19 A Samaritan woman comes for water and finds life.

Deuteronomy 27:12; John 4:4–44

Why might the disciples have been surprised when Jesus insisted on taking the road through Samaria (John 4:4)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

The biblical text doesn’t say John stayed at the well while the other disciples went into town for food, so how can we know he was there with Jesus (John 4:5–6, 8)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

Why might Jesus have been more tired than the disciples (John 4:5–6)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

Since Jacob’s well was near the road and the most convenient, if not the only source of water in the area, with what frequency would people be coming for water there (John 4:7)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

Why do you think Jesus chose to speak to the Samaritan woman, asking for a drink, and not someone else (John 4:7)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

What made Jesus’ request for a drink so surprising (John 4:9)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

Why did Jesus describe himself as one who would give “living water” (John 4:10)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

After being asked for water, what did the woman think about the offer to be given water (John 4:11–12)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

Jesus obviously was not referring to physical water, so what “living water” was he offering to the woman (John 4:13–14)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

Why did the woman ask Jesus for water that made no sense to her (John 4:15)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

How much might Jesus have known about the woman’s marital status and history (John 4:16–18)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

What conclusion did the woman reach when she realized that Jesus knew things that only God could know (John 4:19)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

Of all the questions that a person might have asked, why do you think she wanted to know about worship (John 4:20)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

In what ways did Jesus make a distinction between Jewish and Samaritan worship (John 4:21–22)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

How was the worship that God wanted different from what the Jews and Samaritans were doing (John 4:23–24)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

What was the woman’s understanding of who the promised Messiah would be (John 4:25)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

What misconceptions did the woman have to surrender before she could believe Jesus was the Messiah (John 4:26)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

Why were the disciples surprised to see Jesus talking with a woman (John 4:27)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

Why did the woman leave her jar at the well, pass the disciples, and go to town (John 4:28–29)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

Why might the disciples have had to ask Jesus to eat (John 4:31)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

What was the food that Jesus had eaten before the disciples arrived (John 4:32)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

Why did the disciples not understand the “food” that Jesus was talking about (John 4:33)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

What is satisfying about doing what God wants (John 4:34)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

What is wrong with saying, “It isn’t harvest time yet” (John 4:35)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

What does the town’s acceptance of the woman’s message say about her position in society (John 4:30)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

Why can workers rejoice when they never see the final reward (John 4:36–38)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

What should the harvesters know about the reward (John 4:36–38)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

What about the woman’s message got the town’s attention (John 4:39)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

How does knowledge from words differ  from knowledge from personal experience (John 4:40–42)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

Why did Jesus know it was important to tell the disciples that a prophet has no honor in his own country (John 4:43)?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending

To get to Galilee, Jesus insisted on taking the road through Samaria. Near the village of Sychar, not far from the field that Jacob gave to his son Joseph, he and his disciples came to Jacob’s well. It was midday when Jesus, weary from the journey, sat down with John while the others went to the village to buy food.

Eyewitness

John 4:4–6 To get to Galilee, he insisted on taking the road through Samaria. Near the village of Sychar, not far from the field that Jacob gave to his son Joseph, he and his disciples came to Jacob’s well. It was midday when Jesus, weary from the journey, sat down with John.
John 4:8 The other disciples had gone to the village to buy food.
King James

John 4:4–6 And he must needs go through Samaria. Then cometh he to a city of Samaria, which is called Sychar, near to the parcel of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph. Now Jacob’s well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with his journey, sat thus on the well: and it was about the sixth hour.
John 4:8 (For his disciples were gone away unto the city to buy meat.)

When a Samaritan woman came to draw water, Jesus said, “Would you give me a drink?”

Eyewitness

John 4:7 When a Samaritan woman came to draw water, Jesus said, “Would you give me a drink?”
King James

John 4:7 There cometh a woman of Samaria to draw water: Jesus saith unto her, Give me to drink.

The question surprised her because Jews normally have nothing to do with Samaritans. “You are a Jew,” she said, “and I am a Samaritan woman. How can you ask me for a drink?”

Eyewitness

John 4:9 The question surprised her because Jews normally have nothing to do with Samaritans. “You are a Jew,” she said, “and I am a Samaritan woman. How can you ask me for a drink?”
King James

John 4:9 Then saith the woman of Samaria unto him, How is it that thou, being a Jew, askest drink of me, which am a woman of Samaria? for the Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans.

“If you understood God’s generosity and who is asking for a drink, you would ask me for a drink. I would give you living water.”

Eyewitness

John 4:10 “If you understood God’s generosity and who is asking for a drink, you would ask me for a drink. I would give you living water.”
King James

John 4:10 Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.

“Sir, where are you going to get this living water? You have no vessel to draw with, and the well is deep. How can you offer better water than our father Jacob, who gave us this well and drank from it, as did his children and his livestock?”

Eyewitness

John 4:11–12 “Sir, where are you going to get this living water? You have no vessel to draw with, and the well is deep. How can you offer better water than our father Jacob, who gave us this well and drank from it, as did his children and his livestock?”
King James

John 4:11–12 The woman saith unto him, Sir, thou hast nothing to draw with, and the well is deep: from whence then hast thou that living water? Art thou greater than our father Jacob, which gave us the well, and drank thereof himself, and his children, and his cattle?

“Everyone,” Jesus said, “who drinks this water will thirst again. But those who drink the water I give will never become thirsty. My water is a fresh artesian spring, bubbling with everlasting life.”

Eyewitness

John 4:13–14 “Everyone,” Jesus said, “who drinks this water will thirst again. But those who drink the water I give will never become thirsty. My water is a fresh artesian spring, bubbling with everlasting life.”
King James

John 4:13–14 Jesus answered and said unto her, Whosoever drinketh of this water shall thirst again: But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.

“Sir, give me this water so I will not get thirsty and have to come to this well anymore.”

Eyewitness

John 4:15 “Sir, give me this water so I will not get thirsty and have to come to this well anymore.”
King James

John 4:15 The woman saith unto him, Sir, give me this water, that I thirst not, neither come hither to draw.

“Go and bring your husband here.”

Eyewitness

John 4:16 “Go and bring your husband here.”
King James

John 4:16 Jesus saith unto her, Go, call thy husband, and come hither.

“I have no husband.”

Eyewitness

John 4:17 “I have no husband.” Jesus said, “That’s right.
King James

John 4:17 The woman answered and said, I have no husband. Jesus said unto her, Thou hast well said, I have no husband:

“That’s right. You have had five husbands, and the man you now live with is not your husband. You have certainly spoken truly.”

Eyewitness

John 4:17–18 “I have no husband.” Jesus said, “That’s right. You have had five husbands, and the man you now live with is not your husband. You have certainly spoken truly.”
King James

John 4:17–18 The woman answered and said, I have no husband. Jesus said unto her, Thou hast well said, I have no husband: For thou hast had five husbands; and he whom thou now hast is not thy husband: in that saidst thou truly.

“Sir,” the woman said, “you must be a prophet. Tell me, why do you Jews say we must worship in Jerusalem while Samaritans say we should go to Mount Gerizim, the place where our ancestors worshiped?”

Eyewitness

Deuteronomy 27:12 After crossing the Jordan River, these tribes will go to Mount Gerizim and bless the people: Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Joseph, and Benjamin.
John 4:19–20 “Sir,” the woman said, “you must be a prophet. Tell me, why do you Jews say we must worship in Jerusalem while Samaritans say we should go to Mount Gerizim, the place where our ancestors worshiped?”
King James

Deuteronomy 27:12 These shall stand upon mount Gerizim to bless the people, when ye are come over Jordan; Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Joseph, and Benjamin:
John 4:19–20 The woman saith unto him, Sir, I perceive that thou art a prophet. Our fathers worshipped in this mountain; and ye say, that in Jerusalem is the place where men ought to worship.

“Believe me, woman, soon you will not worship the Father either here or in Jerusalem. You Samaritans do not know what you worship. We know, because salvation comes through the Jews. The time is coming—in fact, it is here now—when the Father looks for true worship that is an expression from your spirit. God is spirit, so those people who truly worship must do so in spirit.”

Eyewitness

John 4:21–24 “Believe me, woman, soon you will not worship the Father either here or in Jerusalem. You Samaritans do not know what you worship. We know, because salvation comes through the Jews. The time is coming—in fact, it is here now—when the Father looks for true worship that is an expression from your spirit. God is spirit, so those people who truly worship must do so in spirit.”
King James

John 4:21–24 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, believe me, the hour cometh, when ye shall neither in this mountain, nor yet at Jerusalem, worship the Father. Ye worship ye know not what: we know what we worship: for salvation is of the Jews. But the hour cometh, and now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him. God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.

“I know the Messiah is coming—the one who is called Anointed. When he comes, he will explain everything.”

Eyewitness

John 4:25 “I know the Messiah is coming—the one who is called Anointed. When he comes, he will explain everything.”
King James

John 4:25 The woman saith unto him, I know that Messias cometh, which is called Christ: when he is come, he will tell us all things.

Then Jesus told her, “I am the Messiah.”

Eyewitness

John 4:26 Then Jesus told her, “I am the Messiah.”
King James

John 4:26 Jesus saith unto her, I that speak unto thee am he.

The disciples returned from town and were surprised to see Jesus talking with a woman. No one had the nerve to ask, “What do you want with her?” or, “Why are you talking with her?”

Eyewitness

John 4:27 The disciples returned from town and were surprised to see Jesus talking with a woman. No one had the nerve to ask, “What do you want with her?” or, “Why are you talking with her?”
King James

John 4:27 And upon this came his disciples, and marvelled that he talked with the woman: yet no man said, What seekest thou? or, Why talkest thou with her?

The woman left her water jar, went to the village, and told everyone she saw, “Come see a man who told me everything I ever did. Could he be the Messiah?”

Eyewitness

John 4:28–29 The woman left her water jar, went to the village, and told everyone she saw, “Come see a man who told me everything I ever did. Could he be the Messiah?”
King James

John 4:28–29 The woman then left her waterpot, and went her way into the city, and saith to the men, Come, see a man, which told me all things that ever I did: is not this the Christ?

Meanwhile, the disciples said to Jesus, “Rabbi, have something to eat.”

Eyewitness

John 4:31 Meanwhile, the disciples said to him, “Rabbi, have something to eat.”
King James

John 4:31 In the mean while his disciples prayed him, saying, Master, eat.

“I have had food to eat that you know nothing about.”

Eyewitness

John 4:32 “I have had food to eat that you know nothing about.”
King James

John 4:32 But he said unto them, I have meat to eat that ye know not of.

The disciples said among themselves, “Did someone bring him food while we were gone?”

Eyewitness

John 4:33 The disciples said among themselves, “Did someone bring him food while we were gone?”
King James

John 4:33 Therefore said the disciples one to another, Hath any man brought him ought to eat?

“My food,” Jesus said, “is to do the will of him who sent me and to complete his work. You should not say, ‘It is another four months until harvest.’ I say, open your eyes and look at the fields, already ripe and ready to harvest.”

Eyewitness

John 4:34–35 “My food,” Jesus said, “is to do the will of him who sent me and to complete his work. You should not say, ‘It is another four months until harvest.’ I say, open your eyes and look at the fields, already ripe and ready to harvest.
King James

John 4:34–35 Jesus saith unto them, My meat is to do the will of him that sent me, and to finish his work. Say not ye, There are yet four months, and then cometh harvest? behold, I say unto you, Lift up your eyes, and look on the fields; for they are white already to harvest.

A crowd was coming from the village to see him.

Eyewitness

John 4:30 So they left the town to see Jesus.
King James

John 4:30 Then they went out of the city, and came unto him.

“The reapers receive their reward by gathering a harvest for eternal life, so the sower and reaper may rejoice together. The saying ‘One sows and another reaps’ is true. I am sending you where others have planted, and now you get to gather the harvest.”

Eyewitness

John 4:36–38 “The reapers receive their reward by gathering a harvest for eternal life, so the sower and reaper may rejoice together. The saying ‘One sows and another reaps’ is true. I am sending you where others have planted, and now you get to gather the harvest.”
King James

John 4:36–38 And he that reapeth receiveth wages, and gathereth fruit unto life eternal: that both he that soweth and he that reapeth may rejoice together. And herein is that saying true, One soweth, and another reapeth. I sent you to reap that whereon ye bestowed no labour: other men laboured, and ye are entered into their labours.

Many Samaritans from the village believed in Jesus because the woman had said, “He told me everything I ever did.” After seeing him, they begged him to stay in their village.

Eyewitness

John 4:39–40 Many Samaritans from the village believed in Jesus because the woman had said, “He told me everything I ever did.” After seeing him, they begged him to stay in their village. He stayed for two days,
King James

John 4:39–40 And many of the Samaritans of that city believed on him for the saying of the woman, which testified, He told me all that ever I did. So when the Samaritans were come unto him, they besought him that he would tarry with them: and he abode there two days.

He stayed for two days, long enough for many more to hear and believe.

Eyewitness

John 4:40–41 After seeing him, they begged him to stay in their village. He stayed for two days, long enough for many more to hear and believe.
King James

John 4:40–41 So when the Samaritans were come unto him, they besought him that he would tarry with them: and he abode there two days. And many more believed because of his own word;

The people said to the woman, “Not only do we believe because of what you said. We have seen and heard for ourselves and know for sure. He really is the Savior of the world.”

Eyewitness

John 4:42 The people said to the woman, “Not only do we believe because of what you said. We have seen and heard for ourselves and know for sure. He really is the Savior of the world.”
King James

John 4:42 And said unto the woman, Now we believe, not because of thy saying: for we have heard him ourselves, and know that this is indeed the Christ, the Saviour of the world.

Jesus pointed out to the disciples as they left Samaria for Galilee that a prophet has no honor in his own country.

Eyewitness

John 4:43–44 Jesus pointed out to the disciples as they left Samaria for Galilee that a prophet has no honor in his own country.
King James

John 4:43–44 Now after two days he departed thence, and went into Galilee. 44 For Jesus himself testified, that a prophet hath no honour in his own country.