140 Jesus stands before Pilate.

Isaiah 53:7; Matthew 27:2, 11–14; Mark 15:1b–5; Luke 23:1–5; John 18:28–38

After the trials and condemning Jesus to death, why did the Jewish leaders take him to Pilate (John 18:28–30)?

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Why might Pilate have preferred not to try this case (John 18:31)?

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If the Jews could stone Stephen, why did they say they could not put Jesus to death (John 18:31–32)?

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What details might Pilate have already known about Jesus (Luke 23:2)?

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Why didn’t Jesus defend himself against the Jews’ false accusations (Matthew 27:12)?

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Why did Pilate take Jesus inside to question him (John 18:33)?

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Why was Pilate greatly impressed with Jesus (Matthew 27:14)?

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Why did Pilate ask Jesus if he was king of the Jews (John 18:33–35)?

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Assuming that Pilate knew what was happening in his territory, why would he ask what Jesus had done (John 18:35)?

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To what extent do you think Pilate understood Jesus’ explanation of his Kingdom (John 18:36–37)?

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How confident might Pilate have been that he knew the truth about Jesus (John 18:38)?

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As to Jesus innocence or guilt, what was Pilate’s judgment (John 18:38)?

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What was the Jews reaction to Pilate’s judgment?

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Early in the morning, the entire council, including the chief priests, Jewish leaders, and teachers of the Law, led Jesus away, his hands tied, from Caiaphas to the headquarters of the Roman governor, Pontius Pilate. They stayed outside to keep from being defiled, which would prevent them from eating the Passover meal.

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:2 They led Jesus away, his hands tied, and delivered him to Pontius Pilate, the governor.
Mark 15:1 At dawn, the chief priests, Jewish leaders, and teachers of the Law convened in the full council. They had Jesus bound and delivered to Pilate.
Luke 23:1 The entire council took Jesus to Pilate
John 18:28 Early in the morning, they led Jesus from Caiaphas to the headquarters of the Roman governor. They stayed outside to keep from being defiled, which would prevent them from eating the Passover meal.
King James

Matthew 27:2 And when they had bound him, they led him away, and delivered him to Pontius Pilate the governor.
Mark 15:1 And straightway in the morning the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council, and bound Jesus, and carried him away, and delivered him to Pilate.
Luke 23:1 And the whole multitude of them arose, and led him unto Pilate.
John 18:28 Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.

Pilate walked out to them. “What charges do you bring against this man?”

Eyewitness

John 18:29 Pilate walked out to them. “What charges do you bring against this man?”
King James

John 18:29 Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man?

“If he were not a criminal, we would not have brought him to you.”

Eyewitness

John 18:30 “If he were not a criminal, we would not have brought him to you.”
King James

John 18:30 They answered and said unto him, If he were not a malefactor, we would not have delivered him up unto thee.

“You take him and judge him according to your own law.”

Eyewitness

John 18:31 “You take him and judge him according to your own law.” “But it is not lawful for us to put anyone to death,” the Jews said.
King James

John 18:31 Then said Pilate unto them, Take ye him, and judge him according to your law. The Jews therefore said unto him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to death:

“But it is not lawful for us to put anyone to death,” the Jews said.

Eyewitness

John 18:31 “You take him and judge him according to your own law.” “But it is not lawful for us to put anyone to death,” the Jews said.
King James

John 18:31 Then said Pilate unto them, Take ye him, and judge him according to your law. The Jews therefore said unto him, It is not lawful for us to put any man to death:

(This happened so the way Jesus had said he would die would come to pass.)

Eyewitness

John 18:32 (This happened so the way Jesus had said he would die would come to pass.)
King James

John 18:32 That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die.

The chief priests and Jewish leaders brought many accusations against Jesus. “We judged this man for misleading the people. He forbids paying taxes to Caesar and says he is the anointed king.”

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:12 When the chief priests and Jewish leaders brought accusations against him, he said nothing.
Luke 23:2 and began to accuse him. “We judged this man for misleading the people. He forbids paying taxes to Caesar and says he is the anointed king.”
King James

Matthew 27:12 And when he was accused of the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing.
Luke 23:2 And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King.

Jesus said nothing.

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:12 When the chief priests and Jewish leaders brought accusations against him, he said nothing.
King James

Matthew 27:12 And when he was accused of the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing.

Pilate went inside and summoned Jesus to stand before him.

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:11 Pilate questioned Jesus as he stood before him. “Are you the king of the Jews?” Jesus said, “Yes, you could say that.”
John 18:33 Pilate went inside and summoned Jesus. “Are you the king of the Jews?”
King James

Matthew 27:11 And Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest.
John 18:33 Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou the King of the Jews?

“Aren’t you going to say something?” Pilate said. “Haven’t you heard all their accusations?”

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:13 “Haven’t you heard all their accusations?” Pilate said.
Mark 15:4 “Aren’t you going to say something?” Pilate said. “Haven’t you heard all their accusations?”
King James

Matthew 27:13 Then said Pilate unto him, Hearest thou not how many things they witness against thee?
Mark 15:4 And Pilate asked him again, saying, Answerest thou nothing? behold how many things they witness against thee.

Jesus gave no response, not the slightest word, so Pilate was greatly impressed.

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:14 Jesus gave no response, not the slightest word, so the governor was greatly impressed.
Mark 15:5 Jesus gave no response, not the slightest word, so Pilate was greatly impressed.
King James

Matthew 27:14 And he answered him to never a word; insomuch that the governor marvelled greatly.
Mark 15:5 But Jesus yet answered nothing; so that Pilate marvelled.

“Are you the king of the Jews?”

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:11 Pilate questioned Jesus as he stood before him. “Are you the king of the Jews?” Jesus said, “Yes, you could say that.”
Mark 15:2 Pilate said to Jesus, “Are you the king of the Jews?” Jesus said, “Yes, you could say that.”
Luke 23:3 Pilate said to him, “Are you the king of the Jews?” “Yes, you could say that.”
John 18:33 Pilate went inside and summoned Jesus. “Are you the king of the Jews?”
King James

Matthew 27:11 And Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest.
Mark 15:2 And Pilate asked him, Art thou the King of the Jews? And he answering said unto him, Thou sayest it.
Luke 23:3 And Pilate asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And he answered him and said, Thou sayest it.
John 18:33 Then Pilate entered into the judgment hall again, and called Jesus, and said unto him, Art thou the King of the Jews?

“Is that your own question, or have others told you about me?”

Eyewitness

John 18:34 “Is that your own question, or have others told you about me?”
King James

John 18:34 Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee of me?

“Am I a Jew? Your own people and your chief priests delivered you to me. What have you done?”

Eyewitness

John 18:35 “Am I a Jew? Your own people and your chief priests delivered you to me. What have you done?”
King James

John 18:35 Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? Thine own nation and the chief priests have delivered thee unto me: what hast thou done?

“My Kingdom is not of this world,” Jesus said. “If it were, my disciples would have fought to prevent my arrest by the Jews. No, my Kingdom is not from here.”

Eyewitness

John 18:36 My Kingdom is not of this world,” Jesus said. “If it were, my disciples would have fought to prevent my arrest by the Jews. No, my Kingdom is not from here.”
King James

John 18:36 Jesus answered, My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world, then would my servants fight, that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence.

“Are you a king, then?”

Eyewitness

John 18:37 “Are you a king, then?” Jesus said, “Yes, you could say that. For that reason, I was born. I came into this world to testify to the truth. Everyone who wants the truth hears my voice.”
King James

John 18:37 Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice.

Jesus answered, “Yes, you could say that. For that reason, I was born. I came into this world to testify to the truth. Everyone who wants the truth hears my voice.”

Eyewitness

Matthew 27:11 Pilate questioned Jesus as he stood before him. “Are you the king of the Jews?” Jesus said, “Yes, you could say that.”
Mark 15:2 Pilate asked Jesus, “Are you the king of the Jews?” Jesus said, “Yes, you could say that.”
Luke 23:3 Pilate asked him, “Are you the king of the Jews?” “Yes, you could say that.”
John 18:37 “Are you a king, then?” Jesus answered, “Yes, you could say that. For that reason, I was born. I came into this world to testify to the truth. Everyone who wants the truth hears my voice.”
King James

Matthew 27:11 And Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest.
Mark 15:2 And Pilate asked him, Art thou the King of the Jews? And he answering said unto him, Thou sayest it.
Luke 23:3 And Pilate asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And he answered him and said, Thou sayest it.
John 18:37 Pilate therefore said unto him, Art thou a king then? Jesus answered, Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice.

“What is truth?” Pilate went back out to the Jews. “I do not find this man guilty of any crime.”

Eyewitness

Luke 23:4 Pilate said, “I do not find this man guilty of any crime.”
John 18:38 “What is truth?” Pilate went back out to the Jews. “I do not find this man guilty of any crime.
King James

Luke 23:4 Then said Pilate to the chief priests and to the people, I find no fault in this man.
John 18:38 Pilate saith unto him, What is truth? And when he had said this, he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in him no fault at all.

They became more insistent. “He stirs up trouble among people from Galilee to Jerusalem with his teaching.”

Eyewitness

Luke 23:5 They became more insistent. “He stirs up trouble among people from Galilee to Jerusalem with his teaching.”
King James

Luke 23:5 And they were the more fierce, saying, He stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee to this place.