110 Some Greek men want to see Jesus.

Psalm 110:4; Isaiah 6:10; 53:1; Mark 11:10–11; John 12:20–50

Why were people in Jerusalem asking who Jesus was (Matthew 21:10)?

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How were the Greeks who had come for Passover different from the local Jews (John 12:20)?

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Why didn’t the Greeks see Jesus directly (John 12:20–22)?

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What interest did the Greeks have in seeing Jesus (John 12:22–25)?

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How did the Greeks interpret Jesus’ statement that life comes from death (John 12:24–25)?

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What does loving or hating life in this world have to do with eternal life (John 12:25)?

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How interested were the Greeks in following Jesus (John 12:26)? Why?

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What made Jesus’ commitment to the Father courageous (John 12:27)?

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Whose voice spoke from the sky (John 12:28–29)? Who heard it?

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How is glory brought to the name of God (John 12:28)?

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Why was the voice from above not for Jesus’ benefit (John 12:30)?

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In what ways could Jesus’ audience have interpreted what he said about being “lifted up” (John 12:31–34)?

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What does it mean to “trust in the light” (John 12:35–36)?

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After seeing the miracles, what did the people not believe (John 12:37–38)?

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What is needed for people to see “the Lord’s hand at work” (John 12:37–38)?

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If God doesn’t want anyone to perish, why would he harden people’s hearts (John 12:39–40)?

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How did the prophet Isaiah see the Messiah’s glory (John 12:41)?

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Why didn’t the believers speak up and support Jesus (John 12:42–43)?

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How well did people receive the message that those who accepted or rejected Jesus were accepting or rejecting God (John 12:44–50)?

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How important was hearing and following Jesus (John 12:44–50)? How well do you think Christians do that today?

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Jesus’ entry into Jerusalem stirred up the whole city. “Who is this?” people said. Those in the crowd who had been following him said, “The prophet Jesus, from Nazareth in Galilee.” After entering Jerusalem, he went to the Temple and spent time there, observing and interacting with people until evening.

Eyewitness

Matthew 21:10–11 Jesus’ entry into Jerusalem stirred up the whole city. “Who is this?” people said. Those in the crowd who had been following him said, “The prophet Jesus, from Nazareth in Galilee.”
Mark 11:11 After entering Jerusalem, Jesus went to the Temple and spent time there, observing and interacting with people until evening. Then he and the disciples went to Bethany.
King James

Matthew 21:10–11 And when he was come into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, saying, Who is this? And the multitude said, This is Jesus the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee.
Mark 11:11 And Jesus entered into Jerusalem, and into the temple: and when he had looked round about upon all things, and now the eventide was come, he went out unto Bethany with the twelve.

Some Greeks were among those who had come to worship during Passover. They went to Philip with their request. “Sir, we want to meet with Jesus.” Philip told Andrew, and the two of them asked Jesus if he would meet with the Greeks.

Eyewitness

John 12:20–22 Some Greeks were among those who had come to worship during Passover. They went to Philip with their request. “Sir, we want to meet with Jesus.” Philip told Andrew, and the two of them asked Jesus if he would meet with the Greeks.
King James

John 12:20–22 And there were certain Greeks among them that came up to worship at the feast: The same came therefore to Philip, which was of Bethsaida of Galilee, and desired him, saying, Sir, we would see Jesus. Philip cometh and telleth Andrew: and again Andrew and Philip tell Jesus.

“The time has come,” Jesus said, “for the Son of Man to be glorified. I tell you the truth, until a grain of wheat is put into the ground and dies, it lives alone. But if it dies, it produces a great harvest. A man who loves life in this world will lose it, but he who hates life here will live forever.

Eyewitness

John 12:23–25 The time has come,” Jesus said, “for the Son of Man to be glorified. I tell you the truth, until a grain of wheat is put into the ground and dies, it lives alone. But if it dies, it produces a great harvest. A man who loves life in this world will lose it, but he who hates life here will live forever.
King James

John 12:23–25 And Jesus answered them, saying, The hour is come, that the Son of man should be glorified. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat fall into the ground and die, it abideth alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit. He that loveth his life shall lose it; and he that hateth his life in this world shall keep it unto life eternal.

“If you want to serve me, you must follow me and be wherever I am. If you serve me, you will be rewarded by my Father.

Eyewitness

John 12:26 “If you want to serve me, you must follow me and be wherever I am. If you serve me, you will be rewarded by my Father.
King James

John 12:26 If any man serve me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall also my servant be: if any man serve me, him will my Father honour.

“Right now, my soul is troubled. Should I say, ‘Father, save me from what I am about to face’? No. This is why I came. Father, bring glory to your name.”

Eyewitness

John 12:27–28 “Right now, my soul is troubled. Should I say, ‘Father, save me from what I am about to face’? No. This is why I came. Father, bring glory to your name.” A voice from heaven said, “I have already glorified my name and will do so again.”
King James

John 12:27–28 Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour: but for this cause came I unto this hour. Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again.

A voice from above said, “I have already glorified my name and will do so again.”

Eyewitness

John 12:28 “Father, bring glory to your name.” A voice from above said, “I have already glorified my name and will do so again.”
King James

John 12:28 Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, saying, I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again.

Many bystanders heard only a sound they thought was thunder. Others said, “An angel has spoken to him.”

Eyewitness

John 12:29 Many bystanders heard only a sound they thought was thunder. Others said, “An angel has spoken to him.”
King James

John 12:29 The people therefore, that stood by, and heard it, said that it thundered: others said, An angel spake to him.

Jesus said, “That voice was for your benefit, not mine. Now is the time for the prince of this world to be judged and cast out. When I am lifted up from the earth, I will draw everyone to me.” In saying this, he predicted how he would die.

Eyewitness

John 12:30–33 Jesus said, “That voice was for your benefit, not mine. Now is the time for the prince of this world to be judged and cast out. When I am lifted up from the earth, I will draw everyone to me.” In saying this, he predicted how he would die.
King James

John 12:30–33 Jesus answered and said, This voice came not because of me, but for your sakes. Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out. And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto me. This he said, signifying what death he should die.

The crowd said, “Scriptures say the Messiah will live forever. How can you say the Son of Man must be crucified? Who is this Son of Man?”

Eyewitness

Psalm 110:4 God made a solemn promise and will never change his mind. “You are a priest forever, of the Melchizedek order.”
John 12:34 The crowd said, “Scriptures say the Messiah will live forever. How can you say the Son of Man must be crucified? Who is this Son of Man?”
King James

Psalm 110:4 The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.
John 12:34 The people answered him, We have heard out of the law that Christ abideth for ever: and how sayest thou, The Son of man must be lifted up? who is this Son of man?

“For only a little longer,” Jesus said, “my light will be with you. Walk in that light while you can so you will not be caught in the darkness. Those who walk in darkness do not know where they are going. Trust the light while there is still time, and you will become children of light.” After saying these things, Jesus and the disciples went to Bethany and hid from the people.

Eyewitness

Mark 11:11 After entering Jerusalem, Jesus went to the Temple and spent time there, observing and interacting with people until evening. Then he and the disciples went to Bethany.
John 12:35–36 “For only a little longer,” Jesus said, “my light will be with you. Walk in that light while you can so you will not be caught in the darkness. Those who walk in darkness do not know where they are going. Trust the light while there is still time, and you will become children of light.” After saying these things, Jesus left and hid from the people.
King James

Mark 11:11 And Jesus entered into Jerusalem, and into the temple: and when he had looked round about upon all things, and now the eventide was come, he went out unto Bethany with the twelve.
John 12:35–36 Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth. While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them.

Despite all the miracles he had done, the people still did not believe in him, fulfilling what the prophet Isaiah wrote: Who would have believed what we have prophesied? Who can see the Lord’s hand at work?

Eyewitness

Isaiah 53:1 “Who would have believed what we have prophesied? Who can see the Lord’s hand at work?
John 12:37–38 Despite all the miracles he had done, the people still did not believe in him, fulfilling what the prophet Isaiah wrote: Who would have believed what we have prophesied? Who can see the Lord’s hand at work?
King James

Isaiah 53:1 Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed?
John 12:37–38 But though he had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not on him: That the saying of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake, Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been revealed?

They had no faith, as Isaiah wrote: Harden the hearts of these people and close their ears and cover their eyes so they will not see with their eyes, hear with their ears, and understand with their hearts and be forced to turn to me and be healed. Because he had seen the Messiah’s glory, Isaiah said these things about him.

Eyewitness

Isaiah 6:10 Harden the hearts of these people and close their ears and cover their eyes so they will not see with their eyes, hear with their ears, and understand with their hearts and be forced to turn to me and be healed.
John 12:39-41 They had no faith, as Isaiah wrote elsewhere: Harden the hearts of these people and close their ears and cover their eyes so they will not see with their eyes, hear with their ears, and understand with their hearts and be forced to turn to me and be healed. Because he had seen the Messiah’s glory, Isaiah said these things about him.
King James

Isaiah 6:10 Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed.
John 12:39-41 Therefore they could not believe, because that Esaias said again, He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I should heal them. These things said Esaias, when he saw his glory, and spake of him.

Even so, many people did believe in Jesus, including some of the Jewish leaders. Fearing the Pharisees who would put them out of the synagogue, they did not openly confess their faith. They were more concerned about human approval than pleasing God.

Eyewitness

John 12:42–43 Even so, many people did believe in Jesus, including some of the Jewish leaders. Fearing the Pharisees who would put them out of the synagogue, they did not openly confess their faith. They were more concerned about human approval than pleasing God.
King James

John 12:42–43 Nevertheless among the chief rulers also many believed on him; but because of the Pharisees they did not confess him, lest they should be put out of the synagogue: For they loved the praise of men more than the praise of God.

With a loud voice, Jesus told them, “Those who believe in me are also believing in the one who sent me. Those who see me are also seeing the one who sent me. I come as light into the world so those who believe in me will not remain in the dark. I am not the judge of those who hear but will not believe. I came, not to judge, but to save the world. Those who reject me and will not hear my message will face the Day of Judgment, when the words I have spoken will judge them. My teaching is not my own, but the Father, who sent me, has determined the lessons and dictated the words. I know that his commandment leads to eternal life, so I will only say what he tells me to say.”

Eyewitness

John 12:44–50 With a loud voice, Jesus told them, “Those who believe in me are also believing in the one who sent me. Those who see me are also seeing the one who sent me. I come as light into the world so those who believe in me will not remain in the dark. I am not the judge of those who hear but will not believe. I came, not to judge, but to save the world. Those who reject me and will not hear my message will face the Day of Judgment, when the words I have spoken will judge them. My teaching is not my own, but the Father, who sent me, has determined the lessons and dictated the words. I know that his commandment leads to eternal life, so I will only say what he tells me to say.”
King James

John 12:44–50 Jesus cried and said, He that believeth on me, believeth not on me, but on him that sent me. And he that seeth me seeth him that sent me. I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on me should not abide in darkness. And if any man hear my words, and believe not, I judge him not: for I came not to judge the world, but to save the world. He that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him: the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day. For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak. And I know that his commandment is life everlasting: whatsoever I speak therefore, even as the Father said unto me, so I speak.