2 The ancestry of Jesus is recorded.

Matthew 1:1-17; Luke 3:23-38

Matthew reports Jesus’ ancestry from Abraham, moving forward (Matthew 1:1–17). Why would that approach have been important to the Jews?

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Four names are missing from Matthew’s genealogy (Ahaziah, Joash, Amaziah, Jehoiakim). Why do you think those names were left out (Matthew 1:1–17)?

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Matthew says there were three groups of fourteen generations (Matthew 1:17), which totals forty-two. Why might fourteen names be important?

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Why do you think we have only forty-one names listed by Matthew, one short of the forty-two that are claimed (Matthew 1:17)?

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Luke gives a different lineage, which may have traced Jesus ancestry from Mary’s father, Heli, back to Adam (Luke 3:23 – 38). Why might this approach have been important to many believers?

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Why was it important to know that Jesus was in the lineage of King David (Isaiah 9:7; Jeremiah 23:5; Romans 1:2–4)?

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Matthew reports the ancestors of Jesus starting with Abraham, his son Isaac, and Isaac’s son Jacob. After that, there were Judah and his son Perez (whose mother was Tamar). Perez’s descendents were Hezron, Ram, Amminadab, Nahshon, Salmon, and Boaz (whose mother was Rahab). Boaz’s descendants were Obed (whose mother was Ruth), Jesse, David, and Solomon (whose mother was Bathsheba, the widow of Uriah). Solomon’s descendents were Rehoboam, Abijah, Asa, Jehoshaphat, Jehoram, Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh, Amos, Josiah, and Jehoiachin, who was born when the Jews were exiled to Babylon. Jehoiachin’s descendents were Shealtiel, Zerubbabel, Abiud, Eliakim, Azor, Zadok, Akim, Eliud, Eleazar, Matthan, and Jacob. Joseph was Jacob’s son and the husband of Mary, the mother of Jesus the Messiah. Fourteen generations are listed from Abraham to King David, fourteen from David’s time to the Babylonian exile, and fourteen from the exile to the Messiah.

Luke traces Jesus’ lineage from his father Joseph, who was preceded by Heli, Matthat, Levi, Melki, Jannai, Joseph, Mattathias, Amos, Nahum, Esli, Naggai, Maath, Mattathias, Semein, Joda, Joanan, Rhesa, Zerubbabel, Shealtiel, Neri, Melki, Addi, Cosam, Elmadam, Er, Joshua, Eliezer, Jorim, Matthat, Levi, Simeon, Judah, Joseph, Jonam, Eliakim, Melea, Menna, Mattatha, Nathan, David, Jesse, Obed, Boaz, Salmon, Nahshon, Amminadab, Admin, Arni, Hezron, Perez, Judah, Jacob, Isaac, Abraham, Terah, Nahor, Serug, Reu, Peleg, Eber, Shelah, Cainan, Arphaxad, Shem, Noah, Lamech, Methuselah, Enoch, Jared, Mahalalel, Kenan, Enosh, and Seth, who was the son of Adam, the son of God.

Eyewitness

Matthew 1:1–17 Matthew reports the ancestors of Jesus starting with Abraham, his son Isaac, and Isaac’s son Jacob. After that, there was Judah and his son Perez (whose mother was Tamar). Perez’s descendents were Hezron, Ram, Amminadab, Nahshon, Salmon, and Boaz (whose mother was Rahab). Boaz’s decendents were Obed (whose mother was Ruth), Jesse, David, and Solomon (whose mother was Bathsheba, the widow of Uriah). Solomon’s descendents were Rehoboam, Abijah, Asaph, Jehoshaphat, Jehoram, Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh, Amos, Josiah, and Jehoiachin, who was born when the Jews were exiled to Babylon. Jehoiachin’s descendents were Shealtiel, Zerubbabel, Abiud, Eliakim, Azor, Zadok, Akim, Eliud, Eleazar, Matthan, and Jacob. Joseph was Jacob’s son and the husband of Mary, the mother of Jesus the Messiah. Fourteen generations are listed from Abraham to King David, fourteen from David’s time to the Babylonian exile, and fourteen from the exile to the Messiah.
Luke 3:23–38 Jesus began his public ministry when he was about thirty years old. He was known as the son of Joseph, who was preceded by Heli, Matthat, Levi, Melki, Jannai, Joseph, Mattathias, Amos, Nahum, Esli, Naggai, Maath, Mattathias, Semein, Joda, Joanan, Rhesa, Zerubbabel, Shealtiel, Neri, Melki, Addi, Cosam, Elmadam, Er, Joshua, Eliezer, Jorim, Matthat, Levi, Simeon, Judah, Joseph, Jonam, Eliakim, Melea, Menna, Mattatha, Nathan, David, Jesse, Obed, Boaz, Salmon, Nahshon, Amminadab, Admin, Arni, Hezron, Perez, Judah, Jacob, Isaac, Abraham, Terah, Nahor, Serug, Reu, Peleg, Eber, Shelah, Cainan, Arphaxad, Shem, Noah, Lamech, Methuselah, Enoch, Jared, Mahalalel, Kenan, Enosh, and Seth, who was the son of Adam, the son of God.
King James

Matthew 1:1–17 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat Judas and his brethren; And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram; And Aram begat Aminadab; and Aminadab begat Naasson; and Naasson begat Salmon; And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and Obed begat Jesse; And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her that had been the wife of Urias; And Solomon begat Roboam; and Roboam begat Abia; and Abia begat Asa; And Asa begat Josaphat; and Josaphat begat Joram; and Joram begat Ozias; And Ozias begat Joatham; and Joatham begat Achaz; and Achaz begat Ezekias; And Ezekias begat Manasses; and Manasses begat Amon; and Amon begat Josias; And Josias begat Jechonias and his brethren, about the time they were carried away to Babylon: And after they were brought to Babylon, Jechonias begat Salathiel; and Salathiel begat Zorobabel; And Zorobabel begat Abiud; and Abiud begat Eliakim; and Eliakim begat Azor; And Azor begat Sadoc; and Sadoc begat Achim; and Achim begat Eliud; And Eliud begat Eleazar; and Eleazar begat Matthan; and Matthan begat Jacob; And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ. So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ are fourteen generations.
Luke 3:23–38 And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli, Which was the son of Matthat, which was the son of Levi, which was the son of Melchi, which was the son of Janna, which was the son of Joseph, Which was the son of Mattathias, which was the son of Amos, which was the son of Naum, which was the son of Esli, which was the son of Nagge, Which was the son of Maath, which was the son of Mattathias, which was the son of Semei, which was the son of Joseph, which was the son of Juda, Which was the son of Joanna, which was the son of Rhesa, which was the son of Zorobabel, which was the son of Salathiel, which was the son of Neri, Which was the son of Melchi, which was the son of Addi, which was the son of Cosam, which was the son of Elmodam, which was the son of Er, Which was the son of Jose, which was the son of Eliezer, which was the son of Jorim, which was the son of Matthat, which was the son of Levi, Which was the son of Simeon, which was the son of Juda, which was the son of Joseph, which was the son of Jonan, which was the son of Eliakim, Which was the son of Melea, which was the son of Menan, which was the son of Mattatha, which was the son of Nathan, which was the son of David, Which was the son of Jesse, which was the son of Obed, which was the son of Booz, which was the son of Salmon, which was the son of Naasson, Which was the son of Aminadab, which was the son of Aram, which was the son of Esrom, which was the son of Phares, which was the son of Juda, Which was the son of Jacob, which was the son of Isaac, which was the son of Abraham, which was the son of Thara, which was the son of Nachor, Which was the son of Saruch, which was the son of Ragau, which was the son of Phalec, which was the son of Heber, which was the son of Sala, Which was the son of Cainan, which was the son of Arphaxad, which was the son of Sem, which was the son of Noe, which was the son of Lamech, Which was the son of Mathusala, which was the son of Enoch, which was the son of Jared, which was the son of Maleleel, which was the son of Cainan, Which was the son of Enos, which was the son of Seth, which was the son of Adam, which was the son of God.