87 Jesus stresses the importance of bearing fruit.

Luke 13:1–21

Why were Galileans murdered in the Temple (Luke 13:1)? How was that even possible?

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Since we know God could have intervened but didn’t, how should we interpret calamities (Luke 13:2)?

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How did Jesus explain the Temple murders (Luke 13:2–5)? What might people have expected him to say?

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A national disaster like a tornado or hurricane, which some call “acts of God,” can kill many people. What would you say to someone who wants to know why God either caused or allowed the tragedies to happen (Luke 13:2–5)?

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A national disaster like a tornado or hurricane, which some call “acts of God,” can kill many people. What would you say to someone who wants to know why God either caused or allowed the tragedies to happen (Luke 13:2–5)?

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A tree in an orchard is expected to bear fruit. If we fail to bear fruit in God’s orchard, what reasons does he have for allowing us to remain (Luke 13:6–7)?

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What should we do if we think our lives are not very fruitful for the Lord (Luke 13:8–9)?

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To avoid offending some, why didn’t Jesus delay healing the crippled woman until some day other than the Sabbath (Luke 13:10–13)?

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Do you think the woman’s affliction was a physical infirmity or was actually the work of an evil spirit (Luke 13:10–14)? Why?

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Concerning the Sabbath, why did the leader of the synagogue instruct the people and not Jesus (Luke 13:14)?

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Who was Jesus calling the hypocrite, the synagogue leader or the people (Luke 13:15–16)? Why?

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Why did people accept Jesus’ criticism (Luke 13:17)?

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How is God’s Kingdom like a mustard seed (Luke 13:18)?

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What makes God’s Kingdom like yeast (Luke 13:20)?

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At this time, some people came to tell Jesus about the Galileans who had been murdered as they were offering sacrifices in the Temple.

Eyewitness

Luke 13:1 At this time, some people came to tell Jesus about the Galileans who had been murdered as they were offering sacrifices in the Temple.
King James

Luke 13:1 There were present at that season some that told him of the Galilaeans, whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices.

Jesus said, “Do you think, because they suffered in this way, that these Galileans were greater sinners than others? I assure you, they were not. But unless you turn to God, you will suffer a similar fate. What about those eighteen people who died when the tower of Siloam fell? Do you think they were greater sinners than everyone else in Jerusalem? I assure you, they were not. But unless you turn to God, you will suffer a similar fate.”

Eyewitness

Luke 13:2–5 Jesus said, “Do you think, because they suffered in this way, that these Galileans were greater sinners than others? I assure you, they were not. But unless you turn to God, you will suffer a similar fate. What about those eighteen people who died when the tower of Siloam fell? Do you think they were greater sinners than everyone else in Jerusalem? I assure you, they were not. But unless you turn to God, you will suffer a similar fate.”
King James

Luke 13:2–5 And Jesus answering said unto them, Suppose ye that these Galilaeans were sinners above all the Galilaeans, because they suffered such things? I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish. Or those eighteen, upon whom the tower in Siloam fell, and slew them, think ye that they were sinners above all men that dwelt in Jerusalem? I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish.

He gave this illustration: “A man planted a fig tree in his vineyard but was disappointed when he came looking for fruit and found none. So he said to his gardener, ‘Look, for three years I’ve expected to pick fruit from this fig tree, and it is still barren. Cut it down. Why should it be allowed any space in the ground?’

Eyewitness

Luke 13:6–7 He gave this illustration: “A man planted a fig tree in his vineyard but was disappointed when he came looking for fruit and found none. So he said to his gardener, ‘Look, for three years I’ve expected to pick fruit from this fig tree, and it is still barren. Cut it down. Why should it be allowed any space in the ground?’
King James

Luke 13:6–7 He spake also this parable; A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard; and he came and sought fruit thereon, and found none. Then said he unto the dresser of his vineyard, Behold, these three years I come seeking fruit on this fig tree, and find none: cut it down; why cumbereth it the ground?

“‘Sir,’ the gardener said, ‘give it one more year to bear fruit. I will cultivate it and fertilize it. Maybe it will yield figs next season. If not, I will cut it down.’”

Eyewitness

Luke 13:8–9 “‘Sir,’ the gardener said, ‘give it one more year to bear fruit. I will cultivate it and fertilize it. Maybe it will yield figs next season. If not, I will cut it down.'”
King James

Luke 13:8–9 And he answering said unto him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it: And if it bear fruit, well: and if not, then after that thou shalt cut it down.

Jesus was teaching in the synagogue on the Sabbath. A woman there, crippled by an evil spirit for eighteen years, was bent over and could not straighten up. When Jesus saw her, he said, “Woman, you are now set free from your infirmity.” After he placed his hands on her, she immediately stood up straight and praised God.

Eyewitness

Luke 13:10–13 Jesus was teaching in the synagogue on the Sabbath. A woman there, crippled by an evil spirit for eighteen years, was bent over and could not straighten up. When Jesus saw her, he said, “Woman, you are now set free from your infirmity.” After he placed his hands on her, she immediately stood up straight and praised God.
King James

Luke 13:10–13 And he was teaching in one of the synagogues on the sabbath. And, behold, there was a woman which had a spirit of infirmity eighteen years, and was bowed together, and could in no wise lift up herself. And when Jesus saw her, he called her to him, and said unto her, Woman, thou art loosed from thine infirmity. And he laid his hands on her: and immediately she was made straight, and glorified God.)

The leader of the synagogue was indignant because Jesus had done work on the Sabbath, so he said to the people, “If you want to be healed, come on one of the six days when men should work, not on the Sabbath.”

Eyewitness

Luke 13:14 The leader of the synagogue was indignant because Jesus had done work on the Sabbath, so he said to the people, “If you want to be healed, come on one of the six days when men should work, not on the Sabbath.”
King James

Luke 13:14 And the ruler of the synagogue answered with indignation, because that Jesus had healed on the sabbath day, and said unto the people, There are six days in which men ought to work: in them therefore come and be healed, and not on the sabbath day.

“You hypocrites!” Jesus said. “Don’t you do work when you untie your donkey or ox from the stall and lead it to water? Shouldn’t this daughter of Abraham, who has been tied up by Satan for eighteen years, be released on the Sabbath?”

Eyewitness

Luke 13:15–16 “You hypocrites!” Jesus said. “Don’t you do work when you untie your donkey or ox from the stall and lead it to water? Shouldn’t this daughter of Abraham, who has been tied up by Satan for eighteen years, be released on the Sabbath?”
King James

Luke 13:15–16 The Lord then answered him, and said, Thou hypocrite, doth not each one of you on the sabbath loose his ox or his ass from the stall, and lead him away to watering? And ought not this woman, being a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan hath bound, lo, these eighteen years, be loosed from this bond on the sabbath day?

Those words humbled his critics, and the people rejoiced at the wonderful things Jesus was doing.

Eyewitness

Luke 13:17 Those words humbled his critics, and the people rejoiced at the wonderful things Jesus was doing.
King James

Luke 13:17 And when he had said these things, all his adversaries were ashamed: and all the people rejoiced for all the glorious things that were done by him.

Jesus said, “What is the Kingdom of God like? What analogy will help you understand? It is like someone planting a tiny mustard seed in his garden, and the plant grows until it becomes so big that birds can perch in its branches.”

Eyewitness

Luke 13:18–19 Jesus said, “What is the Kingdom of God like? What analogy will help you understand? It is like someone planting a tiny mustard seed in his garden, and the plant grows until it becomes so big that birds can perch in its branches.”
King James

Luke 13:18–19 Then said he, Unto what is the kingdom of God like? and whereunto shall I resemble it? It is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and cast into his garden; and it grew, and waxed a great tree; and the fowls of the air lodged in the branches of it.

Again he said, “What is the Kingdom of God like? It is like a little yeast that a woman kneaded into three measures of flour and made the whole batch of dough rise.”

Eyewitness

Luke 13:20–21 Again he said, “What is the Kingdom of God like? It is like a little yeast that a woman kneaded into three measures of flour and made the whole batch of dough rise.”
King James

Luke 13:20–21 And again he said, Whereunto shall I liken the kingdom of God? It is like leaven, which a woman took and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened.