40 Jesus teaches the principles of God’s Kingdom.

Matthew 7:1–29; Luke 6:37–49

What is the difference between judging people and judging a tree by its fruit (Matthew 7:1)?

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How does the standard by which we judge others become the standard used in judging us (Matthew 7:2)?

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What is the difference between giving and “throwing pearls to the swine” (Matthew 7:6; Luke 6:38)?

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What is the benefit of giving when the recipient has nothing to give in return (Luke 6:38)?

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If the recipient has nothing to give in return, how can we expect to receive a “full measure” (Luke 6:38)?

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How can we know if we are following someone who is blind to the truth (Luke 6:39)?

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If we are confused at times, what qualifies us to lead others (Luke 6:39)?

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If we listen carefully to Jesus and follow everything he says, what result can we expect (Luke 6:40)? What if we are a student of someone else?

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Why can we see other people’s faults better than our own (Luke 6:41)?

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How can we help others with a problem when we have the same problem, ourselves (Luke 6:41–42)?

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How can we recognize those who cannot appreciate the treasure of knowing God (Matthew 7:6)? What should we give to them?

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What did the Jews believe about asking, seeking, and knocking (Matthew 7:7–8)?

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How can we believe something when physical evidence says it’s not true (Matthew 7:7–8)?

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Why did Jesus present a saying that the Jews already believed was true (Matthew 7:7–8)?

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What good can we expect when our asking, seeking, and knocking is focused upon the Lord (Matthew 7:9–11)?

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Under what circumstances would God give to us something other than what we believe is good (Matthew 7:9–11)?

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What is the Law’s purpose (Matthew 7:12)? Why do people find it difficult to fulfill?

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How is the narrow gate different from the wide gate (Matthew 7:13)?

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Why do more people choose the wide gate and broad road (Matthew 7:13–14)?

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How do false prophets present themselves (Matthew 7:15)?

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What can we know about others when we hear their words and see their actions (Matthew 7:16 – 17)?

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When we look at our actions and don’t like what we see, what can we know about ourselves and the danger if we stay that way (Matthew 7:17–19)?

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Why should we be concerned about who we are and not so much about how we look (Luke 6:45)?

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When do “good” works have no value (Matthew 7:21–23)?Write the question.

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Some people who identified Jesus as their Lord were not doing what he said (Luke 6:46). What were they doing?Write the question.

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In Jesus’ story of the two builders, what was the difference between being wise and foolish (Matthew 7:24–27)?

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Why should we be concerned about the foundation upon which we build (Matthew 7:24 – 27)?

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What was so different about Jesus’ message (Matthew 7:28–29)?

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Do not judge, and you will not be judged. Do not condemn, and you will not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven. In the way you judge others, you will be judged. The standard you apply in condemning others will be the standard used against you.

Eyewitness

Matthew 7:1–2 “Do not judge, and you will not be judged. In the way you judge others, you will be judged. The standard you apply in condemning others will be the standard used against you.
Luke 6:37 “Do not judge, and you will not be judged. Do not condemn, and you will not be condemned. Forgive, and you will be forgiven.
King James

Matthew 7:1–2 Judge not, that ye be not judged. For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged: and with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again.
Luke 6:37 Judge not, and ye shall not be judged: condemn not, and ye shall not be condemned: forgive, and ye shall be forgiven:

“Give, and you will not have to worry about receiving. You will receive a full measure, packed down, shaken together, and spilling into your lap. The measure you give determines the measure you will receive.”

Eyewitness

Luke 6:38 “Give, and you will not have to worry about receiving. You will receive a full measure, packed down, shaken together, and spilling into your lap. The measure you give determines the measure you will receive.”
King James

Luke 6:38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again.

Jesus used these analogies: “Can one blind person lead another? Wouldn’t both of them fall into a ditch? A student is not above the teacher, but the one who is fully taught will be like the teacher.

Eyewitness

Luke 6:39–40 Jesus used these analogies: “Can one blind person lead another? Wouldn’t both of them fall into a ditch? A student is not above the teacher, but the one who is fully taught will be like the teacher.
King James

Luke 6:39–40 And he spake a parable unto them, Can the blind lead the blind? shall they not both fall into the ditch? The disciple is not above his master: but every one that is perfect shall be as his master.

“Why do you worry about the sawdust in your brother’s eye but never notice the board in your own eye? How can you say, ‘Brother, let me take the speck out of your eye,’ and not admit the existence of something much larger in your own eye? Hypocrite! First take the large object from your eye. Then you can see clearly to remove the small piece from your brother’s eye.

Eyewitness

Matthew 7:3–5 “Why do you worry about the sawdust in your brother’s eye but never notice the board in your own eye? How can you say, ‘Brother, let me take the speck out of your eye,’ and not admit the existence of something much larger in your own eye? Hypocrite! First take the large object from your eye. Then you can see clearly to remove the small piece from your brother’s eye.
Luke 6:41–42 “Why do you worry about the sawdust in your brother’s eye but never notice the board in your own eye? How can you say, ‘Brother, let me take the speck out of your eye,’ and not admit the existence of something much larger in your own eye? Hypocrite! First take the large object from your eye. Then you can see clearly to remove the small piece from your brother’s eye.
King James

Matthew 7:3–5 And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother’s eye, but considerest not the beam that is in thine own eye? Or how wilt thou say to thy brother, Let me pull out the mote out of thine eye; and, behold, a beam is in thine own eye? Thou hypocrite, first cast out the beam out of thine own eye; and then shalt thou see clearly to cast out the mote out of thy brother’s eye.
Luke 6:41–42 And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother’s eye, but perceivest not the beam that is in thine own eye? Either how canst thou say to thy brother, Brother, let me pull out the mote that is in thine eye, when thou thyself beholdest not the beam that is in thine own eye? Thou hypocrite, cast out first the beam out of thine own eye, and then shalt thou see clearly to pull out the mote that is in thy brother’s eye.

“Do not give something holy to dogs. They will turn and attack, tearing you to pieces.

Eyewitness

Mathew 7:6 “Do not give something holy to dogs. They will turn and attack, tearing you to pieces. Do not toss your pearls to pigs. They will only trample them under their feet.
King James

Mathew 7:6 Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast ye your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn again and rend you.

“Do not toss your pearls to the pigs. They will only trample them under their feet.

Eyewitness

Mathew 7:6 “Do not give something holy to dogs. They will turn and attack, tearing you to pieces. Do not toss your pearls to pigs. They will only trample them under their feet.
King James

Mathew 7:6 Give not that which is holy unto the dogs, neither cast ye your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and turn again and rend you.

“Ask and you will receive. Seek and you will find. Knock and the door will be opened to you. For everyone who asks receives. He who seeks will find, and the door will be opened to those who knock.

Eyewitness

Mathew 7:7–8 “Ask and you will receive. Seek and you will find. Knock and the door will be opened to you. For everyone who asks receives. He who seeks will find, and the door will be opened to those who knock.
King James

Mathew 7:7–8 Ask, and it shall be given you; seek, and ye shall find; knock, and it shall be opened unto you: For every one that asketh receiveth; and he that seeketh findeth; and to him that knocketh it shall be opened.

“Would any of you give a stone to a son who asks for bread? Would you give him a snake if he asked for fish? Bad as you are, you know how to give good gifts to your children. How much more will your heavenly Father give only what is good to those who ask him.

Eyewitness

Mathew 7:9–11 “Would any of you give a stone to a son who asks for bread? Would you give him a snake if he asked for fish? Bad as you are, you know how to give good gifts to your children. How much more will your heavenly Father give only what is good to those who ask him.
King James

Mathew 7:9–11 Or what man is there of you, whom if his son ask bread, will he give him a stone? Or if he ask a fish, will he give him a serpent? If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children, how much more shall your Father which is in heaven give good things to them that ask him?

“Do what you would have others do to you, for this is the intent of everything taught in the Law and the prophets. Enter through the small gate. For many take the wide gate and broad road that lead to destruction. Only a few find the small gate and narrow road that lead to life.

Eyewitness

Mathew 7:12–14 “Do what you would have others do to you, for this is the intent of everything taught in the Law and the prophets. Enter through the small gate. For many take the wide gate and broad road that lead to destruction. Only a few find the small gate and narrow road that lead to life.
King James

Mathew 7:12–14 Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets. Enter ye in at the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and broad is the way, that leadeth to destruction, and many there be which go in thereat: Because strait is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it.

“Watch out for false prophets who come disguised as sheep but inwardly are vicious wolves. Recognize them by their actions. No one picks grapes from thorn bushes or figs from briers. Good trees produce good fruit, and bad trees produce bad fruit. A good tree cannot produce bad fruit, and a bad tree cannot produce good fruit. Each tree is identified by its own fruit.

Eyewitness

Mathew 7:15–18 “Watch out for false prophets who come disguised as sheep but inwardly are vicious wolves. Recognize them by their actions. No one picks grapes from thorn bushes or figs from briers. Good trees produce good fruit, and bad trees produce bad fruit. A good tree cannot produce bad fruit, and a bad tree cannot produce good fruit.
Mathew 7:20 “Each tree is identified by its own fruit.
Luke 6:43–44 “A good tree cannot produce bad fruit, and a bad tree cannot produce good fruit. Each tree is identified by its own fruit. No one picks grapes from thorn bushes or figs from briers.
King James

Mathew 7:15–18 Beware of false prophets, which come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly they are ravening wolves. Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit. A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit.
Mathew 7:20 Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them.
Luke 6:43–44 For a good tree bringeth not forth corrupt fruit; neither doth a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. For every tree is known by his own fruit. For of thorns men do not gather figs, nor of a bramble bush gather they grapes.

“Trees that do not produce good fruit are cut down and burned.

Eyewitness

Matthew 7:19 “Every tree that does not produce good fruit is cut down and burned.
King James

Matthew 7:19 Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire.

“Out of the treasury of a good heart, people do good things. From an evil heart, people do evil things. What they say flows from what is in their hearts.

Eyewitness

Luke 6:45 “Out of the treasury of a good heart, people do good things. From an evil heart, people do evil things. What they say flows from what is in their hearts.
King James

Luke 6:45 A good man out of the good treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is good; and an evil man out of the evil treasure of his heart bringeth forth that which is evil: for of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaketh.

“Not everyone who calls me master will enter the Kingdom of Heaven but only those who do the will of my heavenly Father. On Judgment Day, many will say, ‘Sir, didn’t we prophesy, cast out evil spirits, and do many wonderful deeds in your name?’ Then I will tell them, ‘I never knew you. Get away from me, you disobedient lawbreakers.’

Eyewitness

Psalm 6:8 Get out of here, you wrongdoers, for God has heard my cries.
Matthew 7:21–23 “Not everyone who calls me master will enter the Kingdom of Heaven but only those who do the will of my heavenly Father. On Judgment Day, many will say, ‘Lord, didn’t we prophesy, cast out evil spirits, and do many wonderful deeds in your name?’ Then I will tell them, ‘I never knew you. Get away from me, you disobedient lawbreakers.’
King James

Psalm 6:8 Depart from me, all ye workers of iniquity; for the Lord hath heard the voice of my weeping.
Matthew 7:21–23 Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven. Many will say to me in that day, Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in thy name? and in thy name have cast out devils? and in thy name done many wonderful works? And then will I profess unto them, I never knew you: depart from me, ye that work iniquity.

“Why do you call me your master and not do what I say?

Eyewitness

Luke 6:46 “Why do you call me your master and not do what I say?
King James

Luke 6:26 And why call ye me, Lord, Lord, and do not the things which I say?

“Everyone who not only hears my words but also puts them into practice is like a wise man who dug deep and laid the foundation of his house on solid rock. When a storm brought torrential rain, flooded streams, and hurricane-force winds, his house did not collapse, because it was well built on an unshakable foundation. Anyone who hears my words but never acts on them is like a foolish man who built his house on sand, without a foundation. The rain fell, causing the streams to rise. As soon as the high winds came, the house fell with a great crash and was completely destroyed.”

Eyewitness

Matthew 7:24–27 “Everyone who not only hears my words but also puts them into practice is like a wise man who dug deep and laid the foundation of his house on solid rock. When a storm brought torrential rain, flooded streams, and hurricane-force winds, his house did not collapse, because it was well built on an unshakeable foundation. Anyone who hears my words but never acts on them is like a foolish man who built his house on sand, without a foundation. The rain fell, causing the streams to rise. As soon as the high winds came, the house fell with a great crash and was completely destroyed.”
Luke 6:47–49 “Everyone who not only hears my words but also puts them into practice is like a wise man who dug deep and laid the foundation of his house on solid rock. When a storm brought torrential rain, flooded streams, and hurricane-force winds, his house did not collapse, because it was well built on an unshakeable foundation. Anyone who hears my words but never acts on them is like a foolish man who built his house on sand, without a foundation. The rain fell, causing the streams to rise. As soon as the high winds came, the house fell with a great crash and was completely destroyed.”
King James

Matthew 7:24–27 Therefore whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock: And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell not: for it was founded upon a rock. And every one that heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them not, shall be likened unto a foolish man, which built his house upon the sand: And the rain descended, and the floods came, and the winds blew, and beat upon that house; and it fell: and great was the fall of it.
Luke 6:47–49 Whosoever cometh to me, and heareth my sayings, and doeth them, I will shew you to whom he is like: He is like a man which built an house, and digged deep, and laid the foundation on a rock: and when the flood arose, the stream beat vehemently upon that house, and could not shake it: for it was founded upon a rock. But he that heareth, and doeth not, is like a man that without a foundation built an house upon the earth; against which the stream did beat vehemently, and immediately it fell; and the ruin of that house was great.

The crowds were amazed because Jesus spoke with authority, nothing like the teachers of the Law. When he finished teaching, he came down from the mountain. A huge crowd followed him as he left for Capernaum.

Eyewitness

Matthew 7:28–29 When Jesus finished teaching, the crowds were amazed because he spoke with authority, nothing like the teachers of the Law.
Luke 7:1 When Jesus finished speaking to the people, he went to Capernaum.
King James

Matthew 7:28–29 And it came to pass, when Jesus had ended these sayings, the people were astonished at his doctrine: For he taught them as one having authority, and not as the scribes.
Luke 7:1 Now when he had ended all his sayings in the audience of the people, he entered into Capernaum.