148 Jesus appears to his disciples for the first time.

Mark 16:14; Luke 24:36–43; John 20:19–31; 21:1–23; 1 Corinthians 15:5, 7

When and where might Jesus have appeared to his brother James and to Peter (1 Corinthians 15:5, 7)?

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If the disciples were meeting behind closed doors, by what means did Jesus appear and stand among them (John 20:19)?

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Why did the disciples think they were seeing a ghost (Luke 24:37)?

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Why did Jesus rebuke the disciples for their lack of faith (Mark 16:14)?

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How did touching Jesus help the disciples’ faith (Luke 24:38–40)?

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After touching Jesus, why did the disciples have trouble believing, seeing this as too good to be true (Luke 24:41)?

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What proof finally convinced the disciples that Jesus was alive (Luke 24:42; John 20:20)?

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How can any human being have the power to forgive or not forgive sins (John 20:21–23)?

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Which disciples were present when Jesus appeared among them, behind closed doors (John 20:24)?

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Why might we think Thomas was no more a doubter than the rest of the disciples (John 20:25)?

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After Thomas saw Jesus, why did he believe more quickly than some other disciples (John 20:26–28)?

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How can anyone believe without seeing (John 20:29)?

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When the disciples left Jerusalem, where did they go (John 21:1–2)?

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What is the probability of a professional fishing all night and catching nothing (John 21:3)? What might Peter have thought when it happened for a second time?

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How could the disciples have been close enough to the shore to hear Jesus’ voice but not recognize him (John 21:4–5)?

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When Peter cast the net on the other side, just as he had been asked to do before, why didn’t he recognize Jesus (John 21:6–7)?

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How far did Peter swim to reach Jesus (John 21:7‑8)? Why didn’t he just stay in the boat?

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Where did Jesus get the fish that were already cooking when the disciples reached shore (John 21:9‑11)? Why did Jesus ask for more?

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In the previous three years, the disciples had eaten with Jesus many times. What might have been different about this time as they sat on the seashore (John 21:13–14)? What memories might the event have refreshed?

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Why did Jesus ask Peter the same question three times (John 21:15‑17)?

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What did Jesus say about Peter’s future (John 21:17‑19)?

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Why was Peter interested in John’s future (John 21:20‑21)?

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What did Jesus say Peter should be most concerned about (John 21:22‑23)?

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That Sunday evening, after Jesus had appeared to his brother James and also to Simon Peter, the other disciples met behind closed doors because they were afraid of the Jewish leaders. While they ate and talked about what had happened, Jesus appeared and stood among them.

Eyewitness

Mark 16:14 Later, Jesus appeared to the eleven disciples while they were eating. He rebuked them for their lack of faith and their rejection of those who had seen him after he had risen.
Luke 24:36 While the disciples talked about what had happened, Jesus appeared and stood among them. “Peace be with you.”
John 20:19 That Sunday evening, the disciples met behind closed doors because they were afraid of the Jewish leaders. Jesus appeared and stood among them. “Peace be with you.”
1 Corinthians 15:5 Peter saw the risen Christ, then the rest of the disciples.
1 Corinthians 15:7 He appeared to James, the brother of Jesus, and to all the apostles,
King James

Mark 16:14 Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat, and upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they believed not them which had seen him after he was risen.
Luke 24:36 And as they thus spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.
John 20:19 Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.
1 Corinthians 15:5 And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve:
1 Corinthians 15:7 After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles.

“Peace be with you.”

Eyewitness

Luke 24:36 While the disciples talked about what had happened, Jesus appeared and stood among them. “Peace be with you.”
John 20:19 That Sunday evening, the disciples met behind closed doors because they were afraid of the Jewish leaders. Jesus appeared and stood among them. “Peace be with you.”
King James

Luke 24:36 And as they thus spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.
John 20:19 Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.

Startled by what they thought was a ghost, they were terrified.

Eyewitness

Luke 24:37 Startled by what they thought was a ghost, they were terrified.
King James

Luke 24:37 But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed that they had seen a spirit.

“Why are you fearful?” Jesus said. “Why do you question who I am?” He rebuked them for their lack of faith and their rejection of those who had seen him after he had risen. “Look at my hands and feet. Touch me, and see for yourself. Ghosts do not have flesh and bone as I have.” As he spoke, he showed them his scarred hands and feet.

Eyewitness

Mark 16:14 Later, Jesus appeared to the eleven disciples while they were eating. He rebuked them for their lack of faith and their rejection of those who had seen him after he had risen.
Luke 24:38–40 “Why are you fearful?” Jesus said. “Why do you question who I am? Look at my hands and feet. Touch me, and see for yourself. Ghosts do not have flesh and bone as I have.” As he spoke, he showed them his scarred hands and feet.
King James

Mark 16:14 Afterward he appeared unto the eleven as they sat at meat, and upbraided them with their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they believed not them which had seen him after he was risen.
Luke 24:38–40 And he said unto them, Why are ye troubled? and why do thoughts arise in your hearts? Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have. And when he had thus spoken, he shewed them his hands and his feet.

In their joy and amazement, this still seemed too good to be true.

Eyewitness

Luke 24:41 In their joy and amazement, this seemed too good to be true. Jesus said, “May I have something to eat?”
King James

Luke 24:41 And while they yet believed not for joy, and wondered, he said unto them, Have ye here any meat?

Jesus said, “May I have something to eat?”

Eyewitness

Luke 24:41 In their joy and amazement, this seemed too good to be true. Jesus said, “May I have something to eat?”
King James

Luke 24:41 And while they yet believed not for joy, and wondered, he said unto them, Have ye here any meat?

They gave him a piece of broiled fish and watched him eat it.

Eyewitness

Luke 24:42–43 They gave him a piece of broiled fish and watched him eat it.
King James

Luke 24:42–43 And they gave him a piece of a broiled fish, and of an honeycomb. And he took it, and did eat before them.

After he showed them the wounds in his hands and side, they realized it was Jesus and rejoiced. He had said he would raise “this temple,” referring to his own body. They remembered what he had said and believed the scriptures and his words.

Eyewitness

John 2:21–22 When Jesus said “this temple,” he referred to his own body. After he had risen from the dead, his disciples remembered what he had said. They believed the scriptures and his words.
John 20:20 After he showed them the wounds in his hands and side, they realized it was Jesus and rejoiced.
King James

John 2:21–22 But he spake of the temple of his body. When therefore he was risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this unto them; and they believed the scripture, and the word which Jesus had said.
John 20:20 And when he had so said, he shewed unto them his hands and his side. Then were the disciples glad, when they saw the Lord.

“Peace be with you,” Jesus said. “As the Father has sent me, I send you.” After saying this, he breathed on them. “Receive the Holy Spirit. The sins you forgive will be forgiven, and the sins you do not forgive will not be forgiven.”

Eyewitness

John 20:21–23 “Peace be with you,” Jesus said. “As the Father has sent me, I send you.” After saying this, he breathed on them. “Receive the Holy Spirit. The sins you forgive will be forgiven, and the sins you do not forgive will not be forgiven.”
King James

John 20:21–23 Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father hath sent me, even so send I you. And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost: Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained.

Thomas, one of the twelve, who was called the Twin, was not with the rest of them when Jesus came. They told him, “We have seen Jesus.” But he said, “Unless I see the scars in his hands, put my finger where the nails were driven, and place my hand on his wounded side, I will not believe.”

Eyewitness

John 20:24–25 Thomas, one of the twelve, who was called the Twin, was not with the rest of them when Jesus came. They told him, “We have seen Jesus.” But he said, “Unless I see the scars in his hands, put my finger where the nails were driven, and place my hand on his wounded side, I will not believe.”
King James

John 20:24–25 But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came. The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the Lord. But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe.

Eight days later, the disciples were again gathered behind closed doors, and Thomas was with them.

Eyewitness

John 20:26 Eight days later, the disciples were again gathered behind closed doors, and Thomas was with them. Jesus appeared and stood among them. “Peace be with you.”
King James

John 20:26 And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you.

Jesus appeared and stood among them. “Peace be with you.” He said to Thomas, “Look at the scars in my hands, and put your finger where the nails were driven. Put your hand on my side. Do not doubt anymore. Believe.”

Eyewitness

John 20:26–27 Eight days later, the disciples were again gathered behind closed doors, and Thomas was with them. Jesus appeared and stood among them. “Peace be with you.” He said to Thomas, “Look at the scars in my hands, and put your finger where the nails were driven. Put your hand on my side. Do not doubt anymore. Believe.”
King James

John 20:26–27 And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you. Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing.

Thomas said, “My Lord and my God!”

Eyewitness

John 20:28 Thomas said, “My Lord and my God!”
King James

John 20:28 And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God.

“Because you have seen me, Thomas, you have believed. Blessed are those who have not seen me, yet believed.”

Eyewitness

John 20:29 “Because you have seen me, Thomas, you have believed. Blessed are those who have not seen me, yet believe.”
King James

John 20:29 Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.

Sometime later, Jesus again revealed himself to the disciples. Simon Peter, Thomas called the Twin, Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, and two other disciples had gone to the Sea of Galilee.

Eyewitness

John 21:1–2 Sometime later, Jesus again revealed himself to the disciples. Simon Peter, Thomas called the Twin, Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, and two other disciples had gone to the Sea of Galilee.
King James

John 21:1–2 After these things Jesus shewed himself again to the disciples at the sea of Tiberias; and on this wise shewed he himself. There were together Simon Peter, and Thomas called Didymus, and Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, and the sons of Zebedee, and two other of his disciples.

“I am going fishing,” Simon Peter said.

Eyewitness

John 21:3 “I am going fishing,” Simon Peter said. The others said, “We will go too.” They went out in the boat, fished all night, and caught nothing.
King James

John 21:3 Simon Peter saith unto them, I go a fishing. They say unto him, We also go with thee. They went forth, and entered into a ship immediately; and that night they caught nothing.

The others said, “We will go too.”

Eyewitness

John 21:3 “I am going fishing,” Simon Peter said. The others said, “We will go too.” They went out in the boat, fished all night, and caught nothing.
King James

John 21:3 Simon Peter saith unto them, I go a fishing. They say unto him, We also go with thee. They went forth, and entered into a ship immediately; and that night they caught nothing.

They went out in the boat, fished all night, and caught nothing.

Eyewitness

John 21:3 “I am going fishing,” Simon Peter said. The others said, “We will go too.” They went out in the boat, fished all night, and caught nothing.
King James

John 21:3 Simon Peter saith unto them, I go a fishing. They say unto him, We also go with thee. They went forth, and entered into a ship immediately; and that night they caught nothing.

At dawn, Jesus stood on the shore, but the disciples did not know who he was. “Young men,” Jesus said, “have you caught anything?”

Eyewitness

John 21:4–5 At dawn, Jesus stood on the shore, but the disciples did not know who he was. “Young men,” Jesus said, “have you caught anything?” “Nothing,” they said.
King James

John 21:4–5 But when the morning was now come, Jesus stood on the shore: but the disciples knew not that it was Jesus. Then Jesus saith unto them, Children, have ye any meat? They answered him, No.

“Nothing,” they said.

Eyewitness

John 21:5 “Young men,” Jesus said, “have you caught anything?” “Nothing,” they said.
King James

John 21:5 Then Jesus saith unto them, Children, have ye any meat? They answered him, No.

“Cast your net on the right side of the boat, and you will catch plenty.”

Eyewitness

John 21:6 “Cast your net on the right side of the boat, and you will catch plenty.” When they did, they caught so many fish they could not pull the net back into the boat.
King James

John 21:6 And he said unto them, Cast the net on the right side of the ship, and ye shall find. They cast therefore, and now they were not able to draw it for the multitude of fishes.

When they did, they caught so many fish they could not pull the net back into the boat.

Eyewitness

John 21:6 “Cast your net on the right side of the boat, and you will catch plenty.” When they did, they caught so many fish they could not pull the net back into the boat.
King James

John 21:6 And he said unto them, Cast the net on the right side of the ship, and ye shall find. They cast therefore, and now they were not able to draw it for the multitude of fishes.

John said to Peter, “It’s Jesus!”

Eyewitness

John 21:7 John said to Peter, “It’s Jesus!” When Simon Peter realized who it was, he grabbed his clothes, jumped into the water, and headed toward shore.
King James

John 21:7 Therefore that disciple whom Jesus loved saith unto Peter, It is the Lord. Now when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he girt his fisher’s coat unto him, (for he was naked,) and did cast himself into the sea.

When Simon Peter realized who it was, he grabbed his clothes, jumped into the water, and headed toward shore. Only a hundred yards from shore, the rest of the disciples followed in the boat, dragging the net full of fish. When they reached shore, they saw a fire already prepared, a fish lying on the coals, and bread.

Eyewitness

John 21:7–9 John said to Peter, “It’s Jesus!” When Simon Peter realized who it was, he grabbed his clothes, jumped into the water, and headed toward shore. Only a hundred yards from shore, the rest of the disciples followed in the boat, dragging the net full of fish. When they reached shore, they saw a fire already prepared, a fish lying on the coals, and bread.
King James

John 21:7–9 Therefore that disciple whom Jesus loved saith unto Peter, It is the Lord. Now when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he girt his fisher’s coat unto him, (for he was naked,) and did cast himself into the sea. And the other disciples came in a little ship; (for they were not far from land, but as it were two hundred cubits,) dragging the net with fishes. As soon then as they were come to land, they saw a fire of coals there, and fish laid thereon, and bread.

Jesus said, “Bring some of the fish you caught.”

Eyewitness

John 21:10 Jesus said, “Bring some of the fish you caught.”
King James

John 21:10 Jesus saith unto them, Bring of the fish which ye have now caught.

Simon Peter went out and pulled the net to shore. There were 153 fish, yet the net was not torn.

Eyewitness

John 21:11 Simon Peter went out and pulled the net to shore. There were 153 fish, yet the net was not torn.
King James

John 21:11 Simon Peter went up, and drew the net to land full of great fishes, an hundred and fifty and three: and for all there were so many, yet was not the net broken.

“Come and eat,” Jesus said.

Eyewitness

John 21:12 “Come and eat,” Jesus said. None of the disciples dared ask, “Who are you?” They all knew he was Jesus.
King James

John 21:12 Jesus saith unto them, Come and dine. And none of the disciples durst ask him, Who art thou? knowing that it was the Lord.

None of the disciples dared ask, “Who are you?” They all knew he was Jesus.

Eyewitness

John 21:12 “Come and eat,” Jesus said. None of the disciples dared ask, “Who are you?” They all knew he was Jesus.
King James

John 21:12 Jesus saith unto them, Come and dine. And none of the disciples durst ask him, Who art thou? knowing that it was the Lord.

Jesus took the bread, broke it, and gave it to them. He did the same with the fish. This was the third time Jesus appeared to his disciples after he was raised from the dead.

Eyewitness

John 21:13–14 Jesus took the bread, broke it, and gave it to them. He did the same with the fish. This was the third time Jesus appeared to his disciples after he was raised from the dead.
King James

John 21:13–14 Jesus then cometh, and taketh bread, and giveth them, and fish likewise. This is now the third time that Jesus shewed himself to his disciples, after that he was risen from the dead.

After they had eaten, Jesus said, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love me more than the others?”

Eyewitness

John 21:15 After they had eaten, Jesus said, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love me more than the others?” “Yes, sir, you know I do.” Jesus said to him, “Take care of my lambs.”
King James

John 21:15 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs.

“Yes, sir, you know I do.”

Eyewitness

John 21:15 After they had eaten, Jesus said, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love me more than the others?” “Yes, sir, you know I do.” Jesus said to him, “Take care of my lambs.”
King James

John 21:15 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs.

Jesus said to him, “Take care of my lambs.” Again, Jesus said, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love me?”

Eyewitness

John 21:15–16 After they had eaten, Jesus said, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love me more than the others?” “Yes, sir, you know I do.” Jesus said to him, “Take care of my lambs.” Again, Jesus said, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love me?” “Yes, sir, you know I do.” Jesus said to him, “Take care of my sheep.”
King James

John 21:15–16 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs. He saith to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my sheep.

“Yes, sir, you know I do.”

Eyewitness

John 21:16 Again, Jesus said, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love me?” “Yes, sir, you know I do.” Jesus said to him, “Take care of my sheep.”
King James

John 21:16 He saith to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my sheep.

Jesus said to him, “Take care of my sheep.” A third time, Jesus said, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love me?”

Eyewitness

John 21:16–17 Again, Jesus said, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love me?” “Yes, sir, you know I do.” Jesus said to him, “Take care of my sheep.” A third time, Jesus said, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love me?” Peter was offended that his love had been questioned for a third time. “Sir, you know everything. You know that I love you.” “Take care of my sheep,” Jesus said.
King James

John 21:16–17 He saith to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my sheep. He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.

Peter was offended that his love had been questioned for a third time. “Sir, you know everything. You know that I love you.”

Eyewitness

John 21:17 A third time, Jesus said, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love me?” Peter was offended that his love had been questioned for a third time. “Sir, you know everything. You know that I love you.” “Take care of my sheep,” Jesus said.
King James

John 21:17 He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.

“Take care of my sheep,” Jesus said. “I tell you the truth. When you were young, you dressed and went wherever you wanted. But when you are old, you will put out your hands, and someone else will dress you and take you where you do not want to go.” He said this to indicate the kind of death by which Peter would glorify God. Jesus said to him, “Follow me.”

Eyewitness

John 21:17–19 A third time, Jesus said, “Simon, son of Jonah, do you love me?” Peter was offended that his love had been questioned for a third time. “Sir, you know everything. You know that I love you.” “Take care of my sheep,” Jesus said. “I tell you the truth. When you were young, you dressed and went wherever you wanted. But when you are old, you will put out your hands, and someone else will dress you and take you where you do not want to go.” He said this to indicate the kind of death by which Peter would glorify God. Jesus said to him, “Follow me.”
King James

John 21:17–19 He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep. Verily, verily, I say unto thee, When thou wast young, thou girdedst thyself, and walkedst whither thou wouldest: but when thou shalt be old, thou shalt stretch forth thy hands, and another shall gird thee, and carry thee whither thou wouldest not. This spake he, signifying by what death he should glorify God. And when he had spoken this, he saith unto him, Follow me.

Peter looked back to the disciple whom Jesus loved, the one who had leaned against Jesus at the supper and asked who would betray him. “Sir, what about him? How will he die?”

Eyewitness

John 21:20–21 Peter looked back to the disciple whom Jesus loved, the one who had leaned against Jesus at the supper and asked who would betray him. “Sir, what about him? How will he die?”
King James

John 21:20–21 Then Peter, turning about, seeth the disciple whom Jesus loved following; which also leaned on his breast at supper, and said, Lord, which is he that betrayeth thee? Peter seeing him saith to Jesus, Lord, and what shall this man do?

“If I want him to live until I return, that is not your concern. You must follow me.”

Eyewitness

John 21:22 “If I want him to live until I return, that is not your concern. You must follow me.”
King James

John 21:22 Jesus saith unto him, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee? follow thou me.

A rumor spread that this disciple would not die, but that is not what Jesus said. He only said, “If I want him to live until I return, that is not your concern.”

Eyewitness

John 21:23 A rumor spread that this disciple would not die, but that is not what Jesus said. He only said, “If I want him to live until I return, that is not your concern.”
King James

John 21:23 Then went this saying abroad among the brethren, that that disciple should not die: yet Jesus said not unto him, He shall not die; but, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee?