145 Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus give Jesus a hasty burial before sundown.

Exodus 12:46; Psalms 22:18; 34:20; Isaiah 53:9; Zechariah 12:10; Matthew 27:57–66; Mark 15:42–47; Luke 23:50–56; John 19:31–42

Why did the Jews want Jesus and the criminals dead before the Sabbath (John 19:21)?

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Why were the legs of the criminals broken (John 19:32)?

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Why did a soldier pierce Jesus’ side but not break his legs (John 19:33–37)?

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Was it good or bad to be a “disciple in secret” (Luke 23:50–52)? Why?

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After being a secret disciple, how could Joseph of Arimathea boldly ask Pilate for Jesus’ body (Luke 23:50–52)?

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Who was present at Jesus’ burial (Mark 15:46–47; John 19:39–40)?

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Why did Jewish leaders want Roman soldiers to guard Jesus’ tomb and not use their own people (Matthew 27:62–64)?

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How many guards were assigned to watch Jesus’ tomb (Matthew 27:65–66)?

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On the day of preparation, the Jews asked Pilate to break the legs of the crucified so they would die and could be taken down before the Sabbath, a special day because of Passover.

Eyewitness

John 19:31 On the day of preparation, the Jews asked Pilate to break the legs of the crucified so they would die and could be taken down before the Sabbath, a special day because of Passover.
King James

John 19:31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.

So the soldiers broke the legs of the two who were crucified with Jesus. But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. One of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and bloody water gushed out.

Eyewitness

John 19:32–34 So the soldiers broke the legs of the two who were crucified with Jesus. But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. One of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and bloody water gushed out.
King James

John 19:32–34 Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him. But when they came to Jesus, and saw that he was dead already, they brake not his legs: But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.

An eyewitness has given this true testimony so you will believe. These things happened to fulfill the scripture: He protects his bones so none are broken. And another scripture: They will look upon the one whom they have pierced.

Eyewitness

Exodus 12:46 Eat the Passover lamb in one house. Do not take any of the meat outside or break any of the bones.
Psalm 34:20 He protects his bones so none are broken.
Zechariah 12:10 I will pour upon the family of David and the people of Jerusalem a desire to show kindness to others and ask pardon from me. They will look upon the one whom they have pierced and mourn for him as an only son. In bitterness, they will grieve for their firstborn.
John 19:35–37 An eyewitness has given this true testimony so you will believe. These things happened to fulfill the scripture: He protects his bones so none are broken. And another scripture: They will look upon the one whom they have pierced.
King James

Exodus 12:46 In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof.
Psalm 34:20 He keepeth all his bones: not one of them is broken.
Zechariah 12:10 And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.
John 19:35–37 And he that saw it bare record, and his record is true: and he knoweth that he saith true, that ye might believe. For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of him shall not be broken. And again another scripture saith, They shall look on him whom they pierced.

A good and righteous man named Joseph, a respected member of the council, disagreed with the decisions and actions of the other council members. He was a rich man from the Jewish city of Arimathea and a disciple of Jesus in secret because of his fear of the Jews. He looked for the coming of God’s Kingdom. In the late afternoon, before the beginning of the Sabbath, he went boldly before Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus.

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:57–58 In the late afternoon, Joseph, a rich man from Arimathea and a disciple of Jesus, asked Pilate for the body of Jesus, and his request was granted.
Mark 15:42–43 In the late afternoon of the day of preparation, before the beginning of the Sabbath, Joseph of Arimathea, a respected member of the council who looked for the coming of God’s Kingdom, went boldly before Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus.
Luke 23:50–52 A good and righteous man named Joseph, a member of the council, disagreed with the decisions and actions of the other council members. He was from the Jewish city of Arimathea and waited for the Kingdom of God. He went before Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus.
John 19:38 Soon afterward, Joseph from Arimathea, disciple of Jesus in secret because of his fear of the Jews, asked Pilate for the body of Jesus. Given permission, he took the body down from the cross.
King James

Matthew 27:57–58 When the even was come, there came a rich man of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus’ disciple: He went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body to be delivered.
Mark 15:42–43 And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath, Joseph of Arimathaea, an honourable counsellor, which also waited for the kingdom of God, came, and went in boldly unto Pilate, and craved the body of Jesus.
Luke 23:50–52 And, behold, there was a man named Joseph, a counsellor; and he was a good man, and a just: (The same had not consented to the counsel and deed of them;) he was of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews: who also himself waited for the kingdom of God. This man went unto Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus.
John 19:38 And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus.

Pilate doubted whether Jesus could already have died, so he asked the centurion whether his death was certain. After the centurion assured him that Jesus was dead, he granted the request.

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:58 asked Pilate for the body of Jesus, and his request was granted.
Mark 15:44–45 Pilate doubted whether Jesus could already have died, so he asked the centurion whether his death was certain. After the centurion assured him that Jesus was dead, he granted the request.
John 19:38 Soon afterward, Joseph from Arimathea, disciple of Jesus in secret because of his fear of the Jews, asked Pilate for the body of Jesus. Given permission, he took the body down from the cross.
King James

Matthew 27:58 He went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded the body to be delivered.
Mark 15:44–45 And Pilate marvelled if he were already dead: and calling unto him the centurion, he asked him whether he had been any while dead. And when he knew it of the centurion, he gave the body to Joseph.
John 19:38 And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus.

Joseph took the body of Jesus down from the cross. Nicodemus, the one who had come to Jesus by night, went with Joseph and carried about seventy-five pounds of a mixture of myrrh and aloes. According to Jewish burial custom, they used the spices and wrapped the body in clean linen that Joseph had purchased.

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:59 Joseph took the body, wrapped it in clean linen,
Mark 15:46 Joseph took Jesus down from the cross and wrapped his body in the fine linen that he had purchased. He laid him in a tomb that was cut into the rock and rolled a stone to close the entrance.
Luke 23:53 Then he took the body down from the cross, wrapped it in linen, and laid it in an unused tomb that was cut into the rock.
John 19:38–40 Soon afterward, Joseph from Arimathea, disciple of Jesus in secret because of his fear of the Jews, asked Pilate for the body of Jesus. Given permission, he took the body down from the cross. Nicodemus, the one who had come to Jesus by night, went with Joseph and carried about seventy-five pounds of a mixture of myrrh and aloes. According to Jewish burial custom, they wrapped the body in linen, with the spices.
King James

Matthew 27:59 And when Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth,
Mark 15:46 And he bought fine linen, and took him down, and wrapped him in the linen, and laid him in a sepulchre which was hewn out of a rock, and rolled a stone unto the door of the sepulchre.
Luke 23:53 And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid.
John 19:38–40 And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus. And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight. Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury.

Not far from the crucifixion was a garden with Joseph’s own unused tomb cut into the rock. They buried Jesus there because it was almost sundown on the day of preparation, the tomb was nearby, and the Sabbath was about to begin. The women from Galilee had followed the men. Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses sat near the tomb and saw where Jesus’ body was placed. Joseph rolled a huge stone to close the entrance and left. The women went home to prepare spices and ointments but did not go back to the tomb because it was the Sabbath day of rest required by the Law.

Eyewitness

Isaiah 53:9 Although he had done nothing wrong, he was placed in the grave with the wicked. His tomb was among the wealthy, but in him was no deceit.
Matthew 27:60–61 and laid it in his own unused tomb that was cut into the rock. He rolled a huge stone to close the entrance and left. Mary Magdalene and the other Mary sat near the tomb.
Mark 15:46–47 Joseph took Jesus down from the cross and wrapped his body in the fine linen that he had purchased. He laid him in a tomb that was cut into the rock and rolled a stone to close the entrance. Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses saw where Jesus was buried.
Luke 23:54–56 It was the day of preparation, almost at sundown that would begin the Sabbath. The women from Galilee followed him and saw the tomb where Jesus’ body was placed. They went home to prepare spices and ointments but did not go back to the tomb because it was the Sabbath day of rest required by the Law.
John 19:41 Not far from the crucifixion was a garden with an unused tomb.
King James

Isaiah 53:9 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.
Matthew 27:60–61 And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed. And there was Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary, sitting over against the sepulchre.
Mark 15:46–47 And he bought fine linen, and took him down, and wrapped him in the linen, and laid him in a sepulchre which was hewn out of a rock, and rolled a stone unto the door of the sepulchre. And Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses beheld where he was laid.
Luke 23:54–56 And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on. And the women also, which came with him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld the sepulchre, and how his body was laid. And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.
John 19:41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet laid.

After sundown that ended the day of preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees went to see Pilate. “Sir, while that deceiver was alive, he said, ‘After three days, I will rise from the dead.’ Therefore, the tomb must be closely guarded or his disciples will steal his body and tell the people he has risen. If that happens, conditions will be worse than before.”

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:62–64 After sundown that ended the day of preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees went to see Pilate. “Sir, while that deceiver was alive, he said, ‘After three days, I will rise from the dead.’ Therefore, the tomb must be closely guarded or his disciples will steal his body and tell the people he has risen. If that happens, conditions will be worse than before.”
King James

Matthew 27:62–64 Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate, Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again. Command therefore that the sepulchre be made sure until the third day, lest his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first.

“You may have the guards,” Pilate said. “Make it as secure as you can.”

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:65 “You may have the guards,” Pilate said. “Make it as secure as you can.”
King James

Matthew 27:65 Pilate said unto them, Ye have a watch: go your way, make it as sure as ye can.

So they sealed the tomb and posted guards.

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:66 So they sealed the tomb and posted guards.
King James

Matthew 27:66 So they went, and made the sepulchre sure, sealing the stone, and setting a watch.