83 A Pharisee asks Jesus to dinner.

Genesis 4:8; Leviticus 27:30; 2 Chronicles 24:20–21; Luke 11:37–54

People used no silverware, so everybody knew the importance of eating with washed hands. What reason could Jesus have had for not washing his hands (Luke 11:37–38)?

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In actual practice, people washed dishes inside and out, so why did Jesus accuse the Pharisees of doing something different (Luke 11:39–41)?

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Why is hypocrisy a problem? What does that have to do with giving (Luke 11:39–41)?

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Which is more important, the practice or principle of Law (Luke 11:42)? Why?

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Why did Jesus speak so harshly against Pharisees when his host was a Pharisee (Luke 11:43–45)?

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Jesus seldom condemned those who were regarded as sinners, yet he frequently attacked the Pharisees, who were the most highly regarded in Jewish society (Luke 11:46–51). Why?

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How could the deaths of past prophets be the responsibility of people in Jesus’ generation (Luke 11:50–51)?

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What had the teachers of the Law done to steal the key to knowing God (Luke 11:52)?

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How did the Pharisees and teachers of the Law react to the truth (Like 11:53–54)?

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While Jesus was speaking, a Pharisee asked him to dinner. He entered the man’s house and sat to eat. His host was amazed to see that Jesus did not wash his hands first.

Eyewitness

Luke 11:37–38 While Jesus was speaking, a Pharisee asked him to dinner. He entered the man’s house and sat to eat. His host was amazed to see that Jesus did not wash his hands first.
King James

Luke 11:37–38 And as he spake, a certain Pharisee besought him to dine with him: and he went in, and sat down to meat. And when the Pharisee saw it, he marvelled that he had not first washed before dinner.

Jesus said, “You Pharisees wash the outside of cups and platters, but you leave the inside dirty, full of greed and wickedness. How foolish. The same one who made the outside also made the inside. If you would become givers of what you have, you could be fully clean.

Eyewitness

Luke 11:39–41 Jesus said, “You Pharisees wash the outside of cups and platters, but you leave the inside dirty, full of greed and wickedness. How foolish. The same one who made the outside also made the inside. If you would become givers of what you have, you could be fully clean.
King James

Luke 11:39–41 And the Lord said unto him, Now do ye Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and the platter; but your inward part is full of ravening and wickedness. Ye fools, did not he that made that which is without make that which is within also? But rather give alms of such things as ye have; and, behold, all things are clean unto you.

“How terrible for you Pharisees, because you give a tenth of your mint, rue, and the tiniest amounts of other herbs, but you neglect what is right in giving to others and in loving God. You should not do one while neglecting the other.

Eyewitness

Leviticus 27:30 Ten percent of the harvest, both of seeds and fruit, belongs to the Lord and must be set apart for him.
Luke 11:42 “How terrible for you Pharisees, because you give a tenth of your mint, rue, and the tiniest amounts of other herbs, but you neglect what is right in giving to others and in loving God. You should not do one while neglecting the other.
King James

Leviticus 27:30 And all the tithe of the land, whether of the seed of the land, or of the fruit of the tree, is the Lord’s: it is holy unto the Lord.
Luke 11:42 But woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye tithe mint and rue and all manner of herbs, and pass over judgment and the love of God: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave the other undone.

“How terrible for you Pharisees, because you love the seats of honor in the synagogues. You love to be admired as you walk through the markets.

Eyewitness

Luke 11:43 “How terrible for you Pharisees, because you love the seats of honor in the synagogues. You love to be admired as you walk through the markets.
King James

Luke 11:43 Woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye love the uppermost seats in the synagogues, and greetings in the markets.

“How terrible for you Pharisees and teachers of the Law. Hypocrites! You are like unmarked graves that people walk over and never know it.”

Eyewitness

Luke 11:44 “How terrible for you Pharisees and teachers of the Law. Hypocrites! You are like unmarked graves that people walk over and never know it.”
King James

Luke 11:44 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye are as graves which appear not, and the men that walk over them are not aware of them.

A teacher of the Law said, “Teacher, when you say these things about our people, you insult us too.”

Eyewitness

Luke 11:45 A teacher of the Law said, “Teacher, when you say these things about our people, you insult us too.”
King James

Luke 11:45 Then answered one of the lawyers, and said unto him, Master, thus saying thou reproachest us also.

“How terrible for you teachers of the Law,” Jesus said. “You place unbearably heavy burdens on others and will carry none of the weight yourselves. How terrible for you, because you build memorials for the prophets your ancestors killed. With your monuments, you give testimony that you approve of their deeds. God in his foresight has said, ‘I will send prophets and messengers, and they will kill some and persecute others.’ So this generation will be held responsible for the blood of all the prophets since the beginning of the world, from the murder of Abel in the beginning to Zechariah, who died between the altar and the Temple sanctuary. I tell you, their deaths will be charged against this generation.

Eyewitness

Genesis 4:8 Cain said to Abel, his brother, “Let’s go for a walk.” When they were alone in the field, Cain attacked Abel and killed him.
2 Chronicles 24:20–21 When Zechariah, son of the priest Jehoiada, was standing before the people, the Holy Spirit came upon him. “God says, ‘Why do you disobey my commandments, making it impossible for you to prosper? Since you have forsaken him, he has forsaken you.'” At the king’s command, the people gathered in the Temple court and stoned Zechariah.
Luke 11:46–51 “How terrible for you teachers of the Law,” Jesus said. “You place unbearably heavy burdens on others but will carry none of the weight yourselves. How terrible for you, because you build memorials for the prophets your ancestors killed. With your monuments, you give testimony that you approve of their deeds. God in his foresight has said, ‘I will send prophets and messengers, and they will kill some and persecute others.’ So this generation will be held responsible for the blood of all the prophets since the beginning of the world, from the murder of Abel in the beginning to Zechariah, who died between the altar and the Temple sanctuary. I tell you, their deaths will be charged against this generation.
King James

Genesis 4:8 And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.
2 Chronicles 24:20–21 And the Spirit of God came upon Zechariah the son of Jehoiada the priest, which stood above the people, and said unto them, Thus saith God, Why transgress ye the commandments of the Lord, that ye cannot prosper? because ye have forsaken the Lord, he hath also forsaken you. And they conspired against him, and stoned him with stones at the commandment of the king in the court of the house of the Lord.
Luke 11:46–51 And he said, Woe unto you also, ye lawyers! for ye lade men with burdens grievous to be borne, and ye yourselves touch not the burdens with one of your fingers. Woe unto you! for ye build the sepulchres of the prophets, and your fathers killed them. Truly ye bear witness that ye allow the deeds of your fathers: for they indeed killed them, and ye build their sepulchres. Therefore also said the wisdom of God, I will send them prophets and apostles, and some of them they shall slay and persecute: That the blood of all the prophets, which was shed from the foundation of the world, may be required of this generation; From the blood of Abel unto the blood of Zacharias, which perished between the altar and the temple: verily I say unto you, It shall be required of this generation.

“How terrible for you teachers of the Law, because you have stolen from the people the key to knowing God. You will not enter the Kingdom, and you hinder others who would like to get in.”

Eyewitness

Luke 11:52 “How terrible for you teachers of the Law, because you have stolen from the people the key to knowing God. You will not enter the Kingdom, and you hinder others who would like to get in.”
King James

Luke 11:52 Woe unto you, lawyers! for ye have taken away the key of knowledge: ye entered not in yourselves, and them that were entering in ye hindered.

As Jesus left the house, the Pharisees and teachers of the Law were in bitter opposition to him and looked for ways to turn his words against him. They stalked him, waiting for him to say something incriminating so they could have him arrested.

Eyewitness

Luke 11:53–54 As Jesus left the house, the Pharisees and teachers of the Law were in bitter opposition to him and looked for ways to turn his words against him. They stalked him, waiting for him to say something incriminating so they could have him arrested.
King James

Luke 11:53–54 And as he said these things unto them, the scribes and the Pharisees began to urge him vehemently, and to provoke him to speak of many things: Laying wait for him, and seeking to catch something out of his mouth, that they might accuse him.