Hebrews 8: Mediator of a Much Better Agreement

How high a position would you say Jesus our High Priest holds? Why?

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John 1:1 He was with God, and he was God, in the beginning.
Philippians 2:7–8 Instead of coming in royal attire, asking to be served, he worked as a lowly member of the servant class. As an ordinary human being, he subjected himself to death on the cross.
Hebrews 8:1 Of all that we’ve said, this is the most important point: our High Priest holds the highest position of authority, power, and honor before God.
King James
John 1:1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
Philippians 2:7–8 But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross.
Hebrews 8:1 Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: We have such an high priest, who is set on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens;

What is the difference between worship on Earth and worship in Heaven?

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Hebrews 8:2 He serves in God’s true dwelling place, not built by human hands but by God.
Revelation 5:11–12 Besides the beasts and the elders, I saw a multitude of angels around the throne and heard their voices—a hundred million of them, thousands upon thousands. “Worthy is the Lamb who was sacrificed,” they said with a loud voice, “worthy to receive might and power, wisdom and riches, honor and glory and praise.”
King James
Hebrews 8:2 A minister of the sanctuary, and of the true tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man.
Revelation 5:11–12 And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands; Saying with a loud voice, Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive power, and riches, and wisdom, and strength, and honour, and glory, and blessing.

What about the Levitical priests offering sacrifices made it necessary for Jesus to have something to offer?

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Hebrews 8:3–5 Since all high priests offer gifts and sacrifices, Jesus our High Priest must have something to offer. Since priests offer gifts according to the Law, Jesus would not be needed as a priest on Earth. The earthly priests were a small representation of what would exist in Heaven, for God admonished Moses to build the Tabernacle precisely according to the pattern he had been given on Mount Sinai.
King James
Hebrews 8:3–5 For every high priest is ordained to offer gifts and sacrifices: wherefore it is of necessity that this man have somewhat also to offer. For if he were on earth, he should not be a priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law: Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount.

In what ways did the old agreement fail?

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Hebrews 8:6–9 Jesus’ ministry is much greater, for he mediates a much better agreement in our relationship with God, established with better promises. If the first agreement had been perfect, we would have no need for the second. Finding fault with the old, God said, “Look, the time will come, when I will make a new agreement with the people of Israel and Judah, different from my agreement with your ancestors when I brought them out of Egypt. Since they didn’t keep their part of the bargain, I have no concern for them.”
King James
Hebrews 8:6–9 But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises. For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second. For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.

What conditions or actions will nullify God’s agreement?

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2 Chronicles 7:14 If the people who are called by my name will humble themselves and pray, if they will seek my face and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from Heaven. I will forgive their sins and heal their land.
2 Timothy 2:12–14 If we suffer for Christ’s sake, we will reign with him, but if we deny him, he will deny us. Even if we choose not to believe, he still loves us, because he cannot deny who he is. Stress the important points that must be remembered, and don’t trip over trivialities, which not only profit nothing but also obscure the message that needs to be heard.
Hebrews 8:8–9 Finding fault with the old, God said, “Look, the time will come, when I will make a new agreement with the people of Israel and Judah, different from my agreement with your ancestors when I brought them out of Egypt. Since they didn’t keep their part of the bargain, I have no concern for them.”
King James
2 Chronicles 7:14 If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.
2 Timothy 2:12–14 If we suffer, we shall also reign with him: if we deny him, he also will deny us: If we believe not, yet he abideth faithful: he cannot deny himself. Of these things put them in remembrance, charging them before the Lord that they strive not about words to no profit, but to the subverting of the hearers.
Hebrews 8:8–9 For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah: Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord.

How might our relationship with God differ from what existed before Christ? How is it the same?

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Hebrews 8:11 “They will no longer instruct one another to know the Lord, for they all will know me, from the least to the greatest.”
King James
Hebrews 8:11 And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest.

What is the difference between forgiving and forgetting?

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Hebrews 8:12 “I will forgive their sinful nature and forget their wrongdoing.”
King James
Hebrews 8:12 For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.

Under what conditions might our sins not be forgiven?

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Matthew 6:14–15 “If you forgive others for the wrongs they have done, your heavenly Father will forgive you. But if you refuse to forgive them, he will not forgive you.”
Hebrews 8:12 “I will forgive their sinful nature and forget their wrongdoing.”
King James
Matthew 6:14–15 For if ye forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you: But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.
Hebrews 8:12 For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.

What does it mean to have something that is “new and improved”?

Author’s Thoughts
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Hebrews 8:13 With promise of a new agreement, God made the old one obsolete, decaying and about to disappear.
King James
Hebrews 8:13 In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.