75 Jesus teaches in the Temple.

Exodus 3:14; Numbers 35:30; Deuteronomy 17:6; 19:15; John 8:12–59

We know Jesus taught multitudes. How well do you think they listened (John 8:12)?

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What does darkness and light have to do with following Jesus (John 8:12)?

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Why did the Pharisees think their truth was valid but Jesus’ truth was not (John 8:13)?

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How did Jesus know he spoke the truth (John 8:14–18)?

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How can we be sure Jesus spoke the truth (John 8:14–18)?

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Scripture is subject to interpretation. For many Pharisees, it was a case of misinterpretation. How can we be sure that what we believe is true (John 8:14–18)?

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Why is it impossible to know the Father without knowing the Son (John 8:19)?

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How did Jesus’ words give religious leaders a reason for his arrest (John 8:19)?

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If the people could not understand his words, why did Jesus say them (John 8:21–22)?

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What does “believe in Jesus” mean (John 8:23–24)? What happens to those who don’t believe?

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Given all that was known about who Jesus was and who he claimed to be, why was he asked who he was (John 8:25)?

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When Jesus said, “When you lift up the Son of Man,” what was he talking about (John 8:26–28)?

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How important is it to do what pleases the Lord (John 8:29)?

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What must happen before we can lose our unbelief and become believers (John 8:20)?

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What does it mean to be a “disciple of Christ” (John 8:31–32)?

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If many Jews had been carried captive into foreign lands and were now subject to Roman rule, how could they say they had never been in bondage to anyone (John 8:33–35)?

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What is the difference between slavery and freedom (John 8:34)?

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In what ways was Jesus defining a “child of Abraham” as someone different from what the Jews believed (John 8:35–44)?

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Why did the Pharisees have such a hard time believing Jesus (John 8:45–47)?

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Who did the Jewish leaders believe Jesus was (John 8:48–50)?

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In our believing, how important are actions (John 8:51–53)?

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How could Abraham have seen Jesus before Jesus was born (John 8:54–58)?

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What legal right did Jewish leaders have in picking up stones to kill Jesus (John 8:59)?

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Later, Jesus said to the people, “I am the light of the world. Those who follow me will never walk in darkness, because they have the light of life.”

Eyewitness

John 8:12 Later, Jesus said to the people, “I am the light of the world. Those who follow me will never walk in darkness, because they have the light of life.”
King James

John 8:12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.

The Pharisees said, “You cannot testify on your own behalf. Without verification, your words mean nothing.”

Eyewitness

John 8:13 The Pharisees said, “You cannot testify on your own behalf. Without verification, your words mean nothing.”
King James

John 8:13 The Pharisees therefore said unto him, Thou bearest record of thyself; thy record is not true.

“Even though I speak for myself, my testimony is still true. You do not know where I came from or where I am going, but I know. You judge from a fleshly perspective, but I do not judge like you. My judgment is true because my decisions are made with the Father, who sent me. By your own Law, the testimony of two witnesses verifies the truth. I testify on my own behalf, and the Father, who sent me, is the second witness.”

Eyewitness

Deuteronomy 17:6 By the word of only one witness, never put a person to death. There must always be the agreement of two or three witnesses.
Deuteronomy 19:15 One witness is not enough to convict a person of a crime. There must always be the agreement of two or three witnesses to prove someone’s guilt.
Numbers 35:30 Murder is punishable by death, but only with the agreement of two or more witnesses, never by one person’s testimony.
John 8:14–18 “Even though I speak for myself, my testimony is still true. You do not know where I came from or where I am going, but I know. You judge from a fleshly perspective, but I do not judge like you. My judgment is true because my decisions are made with the Father, who sent me. By your own Law, the testimony of two witnesses verifies the truth. I testify on my own behalf, and the Father, who sent me, is the second witness.”
King James

Deuteronomy 17:6 At the mouth of two witnesses, or three witnesses, shall he that is worthy of death be put to death; but at the mouth of one witness he shall not be put to death.
Deuteronomy 19:15 One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sinneth: at the mouth of two witnesses, or at the mouth of three witnesses, shall the matter be established.
Numbers 35:30 Whoso killeth any person, the murderer shall be put to death by the mouth of witnesses: but one witness shall not testify against any person to cause him to die.
John 8:14–18 Jesus answered and said unto them, Though I bear record of myself, yet my record is true: for I know whence I came, and whither I go; but ye cannot tell whence I come, and whither I go. Ye judge after the flesh; I judge no man. And yet if I judge, my judgment is true: for I am not alone, but I and the Father that sent me. It is also written in your law, that the testimony of two men is true. I am one that bear witness of myself, and the Father that sent me beareth witness of me.

“Where is this father of yours who will testify?”

Eyewitness

John 8:19 “Where is this father of yours who will testify?” Jesus said, “If you do not know me, you cannot know my Father. If you knew me, you would also know my Father.”
King James

John 8:19 Then said they unto him, Where is thy Father? Jesus answered, Ye neither know me, nor my Father: if ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also.

Jesus said, “If you do not know me, you cannot know my Father. If you knew me, you would also know my Father.” He said this while teaching in the area where offerings were given in the Temple, but no one arrested him because it was not yet time for him to be taken.

Eyewitness

John 8:19–20 “Where is this father of yours who will testify?” Jesus said, “If you do not know me, you cannot know my Father. If you knew me, you would also know my Father.” He said this while teaching in the area where offerings were given in the Temple, but no one arrested him because it was not yet time for him to be taken.
King James

John 8:19–20 Then said they unto him, Where is thy Father? Jesus answered, Ye neither know me, nor my Father: if ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also. These words spake Jesus in the treasury, as he taught in the temple: and no man laid hands on him; for his hour was not yet come.

At another time, he said, “I am leaving. You will look for me but will die in your sins. You cannot come to where I am going.”

Eyewitness

John 8:21 At another time, he said, “I am leaving. You will look for me but will die in your sins. You cannot come to where I am going.”
King James

John 8:21 Then said Jesus again unto them, I go my way, and ye shall seek me, and shall die in your sins: whither I go, ye cannot come.

The Jewish authorities said, “Is he planning to commit suicide? Is that what he means by saying we cannot go where he is going?”

Eyewitness

John 8:22 The Jewish authorities said, “Is he planning to commit suicide? Is that what he means by saying we cannot go where he is going?”
King James

John 8:22 Then said the Jews, Will he kill himself? because he saith, Whither I go, ye cannot come.

“You are from below,” Jesus said. “I am from above. You belong to this world. I do not. That is why I said you will die in your sins. If you do not believe I am who I am, you will surely die in your sins.”

Eyewitness

John 8:23–24 “You are from below,” Jesus said. “I am from above. You belong to this world. I do not. That is why I said you will die in your sins. If you do not believe I am who I am, you will surely die in your sins.”
King James

John 8:23–24 And he said unto them, Ye are from beneath; I am from above: ye are of this world; I am not of this world. I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sins: for if ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins.

“Who are you?”

Eyewitness

John 8:25 “Who are you?” “I am the one I have always claimed to be.
King James

John 8:25 Then said they unto him, Who art thou? And Jesus saith unto them, Even the same that I said unto you from the beginning.

“I am the one I have always claimed to be. Concerning you, there is much I could say and judge, but I will speak to the world only the truth that I hear from the one who sent me.” They still did not realize he was talking about the Father. So Jesus said, “When you lift up the Son of Man, you will know I am who I am. I do nothing on my own initiative. I say only what the Father instructs me to say. The one who sent me is with me. Because I always do what pleases him, he has never left me on my own.”

Eyewitness

John 8:25–29 “Who are you?” “I am the one I have always claimed to be. Concerning you, there is much I could say and judge, but I will speak to the world only the truth that I hear from the one who sent me.” They still did not realize he was talking about the Father. So Jesus said, “When you lift up the Son of Man, you will know I am who I am. I do nothing on my own initiative. I say only what the Father instructs me to say. The one who sent me is with me. Because I always do what pleases him, he has never left me on my own.”
King James

John 8:25–29 Then said they unto him, Who art thou? And Jesus saith unto them, Even the same that I said unto you from the beginning. I have many things to say and to judge of you: but he that sent me is true; and I speak to the world those things which I have heard of him. They understood not that he spake to them of the Father. Then said Jesus unto them, When ye have lifted up the Son of man, then shall ye know that I am he, and that I do nothing of myself; but as my Father hath taught me, I speak these things. And he that sent me is with me: the Father hath not left me alone; for I do always those things that please him.

As he said these things, many put their faith in him.

Eyewitness

John 8:30 As he said these things, many put their faith in him.
King James

John 8:30 As he spake these words, many believed on him.

To those who believed, Jesus said, “If you keep following what I say, you really are my disciples. And you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.”

Eyewitness

John 8:31–32 To those who believed, Jesus said, “If you keep following what I say, you really are my disciples. And you will know the truth, and the truth will set you free.”
King James

John 8:31–32 Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed; And ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.

“We are Abraham’s descendents,” they said. “We have never been in bondage to anyone, so how can you say we will be free?”

Eyewitness

John 8:33 “We are Abraham’s descendants,” they said. “We have never been in bondage to anyone, so how can you say we will be free?”
King James

John 8:33 They answered him, We be Abraham’s seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free?

“I tell you the absolute truth: everyone who sins is a slave to sin. A slave has no rights as part of the family, but a son belongs forever. So if the Son makes you free, you really are free. I know you are Abraham’s descendants, but you want to kill me because my message has no place in your hearts. I declare what my Father has shown me, and you do what your father has shown you.”

Eyewitness

John 8:34–38 “I tell you the absolute truth: everyone who sins is a slave to sin. A slave has no rights as part of the family, but a son belongs forever. So if the Son makes you free, you really are free. I know you are Abraham’s descendants, but you want to kill me because my message has no place in your hearts. I declare what my Father has shown me, and you do what your father has shown you.”
King James

John 8:34–38 Jesus answered them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whosoever committeth sin is the servant of sin. And the servant abideth not in the house for ever: but the Son abideth ever. If the Son therefore shall make you free, ye shall be free indeed. I know that ye are Abraham’s seed; but ye seek to kill me, because my word hath no place in you. I speak that which I have seen with my Father: and ye do that which ye have seen with your father.

“Our father is Abraham.”

Eyewitness

John 8:39 “Our father is Abraham.” “If you were Abraham’s children, you would act like him.
King James

John 8:39 They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our father. Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham’s children, ye would do the works of Abraham.

“If you were Abraham’s children, you would act like him. Instead, you seek to kill me because I tell you the truth I heard from God. This is nothing like Abraham did. No, you are doing the works of your true father.”

Eyewitness

John 8:39–41 “Our father is Abraham.” “If you were Abraham’s children, you would act like him. Instead, you seek to kill me because I tell you the truth I heard from God. This is nothing like Abraham did. No, you are doing the works of your true father.” “We are not bastards. God is our true Father.”
King James

John 8:39–41 They answered and said unto him, Abraham is our father. Jesus saith unto them, If ye were Abraham’s children, ye would do the works of Abraham. But now ye seek to kill me, a man that hath told you the truth, which I have heard of God: this did not Abraham. Ye do the deeds of your father. Then said they to him, We be not born of fornication; we have one Father, even God.

“We are not bastards. God is our true Father.”

Eyewitness

John 8:41 “No, you are doing the works of your true father.” “We are not bastards. God is our true Father.”
King James

John 8:41 Ye do the deeds of your father. Then said they to him, We be not born of fornication; we have one Father, even God.

“If God were your Father, you would love me, because I came from him. I did not decide to come, but he sent me. Why don’t you understand what I say? I will tell you why. You do not want to hear my message. You come from your father, the devil, and your desires are like his. From the beginning, he was a murderer and opposed the truth, because truth was not in his nature. When he lies, he speaks from his heart, because he is a liar and the father of lies. So it is only natural, when I speak the truth, that you do not believe me. Can any of you prove I have told even one lie? No one. Since I am telling you the truth, why don’t you believe me? Those who belong to God hear his words. You do not hear because you are not his children.”

Eyewitness

John 8:42–47 “If God were your Father, you would love me, because I came from him. I did not decide to come, but he sent me. Why don’t you understand what I say? I will tell you why. You do not want to hear my message. You come from your father, the devil, and your desires are like his. From the beginning, he was a murderer and opposed the truth, because truth was not in his nature. When he lies, he speaks from his heart, because he is a liar and the father of lies. So it is only natural, when I speak the truth, that you do not believe me. Can any of you prove I have told even one lie? No one. Since I am telling you the truth, why don’t you believe me? Those who belong to God hear his words. You do not hear because you are not his children.”
King James

John 8:42–47 Jesus said unto them, If God were your Father, ye would love me: for I proceeded forth and came from God; neither came I of myself, but he sent me. Why do ye not understand my speech? even because ye cannot hear my word. Ye are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father ye will do. He was a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth, because there is no truth in him. When he speaketh a lie, he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar, and the father of it. And because I tell you the truth, ye believe me not. Which of you convinceth me of sin? And if I say the truth, why do ye not believe me? He that is of God heareth God’s words: ye therefore hear them not, because ye are not of God.

The Jewish leaders said, “We were right all along in saying you were a Samaritan heretic, possessed by an evil spirit.”

Eyewitness

John 8:48 The Jewish leaders said, “We were right all along in saying you were a Samaritan heretic, possessed by an evil spirit.”
King James

John 8:48 Then answered the Jews, and said unto him, Say we not well that thou art a Samaritan, and hast a devil?

“I do not have an evil spirit. I honor my Father, while you dishonor me. I am not trying to get honor for myself. But there is one who does honor me, and he is the true judge. I assure you, whoever hears and follows my teachings will never die.”

Eyewitness

John 8:49–51 “I do not have an evil spirit. I honor my Father, while you dishonor me. I am not trying to get honor for myself. But there is one who does honor me, and he is the true judge. I assure you, whoever hears and follows my teachings will never die.”
King James

John 8:49–51 Jesus answered, I have not a devil; but I honour my Father, and ye do dishonour me. And I seek not mine own glory: there is one that seeketh and judgeth. Verily, verily, I say unto you, If a man keep my saying, he shall never see death.

“Now we know you have an evil spirit. Abraham and the prophets are all dead, and you say those who follow your teachings will never die. Are you greater than Abraham and the prophets who have died? Who do you think you are?”

Eyewitness

John 8:52–53 “Now we know you have an evil spirit. Abraham and the prophets are all dead, and you say those who follow your teachings will never die. Are you greater than Abraham and the prophets who have died? Who do you think you are?”
King James

John 8:52–53 Then said the Jews unto him, Now we know that thou hast a devil. Abraham is dead, and the prophets; and thou sayest, If a man keep my saying, he shall never taste of death. Art thou greater than our father Abraham, which is dead? and the prophets are dead: whom makest thou thyself?

Jesus said, “Honor means nothing if I give it to myself. My Father, the one you say is your God, is the one who honors me. You do not even know him, but I do. If I said I did not, I would be a liar like you. But I do know him, and I follow his instructions. Your ancestor Abraham rejoiced as he looked forward to my coming. When he saw me, he was overjoyed.”

Eyewitness

John 8:54–56 Jesus said, “Honor means nothing if I give it to myself. My Father, the one you say is your God, is the one who honors me. You do not even know him, but I do. If I said I did not, I would be a liar like you. But I do know him, and I follow his instructions. Your ancestor Abraham rejoiced as he looked forward to my coming. When he saw me, he was overjoyed.”
King James

John 8:54–56 Jesus said, If I honour myself, my honour is nothing: it is my Father that honoureth me; of whom ye say, that he is your God: Yet ye have not known him; but I know him: and if I should say, I know him not, I shall be a liar like unto you: but I know him, and keep his saying. Your father Abraham rejoiced to see my day: and he saw it, and was glad.

“You are not even fifty years old,” they said. “How can you say you have seen Abraham?”

Eyewitness

John 8:57 “You are not even fifty years old,” they said. “How can you say you have seen Abraham?”
King James

John 8:57 Then said the Jews unto him, Thou art not yet fifty years old, and hast thou seen Abraham?

“I assure you, before Abraham was born, I am.”

Eyewitness

Exodus 3:14 “I am who I am,” God said. “Tell the people of Israel, I-Am has sent you.”
John 8:58 “I assure you, before Abraham was born, I am.”
King James

Exodus 3:14 And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.
John 8:58 Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Before Abraham was, I am.

They picked up stones to kill him, but Jesus disappeared from their midst and left the Temple area.

Eyewitness

John 8:59 They picked up stones to kill him, but Jesus disappeared from their midst and left the Temple area.
King James

John 8:59 Then took they up stones to cast at him: but Jesus hid himself, and went out of the temple, going through the midst of them, and so passed by.