103 People should recognize the value of eternal rewards.

Exodus 20:12–17; Leviticus 19:18; Deuteronomy 5:16–20; Matthew 19:16–30; 20:1–16; Mark 10:17–31; Luke 18:18–30

Why did people think good deeds would lead to eternal life (Matthew 19:16)?

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Since Jesus was the Son of God, why did he protest being called “most excellent” (Matthew 19:17)?

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Why did the man ask which commandments were important for eternal life (Matthew 19:18–20)?

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What was to be gained by the man selling his possessions, giving everything to the poor, and following Jesus (Matthew 19:21)?

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Why didn’t the young man accept Jesus’ offer (Matthew 19:22)?

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How did riches make it difficult to enter the Kingdom (Mark 10:23–25)?

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Why were the disciples having trouble believing what Jesus was saying (Mark 10:26)?

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Why was salvation of the rich impossible with men but possible with God (Mark 10:27)?

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What did Jesus tell Peter would be the reward for those who had left everything to follow him (Mark 10:28–30)?

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How does Jesus’ story about working in the vineyard compare to what people do in working for the Lord (Matthew 20:1–7)?

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Why did those who had worked longer feel like they had been cheated (Matthew 20:8–12)?

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What was the vineyard owner’s defense for his payment methods (Matthew 20:13–15)?

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What did Jesus mean when he said the last would be first and the first, last in the Kingdom (Matthew 20:16)?

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How is it that “many are called, and few are chosen” (Matthew 20:16)?

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While Jesus walked along the road, a religious leader ran up and knelt before him. “Most excellent Teacher, what good deed must I do to have eternal life?”

Eyewitness

Matthew 19:16 A man came to Jesus and said, “Most excellent Teacher, what good deed must I do to have eternal life?” Verse text.
Mark 10:17 While Jesus walked along the road, a man ran up and knelt before him. “Most excellent Teacher, what good deed must I do to have eternal life?”
Luke 18:18 A religious leader said to Jesus, “Most excellent Teacher, what good deed must I do to have eternal life?”
King James

Matthew 19:16 And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?
Mark 10:17 And when he was gone forth into the way, there came one running, and kneeled to him, and asked him, Good Master, what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life?
Luke 18:18 And a certain ruler asked him, saying, Good Master, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?

“Why do you call me most excellent?” Jesus said. “No one is most excellent except God. If you want to enter that life, keep the commandments.”

Eyewitness

Matthew 19:17 “Why do you call me most excellent?” Jesus said. “No one is most excellent except God. If you want to enter that life, keep the commandments.”
Mark 10:18 “Why do you call me most excellent?” Jesus said. “No one is most excellent except God.
Luke 18:19 “Why do you call me most excellent?” Jesus said. “No one is most excellent except God.
King James

Matthew 19:17 And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments.
Mark 10:18 And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, God.
Luke 18:19 And Jesus said unto him, Why callest thou me good? none is good, save one, that is, God.

“Which ones?”

Eyewitness

Matthew 19:18 “Which ones?” Jesus said, “Do not murder, commit adultery, steal, or give false testimony.
King James

Matthew 19:18 He saith unto him, Which? Jesus said, Thou shalt do no murder, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness,

Jesus said, “You know the commandments. Do not murder, commit adultery, steal, or give false testimony. Never cheat. Honor your parents, and love your neighbor as much as yourself.”

Eyewitness

Exodus 20:12–17 Honor your father and mother so you may live long in the land the Lord God is giving to you. Never murder anyone. Never commit adultery. Never steal. Never give false testimony against another person. Do not desire your neighbor’s house, his wife, or his servants. Do not wish you had his animals or anything that he owns.
Leviticus 19:18 Never seek revenge or carry a grudge against one of your people but love your neighbor as yourself. I am the Lord.
Deuteronomy 5:16–20 Honor your father and mother as God has commanded, so you may live long and it will go well with you in the land the Lord God is giving to you. Never murder anyone. Never commit adultery. Never steal. Never give false testimony against another person.
Matthew 19:18–19 “Which ones?” Jesus said, “Do not murder, commit adultery, steal, or give false testimony. Honor your parents, and love your neighbor as much as yourself.”
Mark 10:19 “You know the commandments. Do not murder, commit adultery, steal, or give false testimony. Never cheat. Honor your parents.”
Luke 18:20 “You know the commandments. Do not murder, commit adultery, steal, or give false testimony. Honor your parents.”
King James

Exodus 20:12–17 Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee. Thou shalt not kill. Thou shalt not commit adultery. Thou shalt not steal. Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour’s.
Leviticus 19:18 Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the Lord.
Deuteronomy 5:16–20 Honour thy father and thy mother, as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee; that thy days may be prolonged, and that it may go well with thee, in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee. Thou shalt not kill. Neither shalt thou commit adultery. Neither shalt thou steal. Neither shalt thou bear false witness against thy neighbour.
Matthew 19:18–19 He saith unto him, Which? Jesus said, Thou shalt do no murder, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Honour thy father and thy mother: and, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
Mark 10:19 Thou knowest the commandments, Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Defraud not, Honour thy father and mother.
Luke 18:20 Thou knowest the commandments, Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Honour thy father and thy mother.

“I’ve done all that since I was young. What else must I do?”

Eyewitness

Matthew 19:20 “I’ve done all that since I was young. What else must I do?”
Mark 10:20 “I’ve done all that since I was young.”
Luke 18:21 “I’ve done all that since I was young.”
King James

Matthew 19:20 The young man saith unto him, All these things have I kept from my youth up: what lack I yet?
Mark 10:20 And he answered and said unto him, Master, all these have I observed from my youth.
Luke 18:21 And he said, All these have I kept from my youth up.

Jesus looked at him with love in his eyes. “You lack one thing. If you want to be perfect, go and sell everything you own, and give the money to the poor. You will have treasure in Heaven and can follow me.”

Eyewitness

Matthew 19:21 “If you want to be perfect, go and sell everything you own, and give the money to the poor. You will have treasure in Heaven and can follow me.”
Mark 10:21 Jesus looked at him with love in his eyes. “You lack one thing. Go and sell everything you own, and give the money to the poor. You will have treasure in Heaven and can follow me.”
Luke 18:22 “You lack one thing. Go and sell everything you own, and give the money to the poor. You will have treasure in Heaven and can follow me.”
King James

Matthew 19:21 Jesus said unto him, If thou wilt be perfect, go and sell that thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come and follow me.
Mark 10:21 Then Jesus beholding him loved him, and said unto him, One thing thou lackest: go thy way, sell whatsoever thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, take up the cross, and follow me.
Luke 18:22 Now when Jesus heard these things, he said unto him, Yet lackest thou one thing: sell all that thou hast, and distribute unto the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, follow me.

After hearing this, the young man walked away sad, because he was very wealthy.

Eyewitness

Matthew 19:22 After hearing this, the young man walked away sad, because he was very wealthy.
Mark 10:22 After hearing this, he walked away sad, because he was very wealthy.
Luke 18:23 Upon hearing this, he became very sad, because he had great wealth.
King James

Matthew 19:22 But when the young man heard that saying, he went away sorrowful: for he had great possessions.
Mark 10:22 And he was sad at that saying, and went away grieved: for he had great possessions.
Luke 18:23 And when he heard this, he was very sorrowful: for he was very rich.

When Jesus saw his sorrow, he said to his disciples, “I tell you the truth, it is nearly impossible for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of God.”

Eyewitness

Matthew 19:23 Jesus said to his disciples, “I tell you the truth, it is nearly impossible for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of Heaven.
Mark 10:23 Looking around, Jesus said to his disciples, “It is nearly impossible for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of God.”
Luke 18:24 When Jesus saw his sorrow, he said, “It is nearly impossible for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of God.
King James

Matthew 19:23 Then said Jesus unto his disciples, Verily I say unto you, That a rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of heaven.
Mark 10:23 And Jesus looked round about, and saith unto his disciples, How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God!
Luke 18:24 And when Jesus saw that he was very sorrowful, he said, How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God!

The disciples were amazed.

Eyewitness

Mark 10:24 The disciples were amazed. Jesus said, “Those who trust in riches will have a very difficult time entering the Kingdom.
King James

Mark 10:24 And the disciples were astonished at his words. But Jesus answereth again, and saith unto them, Children, how hard is it for them that trust in riches to enter into the kingdom of God!

Jesus said, “Those who trust in riches will have a very difficult time entering the Kingdom. To say it another way, it is harder for a man of great wealth to enter the Kingdom than for a camel to get through a needle’s eye.”

Eyewitness

Matthew 19:24 “It is harder for a man of great wealth to enter the Kingdom than for a camel to get through a needle’s eye.”
Mark 10:24–25 The disciples were amazed. Jesus said, “Those who trust in riches will have a very difficult time entering the Kingdom. It is harder for a man of great wealth to enter the Kingdom than for a camel to get through a needle’s eye.”
Luke 18:25 “It is harder for a man of great wealth to enter the Kingdom than for a camel to get through a needle’s eye.”
King James

Matthew 19:24 And again I say unto you, It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.
Mark 10:24–25 And the disciples were astonished at his words. But Jesus answereth again, and saith unto them, Children, how hard is it for them that trust in riches to enter into the kingdom of God! It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.
Luke 18:25 For it is easier for a camel to go through a needle’s eye, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.

The disciples could not believe what Jesus was saying. They said among themselves, “If that is true, who can be saved?”

Eyewitness

Matthew 19:25 The disciples could not believe what Jesus was saying. “If that is true, then who in the world can be saved?”
Mark 10:26 The disciples could not believe what Jesus was saying. They said among themselves, “If that is true, who can be saved?”
Luke 18:26 Those listening said, “If that is true, then who in the world can be saved?”
King James

Matthew 19:25 When his disciples heard it, they were exceedingly amazed, saying, Who then can be saved?
Mark 10:26 And they were astonished out of measure, saying among themselves, Who then can be saved?
Luke 18:26 And they that heard it said, Who then can be saved?

Jesus looked intently at them. “With men, it is impossible. But with God, all things are possible.”

Eyewitness

Matthew 19:26 Jesus looked intently at them. “With men, it is impossible. But with God, all things are possible.”
Mark 10:27 Jesus looked intently at them. “With men, it is impossible. But with God, all things are possible.”
Luke 18:27 “With men,” Jesus said, “it is impossible. But with God, all things are possible.”
King James

Matthew 19:26 But Jesus beheld them, and said unto them, With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible.
Mark 10:27 And Jesus looking upon them saith, With men it is impossible, but not with God: for with God all things are possible.
Luke 18:27 And he said, The things which are impossible with men are possible with God.

Simon Peter said to him, “We have left everything to follow you. What does that do for us?”

Eyewitness

Matthew 19:27 Simon Peter said to him, “We have left everything to follow you. What does that do for us?”
Mark 10:28 Simon Peter said to him, “We have left everything to follow you.”
Luke 18:28 Simon Peter said to him, “We have left everything to follow you.”
King James

Matthew 19:27 Then answered Peter and said unto him, Behold, we have forsaken all, and followed thee; what shall we have therefore?
Mark 10:28 Then Peter began to say unto him, Lo, we have left all, and have followed thee.
Luke 18:28 Then Peter said, Lo, we have left all, and followed thee.

“There will be a time,” Jesus said, “when the Son of Man sits on his glorious throne, and you will sit on twelve thrones to judge the tribes of Israel. I guarantee, those who have sacrificed their homes, relatives, or possessions for my sake and for the good news will receive a hundred times more and will have eternal life. Many who have the seat of lowest honor here will have the highest there. And many who have the seat of highest honor here will have the lowest there.

Eyewitness

Matthew 19:28–30 “There will be a time when the Son of Man sits on his glorious throne, and you will sit on twelve thrones to judge the tribes of Israel. Those who have sacrificed their homes, relatives, or possessions for my sake will receive a hundred times more and will have eternal life. Many who have the seat of lowest honor here will have the highest there. And many who have the seat of highest honor here will have the lowest there.”
Mark 10:29–30 Jesus said, “Those who have sacrificed their homes, relatives, or possessions for my sake and for the good news will receive a hundred times more and will have eternal life.
Luke 18:29–30 Jesus said, “I guarantee, those who have sacrificed their homes, relatives, or possessions for sake of the Kingdom will receive much more in this life and will have eternal life.”
King James

Matthew 19:28–30 And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. And every one that hath forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my name’s sake, shall receive an hundredfold, and shall inherit everlasting life. But many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first.
Mark 10:29–30 And Jesus answered and said, Verily I say unto you, There is no man that hath left house, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my sake, and the gospel’s, But he shall receive an hundredfold now in this time, houses, and brethren, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions; and in the world to come eternal life.
Luke 18:29–30 And he said unto them, Verily I say unto you, There is no man that hath left house, or parents, or brethren, or wife, or children, for the kingdom of God’s sake, Who shall not receive manifold more in this present time, and in the world to come life everlasting.

“For the Kingdom of Heaven is like a business owner who went early in the morning to hire workers for his vineyard. After reaching an agreement to pay a day’s wages, he sent them into his vineyard. Around nine o’clock, he saw people in the marketplace doing nothing. ‘Go work in my vineyard,’ he told them, ‘and I will pay you a fair wage.’ So they went. At noon and at three o’clock in the afternoon, he did the same thing. Later, at almost five o’clock, he saw others standing around. ‘Why have you been standing here all day, doing nothing?’ he said.

Eyewitness

Matthew 20:1–6 “For the Kingdom of Heaven is like a business owner who went early in the morning to hire workers for his vineyard. After reaching an agreement to pay a day’s wages, he sent them into his vineyard. Around nine o’clock, he saw people in the marketplace doing nothing. ‘Go work in my vineyard,’ he told them, ‘and I will pay you a fair wage.’ So they went. At noon and at three o’clock in the afternoon, he did the same thing. Later, at almost five o’clock, he saw others standing around. ‘Why have you been standing here all day, doing nothing?’ he said.
King James

Matthew 20:1–6 For the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard. And when he had agreed with the labourers for a penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard. And he went out about the third hour, and saw others standing idle in the marketplace, And said unto them; Go ye also into the vineyard, and whatsoever is right I will give you. And they went their way. Again he went out about the sixth and ninth hour, and did likewise. And about the eleventh hour he went out, and found others standing idle, and saith unto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle?

“‘Because no one has hired us.’

Eyewitness

Matthew 20:7 “‘Because no one has hired us.’ ‘Then go work in my vineyard, and I will pay you whatever is right.’
King James

Matthew 20:7 They say unto him, Because no man hath hired us. He saith unto them, Go ye also into the vineyard; and whatsoever is right, that shall ye receive.

“‘Then go work in my vineyard, and I will pay you whatever is right.’

Eyewitness

Matthew 20:7 “‘Because no one has hired us.’ ‘Then go work in my vineyard, and I will pay you whatever is right.’
King James

Matthew 20:7 They say unto him, Because no man hath hired us. He saith unto them, Go ye also into the vineyard; and whatsoever is right, that shall ye receive.

“In the evening, the owner said to his manager, ‘Call the workers and give them their pay, starting with those hired last.’ Those who were hired at five o’clock received a day’s wages. When those who were first hired came, they expected to receive more but were only given a day’s pay, so they complained to the owner. ‘The men you hired last have only worked an hour, but you gave them as much as you paid us for working in the heat all day.’

Eyewitness

Matthew 20:8–12 “In the evening, the owner said to his manager, ‘Call the workers and give them their pay, starting with those hired last.’ Those who were hired at five o’clock received a day’s wages. When those who were first hired came, they expected to receive more but were only given a day’s pay, so they complained to the owner. ‘The men you hired last have only worked an hour, but you gave them as much as you paid us for working in the heat all day.’
King James

Matthew 20:8–12 So when even was come, the lord of the vineyard saith unto his steward, Call the labourers, and give them their hire, beginning from the last unto the first. And when they came that were hired about the eleventh hour, they received every man a penny. But when the first came, they supposed that they should have received more; and they likewise received every man a penny. And when they had received it, they murmured against the goodman of the house, Saying, These last have wrought but one hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us, which have borne the burden and heat of the day.

“The owner said, ‘Men, I’ve done you no wrong. Didn’t you agree to work for one day’s pay? Take your money and go. If I want to give the last workers as much as I gave you, I have the right to do so. It’s my money. Do you think I am evil because I’ve chosen to be generous?’

Eyewitness

Matthew 20:13–15 “The owner said, ‘Men, I’ve done you no wrong. Didn’t you agree to work for one day’s pay? ‘Take your money and go. If I want to give the last workers as much as I gave you, ‘I have the right to do so. It’s my money. Do you think I am evil because I’ve chosen to be generous?’
King James

Matthew 20:13–15 But he answered one of them, and said, Friend, I do thee no wrong: didst not thou agree with me for a penny? Take that thine is, and go thy way: I will give unto this last, even as unto thee. Is it not lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? Is thine eye evil, because I am good?

“So it is with the Kingdom of Heaven. Those who were thought to be least important are first, and the first are last. Many are called, and few are chosen.”

Eyewitness

Matthew 20:16 “So it is with the Kingdom of Heaven. Those who were thought to be least important are first, and the first are last. Many are called, and few are chosen.”
Mark 10:31 “Those who were thought to be least important are first, and the first are last.”
King James

Matthew 20:16 So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen.
Mark 10:31 But many that are first shall be last; and the last first.