136 Religious leaders arrest Jesus.

Zechariah 13:7; Matthew 26:47–56; Mark 14:43–52; Luke 22:47–53; John 6:39; 11:50; 17:12; 18:2–14; 18:19–23

Who were the men who joined Judas in the arrest of Jesus (Matthew 26:47)?

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Why was it necessary for Judas to identify Jesus with a kiss (Matthew 26:48)?

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When Jesus stepped forward and identified himself, what is the significance of the men falling backward (John 18:4–6)?

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Of what value was Jesus’ request to let his disciples go (John 18:7–9)?

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After telling the disciples to bring swords, why did Jesus not want them used (Luke 22:49–51)?

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Could Jesus have called twelve armies of angels (Matthew 26:53–54)? Why or why not?

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If all the disciples fled to avoid arrest, where did they go (Mark 14:50)?

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Who was the young follower of Jesus who fled, naked (Mark 14:51–52)?

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If Caiaphas was the high priest, why was Jesus first taken to Annas (John 18:12–13)?

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What was the nature of Annas’s interrogation of Jesus (John 18:19–23)?

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Judas, the traitor and one of the twelve, knew the place where they often retired. While Jesus was still speaking, Judas arrived to give Jesus the customary kiss of greeting. Behind him, a mob of men, including guards from the chief priests and Jewish leaders, carried lamps, torches, clubs, and swords.

Eyewitness

Matthew 26:47 While Jesus was still speaking, Judas, one of the twelve, arrived with a mob carrying swords and clubs, men sent by the chief priests and Jewish leaders.
Mark 14:43 While Jesus was still speaking, Judas, one of the twelve, arrived with a mob carrying swords and clubs, men sent by the chief priests and Jewish leaders.
Luke 22:47 While Jesus was still speaking, Judas, one of the twelve, arrived to give Jesus the customary kiss of greeting. He was followed by a mob.
John 18:2–3 Judas, the traitor, knew the place where Jesus often retired with his disciples. He was followed by a mob of men, including guards from the chief priests and Pharisees, carrying lamps, torches, and swords.
King James

Matthew 26:47 And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and elders of the people.
Mark 14:43 And immediately, while he yet spake, cometh Judas, one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders.
Luke 22:47 And while he yet spake, behold a multitude, and he that was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them, and drew near unto Jesus to kiss him.
John 18:2–3 And Judas also, which betrayed him, knew the place: for Jesus ofttimes resorted thither with his disciples. Judas then, having received a band of men and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches and weapons.

To identify Jesus, the traitor had arranged a signal, saying, “The man I kiss is the one you want. Seize him and take him away.” Without hesitation, Judas approached Jesus. “Hello, Teacher.” He kissed him.

Eyewitness

Matthew 26:48–49 To identify Jesus, the traitor had arranged a signal, saying, “The man I kiss is the one you want. Seize him.” Without hesitation, Judas approached Jesus. “Hello, Teacher.” He gave Jesus the customary kiss of greeting.
Mark 14:44–45 To identify Jesus, the traitor had arranged a signal, saying, “The man I kiss is the one you want. Seize him and take him away.” Without hesitation, Judas approached Jesus. “Hello, Teacher.” After he gave Jesus the customary kiss of greeting,
Luke 22:48 “Judas,” Jesus said, “would you betray the Son of Man with a kiss?”
King James

Matthew 26:48–49 Now he that betrayed him gave them a sign, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he: hold him fast. And forthwith he came to Jesus, and said, Hail, master; and kissed him.
Mark 14:44–45 And he that betrayed him had given them a token, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he; take him, and lead him away safely. And as soon as he was come, he goeth straightway to him, and saith, Master, master; and kissed him.
Luke 22:48 But Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss?

“Friend,” Jesus said, “what have you done? Would you betray the Son of Man with a kiss?”

Eyewitness

Matthew 26:50 “Friend,” Jesus said, “what have you done?” Men grabbed Jesus and held him captive.
Luke 22:48 “Judas,” Jesus said, “would you betray the Son of Man with a kiss?”
King James

Matthew 26:50 And Jesus said unto him, Friend, wherefore art thou come? Then came they, and laid hands on Jesus, and took him.
Luke 22:48 But Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss?

Jesus was fully aware of all that would happen to him and stepped forward to greet the men. “Who are you looking for?”

Eyewitness

John 18:4 Jesus was fully aware of all that would happen to him and stepped forward to greet the men. “Who are you looking for?”
King James

John 18:4 Jesus therefore, knowing all things that should come upon him, went forth, and said unto them, Whom seek ye?

“Jesus of Nazareth.”

Eyewitness

John 18:5 “Jesus of Nazareth.” “I am he.” Judas, the traitor, stood there with the mob.
King James

John 18:5 They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he. And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them.

“I am he.”

Eyewitness

John 18:5 “Jesus of Nazareth.” “I am he.” Judas, the traitor, stood there with the mob.
King James

John 18:5 They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he. And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them.

Judas stood there with the mob. The moment Jesus said, “I am he,” the mob backed away and fell to the ground.

Eyewitness

John 18:5–6 “Jesus of Nazareth.” “I am he.” Judas, the traitor, stood there with the mob. The moment Jesus said, “I am he,” the mob backed away and fell to the ground.
King James

John 18:5–6 They answered him, Jesus of Nazareth. Jesus saith unto them, I am he. And Judas also, which betrayed him, stood with them. As soon then as he had said unto them, I am he, they went backward, and fell to the ground.

Jesus again said, “Who are you looking for?”

Eyewitness

John 18:7 Jesus again said, “Who are you looking for?” “Jesus of Nazareth.”
King James

John 18:7 Then asked he them again, Whom seek ye? And they said, Jesus of Nazareth.

“Jesus of Nazareth.”

Eyewitness

John 18:7 Jesus again said, “Who are you looking for?” “Jesus of Nazareth.”
King James

John 18:7 Then asked he them again, Whom seek ye? And they said, Jesus of Nazareth.

“I have already told you who I am. Since I am the one you want, let these others go.”

Eyewitness

John 18:8 “I have already told you who I am. Since I am the one you want, let these others go.”
King James

John 18:8 Jesus answered, I have told you that I am he: if therefore ye seek me, let these go their way:

This fulfilled what he had said earlier: None of those you gave me has been lost.

Eyewitness

John 17:12 While I was with them, I protected them by the authority you gave to me. Not one of those you gave me has been lost except the one destined for destruction so scripture might be fulfilled.
John 18:9 This fulfilled what he had said earlier: None of those you gave me has been lost.
King James

John 17:12 While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name: those that thou gavest me I have kept, and none of them is lost, but the son of perdition; that the scripture might be fulfilled.
John 18:9 That the saying might be fulfilled, which he spake, Of them which thou gavest me have I lost none.

Men grabbed Jesus and held him captive.

Eyewitness

Matthew 26:50 “Friend,” Jesus said, “what have you done?” Men grabbed Jesus and held him captive.
Mark 14:45–46 Without hesitation, Judas approached Jesus. “Hello, Teacher.” After he gave Jesus the customary kiss of greeting, men grabbed Jesus and held him captive.
King James

Matthew 26:50 And Jesus said unto him, Friend, wherefore art thou come? Then came they, and laid hands on Jesus, and took him.
Mark 14:45–46 And as soon as he was come, he goeth straightway to him, and saith, Master, master; and kissed him. And they laid their hands on him, and took him.

When the disciples saw what was about to happen, they said, “Sir, shall we use our swords to fight?”

Eyewitness

Luke 22:49 When the disciples saw what was about to happen, they said, “Sir, shall we use our swords to fight?”
King James

Luke 22:49 When they which were about him saw what would follow, they said unto him, Lord, shall we smite with the sword?

Simon Peter drew a sword and cut off the right ear of Malchus, the high priest’s servant.

Eyewitness

Matthew 26:51 One of the disciples drew a sword and cut off the high priest’s servant’s ear.
Mark 14:47 One of the bystanders drew a sword and cut off the high priest’s servant’s ear.
Luke 22:50 One of them drew a sword and cut off the high priest’s servant’s right ear.
John 18:10 Simon Peter drew a sword and cut off the right ear of Malchus, the high priest’s servant.
King James

Matthew 26:51 And, behold, one of them which were with Jesus stretched out his hand, and drew his sword, and struck a servant of the high priest’s, and smote off his ear.
Mark 14:47 And one of them that stood by drew a sword, and smote a servant of the high priest, and cut off his ear.
Luke 22:50 And one of them smote the servant of the high priest, and cut off his right ear.
John 18:10 Then Simon Peter having a sword drew it, and smote the high priest’s servant, and cut off his right ear. The servant’s name was Malchus.

“Stop!” Jesus said to Peter. “That is enough. Put away your sword. Those who live by the sword will die by the sword. Don’t you know I could ask my Father, and he would immediately send twelve armies of angels? But if I did, the scriptures could not be fulfilled that say this must happen.” He touched the servant’s ear and healed him. “Shall I not drink the cup of suffering that my Father has given to me?”

Eyewitness

Matthew 26:52–54 “Put away your sword,” Jesus said to him. “Those who live by the sword will die by the sword. Don’t you know I could ask my Father, and he would immediately send twelve armies of angels? But if I did, the scriptures could not be fulfilled that say this must happen.”
Luke 22:51 “Stop! That is enough.” Jesus touched the servant’s ear and healed him.
John 18:11 Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword back. Shall I not drink the cup of suffering that my Father has given to me?”
King James

Matthew 26:52–54 Then said Jesus unto him, Put up again thy sword into his place: for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword. Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels? But how then shall the scriptures be fulfilled, that thus it must be?
Luke 22:51 And Jesus answered and said, Suffer ye thus far. And he touched his ear, and healed him.
John 18:11 Then said Jesus unto Peter, Put up thy sword into the sheath: the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?

Jesus looked at the mob surrounding him. “Am I a hardened criminal that you must capture me with swords and clubs? Every day, I taught in the Temple. Why didn’t you arrest me there? It has happened this way to fulfill the words of the prophets. This is your time, when the power of darkness prevails.”

Eyewitness

Matthew 26:55–56 Jesus looked at the mob surrounding him. “Am I a hardened criminal that you must capture me with swords and clubs? Every day, I taught in the Temple. Why didn’t you arrest me there? It has happened this way to fulfill the words of the prophets.” All the disciples abandoned him and escaped.
Mark 14:48–49 Jesus looked at the mob surrounding him. “Am I a hardened criminal that you must capture me with swords and clubs? Every day, I taught in the Temple. Why didn’t you arrest me there? It has happened this way to fulfill the scriptures.”
Luke 22:52–53 He turned to the mob and spoke to the chief priests, Temple guards, and Jewish leaders. “Am I a hardened criminal that you must capture me with swords and clubs? Every day, I taught in the Temple. Why didn’t you arrest me there? This is your time, when the power of darkness prevails.”
King James

Matthew 26:55–56 In that same hour said Jesus to the multitudes, Are ye come out as against a thief with swords and staves for to take me? I sat daily with you teaching in the temple, and ye laid no hold on me. But all this was done, that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled.
Mark 14:48–49 And Jesus answered and said unto them, Are ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and with staves to take me? I was daily with you in the temple teaching, and ye took me not: but the scriptures must be fulfilled.
Luke 22:52–53 Then Jesus said unto the chief priests, and captains of the temple, and the elders, which were come to him, Be ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and staves? When I was daily with you in the temple, ye stretched forth no hands against me: but this is your hour, and the power of darkness.

All the disciples abandoned him and escaped.

Eyewitness

Zechariah 13:7 “Arise, O sword, against my shepherd, the one who is close to me,” declares the God of the heavenly host. “Strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered, and I will care for my little ones.”
Matthew 26:56 “It has happened this way to fulfill the words of the prophets.” All the disciples abandoned him and escaped.
Mark 14:50 All the disciples abandoned him and escaped.
King James

Zechariah 13:7 Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man that is my fellow, saith the LORD of hosts: smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered: and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones.
Matthew 26:56 But all this was done, that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled.
Mark 14:50 And they all forsook him, and fled.

A young man who had followed Jesus stood there, wearing only a linen sleeping garment. When the mob tried to grab him, they tore off his garment, and he ran away naked.

Eyewitness

Mark 14:51–52 A young man who had followed Jesus stood there, wearing only a linen sleeping garment. When the mob tried to grab him, they tore off his garment, and he ran away naked.
King James

Mark 14:51–52 And there followed him a certain young man, having a linen cloth cast about his naked body; and the young men laid hold on him: And he left the linen cloth, and fled from them naked.

The mob leader and Jewish guards grabbed and bound Jesus. They took him to Annas, the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was the high priest at that time. Caiaphas was the one who had told the Jewish leaders, “One man must die for the people so the whole nation will not be destroyed.” Annas asked Jesus about his disciples and what he had been teaching.

Eyewitness

John 11:50 for God is saying one man must die for the people so the whole nation will not be destroyed.”
John 18:12–13 The mob leader and Jewish guards grabbed and bound Jesus. They took him to Annas, the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was the high priest at that time.
John 18:19 Annas asked Jesus about his disciples and what he had been teaching.
King James

John 11:50 Nor consider that it is expedient for us, that one man should die for the people, and that the whole nation perish not.
John 18:12–13 Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him, And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.
John 18:19 The high priest then asked Jesus of his disciples, and of his doctrine.

“I have spoken openly before everyone,” Jesus said. “I have taught in the synagogues and in the Temple, wherever the people gather. I have said nothing in secret, so why question me? Ask those who were there and heard me speak. They know what I said.”

Eyewitness

John 18:20–21 “I have spoken openly before everyone,” Jesus said. “I have taught in the synagogues and in the Temple, wherever the people gather. I have said nothing in secret, so why question me? Ask those who were there and heard me speak. They know what I said.”
King James

John 18:20–21 Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world; I ever taught in the synagogue, and in the temple, whither the Jews always resort; and in secret have I said nothing. Why askest thou me? ask them which heard me, what I have said unto them: behold, they know what I said.

One of the guards slapped Jesus. “That is not the way you should answer the high priest.”

Eyewitness

John 18:22 One of the guards slapped Jesus. “That is not the way you should answer the high priest.”
King James

John 18:22 And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so?

“If I said something wrong,” Jesus said, “testify against me. But if I have spoken the truth, why do you strike me?”

Eyewitness

John 18:23 “If I said something wrong,” Jesus said, “testify against me. But if I have spoken the truth, why do you strike me?”
King James

John 18:23 Jesus answered him, If I have spoken evil, bear witness of the evil: but if well, why smitest thou me?