109 People cheer as Jesus rides into Jerusalem on a donkey.

Psalm 118:26; Zechariah 9:9; Matthew 21:1–9; Mark 11:1–10; Luke 19:29–44; John 12:12–19

Why did Jesus’ instruction about securing transportation work out exactly as he predicted (Mark 11:1–7)?

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Gospel writers describe a donkey, colt, or donkey and a colt (Matthew 21:6–7; Mark 11:6; Luke 19:34; John 12:14). What really happened?

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What caused the word of Jesus’ coming to spread throughout Jerusalem (John 12:12)?

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What was the penalty for stealing someone’s donkey (Mark 11:5)?

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Matthew and John connect Jesus’ donkey with Zechariah’s prophecy (Zechariah 9:9; Matthew 21:4; John 12:14). Why didn’t Mark and Luke do that?

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By what means would a popular king have normally entered a city? How did that compare to what Jesus did (Mark 11:7–10)?

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What did the Pharisees think about all the fanfare (John 12:19)? How large do you think the crowd was?

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Why did the Pharisees think Jesus should rebuke the crowd (Luke 19:39–40)? What reason did Jesus give for not rebuking them?

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As Jesus approached Jerusalem, why was he crying (Luke 19:41–44)?

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According to Jesus, why would Jerusalem be destroyed (Luke 19:43–44)?

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The next day, Jesus and the disciples approached Jerusalem. Past Bethany and near Bethphage, they stopped at the Mount of Olives. From there, Jesus sent two disciples, saying, “Go into the next village. As soon as you enter, you will see a donkey tethered with its colt that has never been ridden. Untie them and bring them to me. If someone asks, ‘Why are you taking that donkey?’ say, ‘The Master needs them,’ and he will allow you to take them without hesitation.”

Eyewitness

Matthew 21:1–3 As Jesus and the disciples approached Jerusalem, they stopped near Bethphage at the Mount of Olives. Jesus sent two disciples, saying, “Go into the village. As soon as you enter, you will see a donkey tethered with its colt. Untie them and bring them to me. If someone asks what you are doing, say, ‘The Master needs them,’ and he will allow you to take them without hesitation.”
Mark 11:1–3 As Jesus and the disciples approached Jerusalem, past Bethany and near Bethphage, they stopped at the Mount of Olives. Jesus sent two disciples, saying, “Go into the next village. As soon as you enter, you will see a young donkey. Untie it, and bring it to me. If someone asks what you are doing, say, ‘The Master needs it.’ and he will allow you to take it without hesitation.”
Luke 19:29–31 As Jesus approached Bethphage past Bethany, he stopped at the Mount of Olives and sent two disciples ahead, saying, “Go to the next village. There, you will find a colt that has never been ridden. Untie it, and bring it to me. If someone asks, ‘Why are you taking that donkey?’ say, ‘The Master needs it.’ “
John 12:12 The next day, many who had come to Jerusalem for Passover heard that Jesus was coming.
King James

Matthew 21:1–3 And when they drew nigh unto Jerusalem, and were come to Bethphage, unto the mount of Olives, then sent Jesus two disciples, Saying unto them, Go into the village over against you, and straightway ye shall find an ass tied, and a colt with her: loose them, and bring them unto me. And if any man say ought unto you, ye shall say, The Lord hath need of them; and straightway he will send them.
Mark 11:1–3 And when they came nigh to Jerusalem, unto Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount of Olives, he sendeth forth two of his disciples, And saith unto them, Go your way into the village over against you: and as soon as ye be entered into it, ye shall find a colt tied, whereon never man sat; loose him, and bring him. And if any man say unto you, Why do ye this? say ye that the Lord hath need of him; and straightway he will send him hither.
Luke 19:29–31 And it came to pass, when he was come nigh to Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount called the mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples, Saying, Go ye into the village over against you; in the which at your entering ye shall find a colt tied, whereon yet never man sat: loose him, and bring him hither. And if any man ask you, Why do ye loose him? thus shall ye say unto him, Because the Lord hath need of him.
John 12:12 On the next day much people that were come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem,

The disciples did as they were told and found the colt on the street, tethered outside the front door, just as Jesus had said they would. As they were untying it, the owner came out from among the bystanders and said, “What are you doing, taking that colt?”

Eyewitness

Matthew 21:6 So the disciples did as they were told
Mark 11:4–5 So the disciples did as they were told and found the colt on the street, tethered outside the front door. While untying it, some bystanders said, “What are you doing, taking that colt?”
Luke 19:32–33 The disciples did as they were told and found the colt, just as Jesus had said they would. As they were untying it, the owners said, “Why are you taking that donkey?”
King James

Matthew 21:6 And the disciples went, and did as Jesus commanded them,
Mark 11:4–5 And they went their way, and found the colt tied by the door without in a place where two ways met; and they loose him. And certain of them that stood there said unto them, What do ye, loosing the colt?
Luke 19:32–33 And they that were sent went their way, and found even as he had said unto them. And as they were loosing the colt, the owners thereof said unto them, Why loose ye the colt?

“The Master needs it,” the disciples said. After answering exactly as Jesus had instructed, they were allowed to leave. They brought the colt and laid their coats on its back for Jesus to sit upon as he rode toward Jerusalem.

Eyewitness

Matthew 21:7 and brought the donkey with its colt. With their coats laid upon the colt’s back, Jesus rode toward Jerusalem.
Mark 11:6–7 After answering exactly as Jesus had instructed, they were allowed to leave. So they brought the colt and laid their coats on its back for Jesus to sit upon.
Luke 19:34–35 and they said, “The Master needs it.” They brought the colt and laid their coats on its back for Jesus to sit upon.)
John 12:14 Jesus found a young donkey and sat on it, fulfilling the words of the prophet:
King James

Matthew 21:7 And brought the ass, and the colt, and put on them their clothes, and they set him thereon.
Mark 11:6–7 And they said unto them even as Jesus had commanded: and they let them go. And they brought the colt to Jesus, and cast their garments on him; and he sat upon him.
Luke 19:34–35 And they said, The Lord hath need of him. And they brought him to Jesus: and they cast their garments upon the colt, and they set Jesus thereon.
John 12:14 And Jesus, when he had found a young ass, sat thereon; as it is written,

This event fulfilled the words of the prophet Zechariah: Have no fear. People of Zion, rejoice. Shout for joy, people of Jerusalem. Look! The king is coming. He is a righteous and victorious savior, yet humble, riding upon a colt, a donkey’s foal. At the time, the disciples did not understand that prophecy was being fulfilled. After Jesus had risen from the dead and ascended into Heaven, they remembered the scriptures and saw how what had happened matched what had been predicted.

Eyewitness

Zechariah 9:9 People of Zion, rejoice. Shout for joy, people of Jerusalem. Look! The king is coming. He is a righteous and victorious savior, yet humble, riding upon a colt, a donkey’s foal.
Matthew 21:4–5 This event fulfilled the words of Zechariah: People of Zion, rejoice. Shout for joy, people of Jerusalem. Look! The king is coming. He is a righteous and victorious savior, yet humble, riding upon a colt, a donkey’s foal.
John 12:14–16 Jesus found a young donkey and sat on it, fulfilling the words of the prophet: Have no fear, people of Zion. Look! The king is coming, riding upon a colt, a donkey’s foal. At the time, the disciples did not understand that prophecy was being fulfilled. After Jesus had risen from the dead and ascended into Heaven, they remembered the scriptures and saw how what had happened matched what had been predicted.
King James

Zechariah 9:9 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass.
Matthew 21:4–5 All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass.
John 12:14–16 And Jesus, when he had found a young ass, sat thereon; as it is written, Fear not, daughter of Sion: behold, thy King cometh, sitting on an ass’s colt. These things understood not his disciples at the first: but when Jesus was glorified, then remembered they that these things were written of him, and that they had done these things unto him.

Many who had come to Jerusalem for Passover heard that Jesus was coming. Those who had been with Jesus at the raising of Lazarus from the dead had spread the word about what they had seen. Some went out to meet Jesus because they had heard about the miracle. A huge crowd gathered along the road and spread their garments before him. Others cut palm branches to lay a carpet in his path.

Eyewitness

Matthew 21:8 A huge crowd gathered along the road and spread their garments before him. Some cut palm branches to lay a carpet in his path.
Mark 11:8 People spread their garments on the road before him. Others cut palm branches to lay a carpet in his path.
Luke 19:36 As he went, people spread their garments on the road before him.
John 12:12–13 The next day, many who had come to Jerusalem for Passover heard that Jesus was coming. People cut branches from palm trees and went to meet him, shouting, “Hail to the King. Blessed is the one who comes in God’s name.”
John 12:17–18 Those who had been with Jesus at the raising of Lazarus from the dead had spread the word about what they had seen. Some went out to meet Jesus because they had heard about the miracle.
King James

Matthew 21:8 And a very great multitude spread their garments in the way; others cut down branches from the trees, and strawed them in the way.
Mark 11:8 And many spread their garments in the way: and others cut down branches off the trees, and strawed them in the way.
Luke 19:36 And as he went, they spread their clothes in the way.
John 12:12–13 On the next day much people that were come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna: Blessed is the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord.
John 12:17–18 The people therefore that was with him when he called Lazarus out of his grave, and raised him from the dead, bare record. For this cause the people also met him, for that they heard that he had done this miracle.

The Pharisees said to one another, “Look! The whole world is following him, and there is nothing we can do about it.”

Eyewitness

John 12:19 The Pharisees said to one another, “Look! The whole world is following him, and there is nothing we can do about it.”
King James

John 12:19 The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, Perceive ye how ye prevail nothing? behold, the world is gone after him.

At the valley beyond the Mount of Olives, as Jesus came near to Jerusalem, a joyful crowd of followers cheered. Some walked ahead of him while others followed, shouting praises for all the miracles they had seen.

Eyewitness

Matthew 21:9 Some walked ahead of Jesus while others followed, shouting, “Great glory to the Son of David. Blessed is the one who comes in God’s name. Praise God in the highest heaven.”
Luke 19:37 At the valley beyond the Mount of Olives, as Jesus came near to Jerusalem, a joyful crowd of followers cheered and shouted praises for all the miracles they had seen,
King James

Matthew 21:9 And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest.
Luke 19:37 And when he was come nigh, even now at the descent of the mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had seen;

“Great glory to the Son of David.”

Eyewitness

Matthew 21:9 Some walked ahead of Jesus while others followed, shouting, “Great glory to the Son of David. Blessed is the one who comes in God’s name. Praise God in the highest heaven.”
King James

Matthew 21:9 And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest.

“Hail to the King.”

Eyewitness

Mark 11:9 A crowd walked ahead of Jesus while others followed, all shouting, “Hail to the King. Blessed is the one who comes in God’s name.
John 12:13 People cut branches from palm trees and went to meet him, shouting, “Hail to the King. Blessed is the one who comes in God’s name.”
King James

Mark 11:9 And they that went before, and they that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna; Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord:
John 12:13 Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna: Blessed is the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord.

“Blessed is the one who comes in God’s name.”

Eyewitness

Psalm 118:26 Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord. From your house, we bless you.
Matthew 21:9 Some walked ahead of Jesus while others followed, shouting, “Great glory to the Son of David. Blessed is the one who comes in God’s name. Praise God in the highest heaven.”
Mark 11:9 A crowd walked ahead of Jesus while others followed, all shouting, “Hail to the King. Blessed is the one who comes in God’s name.
John 12:13 People cut branches from palm trees and went to meet him, shouting, “Hail to the King. Blessed is the one who comes in God’s name.”
King James

Psalm 118:26 Blessed be he that cometh in the name of the Lord: we have blessed you out of the house of the Lord.
Matthew 21:9 And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest.
Mark 11:9 And they that went before, and they that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna; Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord:
John 12:13 Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna: Blessed is the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord.

“Blessed is the kingdom of our father David.”

Eyewitness

Mark 11:10 “Blessed is the kingdom of our father David. Praise God in the highest heaven.”
King James

Mark 11:10 Blessed be the kingdom of our father David, that cometh in the name of the Lord: Hosanna in the highest.

“Praise God in the highest heaven.”

Eyewitness

Matthew 21:9 Some walked ahead of Jesus while others followed, shouting, “Great glory to the Son of David. Blessed is the one who comes in God’s name. Praise God in the highest heaven.”
Mark 11:10 “Blessed is the kingdom of our father David. Praise God in the highest heaven.”
King James

Matthew 21:9 And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest.
Mark 11:10 Blessed be the kingdom of our father David, that cometh in the name of the Lord: Hosanna in the highest.

“Blessed is the king sent by God, who brings peace.”

Eyewitness

Luke 19:38 saying, “Blessed is the king sent by God, who brings peace. Let the heavens rejoice and God be glorified.”
King James

Luke 19:38 Saying, Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of the Lord: peace in heaven, and glory in the highest.

“Let the heavens rejoice and God be glorified.”

Eyewitness

Luke 19:38 saying, “Blessed is the king sent by God, who brings peace. Let the heavens rejoice and God be glorified.”
King James

Luke 19:38 Saying, Blessed be the King that cometh in the name of the Lord: peace in heaven, and glory in the highest.

Some Pharisees in the crowd complained to Jesus, “Teacher, you should rebuke your followers for saying such things.”

Eyewitness

Luke 19:39 Some Pharisees in the crowd complained to Jesus, “Teacher, you should rebuke your followers for saying such things.”
King James

Luke 19:39 And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude said unto him, Master, rebuke thy disciples.

“You can be certain,” Jesus said, “that if they kept quiet, the stones would have to shout praises.”

Eyewitness

Luke 19:40 “You can be certain,” Jesus said, “that if they kept quiet, the stones would have to shout praises.”
King James

Luke 19:40 And he answered and said unto them, I tell you that, if these should hold their peace, the stones would immediately cry out.

As he came closer to the city, he wept. “Oh, if you only knew the peace that is available to you today, but you cannot see it. The day will come when your enemies will surround and lay siege upon you from all sides. They will cut you down, level with the ground, with you and your children within the walls. Because you failed to recognize your time of visitation, they will not leave one stone standing on another.”

Eyewitness

Luke 19:41–44 As he came closer to the city, he wept. “Oh, if you only knew the peace that is available to you today, but you cannot see it. The day will come when your enemies will surround and lay siege upon you from all sides. They will cut you down, level with the ground, with you and your children within the walls. Because you failed to recognize your time of visitation, they will not leave one stone standing on another.”
King James

Luke 19:41–44 And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it, Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things which belong unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes. For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side, And shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy children within thee; and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the time of thy visitation.