81 The disciples learn more about how to pray.

Matthew 6:9–13; Luke 11:1–13

Where might Jesus have been when the disciples saw him praying (Luke 11:1)?

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How much did the disciples already know about prayer (Luke 11:1)?

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What did the disciples think Jesus could teach them, which they didn’t already know (Luke 11:1)?

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Was Jesus’ advice more about practice, procedure, or principle (Luke 11:2)? Why?

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How do we recognize a God we cannot see (Matthew 6:9)?

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For two thousand years, people have looked for the coming of God’s Kingdom. What should our prayerful expectation be now (Matthew 6:10)?

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Should we be comfortable in praying only for what is needed today (Matthew 6:11)? Why?

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After accepting God’s forgiveness, why should we pray for forgiveness (Matthew 6:12)?

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Surely, wanting to keep us from evil, God would never lead us into temptation.  Or would he? Why do we need to pray for what he already wants to do or pray against what he would never do (Matthew 6:13)?

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Why might Matthew have given more details about Jesus’ advice than Luke did (Matthew 6:9–13; Luke 11:1–4)?

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What does knocking on a friend’s door have to do with prayer (Luke 11:5–8)?

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The Jews already believed in a reward for their labor. If Jesus began with an already-accepted ask-seek-knock proverb, what clarification did he want people to understand (Luke 10:9–10)?

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How does God’s criteria for giving his children what they ask compare with what earthly parents do (Luke 11:11–13)?

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One day, Jesus was praying at a certain place. When he finished, one of his disciples said, “Sir, teach us how to pray, just as John the Baptizer taught his followers.”

Eyewitness

Luke 11:1 One day, Jesus was praying at a certain place. When he finished, one of his disciples said, “Sir, teach us how to pray, just as John the Baptizer taught his followers.”
King James

Luke 11:1 And it came to pass, that, as he was praying in a certain place, when he ceased, one of his disciples said unto him, Lord, teach us to pray, as John also taught his disciples.

“When you pray,” Jesus said, “say something like this: ‘Our Father in Heaven, may your name be honored. May your Kingdom come and your will be done, on Earth as it is in Heaven. Give us the bread we need for today. Forgive our wrongs as we forgive the wrongs of others. Keep us from temptation and protect us from evil. For yours is the Kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen.’”

Eyewitness

Matthew 6:9–13 “Pray like this: ‘Our Father in Heaven, may your name be honored. May your Kingdom come and your will be done, on Earth as it is in Heaven. Give us the bread we need for today. Forgive our wrongs as we forgive the wrongs of others. Keep us from temptation and protect us from evil. For yours is the Kingdom and the power and the glory forever. Amen.’
Luke 11:2–4 “When you pray,” Jesus said, “say something like this: ‘Our Father in Heaven, may your name be honored. May your Kingdom come and your will be done, on Earth as it is in Heaven. Give us the bread we need for today. Forgive our wrongs as we forgive the wrongs of others. Keep us from temptation and protect us from evil.”
King James

Matthew 6:9–13 After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.
Luke 11:2–4 And he said unto them, When ye pray, say, Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, as in heaven, so in earth. Give us day by day our daily bread. And forgive us our sins; for we also forgive every one that is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil.

He used this illustration: “Suppose you knock on a friend’s door at midnight and say, ‘Please let me borrow three loaves of bread because a friend of mine has arrived from his journey to see me and I have no food for him.’ From inside he will say, ‘Do not bother me. The door is locked, and my family and I are in bed. I am not getting up to give you anything.’ I tell you, he will not get up because of friendship. But because of the persistent knocking, he will rise and answer your needs.

Eyewitness

Luke 11:5–9 He used this illustration: “Suppose you knock on a friend’s door at midnight and say, ‘Please let me borrow three loaves of bread because a friend of mine has arrived from his journey to see me and I have no food for him.’ From inside he will say, ‘Do not bother me. The door is locked, and my family and I are in bed. I am not getting up to give you anything.’ I tell you, he will not get up because of friendship. But because of the persistent knocking, he will rise and answer your needs. Ask and you will receive, seek and you will find, knock and the door will be opened for you.
King James

Luke 11:5–9 And he said unto them, Which of you shall have a friend, and shall go unto him at midnight, and say unto him, Friend, lend me three loaves; For a friend of mine in his journey is come to me, and I have nothing to set before him? And he from within shall answer and say, Trouble me not: the door is now shut, and my children are with me in bed; I cannot rise and give thee. I say unto you, Though he will not rise and give him, because he is his friend, yet because of his importunity he will rise and give him as many as he needeth. And I say unto you, Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you.

“Ask and you will receive, seek and you will find, knock and the door will be opened for you. Those who keep asking will receive. Those who keep seeking will find what they are looking for. And the door will be opened to those who keep knocking.”

Eyewitness

Luke 11:9–10 “Ask and you will receive, seek and you will find, knock and the door will be opened for you. Those who keep asking will receive. Those who keep seeking will find what they are looking for. And the door will be opened to those who keep knocking.”
King James

Luke 11:9–10 And I say unto you, Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you. For every one that asketh receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it shall be opened.

He repeated this illustration: “If a son asks his father for bread, will he receive a stone? If he asks for a fish, will he be handed a serpent? Or if he asks for an egg, will he receive a scorpion? No, of course not. If you who are evil know how to give good gifts to your children, you can be sure your heavenly Father will give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him.”

Eyewitness

Luke 11:11–13 He repeated this illustration: “If a son asks his father for bread, will he receive a stone? If he asks for a fish, will he be handed a serpent? Or if he asks for an egg, will he give him a scorpion? No, of course not. If you who are evil know how to give good gifts to your children, you can be sure your heavenly Father will give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him.”
King James

Luke 11:11–13 If a son shall ask bread of any of you that is a father, will he give him a stone? or if he ask a fish, will he for a fish give him a serpent? Or if he shall ask an egg, will he offer him a scorpion? If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?