98 Lazarus is raised from the dead.

John 11:1–54

What kind of relationship did Jesus have with the people in Bethany (John 11:1–3)?

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How did Martha and Mary know where Jesus was and get a message to him (John 11:3)?

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After receiving the message about Lazarus being sick, why didn’t Jesus go to him immediately (John 11:4–7)?

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Why did Jesus leave after only two days, choosing not to remain longer (John 11:7)?

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What did the disciples have against leaving (John 11:8)?

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What did Jesus mean when he talked about walking in the daylight (John 11:9–10)?

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How was Jesus made aware of Lazarus’s condition (John 11:9–15)? Why did he say Lazarus was sleeping when he had actually died?

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Why did Jesus think it was good to go to Lazarus after he had died (John 11:15)?

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Why might we think Thomas was not as much a doubter as the other disciples (John 11:16)?

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How did Jesus learn that Lazarus had been in the tomb four days (John 11:17)?

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What did Bethany’s location near Jerusalem have to do with Jewish leaders going to comfort Martha and Mary (John 11:18–19)?

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How did Martha know that Jesus was coming (John 11:20)? Why didn’t Mary go?

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What did Martha expect from Jesus when she greeted him (John 11:21–22)?

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Why didn’t Martha share Jesus’ confidence that her brother’s life would be restored (John 11:23–24)?

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For the last two thousand years, both believers and non-believers have died. How could Jesus say the believers would never die (John 11:25–26)?

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What did Martha understand about who Jesus was (John 11:27)?

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Why did Martha leave Jesus to find her sister (John 11:28–30)? Why did she avoid speaking to her publicly?

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Where was Jesus when Mary arrived (John 11:30)?

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Who followed Mary to meet Jesus (John 11:31)? Why?

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Why were Martha and Mary so sure that their brother would not have died if Jesus had been there earlier (John 11:21, -–32)?

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If Jesus’ knew Lazarus would rise from the grave, why was he so distressed and crying (John 11:33–35)?

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Why did the Jewish leaders think Jesus must have loved Lazarus very much (John 11:36)?

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Why did the Jewish leaders think Jesus would have healed Lazarus (John 11:37)?

Write the question.

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Write the question.

What was Martha’s expectation when Jesus commanded the opening of the tomb (John 11:38–39)?

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If Martha didn’t believe Jesus could heal a man who had been dead for four days, why did he say she would see the glory of God if she believed (John 11:40)?

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Why did the Father always hear the Son (John 11:41–42)? Why did he declare that fact publicly?

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How could Lazarus, being dead, hear Jesus’ voice (John 11:43)?

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What did Martha and Mary do when they saw their brother walk out of the tomb (John 11:44)?

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After seeing Lazarus raised from the dead, who believed (John 11:45–46)? Who didn’t believe?

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People had been raised from the dead before. After the raising of Lazarus, why did the council believe everyone would believe in Jesus when they had not felt that way before (John 11:47–48)?

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What was the nature of Caiphas’s prophetic word (John 11:49–52)? Was it true? If so, in what ways?

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What did Jesus do after the “death warrant” was issued (John 11:53–54)?

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Why do you think John gave readers the story of Lazarus’s resurrection when other writers did not?

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A man named Lazarus lived in Bethany, where his sisters, Mary and Martha, lived. He was sick. This is the same Mary who anointed Jesus with expensive perfume and wiped his feet with her hair. The two sisters sent word to Jesus, saying, “Sir, your dear friend Lazarus is sick.”

Eyewitness

John 11:1–3 A man named Lazarus lived in Bethany, where his sisters, Mary and Martha, lived. He was sick. This is the same Mary who later anointed Jesus with expensive perfume and wiped his feet with her hair. The two sisters sent word to Jesus, saying, “Sir, your dear friend Lazarus is sick.”
King James

John 11:1–3 Now a certain man was sick, named Lazarus, of Bethany, the town of Mary and her sister Martha. (It was that Mary which anointed the Lord with ointment, and wiped his feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick.) Therefore his sisters sent unto him, saying, Lord, behold, he whom thou lovest is sick.

When Jesus received the message, he said, “The purpose of his sickness is not to cause his death but to bring God glory, that the Son of God may be exalted.” Although he loved Martha, Mary, and Lazarus, and had heard that Lazarus was sick, he stayed where he was for two more days. After that, he said to his disciples, “Let’s go back to Judea.”

Eyewitness

John 11:4–7 When Jesus received the message, he said, “The purpose of his sickness is not to cause his death but to bring God glory, that the Son of God may be exalted.” Although he loved Martha, Mary, and Lazarus, and had heard that Lazarus was sick, he stayed where he was for two more days. After that, he said to his disciples, “Let’s go back to Judea.”
King James

John 11:4–7 When Jesus heard that, he said, This sickness is not unto death, but for the glory of God, that the Son of God might be glorified thereby. Now Jesus loved Martha, and her sister, and Lazarus. When he had heard therefore that he was sick, he abode two days still in the same place where he was. Then after that saith he to his disciples, Let us go into Judaea again.

“Why?” they said. “Not long ago, the Jewish leaders tried to stone you, and you want to go there again?”

Eyewitness

John 11:8 “Why?” they said. “Not long ago, the Jewish leaders tried to stone you, and you want to go there again?”
King James

John 11:8 His disciples say unto him, Master, the Jews of late sought to stone thee; and goest thou thither again?

“Aren’t there twelve hours of daylight? If a man walks during the day, he can walk safely because he has the sunlight. But if he walks at night, he stumbles because there is no light with which to see. Our friend Lazarus is asleep, and I must go to wake him.”

Eyewitness

John 11:9–11 “Aren’t there twelve hours of daylight? If a man walks during the day, he can walk safely because he has the sunlight. But if he walks at night, he stumbles because there is no light with which to see. “Our friend Lazarus is asleep, and I must go to wake him.”
King James

John 11:9–11 Jesus answered, Are there not twelve hours in the day? If any man walk in the day, he stumbleth not, because he seeth the light of this world. But if a man walk in the night, he stumbleth, because there is no light in him. These things said he: and after that he saith unto them, Our friend Lazarus sleepeth; but I go, that I may awake him out of sleep.

The disciples said, “Sir, if he is sleeping, he will soon get better.” They thought Lazarus was resting comfortably.

Eyewitness

John 11:12–13 The disciples said, “Sir, if he is sleeping, he will soon get better.” They thought Lazarus was resting comfortably. But Jesus meant he had died,
King James

John 11:12–13 Then said his disciples, Lord, if he sleep, he shall do well. Howbeit Jesus spake of his death: but they thought that he had spoken of taking of rest in sleep.

But Jesus meant he had died, so he had to tell them plainly, “Lazarus is dead. I am glad I was not there. This is good for your sake, so you will believe. Let’s go to him.”

Eyewitness

John 11:13–15 They thought Lazarus was resting comfortably. But Jesus meant he had died, so he had to tell them plainly, “Lazarus is dead. I am glad I was not there. This is good for your sake, so you will believe. Let’s go to him.”
King James

John 11:13–15 Howbeit Jesus spake of his death: but they thought that he had spoken of taking of rest in sleep. Then said Jesus unto them plainly, Lazarus is dead. And I am glad for your sakes that I was not there, to the intent ye may believe; nevertheless let us go unto him.

Thomas, the one called Twin, said to the others, “Sure, let’s go too. We can all die with him.”

Eyewitness

John 11:16 Thomas, the one called Twin, said to the others, “Sure, let’s go too. We can all die with him.”
King James

John 11:16 Then said Thomas, which is called Didymus, unto his fellowdisciples, Let us also go, that we may die with him.

At Bethany, Jesus learned that Lazarus had been in the tomb four days. They were only a couple of miles from Jerusalem, so many of the Jewish leaders had come to the house of Martha and Mary to comfort them concerning their brother. When Martha heard that Jesus was coming, she ran to meet him, but Mary stayed at the house.

Eyewitness

John 11:17–20 At Bethany, Jesus learned that Lazarus had been in the tomb four days. They were only a couple of miles from Jerusalem, so many of the Jewish leaders had come to the house of Martha and Mary to comfort them concerning their brother. When Martha heard that Jesus was coming, she ran to meet him, but Mary stayed at the house.
King James

John 11:17–20 Then when Jesus came, he found that he had lain in the grave four days already. Now Bethany was nigh unto Jerusalem, about fifteen furlongs off: And many of the Jews came to Martha and Mary, to comfort them concerning their brother. Then Martha, as soon as she heard that Jesus was coming, went and met him: but Mary sat still in the house.

“Sir,” Martha said, “if you had been here, my brother would not have died, but nevertheless, I know God will give you whatever you ask of him.”

Eyewitness

John 11:21–22 “Sir,” Martha said, “if you had been here, my brother would not have died, but nevertheless, I know God will give you whatever you ask of him.”
King James

John 11:21–22 Then said Martha unto Jesus, Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died. But I know, that even now, whatsoever thou wilt ask of God, God will give it thee.

“Your brother will rise to life.”

Eyewitness

John 11:23 “Your brother will rise to life.”
King James

John 11:23 Jesus saith unto her, Thy brother shall rise again.

“Yes, I know,” she said. “He will rise to life in the resurrection at the last day.”

Eyewitness

John 11:24 “Yes, I know,” she said. “He will rise to life in the resurrection at the last day.”
King James

John 11:24 Martha saith unto him, I know that he shall rise again in the resurrection at the last day.

Jesus said, “I am the resurrection and the life. Those who believe in me will live, even if they have died, and those who are living and believe in me will never die. Do you believe this?”

Eyewitness

John 11:25–26 Jesus said, “I am the resurrection and the life. Those who believe in me will live, even if they have died, and those who are living and believe in me will never die. Do you believe this?”
King James

John 11:25–26 Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?

“Yes, sir. I know you are the Messiah, the son of God, who was to come into the world.”

Eyewitness

John 11:27 “Yes, sir. I know you are the Messiah, the son of God, who was to come into the world.”
King James

John 11:27 She saith unto him, Yea, Lord: I believe that thou art the Christ, the Son of God, which should come into the world.

Martha went home and talked to her sister privately. “The Teacher is coming, and he is asking for you.”

Eyewitness

John 11:28 Martha went home and talked to her sister privately. “The Teacher is coming, and he is asking for you.”
King James

John 11:28 And when she had so said, she went her way, and called Mary her sister secretly, saying, The Master is come, and calleth for thee.

Immediately Mary went to him.

Eyewitness

John 11:29 Immediately Mary went to him.
King James

John 11:29 As soon as she heard that, she arose quickly, and came unto him.

Jesus had not yet entered the town, but was waiting at the same place where Martha had met him. In the house, the Jewish leaders who had come to provide comfort saw Mary rush out, and they followed. They assumed that she was headed to the tomb to mourn.

Eyewitness

John 11:30–31 Jesus had not yet entered the town, but was waiting at the same place where Martha had met him. In the house, the Jewish leaders who had come to provide comfort saw Mary rush out, and they followed. They assumed that she was headed to the tomb to mourn.
King James

John 11:30–31 Now Jesus was not yet come into the town, but was in that place where Martha met him. The Jews then which were with her in the house, and comforted her, when they saw Mary, that she rose up hastily and went out, followed her, saying, She goeth unto the grave to weep there.

When Mary arrived, she fell at Jesus’ feet. “Sir, if you had been here, my brother would not have died.”

Eyewitness

John 11:32 When Mary arrived, she fell at Jesus’ feet. “Sir, if you had been here, my brother would not have died.”
King James

John 11:32 Then when Mary was come where Jesus was, and saw him, she fell down at his feet, saying unto him, Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died.

As Jesus saw her crying and saw the Jews also crying, he was deeply distressed in his spirit. “Where have you laid him?”

Eyewitness

John 11:33–34 As Jesus saw her crying and saw the Jews also crying, he was deeply distressed in his spirit. “Where have you laid him?” “Sir, come and see,” they said.
King James

John 11:33–34 When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews also weeping which came with her, he groaned in the spirit, and was troubled, And said, Where have ye laid him? They said unto him, Lord, come and see.

“Sir, come and see,” they said.

Eyewitness

John 11:34 “Where have you laid him?” “Sir, come and see,” they said.
King James

John 11:34 And said, Where have ye laid him? They said unto him, Lord, come and see.

Jesus started crying.

Eyewitness

John 11:35 Jesus started crying.
King James

John 11:35 Jesus wept.

Seeing him, the Jewish leaders said, “My, how much he loved him.” Some of them said, “He healed the blind man. Surely he could have kept this man from dying.”

Eyewitness

John 11:36–37 Seeing him, the Jewish leaders said, “My, how much he loved him.” Some of them said, “He healed the blind man. Surely he could have kept this man from dying.”
King James

John 11:36–37 Then said the Jews, Behold how he loved him! And some of them said, Could not this man, which opened the eyes of the blind, have caused that even this man should not have died?

Again deeply moved, Jesus came to the tomb, a cave with a stone covering the entrance. “Take away the stone.”

Eyewitness

John 11:38–39 Again deeply moved, Jesus came to the tomb, a cave with a stone covering the entrance. “Take away the stone.” “But sir,” Martha said, “he has been dead four days. By now, his body stinks from decay.”
King James

John 11:38–39 Jesus therefore again groaning in himself cometh to the grave. It was a cave, and a stone lay upon it. Jesus said, Take ye away the stone. Martha, the sister of him that was dead, saith unto him, Lord, by this time he stinketh: for he hath been dead four days.

“But sir,” Martha said, “he has been dead four days. By now, his body stinks from decay.”

Eyewitness

John 11:39 “Take away the stone.” “But sir,” Martha said, “he has been dead four days. By now, his body stinks from decay.”
King James

John 11:39 Jesus said, Take ye away the stone. Martha, the sister of him that was dead, saith unto him, Lord, by this time he stinketh: for he hath been dead four days.

“Didn’t I say, if you believed, you would see the glory of God?”

Eyewitness

John 11:40 “Didn’t I say, if you believed, you would see the glory of God?”
King James

John 11:40 Jesus saith unto her, Said I not unto thee, that, if thou wouldest believe, thou shouldest see the glory of God?

When they removed the stone from the entrance, Jesus looked toward the sky and said, “Father, thank you for hearing me. You always hear me, but I say this so others around me may believe you have sent me.” With a booming voice, he shouted, “Lazarus, come out!”

Eyewitness

John 11:41–43 When they removed the stone from the entrance, Jesus looked toward the sky and said, “Father, thank you for hearing me. You always hear me, but I say this so others around me may believe you have sent me.” With a booming voice, he shouted, “Lazarus, come out!”
King James

John 11:41–43 Then they took away the stone from the place where the dead was laid. And Jesus lifted up his eyes, and said, Father, I thank thee that thou hast heard me. And I knew that thou hearest me always: but because of the people which stand by I said it, that they may believe that thou hast sent me. And when he thus had spoken, he cried with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth.

The dead man came out, his hands and feet bound with grave clothes, a cloth around his face.

Eyewitness

John 11:44 The dead man came out, his hands and feet bound with grave clothes, a cloth around his face. Jesus said to them, “Unwrap him and let him go.”
King James

John 11:44 And he that was dead came forth, bound hand and foot with graveclothes: and his face was bound about with a napkin. Jesus saith unto them, Loose him, and let him go.

Jesus said to them, “Unwrap him and let him go.”

Eyewitness

John 11:44 The dead man came out, his hands and feet bound with grave clothes, a cloth around his face. Jesus said to them, “Unwrap him and let him go.”
King James

John 11:44 And he that was dead came forth, bound hand and foot with graveclothes: and his face was bound about with a napkin. Jesus saith unto them, Loose him, and let him go.

Many of the Jewish leaders believed because they had been with Mary and saw what Jesus did, but some of them went to tell the Pharisees what had happened.

Eyewitness

John 11:45–46 Many of the Jewish leaders believed because they had been with Mary and saw what Jesus did, but some of them went to tell the Pharisees what had happened.
King James

John 11:45–46 Then many of the Jews which came to Mary, and had seen the things which Jesus did, believed on him. But some of them went their ways to the Pharisees, and told them what things Jesus had done.

The chief priests and Pharisees called a meeting of the council. “What shall we do?” they said. “This man is performing many miracles. If we allow him to continue, everyone will believe in him. The Romans will take away our authority and destroy our nation.”

Eyewitness

John 11:47–48 The chief priests and Pharisees called a meeting of the council. “What shall we do?” they said. “This man is performing many miracles. If we allow him to continue, everyone will believe in him. The Romans will take away our authority and destroy our nation.”
King James

John 11:47–48 Then gathered the chief priests and the Pharisees a council, and said, What do we? for this man doeth many miracles. If we let him thus alone, all men will believe on him: and the Romans shall come and take away both our place and nation.

Caiaphas, the high priest, said, “You do not understand what must happen, for God is saying one man must die for the people so the whole nation will not be destroyed.” He spoke, not as a man, but as the high priest, prophesying that Jesus would die for the nation, not just for those in Israel, but for the gathering of all God’s children scattered abroad.

Eyewitness

John 11:49–52 Caiaphas, the high priest, said, “You do not understand what must happen, for God is saying one man must die for the people so the whole nation will not be destroyed.” He spoke, not as a man, but as the high priest, prophesying that Jesus would die for the nation, not just for those in Israel, but for the gathering of all God’s children scattered abroad.
King James

John 11:49–52 And one of them, named Caiaphas, being the high priest that same year, said unto them, Ye know nothing at all, Nor consider that it is expedient for us, that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation perish not. And this spake he not of himself: but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus should die for that nation; And not for that nation only, but that also he should gather together in one the children of God that were scattered abroad.

From that day on, the council planned to kill Jesus. Therefore, Jesus no longer appeared publicly among the Jews but went to a desolate town called Ephraim, where he stayed with his disciples.

Eyewitness

John 11:53–54 From that day on, the council planned to kill Jesus. Therefore, Jesus no longer appeared publicly among the Jews but went to a desolate town called Ephraim, where he stayed with his disciples.
King James

John 11:53–54 Then from that day forth they took counsel together for to put him to death. Jesus therefore walked no more openly among the Jews; but went thence unto a country near to the wilderness, into a city called Ephraim, and there continued with his disciples.