143 On the way to crucifixion, Simon of Cyrene is forced to carry Jesus’ cross.

Psalm 69:21; Isaiah 50:6; Matthew 27:27–34; Mark 15:16–23; Luke 23:26–32; John 19:16–17

Why should we believe that Jesus was crowned with thorns a second time (Matthew 27:27–29)?

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How might Pilot’s soldiers have treated Jesus different from Herod’s (Matthew 27:27–31)?

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In mocking Jesus, what did the soldiers say (Mark 15:18–19)?

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Why was Simon forced to carry Jesus’ cross (Matthew 27:32)?

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What circumstances might have led to Simon being nearby (Matthew 27:32)?

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How might the shape of the “cross” be different from what is typically portrayed?

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Why did Jesus tell the mourning women not to cry for him (Luke 23:27–31)?

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What percentage of the spectators do you think were mourners, mockers, and merely curious (Luke 23:27–31)?

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Do you picture Jesus in the procession as leading, trailing, or somewhere in the middle (Luke 23:32)? Why?

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Where was Jesus crucified (Matthew 27:33–34)?

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Why was Jesus offered wine mixed with a bitter drug (Matthew 27:33–34)? Why did Jesus refuse it?

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The soldiers took Jesus into their headquarters, where they assembled the entire regiment. They stripped off his clothes, dressed him in a royal robe, placed a woven crown of thorns on his head, and put a staff in his right hand.

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:27–29 The governor’s soldiers took Jesus into their headquarters, where they assembled the entire regiment. After stripping off his clothes, they dressed him in a scarlet robe, placed a woven crown of thorns on his head, and put a staff in his right hand. They knelt before him and mocked him, saying, “Hail, king of the Jews.”
Mark 15:16 The soldiers took Jesus into their headquarters, where they assembled the entire regiment.
John 19:16 Then Pilate gave the order for Jesus to be crucified, and the soldiers took him away,
King James

Matthew 27:27–29 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and gathered unto him the whole band of soldiers. And they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe. And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews!
Mark 15:16 And the soldiers led him away into the hall, called Praetorium; and they call together the whole band.
John 19:16 Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away.

They knelt before him, pretending to give him honor, and in mockery saluted him, saying, “Hail, king of the Jews.” They spat on him, plucked the hair from his beard, and used his staff to strike him on the head. When they tired of mocking him, they removed the robe, dressed him in his own clothes, and took him to be crucified.

Eyewitness

Isaiah 50:6 I bared my back to those who flogged me. I gave my cheeks to those who plucked the hair from my beard. I did not turn from those who mocked me and spit in my face.
Matthew 27:29–31 placed a woven crown of thorns on his head, and put a staff in his right hand. They knelt before him and mocked him, saying, “Hail, king of the Jews.” They spat on him and used his staff to strike him on the head. When they tired of mocking him, they removed the robe, dressed him in his own clothes, and took him to be crucified.
Mark 15:18–20 In mockery, they saluted him, saying, “Hail, king of the Jews.” They spat on him and struck him on the head with a staff. They knelt before him, pretending to give him honor. When they tired of mocking him, they removed the purple robe, dressed him in his own clothes, and took him to be crucified.
King James

Isaiah 50:6 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.
Matthew 27:29–31 And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews! And they spit upon him, and took the reed, and smote him on the head. And after that they had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify him.
Mark 15:18–20 And began to salute him, Hail, King of the Jews! And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing their knees worshipped him. And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple from him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him.

On the way, the soldiers met Simon, a native of Cyrene, father of Alexander and Rufus, who had come from the country. They forced him to walk behind Jesus and carry his cross.

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:32 On the way, they met Simon, a native of Cyrene, and forced him to carry Jesus’ cross.
Mark 15:21 On the way, the soldiers met Simon, a native of Cyrene, father of Alexander and Rufus, who had come from the country. They forced him to carry Jesus’ cross.
Luke 23:26 On the way, the soldiers met Simon, a native of Cyrene, who had come from the country. They forced him to walk behind Jesus and carry his cross.
King James

Matthew 27:32 And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his cross.
Mark 15:21 And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross.
Luke 23:26 And as they led him away, they laid hold upon one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear it after Jesus.

A large crowd followed, including many women who mourned and cried. Jesus turned to them. “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not cry for me. Cry for yourselves and your children. The day will come when people will say, ‘Blessed are the childless who have never nursed a baby.’ They will say to the mountains, ‘Fall on us,’ and beg the hills to hide them. If they do these things to a living tree, what will they do to you who are dry wood?”

Eyewitness

Luke 23:27–31 A large crowd followed, including many women who mourned and cried. Jesus turned to them. “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not cry for me. Cry for yourselves and your children. The day will come when people will say, ‘Blessed are the childless who have never nursed a baby.’ They will say to the mountains, ‘Fall on us,’ and beg the hills to hide them. If they do these things to a living tree, what will they do to you who are dry wood?”
King James

Luke 23:27–31 And there followed him a great company of people, and of women, which also bewailed and lamented him. But Jesus turning unto them said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children. For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck. Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us. For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

Two others, both criminals, were taken with Jesus to be crucified.

Eyewitness

Luke 23:32 Two others, both criminals, were taken with Jesus to be crucified.
King James

Luke 23:32 And there were also two other, malefactors, led with him to be put to death.

At Golgotha, which means “skull,” the soldiers offered Jesus sour wine mixed with a bitter drug, but he refused the drink.

Eyewitness

Psalm 69:21 They gave me bitterness for food and sour wine to drink.
Matthew 27:33–34 At Golgotha, which means “skull,” 34 they offered to Jesus wine mixed with a bitter drug. After tasting it, he refused the drink.
Mark 15:22–23 They took Jesus to Golgotha, which means “skull,” where they offered him wine mixed with a bitter drug, but he refused the drink.
John 19:17 bearing his cross, to a place called the “skull” that is called Golgotha in Hebrew.
King James

Psalm 69:21 They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
Matthew 27:33–34 And when they were come unto a place called Golgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull, They gave him vinegar to drink mingled with gall: and when he had tasted thereof, he would not drink.
Mark 15:22–23 And they bring him unto the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, The place of a skull. And they gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh: but he received it not.
John 19:17 And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha: