113 Sharecroppers kill the landowner’s son.

Psalm 118:22–23; Isaiah 8:14–15; Matthew 21:33–46; Mark 12:1–12; Luke 20:9–19

Why were stories an effective way to make a point (Matthew 21:33)?

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In what ways does Jesus’ story of the sharecroppers resemble how he was treated by religious leaders (Matthew 21:34–39)

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What happened to the men who killed the landowner’s son (Matthew 21:40–41)?

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How well do you think people understood the story that Jesus told (Luke 20:16)?

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What percentage of Jesus’ audience do you think had read the psalm of the rejected stone becoming the cornerstone (Psalm 118:22)?

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According to Jesus, why would the Kingdom be taken from one people and given to another (Matthew 21:42–44)?

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What aspect of Jesus’ story made the Pharisees and chief priests think he was talking about them (Matthew 21:45)?

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What aspect of Jesus’ story made the Pharisees and chief priests think he was talking about them (Matthew 21:45)?

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Jesus used this illustration as he spoke to the people: “A landowner planted a vineyard, put a fence around it, dug a winepress, and built a watchtower. He left the vineyard under the care of sharecroppers and went to another country for a long time.

Eyewitness

Matthew 21:33 “Now listen to this illustration,” Jesus said. “A landowner planted a vineyard, put a fence around it, dug a winepress, and built a watchtower. He left the vineyard under the care of sharecroppers and went to another country.
Mark 12:1 Jesus used this illustration as he spoke to the people: “A landowner planted a vineyard, put a fence around it, dug a winepress, and built a watchtower. He left the vineyard under the care of sharecroppers and went to another country.
Luke 20:9 Jesus used this illustration as he spoke to the people: “A landowner planted a vineyard, left it under the care of sharecroppers, and went to another country for a long time.
King James

Matthew 21:33 Hear another parable: There was a certain householder, which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and digged a winepress in it, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country:
Mark 12:1 And he began to speak unto them by parables. A certain man planted a vineyard, and set an hedge about it, and digged a place for the winefat, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country.
Luke 20:9 Then began he to speak to the people this parable; A certain man planted a vineyard, and let it forth to husbandmen, and went into a far country for a long time.

“At harvest season, he sent his servants to collect his share from the vineyard. The sharecroppers grabbed and beat up one servant, sending him away with nothing. They killed another. They threw stones at a third, wounding him in the head, and ran him off with their insults. And so it was with all who were sent. Some were beaten. Others were killed.

Eyewitness

Matthew 21:34–36 “At harvest season, he sent his servants to collect his share from the vineyard. The sharecroppers grabbed and beat up one servant, killed another, and stoned a third. Again, the landowner sent servants, but the sharecroppers mistreated them in the same way.
Mark 12:2–5 “At harvest season, he sent a servant to collect his share from the vineyard, but the sharecroppers grabbed and beat him, sending him away with nothing. So the landowner sent another servant. They threw stones at him, wounding him in the head, and ran him off with their insults. When yet another servant was sent, they killed him. And so it was with all who were sent. Some were beaten. Others were killed,
Luke 20:10–12 “At harvest season, he sent a servant to collect his share from the vineyard, but the sharecroppers grabbed and beat him, sending him away with nothing. So the landowner sent another servant. They also beat him and ran him off with nothing but their insults. When a third servant was sent, they wounded him and threw him out.
King James

Matthew 21:34–36 And when the time of the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the husbandmen, that they might receive the fruits of it. And the husbandmen took his servants, and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another. Again, he sent other servants more than the first: and they did unto them likewise.
Mark 12:2–5 And at the season he sent to the husbandmen a servant, that he might receive from the husbandmen of the fruit of the vineyard. And they caught him, and beat him, and sent him away empty. And again he sent unto them another servant; and at him they cast stones, and wounded him in the head, and sent him away shamefully handled. And again he sent another; and him they killed, and many others; beating some, and killing some.
Luke 20:10–12 And at the season he sent a servant to the husbandmen, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard: but the husbandmen beat him, and sent him away empty. And again he sent another servant: and they beat him also, and entreated him shamefully, and sent him away empty. And again he sent a third: and they wounded him also, and cast him out.

“‘What can I do?’ the landowner said. ‘I have no servants left. I know. I will send my only son. Surely they will respect him.’

Eyewitness

Matthew 21:37 “Finally, he sent his son, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’
Mark 12:6 until the only one left to send was the landowner’s only son. Finally, he sent him, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’
Luke 20:13 “The owner of the vineyard said, ‘What can I do? I know. I will send my only son. Surely they will respect him.’
King James

Matthew 21:37 But last of all he sent unto them his son, saying, They will reverence my son.
Mark 12:6 Having yet therefore one son, his wellbeloved, he sent him also last unto them, saying, They will reverence my son.
Luke 20:13 Then said the lord of the vineyard, What shall I do? I will send my beloved son: it may be they will reverence him when they see him.

“When the sharecroppers saw him coming, they said to themselves, ‘He is the heir. If we kill him, we can have his inheritance.’ So they grabbed him, dragged him out of the vineyard, and killed him.

Eyewitness

Matthew 21:38–39 “When the sharecroppers saw him coming, they said to themselves, ‘He is the heir. If we kill him, we can have his inheritance.’ So they grabbed him, dragged him out of the vineyard, and killed him.
Mark 12:7–8 “When the sharecroppers saw him coming, they said to themselves, ‘He is the heir. If we kill him, we can have his inheritance.’ So they grabbed him, dragged him out of the vineyard, and killed him.
Luke 20:14–15 “When the sharecroppers saw him coming, they said to themselves, ‘He is the heir. If we kill him, we can have his inheritance.’ So they dragged him out of the vineyard and killed him. What do you think the landowner will do to those sharecroppers?
King James

Matthew 21:38–39 But when the husbandmen saw the son, they said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and let us seize on his inheritance. And they caught him, and cast him out of the vineyard, and slew him.
Mark 12:7–8 But those husbandmen said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance shall be ours. And they took him, and killed him, and cast him out of the vineyard.
Luke 20:14–15 But when the husbandmen saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, This is the heir: come, let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours. So they cast him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore shall the lord of the vineyard do unto them?

“What do you think the landowner will do to those sharecroppers when he returns? He will destroy those wicked men with a horrible death and find others who will give him his share of the harvest.”

Eyewitness

Matthew 21:40–41 “What do you think the landowner will do to those sharecroppers when he returns? He will destroy those wicked men with a horrible death and find others who will give him his share of the harvest.”
Mark 12:9 “What do you think the landowner will do to those sharecroppers? He will destroy those men and find others who will give him his share of the harvest.”
Luke 20:15–16 “So they dragged him out of the vineyard and killed him. What do you think the landowner will do to those sharecroppers? He will destroy those men and find others who will give him his share of the harvest.” After hearing this, the people listening to Jesus said, “This must never happen.”
King James

Matthew 21:40–41 When the lord therefore of the vineyard cometh, what will he do unto those husbandmen? They say unto him, He will miserably destroy those wicked men, and will let out his vineyard unto other husbandmen, which shall render him the fruits in their seasons.
Mark 12:9 What shall therefore the lord of the vineyard do? he will come and destroy the husbandmen, and will give the vineyard unto others.
Luke 20:15–16 So they cast him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore shall the lord of the vineyard do unto them? He shall come and destroy these husbandmen, and shall give the vineyard to others. And when they heard it, they said, God forbid.

The people listening to Jesus said, “This must never happen.”

Eyewitness

Luke 20:16 “He will destroy those men and find others who will give him his share of the harvest.” After hearing this, the people listening to Jesus said, “This must never happen.”
King James

Luke 20:16 He shall come and destroy these husbandmen, and shall give the vineyard to others. And when they heard it, they said, God forbid.

Looking straight at them, Jesus said, “Haven’t you read the scripture? The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone. God has done this, and it is a wonderful sight to behold. So I am telling you, the Kingdom of God will be taken from you and will be given to a fruitful people. Those who fall on this stone will be broken, but those on whom this stone falls will be crushed.”

Eyewitness

Psalm 118:22–23 The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone. God has done this, and it is a wonderful sight to behold.
Isaiah 8:14–15 He can be either a place of safety or a stumbling block, a rock of offense to Judah and Israel, a trap or snare to the people of Jerusalem. Many will stumble, fall, and be broken. They will be enticed and captured.
Matthew 21:42–44 “Haven’t you read the scripture? The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone. God has done this, and it is a wonderful sight to behold. So I am telling you, the Kingdom of God will be taken from you and will be given to a fruitful people. Those who fall on this stone will be broken, but those on whom this stone falls will be crushed.”
Mark 12:10–11 “Haven’t you read the scripture? The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone. God has done this, and it is a wonderful sight to behold.
Luke 20:17 Looking straight at them, Jesus said, “Haven’t you read the scripture? The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone.
King James

Psalm 118:22–23 The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner. This is the Lord’s doing; it is marvellous in our eyes.
Isaiah 8:14–15 And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. And many among them shall stumble, and fall, and be broken, and be snared, and be taken.
Matthew 21:42–44 Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord’s doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes? Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof. And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
Mark 12:10–11 And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner: This was the Lord’s doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?
Luke 20:17 And he beheld them, and said, What is this then that is written, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner?

The Jewish leaders realized that he was talking about them. They wanted to arrest him but went their way because they feared the many people who believed Jesus was a prophet.

Eyewitness

Matthew 21:45–46 After the Pharisees and chief priests heard his illustrations, they realized that he was talking about them. They wanted to arrest him but could not, because they feared the many people who believed Jesus was a prophet.
Mark 12:12 The Jewish leaders realized that he was talking about them. They wanted to arrest him but went their way because they feared the people.
Luke 20:19 The chief priests and teachers of the Law realized that he was talking about them, so they wanted to arrest him.
King James

Matthew 21:45–46 And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they perceived that he spake of them. But when they sought to lay hands on him, they feared the multitude, because they took him for a prophet.
Mark 12:12 And they sought to lay hold on him, but feared the people: for they knew that he had spoken the parable against them: and they left him, and went their way.
Luke 20:19 And the chief priests and the scribes the same hour sought to lay hands on him; and they feared the people: for they perceived that he had spoken this parable against them.