Hebrews 7: The Melchizedek Order

Why did Melchizedek bless Abraham?

Author’s Thoughts
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Genesis 14:19–20 And he said in blessing, “Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of earth and sky. Blessed be the most high God, who helped defeat your enemies.” And Abram gave him a tenth of everything.
Hebrews 7:1–2 Melchizedek, king of Salem and priest of the most high God, blessed Abraham when he returned from his victory over the kings. Abraham gave him a tenth of everything. The name Melchizedek means “king of righteousness.” The “king of Salem” means “king of peace.”
King James
Genesis 14:19–20 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.
Hebrews 7:1–2 For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace;

What reasons might Abraham have had for giving Melchizedek a tenth of the spoils?

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Hebrews 7:3–4 Without father or mother, with no ancestors, and without beginning or end, the image of God’s Son, Melchizedek remains a priest forever. See how great Melchizedek is, for Abraham gave him a tenth of all he had taken in his victory over the kings.
King James
Hebrews 7:3–4 Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually. Now consider how great this man was, unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils.

What distinguishes Melchizedek from the Levitical priests?

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Hebrews 7:5–10 The Law commanded the sons of Levi, who were the priests, to receive the people’s tithes, even though they were descendants of Abraham. Melchizedek was not a Levitical priest but received the tithe and blessed Abraham, who laid hold of God’s promise. Without question, the one with the power of blessing is greater than the one who is blessed. All the priests receiving tithes will die, but Scripture says Melchizedek still lives. Indirectly, Levi who received tithes payed tithes through Abraham, for Abraham had Levi’s seed when he met Melchizedek.
King James
Hebrews 7:5–10 And verily they that are of the sons of Levi, who receive the office of the priesthood, have a commandment to take tithes of the people according to the law, that is, of their brethren, though they come out of the loins of Abraham: But he whose descent is not counted from them received tithes of Abraham, and blessed him that had the promises. And without all contradiction the less is blessed of the better. And here men that die receive tithes; but there he receiveth them, of whom it is witnessed that he liveth. And as I may so say, Levi also, who receiveth tithes, payed tithes in Abraham. For he was yet in the loins of his father, when Melchisedec met him.

Who established the order of Melchizedek? When was it established? Why do you think scripture doesn’t say more about that order?

Author’s Thoughts
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Hebrews 7:11 If perfection were available through the Levitical priesthood under the Law, then another priest would be after the order of Aaron, not Melchizedek.
King James
Hebrews 7:11 If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, (for under it the people received the law,) what further need was there that another priest should rise after the order of Melchisedec, and not be called after the order of Aaron?

How did King David learn about the Melchizedek order?

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Psalm 110:4 God made a solemn promise and will never change his mind. “You are a priest forever, of the Melchizedek order.”
Hebrews 7:11 If perfection were available through the Levitical priesthood under the Law, then another priest would be after the order of Aaron, not Melchizedek.
King James
Psalm 110:4 The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.
Hebrews 7:11 If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, (for under it the people received the law,) what further need was there that another priest should rise after the order of Melchisedec, and not be called after the order of Aaron?

With a change in the priesthood, why did the Law have to change?

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Hebrews 7:12–18 With a change in the priesthood, there must also be a change in the rule of law. Our great High Priest is of a different tribe, without priests who serve at the altar. Nothing in Jesus’ ancestry put him in the line of Levitical priests, for the evidence points to a different priest of the Melchizedek order, not out of genealogical descent but by the power of indestructible life. As the poet declared, “You are a priest forever, of the Melchizedek order,” which says the old priesthood was set aside because it was ineffective, being weak.
King James
Hebrews 7:12–18 For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law. For he of whom these things are spoken pertaineth to another tribe, of which no man gave attendance at the altar. For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Juda; of which tribe Moses spake nothing concerning priesthood. And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of Melchisedec there ariseth another priest, Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life. For he testifieth, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec. For there is verily a disannulling of the commandment going before for the weakness and unprofitableness thereof.

If the Law made nothing perfect, they why was it given? Why couldn’t Jesus have come many centuries earlier?

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Romans 3:19–21 The writing of laws ends all arguments about what is right or wrong, so people have no alternative but to admit they have done wrong. Obeying a law isn’t enough to make us righteous in God’s sight, because laws only expose our transgressions. They don’t reveal the condition of our hearts. Now, righteousness apart from all the rules and regulations has been revealed, which the Law and the Prophets desired but couldn’t produce.
Romans 4:15 The law brings judgment to its violators, but actions that follow our faith bring no violation.
Romans 7:7 What do you think, then? Are rules bad? No, if it weren’t for commandments like “you must not want what others have,” we might not have recognized our sinful desires.
Hebrews 7:19 The Law made nothing perfect, but it gave us hope for what would make us perfect, through whom we now draw near to God.
King James
Romans 3:19–21 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin. But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;
Romans 4:15 Because the law worketh wrath: for where no law is, there is no transgression.
Romans 7:7 What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.
Hebrews 7:19 For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did; by the which we draw nigh unto God.

When did God first promise a priest of the Melchizedek order?

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Psalm 110:4 God made a solemn promise and will never change his mind. “You are a priest forever, of the Melchizedek order.”
Hebrews 7:20–22 With a solemn oath, God appointed the new priest, which he did not do for the Levitical priests. God swore with an irreversible oath that the new priest was of the Melchizedek order, a priest forever. By this oath, Jesus guarantees a better relationship between us and God.
Revelation 13:8 Earth’s inhabitants, whose names are not written in the Book of Life of the Lamb slain since the founding of the world, will worship the beast.
King James
Psalm 110:4 The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.
Hebrews 7:20–22 And inasmuch as not without an oath he was made priest: (For those priests were made without an oath; but this with an oath by him that said unto him, The Lord sware and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec:) By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament.
Revelation 13:8 And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.

Of what value is a High Priest who lives forever?

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Hebrews 7:23–25 All past priests have lost their value because of death. But Jesus lives forever, and his priesthood is eternal. He can save from destruction those who come to God through him, since he lives forever to intercede for them.
King James
Hebrews 7:23–25 And they truly were many priests, because they were not suffered to continue by reason of death: But this man, because he continueth ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood. Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost that come unto God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.

If Jesus offered himself once for our sins, what is left to be done?

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Hebrews 7:27–28 Unlike the priests who daily offered sacrifices for their own and then the people’s sins, Jesus offered himself once, a sacrifice for others’ sins. The Law appointed high priests who had human weaknesses, but God’s oath appointed the Son who is eternally perfect.
King James
Hebrews 7:27–28 Who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people’s: for this he did once, when he offered up himself. For the law maketh men high priests which have infirmity; but the word of the oath, which was since the law, maketh the Son, who is consecrated for evermore.