128 Jesus celebrates Passover with the disciples.

Exodus 24:6–8; Jeremiah 31:31; Matthew 26:20, 26–29; Mark 14:17, 22–25; Luke 22:14–20; John 13:2; 1 Corinthians 11:23–26

How might the disciples have been seated with Jesus around the table (Matthew 26:20)?

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At the Passover meal, what was Judas thinking (John 13:2)?

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Why was Jesus looking forward to eating the Passover meal with his disciples (Luke 22:15–18)?

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When Jesus said, “I won’t drink wine again until the Kingdom of God has come,” what did the disciples think he meant (Luke 22:18)?

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What association did the disciples make between the Passover bread and wine and what Jesus was saying about his own body and blood (Luke 22:19–20)?

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What were the disciples told to do when they ate bread and drank wine (Luke 22:19)?

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How was the new agreement different from the old (Luke 22:19)?

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In the evening, Jesus sat with the twelve disciples at the table. As the meal progressed, Judas Iscariot, son of Simon, assembled his devilish thoughts on how he would betray Jesus.

Eyewitness

Matthew 26:20 In the evening, Jesus sat with the twelve disciples at the table.
Mark 14:17 In the evening, Jesus arrived with the twelve disciples.
Luke 22:14 When the time came, Jesus sat with the disciples at the table.
John 13:2 As the meal progressed, Judas Iscariot, son of Simon, assembled his devilish thoughts on how he would betray Jesus.
King James

Matthew 26:20 Now when the even was come, he sat down with the twelve.
Mark 14:17 And in the evening he cometh with the twelve.
Luke 22:14 And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him.
John 13:2 And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, to betray him;

Jesus said, “I have looked forward to eating this Passover meal with you before I suffer. I will not eat of it again until all has been fulfilled in the Kingdom of God.” He held the cup, offered thanks, and passed it to the disciples. “Take this wine and drink, all of you. I will not drink wine again until the Kingdom of God has come.”

Eyewitness

Luke 22:15–18 Jesus said, “I have looked forward to eating this Passover meal with you before I suffer. I will not eat of it again until all has been fulfilled in the Kingdom of God.” He held the cup, offered thanks, and passed it to the disciples. “Take this wine and drink, all of you. I will not drink wine again until the Kingdom of God has come.”
King James

Luke 22:15–18 And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer:1 For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God. And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves: For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come.

While they ate, he took the bread, blessed it, broke it, and passed it to the disciples. “Take this bread and eat. This is my body that is given for you. Do this to remember me.”

Eyewitness

Matthew 26:26 While they ate, Jesus took the bread, blessed it, broke it, and passed it to the disciples. “Take this bread and eat. This is my body.”
Mark 14:22 While they ate, Jesus took the bread, blessed it, broke it, and passed it to the disciples. “Take this bread and eat. This is my body.”
Luke 22:19 He took the bread, blessed it, broke it, and passed it to the disciples. “This is my body that is given for you. Do this to remember me.”
1 Corinthians 11:23–24 You were taught what I learned from the Lord. On the night Jesus was betrayed, he took the bread, blessed it, broke it, and said to his disciples, “Take this bread and eat. This is my body that is broken for you. Do this to remember me.”
King James

Matthew 26:26 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body.
Mark 14:22 And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and brake it, and gave to them, and said, Take, eat: this is my body.
Luke 22:19 And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.
1 Corinthians 11:23–24 For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread: And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me.

In the same way, he held the cup after they had eaten, offered thanks, and passed it to the disciples. “Take this wine and drink, all of you. This cup is the new agreement between God and his people, sealed with my blood, to be poured out so that many offenses may be pardoned. I tell you, I will not drink wine again until I drink with you in my Father’s Kingdom. Remember me whenever you drink.”

Eyewitness

Exodus 24:6–8 Moses drained half the blood into bowls and sprinkled the rest on the altar. He took the Book of Agreement and read it to the people who said, “We will obey God in all that he has commanded.” From the bowls, Moses sprinkled the blood on the people. “This blood seals the agreement that God has made with these words.”
Jeremiah 31:31 “Look, the time will come,” God says, “when I will make a new agreement with the people of Israel and Judah.”
Matthew 26:27–29 He held the cup, offered thanks, and passed it to the disciples. “Take this wine and drink, all of you. This is my blood of the new agreement between God and his people, to be poured out so that many offenses may be pardoned. I tell you, I will not drink wine again until I drink with you in my Father’s Kingdom.”
Mark 14:23–25 He held the cup, offered thanks, and passed it to the disciples. They all drank from it. “This is my blood of the new agreement between God and his people, to be poured out for many. I tell you, I will not drink wine again until I drink with you in the Kingdom of God.”
Luke 22:20 In the same way, he held the cup after they had eaten and said, “This cup is the new agreement sealed with my blood.
1 Corinthians 11:25 In the same demonstration of self-sacrifice, he took the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup is the new agreement sealed with my blood. Whenever you drink, remember what I have done.”
King James

Exodus 24:6–8 And Moses took half of the blood, and put it in basons; and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar. And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the Lord hath said will we do, and be obedient. And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the Lord hath made with you concerning all these words.
Jeremiah 31:31 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:
Matthew 26:27–29 And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.
Mark 14:23–25 And he took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave it to them: and they all drank of it. And he said unto them, This is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many. Verily I say unto you, I will drink no more of the fruit of the vine, until that day that I drink it new in the kingdom of God.
Luke 22:20 Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.
1 Corinthians 11:25 After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me.