91 Jesus teaches about the banquet table.

Proverbs 25:6–7; Luke 14:1–24

Why did Jesus go to the home of a prominent Pharisee (Luke 14:1)? What circumstance led to that invitation?

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Who was present for dinner with Jesus at the Pharisee’s house (Luke 14:1–3)?

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When he had answered the question so many times before, why did Jesus ask whether healing on the Sabbath was lawful (Luke 14:3)?

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Why didn’t any Pharisee or teacher of the Law express what he believed concerning Sabbath-day healing (Luke 14:4)?

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What message was inferred by Jesus healing the man’s badly swollen arms and legs (Luke 14:4)?

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If most of the Pharisees and teachers of the Law already knew Jesus’ stance on Sabbath-day healing, why was it important to repeat the lesson (Luke 14:5–6)? Why didn’t anyone answer?

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How might we characterize those guests who sought the seats of highest honor at the table (Luke 14:7–8)?

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What is the benefit in choosing the lowest seat of honor at the table (Luke 14:9–11)?

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Why did Jesus tell the dinner host that he had the wrong criteria for inviting guests (Luke 14:12–14)?

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What did the Jews think a “feast in the Kingdom of God” would be like (Luke 14:15)?

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What did the Jews think a “feast in the Kingdom of God” would be like (Luke 14:15)?

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Behind all the excuses invited guest had for not coming to the banquet, what were the real reasons (Luke 14:16–20)?

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What was different about the banquet host’s new invitation list (Luke 14:21)?

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Why did the second invitation list get a better response than the first (Luke 14:16–22)?

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Compared to the previous invitations, what was different about the third set of invitations (Luke 14:23)?

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How did the banquet host feel about those he had first invited (Luke 14:23–24)?

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On a Sabbath, Jesus went to eat at the home of a prominent Pharisee. The people watched Jesus closely. Sure enough, right in front of him was a man suffering from badly swollen arms and legs.

Eyewitness

Luke 14:1–2 On a Sabbath, Jesus went to eat at the home of a prominent Pharisee. The people watched Jesus closely. Sure enough, right in front of him was a man suffering from badly swollen arms and legs.
King James

Luke 14:1–2 And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath day, that they watched him. And, behold, there was a certain man before him which had the dropsy.

Jesus turned to the Pharisees and teachers of the Law. “Is it permitted to heal on the Sabbath?”

Eyewitness

Luke 14:3 Jesus turned to the Pharisees and teachers of the Law. “Is it permitted to heal on the Sabbath?”
King James

Luke 14:3 And Jesus answering spake unto the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath day?

No one said a word.

Eyewitness

Luke 14:4 No one said a word. Jesus touched the man, healed him, and sent him away.
King James

Luke 14:4 And they held their peace. And he took him, and healed him, and let him go;

Jesus touched the man, healed him, and sent him away. He turned to the guests and repeated why it was necessary to work on the Sabbath. “If one of you had an ox or donkey that fell into a pit, wouldn’t you immediately pull it out, even on the Sabbath?”

Eyewitness

Luke 14:4–5 No one said a word. Jesus touched the man, healed him, and sent him away. He turned to the guests and repeated why it was necessary to work on the Sabbath. “If one of you had an ox or donkey that fell into a pit, wouldn’t you immediately pull it out, even on the Sabbath?”
King James

Luke 14:4–5 And they held their peace. And he took him, and healed him, and let him go; And answered them, saying, Which of you shall have an ass or an ox fallen into a pit, and will not straightway pull him out on the sabbath day?

Again, no one dared answer.

Eyewitness

Luke 14:6 Again, no one dared answer.
King James

Luke 14:6 And they could not answer him again to these things.

After noticing how some of the guests had sought the seats of highest honor, he said, “When you arrive at a wedding feast, do not take a seat of honor. A more distinguished person might have been invited. Your host would say to you, ‘Give this person your seat.’ In shame, you would have to take the lowest seat. Instead, go to the lowest seat first. Then when your host says, ‘Friend, move to this higher place,’ you will be honored before the other dinner guests. Those who try to make themselves great will be humbled, and those who humble themselves will be exalted.”

Eyewitness

Luke 14:7–11 After noticing how some of the guests had sought the seats of highest honor, he said, “When you arrive at a wedding feast, do not take a seat of honor. A more distinguished person might have been invited. Your host would say to you, ‘Give this person your seat.’ In shame, you would have to take the lowest seat. Instead, go to the lowest seat first. Then when your host says, ‘Friend, move to this higher place,’ you will be honored before the other dinner guests. Those who try to make themselves great will be humbled, and those who humble themselves will be exalted.”
King James

Luke 14:7–11 And he put forth a parable to those which were bidden, when he marked how they chose out the chief rooms; saying unto them, When thou art bidden of any man to a wedding, sit not down in the highest room; lest a more honourable man than thou be bidden of him; And he that bade thee and him come and say to thee, Give this man place; and thou begin with shame to take the lowest room. But when thou art bidden, go and sit down in the lowest room; that when he that bade thee cometh, he may say unto thee, Friend, go up higher: then shalt thou have worship in the presence of them that sit at meat with thee. For whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.

Jesus turned to his host. “When you serve the morning or evening meal, do not just invite friends, relatives, and rich neighbors who will return the favor. When you spread a feast, invite the poor, handicapped, lame, and blind. You will be blessed because they have nothing from which they can repay you. When the righteous are raised from the dead, you will be rewarded.”

Eyewitness

Luke 14:12–14 Jesus turned to his host. “When you serve the morning or evening meal, do not just invite friends, relatives, and rich neighbors who will return the favor. When you spread a feast, invite the poor, handicapped, lame, and blind. You will be blessed because they have nothing from which they can repay you. When the righteous are raised from the dead, you will be rewarded.”
King James

Luke 14:12–14 Then said he also to him that bade him, When thou makest a dinner or a supper, call not thy friends, nor thy brethren, neither thy kinsmen, nor thy rich neighbours; lest they also bid thee again, and a recompence be made thee. But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind: And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just.

Hearing this, a man sitting at the table said, “Blessed is the man who eats at the feast in the Kingdom of God.”

Eyewitness

Luke 14:15 Hearing this, a man sitting at the table said, “Blessed is the man who eats at the feast in the Kingdom of God.”
King James

Luke 14:15 And when one of them that sat at meat with him heard these things, he said unto him, Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.

“A man once planned a huge banquet,” Jesus said, “and invited many guests. The hour arrived when everyone should come. He sent his servant to tell them, ‘Come, for everything is now ready.’ One after another, they made excuses. One person said, ‘I’ve just bought a piece of land and must go to see it. Please excuse me.’ Another said, ‘I have purchased five teams of oxen and need to see how they plow. Please accept my apologies.’ Someone else said, ‘I just got married. I am sorry, I cannot come.’

Eyewitness

Luke 14:16–20 “A man once planned a huge banquet,” Jesus said, “and invited many guests. The hour arrived when everyone should come. He sent his servant to tell them, ‘Come, for everything is now ready.’ One after another, they made excuses. One person said, ‘I’ve just bought a piece of land and must go to see it. Please excuse me.’ Another said, ‘I have purchased five teams of oxen and need to see how they plow. Please accept my apologies.’ Someone else said, ‘I just got married. I am sorry, I cannot come.’
King James

Luke 14:16–20 Then said he unto him, A certain man made a great supper, and bade many: And sent his servant at supper time to say to them that were bidden, Come; for all things are now ready. And they all with one consent began to make excuse. The first said unto him, I have bought a piece of ground, and I must needs go and see it: I pray thee have me excused. And another said, I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to prove them: I pray thee have me excused. And another said, I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.

“When the servant returned with the messages, the host was furious. ‘Quick!’ he told the servant. ‘Go into the city streets and alleys and bring in the poor, handicapped, lame, and blind.’

Eyewitness

Luke 14:21 “When the servant returned with the messages, the host was furious. ‘Quick!’ he told the servant. ‘Go into the city streets and alleys and bring in the poor, handicapped, lame, and blind.’
King James

Luke 14:21So that servant came, and shewed his lord these things. Then the master of the house being angry said to his servant, Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind.

“Soon afterward, the servant said, ‘Master, I did what you commanded, and there is still room.’

Eyewitness

Luke 14:22 “Soon afterward, the servant said, ‘Master, I did what you commanded, and there is still room.’
King James

Luke 14:22 And the servant said, Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.

“‘Then go into the country lanes and shaded hedge rows,’ the host said. ‘Urge people to come. I want my house to be full. I assure you, none of those I first invited will get even a taste of my banquet.’”

Eyewitness

Luke 14:23–24 “‘Then go into the country lanes and shaded hedge rows,’ the host said. ‘Urge people to come. I want my house to be full. I assure you, none of those I first invited will get even a taste of my banquet.'”
King James

Luke 14:23–24 And the lord said unto the servant, Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled. For I say unto you, That none of those men which were bidden shall taste of my supper.