79 The good shepherd cares for his sheep.

Ezekiel 34:23; 37:24; John 10:1–21

What might thieves and robbers do to avoid being caught (John 1:1–5)?

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What can people do to avoid being deceived (John 1:1–5)?

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What are the main reasons that people are fooled by appearances (John 1:1–5)?

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In what ways are people like sheep (John 1:1–5)?

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How do we distinguish God’s voice from other voices (John 1:3–5)?

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Why might it be important to explain an analogy (John 10:6–9)?

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Who is the thief who comes to “steal, kill, and destroy” (John 10:10)?

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Who is the “hired hand” (John 10:10–13)? How does he differ from the thief?

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How does a good shepherd distinguish himself (John 10:11)?

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Who are the sheep that are in another fold (John 10:16)?

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How did Jesus have power to die and come back to life (John 10:17–18)?

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What did the disciples understand when Jesus said he would sacrifice his life (John 10:17–18)?

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Why did some people think Jesus’ words must be true while others thought he was crazy (John 10:19–21)?

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“Without a doubt,” Jesus said, “the man who avoids the gate to the sheep pen, but slips in some other way, is a thief and a robber. The shepherd of the sheep always enters through the gate. He is the one the gatekeeper welcomes. The sheep recognize his voice as he calls them by name and leads them out. When he has brought out all his sheep, he goes before them. They follow him because they know his voice. They will not follow a stranger but will scatter before the sound of strange voices.”

Eyewitness

John 10:1–5 “Without a doubt,” Jesus said, “the man who avoids the gate to the sheep pen, but slips in some other way, is a thief and a robber. The shepherd of the sheep always enters through the gate. He is the one the gatekeeper welcomes. The sheep recognize his voice as he calls them by name and leads them out. When he has brought out all his sheep, he goes before them. They follow him because they know his voice. They will not follow a stranger but will scatter before the sound of strange voices.”
King James

John 10:1–5 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that entereth not by the door into the sheepfold, but climbeth up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber. But he that entereth in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. To him the porter openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out. And when he putteth forth his own sheep, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him: for they know his voice. And a stranger will they not follow, but will flee from him: for they know not the voice of strangers.

Jesus used this analogy, but the people did not understand what he was saying, so he explained what he meant. “I tell you the truth, I am the gate for the sheep. Those who came by another way were thieves and robbers, but my sheep did not listen to them. I am the gate through which people may be saved from destruction, where they can freely come and go and be satisfied.

Eyewitness

John 10:6–9 Jesus used this analogy, but the people did not understand what he was saying, so he explained what he meant. “I tell you the truth, I am the gate for the sheep. Those who came by another way were thieves and robbers, but my sheep did not listen to them. I am the gate through which people may be saved from destruction, where they can freely come and go and be satisfied.
King James

John 10:6–9 This parable spake Jesus unto them: but they understood not what things they were which he spake unto them. Then said Jesus unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep. All that ever came before me are thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not hear them. I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.

“The thief comes with one purpose: to steal, kill, and destroy. When the hired hand sees a wolf coming, he will abandon the sheep, because he is not their shepherd and the sheep do not belong to him. So the wolf will attack and scatter the flock. The man will flee because he works for the money and cares nothing for the sheep.

Eyewitness

John 10:10 “The thief comes with one purpose: to steal, kill, and destroy. I came to bring the fullness of life.
John 10:12–13 “When the hired hand sees a wolf coming, he will abandon the sheep, because he is not their shepherd and the sheep do not belong to him. So the wolf will attack and scatter the flock. The man will flee because he works for the money and cares nothing for the sheep.
King James

John 10:10 The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.
John 10:12–13 But he that is an hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth: and the wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep. The hireling fleeth, because he is an hireling, and careth not for the sheep.

“I am the good shepherd and will sacrifice my life for the sake of the sheep. I came to bring the fullness of life. I know my sheep and my sheep know me, just as the Father knows me and I know the Father.

Eyewitness

Ezekiel 34:23 And I shall set over them a single shepherd. Like my servant David, he will feed them and be their shepherd.
Ezekiel 37:24 One like my servant David will be king over them, and they shall have only one shepherd. They will respect my decisions and obey my laws.
John 10:10–11 “The thief comes with one purpose: to steal, kill, and destroy. I came to bring the fullness of life. I am the good shepherd and will sacrifice my life for the sake of the sheep.
John 10:14–15 “I am the good shepherd. I know my sheep and my sheep know me, just as the Father knows me and I know the Father. I will sacrifice my life for the sake of my sheep.
King James

Ezekiel 34:23 And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, even my servant David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd.
Ezekiel 37:24 And David my servant shall be king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes, and do them.
John 10:10–11 The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly. I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.
John 10:14–15 I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine. As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep.

“In another fold, I have more sheep and must also bring them. They will hear my voice, and there will be one flock with one shepherd.

Eyewitness

John 10:16 “In another fold, I have more sheep and must also bring them. They will hear my voice, and there will be one flock with one shepherd.
King James

John 10:16 And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.

“The Father loves me because I will sacrifice my life and take it back again. No one will take my life from me. I choose to give it up. I have the power to lay it down and to take it up again, because this is what my Father has commanded.”

Eyewitness

John 10:17–18 “The Father loves me because I will sacrifice my life and take it back again. No one will take my life from me. I choose to give it up. I have the power to lay it down and to take it up again, because this is what my Father has commanded.”
King James

John 10:17–18 Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again. No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.

After hearing these words, the Jewish leaders were divided in their opinions about Jesus. Many said, “An evil spirit has made him crazy. You should pay no attention to him.” Others disagreed, saying, “Can an evil spirit open blind eyes? These are not the words of someone possessed.”

Eyewitness

John 10:19–21 After hearing these words, the Jewish leaders were divided in their opinions about Jesus. Many said, “An evil spirit has made him crazy. You should pay no attention to him.” Others disagreed, saying, “Can an evil spirit open blind eyes? These are not the words of someone possessed.”
King James

John 10:19–21 There was a division therefore again among the Jews for these sayings. And many of them said, He hath a devil, and is mad; why hear ye him? Others said, These are not the words of him that hath a devil. Can a devil open the eyes of the blind?