133 On the way to Gethsemane, Jesus teaches his disciples.

Psalms 35:19; 69:4; John 15:1–27; 16:1–33

What would have been the ideal setting for Jesus to teach about a vine and its branches (John 15:1–8)?

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What happens to a branch that is broken from the vine (John 15:4)?

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Under what conditions are our prayers answered (John 15:7)?

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In what ways do we glorify God (John 15:8)?

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What conditions are necessary to remain in God’s love and be filled with joy (John 15:9–11)?

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What is gained and what is lost when we sacrifice our lives to benefit others (John 15:12–13)?

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What is the difference between a servant and a friend (John 15:14–15)?

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Jesus called his disciples and they chose to follow, so who chose whom (John 15:16)?

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How can we best cope with rejection (John 15:17–19)?

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Why are Christians persecuted (John 15:20–25)?

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After giving the reason for people’s hatred, why are we given the scripture that says, “They hated me for no reason” (John 15:25)?

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Of what value is eyewitness testimony (John 15:26–27)?Write the question.

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Why was it important for the disciples to know about the problems they would face (John 16:1–4)?

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Why didn’t the disciples question Jesus about where he was going (John 16:5–6)?

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What was the purpose of Jesus leaving (John 16:7–11)?

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After three years of ministry, what did Jesus want to tell the disciples but couldn’t (John 16:12)?

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How would the disciples benefit from Jesus’ absence (John 16:13–15)?

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What did Jesus mean when he said the disciples would not see him but would see him again soon thereafter (John 16:16–23)?

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What is the benefit of asking something under Jesus’ direction and authority (John 16:24–28)?

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What had Jesus said that the disciples finally understood (John 16:29–30)?

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After thinking they understood, what did the disciple not understand (John 16:31–33)?

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I am the true vine, and my Father is the gardener,” Jesus said. “He cuts off every branch of mine that does not produce fruit. He prunes the branches that bear fruit so they will produce more. You are pruned by the words I have spoken to you. Remain attached to me, and I will live in you. As the branch must be on the vine to bear fruit, so must you stay joined to me. I am the vine, and you are the branches. You will bear much fruit if you remain in me and I live in you, but without me you can do nothing. Anyone who does not remain in me is like a withered branch to be thrown away. Such branches are gathered, cast into the fire, and burned. If you remain in me and my words direct your life, whatever you ask will be done for you. When you bear much fruit, you glorify my Father and show that you are my disciples.

Eyewitness

John 15:1–8 “I am the true vine, and my Father is the gardener. He cuts off every branch of mine that does not produce fruit. He prunes the branches that bear fruit so they will produce more. You are pruned by the words I have spoken to you. Remain attached to me, and I will live in you. As the branch must be on the vine to bear fruit, so must you stay joined to me. I am the vine, and you are the branches. You will bear much fruit if you remain in me and I live in you, but without me you can do nothing. Anyone who does not remain in me is like a withered branch to be thrown away. Such branches are gathered, cast into the fire, and burned. If you remain in me and my words direct your life, whatever you ask will be done for you. When you bear much fruit, you glorify my Father and show that you are my disciples.
King James

John 15:1–8 I am the true vine, and my Father is the husbandman. Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away: and every branch that beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit. Now ye are clean through the word which I have spoken unto you. Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye, except ye abide in me. I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing. If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned. If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you. Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be my disciples.

“I have loved you like my Father has loved me. Remain in my love. If you obey my commandments, you will remain in my love, just as I have obeyed my Father’s commandments and remain in his love. I have told you these things so you may have the joy I have, full and overflowing.

Eyewitness

John 15:9–11 “I have loved you like my Father has loved me. Remain in my love. If you obey my commandments, you will remain in my love, just as I have obeyed my Father’s commandments and remain in his love. I have told you these things so you may have the joy I have, full and overflowing.
King James

John 15:9–11 As the Father hath loved me, so have I loved you: continue ye in my love. If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide in my love; even as I have kept my Father’s commandments, and abide in his love. These things have I spoken unto you, that my joy might remain in you, and that your joy might be full.

“This is my commandment: love others as I have loved you. There is no greater love than for a man to sacrifice his life for his friends.

Eyewitness

John 15:12–13 “This is my commandment: love others as I have loved you. There is no greater love than for a man to sacrifice his life for his friends.
King James

John 15:12–13 This is my commandment, That ye love one another, as I have loved you. Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends.

“You are my friends if you do all that I instruct you to do. I have called you servants, but no longer, because servants do not know their master’s business. Because you are my friends, I have told you everything that I have heard from my Father. You did not choose me. I chose you. I appointed you to bear fruit that has a lasting impact. Whatever you ask the Father under my direction and authority, he will give you.

Eyewitness

John 15:14–16 You are my friends if you do all that I instruct you to do. I have called you servants, but no longer, because servants do not know their master’s business. Because you are my friends, I have told you everything that I have heard from my Father. You did not choose me. I chose you. I appointed you to bear fruit that has a lasting impact. Whatever you ask the Father under my direction and authority, he will give you.
King James

John 15:14–16 Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you. Henceforth I call you not servants; for the servant knoweth not what his lord doeth: but I have called you friends; for all things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you. Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you, that ye should go and bring forth fruit, and that your fruit should remain: that whatsoever ye shall ask of the Father in my name, he may give it you.

“This is my commandment: love one another. If the world hates you, remember that it first hated me. If you belonged to the world, its people would love you as one of their own. Because you do not belong to the world but I have chosen you, its people will hate you.

Eyewitness

John 15:17–19 “This is my commandment: love one another. If the world hates you, remember that it first hated me. If you belonged to the world, its people would love you as one of their own. Because you do not belong to the world but I have chosen you, its people will hate you.
King James

John 15:17–19 These things I command you, that ye love one another. If the world hate you, ye know that it hated me before it hated you. If ye were of the world, the world would love his own: but because ye are not of the world, but I have chosen you out of the world, therefore the world hateth you.

“Remember what I said before. The servant is not greater than his master. If they have persecuted me, they will persecute you. If they had listened to me, they would listen to you. They will treat you the same way they treated me, because they do not know the one who sent me. If I had not spoken to them, they would not have had their sin exposed, but now they have no excuse. Anyone who hates me also hates my Father. If I had not done miracles that no man has ever done, they would not be to blame. But they saw my deeds and hated both me and my Father. This fulfills what the scripture says: They hated me for no reason.

Eyewitness

Psalm 25:19 Look at how many enemies I have and how viciously they hate me.
Psalm 69:4 Those who hate me for no reason outnumber the hairs on my head. Unprovoked, my enemies seek to destroy me with lies, demanding that I repay what I have not stolen.
John 15:20–25 “Remember what I said before. The servant is not greater than his master. If they have persecuted me, they will persecute you. If they had listened to me, they would listen to you. They will treat you the same way they treated me, because they do not know the one who sent me. If I had not spoken to them, they would not have had their sin exposed, but now they have no excuse. Anyone who hates me also hates my Father. If I had not done miracles that no man has ever done, they would not be to blame. But they saw my deeds and hated both me and my Father. This fulfills what the scripture says: They hated me for no reason.
King James

Psalm 25:19 Consider mine enemies; for they are many; and they hate me with cruel hatred.
Psalm 69:4 They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of mine head: they that would destroy me, being mine enemies wrongfully, are mighty: then I restored that which I took not away.
John 15:20–25 Remember the word that I said unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord. If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you; if they have kept my saying, they will keep yours also. But all these things will they do unto you for my name’s sake, because they know not him that sent me. If I had not come and spoken unto them, they had not had sin: but now they have no cloke for their sin. He that hateth me hateth my Father also. If I had not done among them the works which none other man did, they had not had sin: but now have they both seen and hated both me and my Father. But this cometh to pass, that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause.

“When I send the Guide from my Father, the Spirit of Truth, he will speak about me. You also will be my witnesses, because you have been with me from the beginning.

Eyewitness

John 15:26–27 “When I send the Guide from my Father, the Spirit of Truth, he will speak about me. You also will be my witnesses, because you have been with me from the beginning.”
King James

John 15:26–27 But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall testify of me: And ye also shall bear witness, because ye have been with me from the beginning.

“I tell you these things so your faith will not be shaken. People will put you out of their synagogues. In fact, there will be a time when they will kill you and think they have pleased God. They will do those things because they do not know the Father or me. I am telling you this now so when the time comes, you will remember what I said and not be alarmed. I did not tell you earlier, because I was going to be with you for a while.

Eyewitness

John 16:1–4 “I tell you these things so your faith will not be shaken. People will put you out of their synagogues. In fact, there will be a time when they will kill you and think they have pleased God. They will do those things because they do not know the Father or me. I am telling you this now so when the time comes, you will remember what I said and not be alarmed. I did not tell you earlier, because I was going to be with you for a while.
King James

John 16:1–4 These things have I spoken unto you, that ye should not be offended. They shall put you out of the synagogues: yea, the time cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think that he doeth God service. And these things will they do unto you, because they have not known the Father, nor me. But these things have I told you, that when the time shall come, ye may remember that I told you of them. And these things I said not unto you at the beginning, because I was with you.

“Now that I am going to the one who sent me, none of you have said, ‘Where are you going?’ That is because you are filled with grief over what I have said. Even so, I tell you the truth. I must go, or the Guide will not come. But if I go, I will send him to you. When he comes, he will reveal to the world the truth about sin, righteousness, and judgment. About sin because they do not believe in me. About righteousness because I go to my Father and you no longer see me. About judgment because the prince of this world is condemned.

Eyewitness

John 16:5–11 “Now that I am going to the one who sent me, none of you have said, ‘Where are you going?’ That is because you are filled with grief over what I have said. Even so, I tell you the truth. I must go, or the Guide will not come. But if I go, I will send him to you. When he comes, he will reveal to the world the truth about sin, righteousness, and judgment. About sin because they do not believe in me. About righteousness because I go to my Father and you no longer see me. About judgment because the prince of this world is condemned.
King James

John 16:5–11 But now I go my way to him that sent me; and none of you asketh me, Whither goest thou? But because I have said these things unto you, sorrow hath filled your heart. Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send him unto you. And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment: Of sin, because they believe not on me; Of righteousness, because I go to my Father, and ye see me no more; Of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged.

“I have much more to tell you, but you cannot handle it right now. But when the Spirit of Truth comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own authority but will say only what he hears. He will reveal to you things to come. He will glorify me by hearing my words and revealing them to you. All that belongs to the Father belongs to me. That is why I can say he will receive my message and deliver it to you. Soon, you will not see me anymore, but soon after that, you will see me again.”

Eyewitness

John 16:12–16 “I have much more to tell you, but you cannot handle it right now. But when the Spirit of Truth comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own authority but will say only what he hears. He will reveal to you things to come. He will glorify me by hearing my words and revealing them to you. All that belongs to the Father belongs to me. That is why I can say he will receive my message and deliver it to you. Soon, you will not see me anymore, but soon after that, you will see me again.”
King James

John 16:12–16 I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now. Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you things to come. He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall shew it unto you. All things that the Father hath are mine: therefore said I, that he shall take of mine, and shall shew it unto you. A little while, and ye shall not see me: and again, a little while, and ye shall see me, because I go to the Father.

Some of the disciples said to one another, “What does he mean, ‘Soon, you will not see me anymore, but soon after that, you will see me again’ and ‘I go to my Father’? What does he mean by ‘soon’? What is he talking about?”

Eyewitness

John 16:17–18 Some of the disciples said to one another, “What does he mean, ‘Soon, you will not see me anymore, but soon after that, you will see me again’ and ‘I go to my Father’? What does he mean by ‘soon’? What is he talking about?”
King James

John 16:17–18 Then said some of his disciples among themselves, What is this that he saith unto us, A little while, and ye shall not see me: and again, a little while, and ye shall see me: and, Because I go to the Father? They said therefore, What is this that he saith, A little while? we cannot tell what he saith.

Jesus saw that they had questions they wanted to ask. “Are you asking one another what I meant when I said, ‘Soon, you will not see me anymore, but soon after that, you will see me again’? Certainly, you will cry and mourn, but the world will rejoice. You will grieve, but your grief will turn to joy. A woman who is about to give birth is in great pain when the moment comes. But afterward, she forgets the pain because of the joy that a child has been born. Right now, you have sorrow. But when I see you again, you will rejoice, and no one will be able to take that joy away. At that time, you will have no questions. I assure you, whatever you ask the Father under my direction and authority, he will give you.

Eyewitness

John 16:19–23 Jesus saw that they had questions they wanted to ask. “Are you asking one another what I meant when I said, ‘Soon, you will not see me anymore, but soon after that, you will see me again’? Certainly, you will cry and mourn, but the world will rejoice. You will grieve, but your grief will turn to joy. A woman who is about to give birth is in great pain when the moment comes. But afterward, she forgets the pain because of the joy that a child has been born. Right now, you have sorrow. But when I see you again, you will rejoice, and no one will be able to take that joy away. Then you will have no questions. I assure you, whatever you ask the Father under my direction and authority, he will give you.
King James

John 16:19–23 Now Jesus knew that they were desirous to ask him, and said unto them, Do ye enquire among yourselves of that I said, A little while, and ye shall not see me: and again, a little while, and ye shall see me? Verily, verily, I say unto you, That ye shall weep and lament, but the world shall rejoice: and ye shall be sorrowful, but your sorrow shall be turned into joy. A woman when she is in travail hath sorrow, because her hour is come: but as soon as she is delivered of the child, she remembereth no more the anguish, for joy that a man is born into the world. And ye now therefore have sorrow: but I will see you again, and your heart shall rejoice, and your joy no man taketh from you. And in that day ye shall ask me nothing. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name, he will give it you.

“Before now, you have not asked anything under my authority. If you ask, you will receive and experience fullness of joy. I have spoken to you figuratively, but the time will come when I will speak to you plainly about the Father. Then you can ask the Father under my authority, and I will not need to speak to him on your behalf, for the Father himself loves you, because you love me and believe I came from God. I came from the Father and entered the world. Now I must leave the world and go to the Father.”

Eyewitness

John 16:24–28 “Before now, you have not asked anything under my authority. If you ask, you will receive and experience fullness of joy. I have spoken to you figuratively, but the time will come when I will speak to you plainly about the Father. At that time, you can ask the Father under my authority, and I will not need to speak to him on your behalf, for the Father himself loves you, because you love me and believe I came from God. I came from the Father and entered the world. Now I must leave the world and go to the Father.”
King James

John 16:24–28 Hitherto have ye asked nothing in my name: ask, and ye shall receive, that your joy may be full. These things have I spoken unto you in proverbs: but the time cometh, when I shall no more speak unto you in proverbs, but I shall shew you plainly of the Father. At that day ye shall ask in my name: and I say not unto you, that I will pray the Father for you: For the Father himself loveth you, because ye have loved me, and have believed that I came out from God. I came forth from the Father, and am come into the world: again, I leave the world, and go to the Father.

“Now you are speaking plainly,” the disciples said, “without the confusing figures of speech. We can see that you know all things, and we do not have to ask more questions to know that you came from God.”

Eyewitness

John 16:29–30 “Now you are speaking plainly,” the disciples said, “without the confusing figures of speech. We can see that you know all things, and we do not have to ask more questions to know that you came from God.”
King James

John 16:29–30 His disciples said unto him, Lo, now speakest thou plainly, and speakest no proverb. Now are we sure that thou knowest all things, and needest not that any man should ask thee: by this we believe that thou camest forth from God.

“Do you believe now? Listen, the time is coming—in fact, it is already here—when you will scatter to your own homes and abandon me. Yet I am not alone, because the Father is with me. I have told you these things so you will have peace because of me. In this world, you will suffer, but cheer up. I have overcome the world.”

Eyewitness

John 16:31–33 “Do you believe now? Listen, the time is coming—in fact, it is already here—when you will scatter to your own homes and abandon me. Yet I am not alone, because the Father is with me. I have told you these things so you will have peace because of me. In this world, you will suffer, but cheer up. I have overcome the world.”
King James

John 16:31–33 Jesus answered them, Do ye now believe? Behold, the hour cometh, yea, is now come, that ye shall be scattered, every man to his own, and shall leave me alone: and yet I am not alone, because the Father is with me. These things I have spoken unto you, that in me ye might have peace. In the world ye shall have tribulation: but be of good cheer; I have overcome the world.