15 The wedding feast continues after Jesus changes water into wine.

Ecclesiastes 3:1; John 2:1–12

How many disciples might have been with Jesus at the wedding (John 2:1–2)?

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Why might the bridegroom have underestimated the need for wine (John 2:3)?

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Why would Mary have thought Jesus could do something about the wine shortage (John 2:3–4)?

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If Jesus was telling his mother that he could not do a miracle, how could he turn around and do it (John 2:4)?

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What do you think Mary expected Jesus to do (John 2:5)?

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In today’s environment, what do we have that would be comparable to the six stone jars used for “ritual washings” (John 2:6)?

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When the servants filled the jars, what would they have been thinking (John 2:7)?

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What might the servants have thought when they filled their pitchers with water (John 2:8)?

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At what point did the water become wine (John 2:9–10)?

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How might the host have felt if he had known where the wine came from (John 2:9–10)?

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To what extent did the miracle strengthen the disciples’ faith (John 2:11)?

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Three days later, Jesus and his disciples were guests at a wedding at Cana in Galilee. Jesus’ mother, Mary, was there. When the supply of wine ran low, she said to him, “They have no more wine.”

Eyewitness

John 2:1–3 Three days later, there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee. Jesus’ mother, Mary, was there. Jesus and his disciples were guests. When the supply of wine ran low, Mary said to him, “They have no more wine.”
King James

John 2:1–3 And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there: And both Jesus was called, and his disciples, to the marriage. And when they wanted wine, the mother of Jesus saith unto him, They have no wine.

“Mother,” Jesus said, “you must not tell me what to do. My time has not yet come.”

Eyewitness

Ecclesiastes 3:1 There is a time and place for everything under the sun.
John 2:4 “Mother,” Jesus said, “you must not tell me what to do. My time has not yet come.”
King James

Ecclesiastes 3:1 To every thing there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven:
John 2:4 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, what have I to do with thee? mine hour is not yet come.

Mary said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.”

Eyewitness

John 2:5 Mary said to the servants, “Do whatever he tells you.”
King James

John 2:5 His mother saith unto the servants, Whatsoever he saith unto you, do it.

Six stone water jars stood nearby, the kind used for ritual washings. Each could hold twenty to thirty gallons.

Eyewitness

John 2:6 Six stone water jars stood nearby, the kind used for ritual washings. Each could hold twenty to thirty gallons.
King James

John 2:6 And there were set there six waterpots of stone, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three firkins apiece.

“Fill the jars with water,” Jesus said.

Eyewitness

John 2:7 “Fill the jars with water,” Jesus said. So the servants filled them to the brim.
King James

John 2:7 Jesus saith unto them, Fill the waterpots with water. And they filled them up to the brim.

So the servants filled them to the brim.

Eyewitness

John 2:7 “Fill the jars with water,” Jesus said. So the servants filled them to the brim.
King James

John 2:7 Jesus saith unto them, Fill the waterpots with water. And they filled them up to the brim.

“Now, dip some out and take it to the host.”

Eyewitness

John 2:8 Now, dip some out and take it to the host.”
King James

John 2:8 And he saith unto them, Draw out now, and bear unto the governor of the feast. And they bare it.

When the host tasted the water that had been turned into wine, he did not know where it had come from. Of course, the servants knew. The host called the bridegroom aside and said, “Normally, everyone brings the choice wine first. After the guests have had too much to drink, they bring the cheaper wine. You have saved the best until now.”

Eyewitness

John 2:9–10 When the host tasted the water that had been turned into wine, he did not know where it had come from. Of course, the servants knew. The host called the bridegroom aside and said, “Normally, everyone brings the choice wine first. After the guests have had too much to drink, they bring the cheaper wine. You have saved the best until now.”
King James

John 2:9–10 When the ruler of the feast had tasted the water that was made wine, and knew not whence it was: (but the servants which drew the water knew;) the governor of the feast called the bridegroom, And saith unto him, Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse: but thou hast kept the good wine until now.

This miracle at Cana in Galilee was the first sign of Jesus’ majesty, and his disciples believed in him. After this, Jesus went with his mother, brothers, and disciples to Capernaum, but he did not stay there very long.

Eyewitness

John 2:11–12 This miracle at Cana in Galilee was the first sign of Jesus’ majesty, and his disciples believed in him. After this, Jesus went with his mother, brothers, and disciples to Capernaum, but he did not stay there very long.
King James

John 2:11–12 This beginning of miracles did Jesus in Cana of Galilee, and manifested forth his glory; and his disciples believed on him. After this he went down to Capernaum, he, and his mother, and his brethren, and his disciples: and they continued there not many days.