satan wanted with Peter?

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Luke 22:31 “Simon, listen. Satan has asked to test you as a farmer sifts the good grain from the chaff.”
King James
Luke 22:31 And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat:

Why didn’t Jesus refuse Satan’s request to tempt Peter?

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Luke 22:32 “I have prayed that your faith will not fail. After you have repented, strengthen your brothers.”
King James
Luke 22:32 But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren.

Why was Peter’s commitment to Jesus less than what he thought it was?

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Luke 22:33–34 “Sir,” Peter said, “I am ready to go anywhere with you, even to prison and death.”
“I guarantee,” Jesus said, “before the rooster crows tonight, you will deny me three times.”
King James
Luke 22:33–34 And he said unto him, Lord, I am ready to go with thee, both into prison, and to death. And he said, I tell thee, Peter, the cock shall not crow this day, before that thou shalt thrice deny that thou knowest me.

As they left the Passover meal, what provisions did Jesus say was needed?

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Luke 22:35–38 Jesus said to his disciples, “When I sent you without money, a change of clothes, or extra sandals, did you lack anything?”
“Nothing,” they said.
“But now, take money and provisions. If you have no sword, sell your clothes and buy one. What the scripture says about me must be fulfilled. He was treated as one of the criminals. These things are coming to a close.”
“Look, sir,” the disciples said. “Here are two swords.”
“That is enough.”
King James
Luke 22:35–38 And he said unto them, When I sent you without purse, and scrip, and shoes, lacked ye any thing? And they said, Nothing. Then said he unto them, But now, he that hath a purse, let him take it, and likewise his scrip: and he that hath no sword, let him sell his garment, and buy one. For I say unto you, that this that is written must yet be accomplished in me, And he was reckoned among the transgressors: for the things concerning me have an end. And they said, Lord, behold, here are two swords. And he said unto them, It is enough.

In Gethsemane, what did he ask the disciples to pray for? How effective do you think that prayer was?

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Luke 22:39–40 Jesus left the city for the Mount of Olives, as he often did. His disciples followed him.
When they arrived at Gethsemane, Jesus said to his disciples, “Pray that you do not fall into temptation.”
King James
Luke 22:39–40 And he came out, and went, as he was wont, to the mount of Olives; and his disciples also followed him. And when he was at the place, he said unto them, Pray that ye enter not into temptation.

How did Jesus’ prayer differ from what he asked the disciples to pray?

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Luke 22:42 “My Father, if you are willing, let me escape this suffering. Nevertheless, I want your will, not mine.”
King James
Luke 22:42 Saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done.

What did the messenger from Heaven do to strengthen Jesus?

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Luke 22:43 An angel from Heaven appeared and strengthened him.
King James
Luke 22:43 An angel from Heaven appeared and strengthened him.

Why was Jesus so passionate in his prayer?

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Luke 22:44 In extreme agony, Jesus prayed more earnestly. His sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground.
King James
Luke 22:44 And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.

Why weren’t the disciples more responsive to Jesus exhortation to stay alert and pray?

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Luke 22:45–46 Afterward, he found his disciples asleep, exhausted from grief. “Why are you sleeping? Stay alert and pray so you do not fall into temptation.”
King James
Luke 22:45–46 And when he rose up from prayer, and was come to his disciples, he found them sleeping for sorrow, and said unto them, Why sleep ye? rise and pray, lest ye enter into temptation.

How much time and what distance did Judas travel in assembling the mob and finding Jesus? Why was the kiss important?

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Luke 22:47–48 While Jesus was still speaking, Judas, one of the twelve, arrived to give Jesus the customary kiss of greeting. He was followed by a mob.
“Judas,” Jesus said, “would you betray the Son of Man with a kiss?”
King James
Luke 22:47–48 And while he yet spake, behold a multitude, and he that was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them, and drew near unto Jesus to kiss him. But Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss?

Why didn’t one disciple wait on Jesus’ answer whether to use his sword?

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Luke 22:49–50 When the disciples saw what was about to happen, they said, “Sir, shall we use our swords to fight?”
One of them drew a sword and cut off the high priest’s servant’s right ear.
King James
Luke 22:49–50 When they which were about him saw what would follow, they said unto him, Lord, shall we smite with the sword? And one of them smote the servant of the high priest, and cut off his right ear.

Why did Jesus stop the use of the swords he said were needed?

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Luke 22:51 “Stop! That is enough.” Jesus touched the servant’s ear and healed him.
King James
Luke 22:51 And Jesus answered and said, Suffer ye thus far. And he touched his ear, and healed him.

What happened to the servant whose ear had been cut off?

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Luke 22:51 “Stop! That is enough.” Jesus touched the servant’s ear and healed him.
King James
Luke 22:51 And Jesus answered and said, Suffer ye thus far. And he touched his ear, and healed him.

Who were the people who came to arrest Jesus? Why were so many men needed?

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Write the question here

Author’s Paraphrase
Luke 22:52 He turned to the mob and spoke to the chief priests, Temple guards, and Jewish leaders. “Am I a hardened criminal that you must capture me with swords and clubs?”
King James
Luke 22:52 Then Jesus said unto the chief priests, and captains of the temple, and the elders, which were come to him, Be ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and staves?

Why was Jesus arrested at Gethsemane and not in the Temple?

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Luke 22:53 “Every day, I taught in the Temple. Why didn’t you arrest me there? This is your time, when the power of darkness prevails.”
King James
Luke 22:53 When I was daily with you in the temple, ye stretched forth no hands against me: but this is your hour, and the power of darkness.

At what distance did Peter follow Jesus? Why didn’t he flee like other disciples?

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Luke 22:54 The arresting guards took Jesus to the house of the high priest. Peter followed at a distance.
King James
Luke 22:54 Then took they him, and led him, and brought him into the high priest’s house. And Peter followed afar off.

When confronted, what were Peter’s feelings as he denied any association with Jesus? How did he feel afterward.

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Luke 22:55–62 After the guards built a fire in the middle of the courtyard and were seated together, Peter joined them.
A servant girl looked closely at him as he sat in the firelight. “This man was with Jesus.”
He denied having been with Jesus. “Woman, I do not know the man.”
Another servant girl noticed him and said, “You are one of them.”
Again, he denied any knowledge of Jesus, and said, “No, I am not.”
An hour later, someone else said, “It’s true. This man was with him, for he is also Galilean.”
Peter denied any connection with Jesus. “I do not know this man you are talking about.” While he was still speaking, a rooster crowed.
Jesus turned and looked at him.
Then Peter remembered what Jesus had said: “Before the rooster crows, you will deny me three times.”
He went outside and broke down crying.
King James
Luke 22:55–62 And when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the hall, and were set down together, Peter sat down among them. But a certain maid beheld him as he sat by the fire, and earnestly looked upon him, and said, This man was also with him. And he denied him, saying, Woman, I know him not. And after a little while another saw him, and said, Thou art also of them. And Peter said, Man, I am not. And about the space of one hour after another confidently affirmed, saying, Of a truth this fellow also was with him: for he is a Galilaean. And Peter said, Man, I know not what thou sayest. And immediately, while he yet spake, the cock crew. And the Lord turned, and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. And Peter went out, and wept bitterly.

After being arrested, how was Jesus treated? How would Peter have felt if he saw some of that abuse?

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Luke 22:63–65 The guards who held Jesus mocked him and beat him. After blindfolding him, they slapped him on the face. “Prophesy to us. Tell us who hit you.” They insulted him with many other cruel words.
King James
Luke 22:63–65 And the men that held Jesus mocked him, and smote him. And when they had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him, saying, Prophesy, who is it that smote thee? And many other things blasphemously spake they against him.

How “full” was the council that met in the morning concerning Jesus?

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Luke 22:66 At dawn, the chief priests, Jewish leaders, and teachers of the Law convened in the full council. “
King James
Luke 22:66 And as soon as it was day, the elders of the people and the chief priests and the scribes came together, and led him into their council, saying,

What kind of defense did Jesus offer concerning himself?

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Luke 22:67–70 “Tell us,” they said, “are you the Messiah?”
“If I tell you,” Jesus said, “you will not believe me. If I asked you a question, you would not answer. From now on, the Son of Man will sit at the right hand of almighty God.”
“Then you claim to be the Son of God?” Yes, you could say that.”
King James
Luke 22:67–70 Art thou the Christ? tell us. And he said unto them, If I tell you, ye will not believe: And if I also ask you, ye will not answer me, nor let me go. Hereafter shall the Son of man sit on the right hand of the power of God. Then said they all, Art thou then the Son of God? And he said unto them, Ye say that I am.

What “evidence” convicted Jesus?

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Luke 22:71 “We do not need any more testimony,” they said. “From his own lips, we have heard his blasphemy.”
King James
Luke 22:71 And they said, What need we any further witness? for we ourselves have heard of his own mouth.