12 The Holy Spirit leads Jesus to an encounter with Satan.

Deuteronomy 6:16; 8:3; 11:13; Psalm 91:11–12; Matthew 4:1–11; Mark 1:12–13; Luke 4:1–13

In Jesus being led to be tempted of Satan, what might God’s purpose have been (Matthew 4:1)?

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Why might we think this was the first time Satan came to Jesus (Matthew 4:1)?

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Is Satan the cause of all temptation (Matthew 4:1)? Why?

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Do you think Jesus and Satan already knew each other (Matthew 4:1)? Why?

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What do you think happened during the forty days when Jesus fasted (Matthew 4:2)?

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In relation to the fast, at what point did Satan appear before Jesus (Matthew 4:2)?

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What was tempting about changing stones to bread (Matthew 4:3)?

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Why did Jesus refuse to do what Satan suggested (Matthew 4:4)?

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Matthew lists Satan taking Jesus to the Temple as the second temptation. Luke puts it in third place. Which do you think is correct (Matthew 4:5; Luke 4:5–7)? Why?

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What would be tempting about jumping off a high cliff (Matthew 4:5–6)?

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The first temptation obviously was presented to satisfy a physical need. What need would be satisfied by jumping off the precipice at the Temple (Matthew 4:5–6)?

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How would Satan and Jesus have known that the songwriter’s words (Psalm 91:11–12) applied to Jesus (Matthew 4:5–6)?

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Why did Jesus regard jumping as “tempting God” and not “fulfillment of Scripture” (Matthew 4:7)?

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What did Satan have to gain by offering Jesus all the kingdoms of the world (Luke 4:5–7)?

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What did Jesus have to gain by accepting Satan’s offer (Luke 4:5–7)?

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What would Jesus have lost if he had accepted Satan’s offer (Luke 4:5–8)?

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After being rejected in three ways, Satan left for a while (Luke 4:13). What reason would he have to return?

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In what way would the angels have ministered to Jesus after the temptations (Matthews 4:11)?

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Full of the Holy Spirit, Jesus left the Jordan River. The Spirit led him into the wilderness to be tempted by Satan. For forty days, Jesus was among the wild animals and fasted, eating nothing at all. Afterward, it was time to eat.

Eyewitness

Matthew 4:1–2 The Holy Spirit led Jesus into the wilderness to be tempted by Satan. For forty days, Jesus fasted, eating nothing at all. Afterward, it was time to eat.
Mark 1:12–13 Immediately after his baptism, the Holy Spirit led him into the wilderness, where he was tempted by Satan. For forty days, Jesus lived among the wild animals, and angels cared for him.
Luke 4:1–2 Full of the Holy Spirit, Jesus left the Jordan River and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness. For forty days, he fasted, eating nothing at all. Afterward, it was time to eat.
King James

Matthew 4:1–2 Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil. 2 And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungred.
Mark 1:12–13 And immediately the Spirit driveth him into the wilderness. And he was there in the wilderness forty days, tempted of Satan; and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered unto him.
Luke 4:1–2 And Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost returned from Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness, Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered.

The tempter came and said, “Since you are the Son of God, command these stones to become bread.”

Eyewitness

Matthew 4:3 The tempter came and said, “Since you are the Son of God, command these stones to become bread.”
Luke 4:3 Satan said to him, “Since you are the Son of God, command these stones to become bread.”
King James

Matthew 4:3 And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread.
Luke 4:3 And the devil said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, command this stone that it be made bread.

Jesus refused, quoting from Deuteronomy: “People do not live by bread only but by everything God says.

Eyewitness

Deuteronomy 8:3 He made you go hungry and then gave you manna—food that you and your ancestors had never eaten before—so you would learn that people do not live by bread only but by everything God says.
Matthew 4:4 Jesus refused, quoting from Deuteronomy: “People do not live by bread only but by everything God says.
Luke 4:4 Jesus refused, quoting from Deuteronomy: “People do not live by bread only but by everything God says.
King James

Deuteronomy 8:3 And he humbled thee, and suffered thee to hunger, and fed thee with manna, which thou knewest not, neither did thy fathers know; that he might make thee know that man doth not live by bread only, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of the LORD doth man live.
Matthew 4:4 But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God. (Matt. 4:4 KJV)
Luke 4:4 And Jesus answered him, saying, It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word of God.

Satan took him to the Temple in Jerusalem and stood him on a high place, towering above the Kidron valley. “Since you are the Son of God, jump. For it is written in the Psalms: God will command his angels to protect you wherever you go. They will hold you in their hands lest you strike your foot against a stone.

Eyewitness

Psalm 91:11–12 God will command his angels to protect you wherever you go. They will hold you in their hands lest you strike your foot against a stone.
Luke 4:9–11 Satan took him to the Temple in Jerusalem and stood him on a high place. “Since you are the Son of God, jump. For it is written, God will command his angels to protect you. They will hold you in their hands lest you strike your foot against a stone.
King James

Psalm 91:11–12 For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways. They shall bear thee up in their hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone.
Luke 4:9–11 And he brought him to Jerusalem, and set him on a pinnacle of the temple, and said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down from hence: For it is written, He shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee: And in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone.

“It is also written,” Jesus said, quoting from another Deuteronomy passage, “You must not test the Lord your God.

Eyewitness

Deuteronomy 6:16 You must not test the Lord your God as you did at Massah.
Matthew 4:7 “It is also written,” Jesus said, quoting from another Deuteronomy passage, “You must not test the Lord your God.
Luke 4:12 “It is also written,” Jesus said, “You must not test the Lord your God.
King James

Deuteronomy 6:16 Ye shall not tempt the Lord your God, as ye tempted him in Massah.
Matthew 4:7 Jesus said unto him, It is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.
Luke 4:12 And Jesus answering said unto him, It is said, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.

Finally, Satan took him to a high mountain and showed him the magnificence of the kingdoms of this world. “I will give you all of this if you will bow and worship me. I will give you all this power and glory. I can give it to anyone I please. Simply worship me, and you can have it all.”

Eyewitness

Matthew 4:8–9 Once more, Satan took him to a high mountain and showed him the magnificence of the kingdoms of this world. I will give you all of this,” he said, “if you will bow and worship me.”
Luke 4:5–7 Satan took him to a high mountain and showed him the kingdoms of this world. “I will give you all this power and glory,” he said. “I can give it to anyone I please. Simply worship me, and you can have it all.”
King James

Matthew 4:8–9 Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them; And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me.
Luke 4:5–7 And the devil, taking him up into an high mountain, shewed unto him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. And the devil said unto him, All this power will I give thee, and the glory of them: for that is delivered unto me; and to whomsoever I will I give it. If thou therefore wilt worship me, all shall be thine.

Again, Jesus refused. “Get out of here, Satan. The scriptures say: Love the Lord your God and serve him only, with all your heart and soul.

Eyewitness

Deuteronomy 11:13 If you obey all the commands I have given you today, to love the Lord your God and serve him with all your heart and soul.
Matthew 4:10 Again, Jesus refused. “Get out of here, Satan. The scriptures say: Love the Lord your God and serve only him.“)
Luke 4:8 Again, Jesus refused. “Get out of here, Satan. The scriptures say: Love the Lord your God and serve only him.“)
King James

Deuteronomy 11:13 And it shall come to pass, if ye shall hearken diligently unto my commandments which I command you this day, to love the LORD your God, and to serve him with all your heart and with all your soul,
Matthew 4:10 Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.
Luke 4:8 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.

After Satan had finished these temptations, he left for a while. Then angels came and ministered to Jesus.

Eyewitness

Matthew 4:11 Then Satan left, and angels came and ministered to Jesus.
Mark 1:13 where he was tempted by Satan. For forty days, Jesus lived among the wild animals, and angels cared for him.
Luke 4:13 After Satan had finished these temptations, he left for a while.
King James

Matthew 4:11 Then the devil leaveth him, and, behold, angels came and ministered unto him.
Mark 1:13 And he was there in the wilderness forty days, tempted of Satan; and was with the wild beasts; and the angels ministered unto him.
Luke 4:13 And when the devil had ended all the temptation, he departed from him for a season.