142 Pilate pacifies the mob by ordering Jesus to be crucified.

Psalm 26:6; Matthew 27:15–26; Mark 15:6–15; Luke 23:13–25; John 18:39–40; 19:1–16

What were Pilate’s and Herod’s judgment concerning Jesus (Luke 23:13–16)?

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What kind of criminal was Barabbas (Luke 23:19)?

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Instead of releasing the people’s choice of any prisoner, Pilate offered only the option of Barabbas or Jesus (Matthew 27:17). Why did Pilate break from tradition?

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Why might Pilate have expected the people to choose the release of Jesus (Matthew 27:18)?

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Why did the people choose the release of Barabbas (Mark 15:11)?

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What motivation did Pilate have to release Jesus (Matthew 27:19)?

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Where did the soldiers get the idea to give Jesus a kingly robe and a crown of thorns (John 19:2–3)?

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If Pilate had already found Jesus not guilty of any crime worthy of death, what reason did he have to order his crucifixion (Luke 23:22)?

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Why did Pilate present Jesus to the people again, this time wearing a royal robe and crown of thorns, and declare his innocence (John 19:4–5)?

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How did Pilate respond to the continuing cries to crucify Jesus (John 19:6)?

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Why might Pilate have been concerned that he had made a mistake in having Jesus flogged (John 19:7–9)?

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Why did Pilate want Jesus to answer his questions (John 19:9–10)?

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What did Jesus know about Pilate’s authority (John 19:11)?

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Why did Jesus tell Pilate that he was guilty of the lesser wrong (John 19:11)?

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When Pilate again tried to get the Jews to accept Jesus’ release, why was being “no friend of Caesar” especially relevant (John 19:12)?

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Why did Pilate sit in the judgment seat and say to the Jews, “Behold your king” (John 19:13–15)?

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Why did the crowd react so violently to one whom Pilate had called their king (John 19:15)? Where were those who had cheered Jesus and recognized him as king?

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What motivated Pilate to wash his hands before the crowd (Matthew 27:24)?

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Who was at fault in sentencing Jesus to death (Matthew 27:25–26)?

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Pilate called the people, including the chief priests and Jewish leaders, and said to them, “You brought this man to me, saying he was a troublemaker who misled the people. While you were here, I questioned him thoroughly concerning your accusations, and I found him not guilty. Herod arrived at the same conclusion and sent him back to me. He has done nothing to deserve death. Therefore, I will order him flogged and released.”

Eyewitness

Luke 23:13–16 Pilate called the people, including the chief priests and Jewish leaders, and said to them, “You brought this man to me, saying he was a troublemaker who misled the people. While you were here, I questioned him thoroughly concerning your accusations, and I found him not guilty. Herod arrived at the same conclusion and sent him back to me. He has done nothing to deserve death. Therefore, I will order him flogged and released.”
King James

Luke 23:13–16 And Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people, Said unto them, Ye have brought this man unto me, as one that perverteth the people: and, behold, I, having examined him before you, have found no fault in this man touching those things whereof ye accuse him: No, nor yet Herod: for I sent you to him; and, lo, nothing worthy of death is done unto him. I will therefore chastise him, and release him.

At every Passover feast, Pilate would release one prisoner to the people, anyone they wanted. A notoriously bad criminal named Barabbas was in prison at the time, a man who had committed murder when he led a rebellion in Jerusalem. The chief priests and Jewish leaders had persuaded the people to ask for the release of Barabbas and for Jesus to be crucified.

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:15–16 At every Passover feast, the governor would release one prisoner to the people, anyone they wanted. A notoriously bad criminal named Barabbas was in prison at the time,
Matthew 27:20 The chief priests and leaders had persuaded the people to ask for the release of Barabbas and for Jesus to be crucified.
Mark 15:6–7 At every Passover feast, Pilate would release one prisoner to the people, anyone they wanted. A criminal named Barabbas was in prison at the time, a man who had committed murder when he led a rebellion.
Mark 15:11 The chief priests had persuaded the people to ask for the release of Barabbas instead.
Luke 23:17 At every Passover feast, Pilate would release one prisoner to the people.
Luke 23:19 Barabbas had been imprisoned for murder and leading a rebellion in Jerusalem.
John 18:40 “No, not this man. We want Barabbas,” they shouted. Barabbas was a criminal.
King James

Matthew 27:15–16 Now at that feast the governor was wont to release unto the people a prisoner, whom they would. 16 And they had then a notable prisoner, called Barabbas.
Matthew 27:20 But the chief priests and elders persuaded the multitude that they should ask Barabbas, and destroy Jesus.
Mark 15:6–7 Now at that feast he released unto them one prisoner, whomsoever they desired. And there was one named Barabbas, which lay bound with them that had made insurrection with him, who had committed murder in the insurrection.
Mark 15:11 But the chief priests moved the people, that he should rather release Barabbas unto them.
Luke 23:17 (For of necessity he must release one unto them at the feast.)
Luke 23:19 (Who for a certain sedition made in the city, and for murder, was cast into prison.)
John 18:40 Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber.

After a large crowd gathered, the people shouted for Pilate to do as he had done before.

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:17 so when the people had gathered, Pilate said to them, “Which one do you want me to release to you—Barabbas, or Jesus who is called the Messiah?”
Mark 15:8 After a large crowd gathered, the people shouted for Pilate to do as he had done before.
King James

Matthew 27:17 Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ?
Mark 15:8 And the multitude crying aloud began to desire him to do as he had ever done unto them.

“Each year at Passover,” Pilate said, “you customarily ask me to release a prisoner. Shall I release to you the king of the Jews?” He knew the Jewish leaders had condemned Jesus because they envied his popularity with the people. “Which one do you want me to release to you—Barabbas, or Jesus who is called the Messiah?”

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:17–18 so when the people had gathered, Pilate said to them, “Which one do you want me to release to you—Barabbas, or Jesus who is called the Messiah?” He knew the Jewish leaders had condemned Jesus because they envied his popularity with the people.
Mark 15:9–10 Pilate said, “Shall I release to you the king of the Jews?” He knew the chief priests had condemned Jesus because they envied his popularity with the people.
John 18:39 “Each year at Passover,” Pilate said to the crowd, “you customarily ask me to release a prisoner. Shall I release to you the king of the Jews?”
King James

Matthew 27:17–18 Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ? For he knew that for envy they had delivered him.
Mark 15:9–10 But Pilate answered them, saying, Will ye that I release unto you the King of the Jews? For he knew that the chief priests had delivered him for envy.
John 18:39 But ye have a custom, that I should release unto you one at the passover: will ye therefore that I release unto you the King of the Jews?

All the people shouted in protest, “Take this man away, and release Barabbas to us.”

Eyewitness

Luke 23:18 All the people shouted in protest, “Take this man away, and release Barabbas to us.”
John 18:40 “No, not this man. We want Barabbas,” they shouted. Barabbas was a criminal.
King James

Luke 23:18 And they cried out all at once, saying, Away with this man, and release unto us Barabbas:
John 18:40 Then cried they all again, saying, Not this man, but Barabbas. Now Barabbas was a robber.

While judging the case, Pilate received a message from his wife that said, “Have nothing to do with that righteous man. Last night, I had a terrible nightmare about him.” Again, Pilate appealed to the crowd, because he wanted to release Jesus. “Which of the two shall I release to you?”

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:19 While judging the case, he received a message from his wife that said, “Have nothing to do with that righteous man. Last night, I had a terrible nightmare about him.”
Matthew 27:21 Again, Pilate said to the crowd, “Which of the two shall I release to you?” “Barabbas,” they said.
Luke 23:20 Again, Pilate appealed to the crowd, because he wanted to release Jesus.
King James

Matthew 27:19 When he was set down on the judgment seat, his wife sent unto him, saying, Have thou nothing to do with that just man: for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him.
Matthew 27:21 The governor answered and said unto them, Whether of the twain will ye that I release unto you? They said, Barabbas.
Luke 23:20 Pilate therefore, willing to release Jesus, spake again to them.

“Barabbas,” they said.

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:21 Again, Pilate said to the crowd, “Which of the two shall I release to you?” “Barabbas,” they said.
King James

Matthew 27:21 The governor answered and said unto them, Whether of the twain will ye that I release unto you? They said, Barabbas.

“What shall I do with Jesus the Messiah?”

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:22 “What shall I do with Jesus the Messiah?” They all shouted, “Crucify him!”
Mark 15:12 “What shall I do with Jesus the Messiah?” Pilate said.
King James

Matthew 27:22 Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ? They all say unto him, Let him be crucified.
Mark 15:12 And Pilate answered and said again unto them, What will ye then that I shall do unto him whom ye call the King of the Jews?

“Crucify him,” the crowd screamed. “Crucify him!”

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:22 “What shall I do with Jesus the Messiah?” They all shouted, “Crucify him!”
Mark 15:13 They all shouted, “Crucify him!”
Luke 23:21 “Crucify him,” the crowd screamed. “Crucify him!”
King James

Matthew 27:22 Pilate saith unto them, What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ? They all say unto him, Let him be crucified.
Mark 15:13 And they cried out again, Crucify him.
Luke 23:21 But they cried, saying, Crucify him, crucify him.

For the third time, he defended Jesus. “Why? What crime has he committed? I find no reason to sentence him to death. Therefore, I will order him flogged and released.”

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:23 “Why? What crime has he committed?” But the crowd roared, “Crucify him!”
Mark 15:14 “Why? What crime has he committed?” But the crowd roared, “Crucify him!”
Luke 23:22 For the third time, he defended Jesus. “Why? What crime has he committed? I find no reason to sentence him to death. Therefore, I will order him flogged and released.”
King James

Matthew 27:23 And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified.
Mark 15:14 Then Pilate said unto them, Why, what evil hath he done? And they cried out the more exceedingly, Crucify him.
Luke 23:22 And he said unto them the third time, Why, what evil hath he done? I have found no cause of death in him: I will therefore chastise him, and let him go.

Pilate ordered Jesus to be flogged.

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:26 So Pilate released Barabbas to the people and ordered the flogging and crucifixion of Jesus.
Mark 15:15 Pilate wanted to satisfy the people, so he released Barabbas and ordered the flogging and crucifixion of Jesus.
John 19:1 Pilate ordered Jesus to be flogged.
King James

Matthew 27:26 Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.
Mark 15:15 And so Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged him, to be crucified.
John 19:1 Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him.

Soldiers wove a crown out of thorns, put it on his head, and gave him a kingly purple robe. “Hail! King of the Jews,” they said, mocking as they slapped him with their hands.

Eyewitness

John 19:2–3 Soldiers wove a crown out of thorns, put it on his head, and gave him a kingly purple robe. “Hail! King of the Jews,” they said, mocking as they slapped him with their hands.
King James

John 19:2–3 And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on his head, and they put on him a purple robe, And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they smote him with their hands.

Again, Pilate went out to the people. “Look, I am bringing Jesus before you to declare that I find him not guilty.” When Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and purple robe, Pilate said, “Behold the man.”

Eyewitness

John 19:4–5 Again, Pilate went out to the people. “Look, I am bringing Jesus before you to declare that I find him not guilty.” When Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and purple robe, Pilate said, “Behold the man.”
King James

John 19:4–5 Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them, Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no fault in him. Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them, Behold the man!

As soon as the chief priests and guards saw Jesus, they shouted, “Crucify him. Crucify him!”

Eyewitness

John 19:6 As soon as the chief priests and guards saw Jesus, they shouted, “Crucify him. Crucify him!” “You crucify him, then,” Pilate said. “I find him not guilty.”
King James

John 19:6 When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify him: for I find no fault in him.

“You crucify him then,” Pilate said. “I find him not guilty.”

Eyewitness

John 19:6 As soon as the chief priests and guards saw Jesus, they shouted, “Crucify him. Crucify him!” “You crucify him, then,” Pilate said. “I find him not guilty.”
King James

John 19:6 When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they cried out, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify him: for I find no fault in him.

The Jewish leaders said, “By our law, he must die because he claimed to be the Son of God.”

Eyewitness

John 19:7 The Jewish leaders said, “By our law, he must die because he claimed to be the Son of God.”
King James

John 19:7 The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God.

When Pilate heard this, he became more fearful. He went back inside and said to Jesus, “Who are you?”

Eyewitness

John 19:8–9 When Pilate heard this, he became more fearful. He went back inside and said to Jesus, “Who are you?” Jesus said nothing.
King James

John 19:8–9 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more afraid; And went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.

Jesus said nothing.

Eyewitness

John 19:9 He went back inside and said to Jesus, “Who are you?” Jesus said nothing.
King James

John 19:9 And went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.

“Why won’t you answer? Don’t you know I have the authority to either release or crucify you?”

Eyewitness

John 19:10 “Why won’t you answer? Don’t you know I have the authority to either release or crucify you?”
King James

John 19:10 Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to release thee?

“You would have no authority over me at all if it had not been given to you from above. Therefore, those who delivered me to you are guilty of the greater wrong.”

Eyewitness

John 19:11 “You would have no authority over me at all if it had not been given to you from above. Therefore, those who delivered me to you are guilty of the greater wrong.”
King James

John 19:11 Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power at all against me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered me unto thee hath the greater sin.

After they had talked, Pilate sought to release Jesus, but the Jewish leaders shouted, “If you release this man, you are no friend of Caesar. Anyone who claims to be a king opposes Caesar.”

Eyewitness

John 19:12 After they had talked, Pilate sought to release Jesus, but the Jewish leaders shouted, “If you release this man, you are no friend of Caesar. Anyone who claims to be a king opposes Caesar.”
King James

John 19:12 And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar’s friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar.

At these words, Pilate brought Jesus out and sat in the judgment seat, a mosaic called the Platform, Gabbatha in Hebrew. It was about noon on the preparation day of Passover. He said to the Jews, “Behold your king!”

Eyewitness

John 19:13–14 At these words, Pilate brought Jesus out and sat in the judgment seat, a mosaic called the Platform, Gabbatha in Hebrew. It was about noon on the preparation day of Passover. He said to the Jews, “Behold your king!”
King James

John 19:13–14 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha. And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!

The crowd went into an uproar, shouting for Jesus to be crucified. “Away with him,” the people shouted. “Away with him! Crucify him!”

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:23 “Why? What crime has he committed?” But the crowd roared. “Crucify him!”
Mark 15:14 “Why? What crime has he committed?” But the crowd roared. “Crucify him!”
Luke 23:23 The crowd went into an uproar, shouting for Jesus to be crucified. The violent cries of the people and chief priests prevailed.
John 19:15 “Away with him,” the people shouted. “Away with him! Crucify him!” “Shall I crucify your king?” Pilate said. The chief priests said, “We have no king except Caesar.”
King James

Matthew 27:23 And the governor said, Why, what evil hath he done? But they cried out the more, saying, Let him be crucified.
Mark 15:14 Then Pilate said unto them, Why, what evil hath he done? And they cried out the more exceedingly, Crucify him.
Luke 23:23 And they were instant with loud voices, requiring that he might be crucified. And the voices of them and of the chief priests prevailed.
John 19:15 But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.

“Shall I crucify your king?” Pilate said.

Eyewitness

John 19:15 “Away with him,” the people shouted. “Away with him! Crucify him!” “Shall I crucify your king?” Pilate said. The chief priests answered, “We have no king except Caesar.”
King James

John 19:15 But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.

The chief priests answered, “We have no king except Caesar.”

Eyewitness

John 19:15 “Away with him,” the people shouted. “Away with him! Crucify him!” “Shall I crucify your king?” Pilate said. The chief priests answered, “We have no king except Caesar.”
King James

John 19:15 But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.

The violent cries of the people and chief priests prevailed. When Pilate realized that his attempt to bring peace was near to causing a riot, he took a bowl of water and washed his hands before the people. “I am not to blame for this righteous person’s death. This is your decision.”

Eyewitness

Psalm 26:6 I wash my hands to show my innocence as I approach your altar, O God.
Matthew 27:24 When Pilate realized that his attempt to bring peace was near to causing a riot, he took a bowl of water and washed his hands before the people. “I am not to blame for this righteous person’s death. This is your decision.”
Luke 23:23 The crowd went into an uproar, shouting for Jesus to be crucified. The violent cries of the people and chief priests prevailed.
King James

Psalm 26:6 I will wash mine hands in innocency: so will I compass thine altar, O Lord:
Matthew 27:24 When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to it.
Luke 23:23 And they were instant with loud voices, requiring that he might be crucified. And the voices of them and of the chief priests prevailed.

“Let his death be our responsibility,” the people said, “and our children’s.”

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:25 “Let his death be our responsibility,” the people said, “and our children’s.”
King James

Matthew 27:25 Then answered all the people, and said, His blood be on us, and on our children.

Pilate wanted to satisfy the people, so he released Barabbas, who had been imprisoned for murder and rebellion, and ordered Jesus to be crucified. The soldiers took Jesus away.

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:26 So Pilate released Barabbas to the people and ordered the flogging and crucifixion of Jesus.
Mark 15:15 Pilate wanted to satisfy the people, so he released Barabbas and ordered the flogging and crucifixion of Jesus.
Luke 23:24–25 So Pilate granted the sentence that the people demanded. To satisfy the people’s desire, he released Barabbas, who had been imprisoned for murder and rebellion, and ordered Jesus to be crucified.
John 19:16 Then Pilate gave the order for Jesus to be crucified, and the soldiers took him away,
King James

Matthew 27:26 Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.
Mark 15:15 And so Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged him, to be crucified.
Luke 23:24–25 And Pilate gave sentence that it should be as they required. And he released unto them him that for sedition and murder was cast into prison, whom they had desired; but he delivered Jesus to their will.
John 19:16 Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away.