45 A Pharisee invites Jesus to dinner and learns about forgiveness.

Luke 7:36–50; 8:1–3

Why might a Pharisee invite Jesus to his house for dinner (Luke 7:36)?

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How could the sinful woman have gained entrance to the house of a Pharisee (Luke 7:37)?

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How did the Pharisee know the woman was a sinner (Luke 7:39)?

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Why did people think a prophet would never allow the touch of a sinner (Luke 7:39)?

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How did Jesus know what Simon the Pharisee was thinking (Luke 7:39–40)?

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How much value should we place on God forgiving our sin (Luke 7:41 – 42)?

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Why was Simon’s gratitude less than the sinner’s (Luke 7:43–47)?

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Why were the woman’s sins forgiven (Luke 7:48)?

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Why did people question Jesus’ right to forgive sin (Luke 7:49)?

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What was the faith that set the sinful woman free (Luke 7:50)?

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How many people were following Jesus from place to place (Luke 8:1–3)?

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A Pharisee invited Jesus to dinner, so Jesus went to his house and sat at his table.

Eyewitness

Luke 7:36 A Pharisee invited Jesus to dinner, so Jesus went to his house and sat at his table.
King James

Luke 7:36 And one of the Pharisees desired him that he would eat with him. And he went into the Pharisee’s house, and sat down to meat.

A sinful woman from the town heard Jesus was there and brought a jar made of fine gypsum filled with perfume. Kneeling behind him, she wept. She wiped his feet with her hair, kissed them, and rubbed them with the perfume.

Eyewitness

Luke 7:37–38 A sinful woman from the town heard Jesus was there and brought a jar made of fine gypsum filled with perfume. Kneeling behind him, she wept. She wiped his feet with her hair, kissed them, and rubbed them with the perfume.
King James

Luke 7:37–38 And, behold, a woman in the city, which was a sinner, when she knew that Jesus sat at meat in the Pharisee’s house, brought an alabaster box of ointment, And stood at his feet behind him weeping, and began to wash his feet with tears, and did wipe them with the hairs of her head, and kissed his feet, and anointed them with the ointment.

When the Pharisee saw this, he thought, This man cannot be a prophet or he would know the woman who is touching him is a sinner.

Eyewitness

Luke 7:39 When the Pharisee saw this, he thought, This man cannot be a prophet or he would know the woman who is touching him is a sinner.
King James

Luke 7:39 Now when the Pharisee which had bidden him saw it, he spake within himself, saying, This man, if he were a prophet, would have known who and what manner of woman this is that toucheth him: for she is a sinner.

“Simon,” Jesus said, “I need to tell you something.”

Eyewitness

Luke 7:40 “Simon,” Jesus said, “I need to tell you something.” “What is it?”
King James

Luke 7:40 And Jesus answering said unto him, Simon, I have somewhat to say unto thee. And he saith, Master, say on.

“What is it?”

Eyewitness

Luke 7:40 “Simon,” Jesus said, “I need to tell you something.” “What is it?”
King James

Luke 7:40 And Jesus answering said unto him, Simon, I have somewhat to say unto thee. And he saith, Master, say on.

“Two men owed a debt to a money lender. One owed five hundred days’ wages, the other, fifty. Neither of them had any money, so he cancelled their debts. Which man do you think loved the lender more?”

Eyewitness

Luke 7:41–42 “Two men owed a debt to a money lender. One owed five hundred days’ wages, the other, fifty. Neither of them had any money, so he cancelled their debts. Which man do you think loved the lender more?”
King James

Luke 7:41–42 There was a certain creditor which had two debtors: the one owed five hundred pence, and the other fifty. And when they had nothing to pay, he frankly forgave them both. Tell me therefore, which of them will love him most?

“I suppose it would be the one whose large debt was cancelled.”

Eyewitness

Luke 7:43 Simon said, “I suppose it would be the one whose large debt was cancelled.” “You have judged correctly.”
King James

Luke 7:43 Simon answered and said, I suppose that he, to whom he forgave most. And he said unto him, Thou hast rightly judged.

“You have judged correctly.” Jesus turned toward the woman and said to Simon, “Have you seen her gratitude? When I arrived, you did not give me water to wash my feet. But she has washed my feet with her tears and wiped them with her hair. You did not greet me with a kiss, but she has covered my feet with kisses. You put no oil on my head, but she has anointed my feet with expensive perfume. Isn’t it obvious? Her sins were very great, so she is exceptionally grateful to be forgiven. Those who receive only a little forgiveness have little love to give.”

Eyewitness

Luke 7:43–47 Simon answered, “I suppose it would be the one whose large debt was cancelled.” “You have judged correctly.” Jesus turned toward the woman and said to Simon, “Have you seen her gratitude? When I arrived, you did not give me water to wash my feet. But she has washed my feet with her tears and wiped them with her hair. You did not greet me with a kiss, but she has covered my feet with kisses. You put no oil on my head, but she has anointed my feet with expensive perfume. Isn’t it obvious? Her sins were very great, so she is exceptionally grateful to be forgiven. Those who receive only a little forgiveness have little love to give.”
King James

Luke 7:43–47 Simon answered and said, I suppose that he, to whom he forgave most. And he said unto him, Thou hast rightly judged. And he turned to the woman, and said unto Simon, Seest thou this woman? I entered into thine house, thou gavest me no water for my feet: but she hath washed my feet with tears, and wiped them with the hairs of her head. Thou gavest me no kiss: but this woman since the time I came in hath not ceased to kiss my feet. My head with oil thou didst not anoint: but this woman hath anointed my feet with ointment. Wherefore I say unto thee, Her sins, which are many, are forgiven; for she loved much: but to whom little is forgiven, the same loveth little.

Jesus said to her, “Your sins have been forgiven.”

Eyewitness

Luke 7:48 Jesus said to her, “Your sins have been forgiven.”
King James

Luke 7:48 And he said unto her, Thy sins are forgiven.

Other guests at the table whispered among themselves, “Who does this man think he is, that he can forgive sins?”

Eyewitness

Luke 7:49 Other guests at the table whispered among themselves, “Who does this man think he is, that he can forgive sins?”
King James

Luke 7:49 And they that sat at meat with him began to say within themselves, Who is this that forgiveth sins also?

Ignoring them, Jesus said to the woman, “Your faith has set you free. Go in peace.”

Eyewitness

Luke 7:50 Ignoring them, Jesus said to the woman, “Your faith has set you free. Go in peace.”
King James

Luke 7:50 And he said to the woman, Thy faith hath saved thee; go in peace.

After this, Jesus traveled through cities and towns, preaching the good news about the Kingdom of God. The twelve disciples were with him, and also women whose diseases had been cured and people whom he had delivered from evil spirits, including Mary Magdalene, who once had seven evil spirits, Joanna, whose husband, Chuza, was a manager for King Herod, and Susanna. There were many others who brought resources to support Jesus and his disciples.

Eyewitness

Luke 8:1–3 After this, Jesus traveled through cities and towns, preaching the good news about the Kingdom of God. The twelve disciples were with him, and also women whose diseases had been cured and people whom he had delivered from evil spirits, including Mary Magdalene, who once had seven evil spirits, Joanna, whose husband, Chuza, was a manager for King Herod, and Susanna. There were many others who brought resources to support Jesus and his disciples.
King James

Luke 8:1–3 And it came to pass afterward, that he went throughout every city and village, preaching and shewing the glad tidings of the kingdom of God: and the twelve were with him, And certain women, which had been healed of evil spirits and infirmities, Mary called Magdalene, out of whom went seven devils, And Joanna the wife of Chuza Herod’s steward, and Susanna, and many others, which ministered unto him of their substance.