Acts 20: Final Farewell

What kind of reception do you think Paul had in Macedonia? Why?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Acts 20:1 When the turmoil had calmed, Paul called upon the followers of Jesus to meet with him. He encouraged them in the faith and then said goodbye, leaving for Macedonia.
20:2 After traveling through that region, speaking to the people and strengthening believers, he went on to Greece.
King James
Acts 20:1 And after the uproar was ceased, Paul called unto him the disciples, and embraced them, and departed for to go into Macedonia.
20:2 And when he had gone over those parts, and had given them much exhortation, he came into Greece.

How would Jews in Greece have learned about Paul’s plans to board a ship bound for Syria?

Author’s Thoughts
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Acts 20:2 After traveling through that region, speaking to the people and strengthening believers, he went on to Greece,
20:3 where he stayed for three months. He was about to sail for Syria but learned of a Jewish plot to ambush him, so he went another way, back through Macedonia.
King James
Acts 20:2 And when he had gone over those parts, and had given them much exhortation, he came into Greece,
20:3 And there abode three months. And when the Jews laid wait for him, as he was about to sail into Syria, he purposed to return through Macedonia.

What would have been the role of those who traveled with Paul?

Author’s Thoughts
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Acts 20:4 The disciples who traveled with him into Asia were Sopater son of Pyrrhus from Berea, Aristarchus and Secundus of Thessalonica, Gaius from Derbe, Timothy, and also Tychicus and Trophimus of Asia.
King James
Acts 20:4 And there accompanied him into Asia Sopater of Berea; and of the Thessalonians, Aristarchus and Secundus; and Gaius of Derbe, and Timotheus; and of Asia, Tychicus and Trophimus.

Why might Luke have stayed with Paul while others went ahead to Troas?

Author’s Thoughts
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Acts 20:5 These men went on ahead and waited in Troas for Paul and Luke
20:6 who left Philippi after Passover, arriving in Troas five days later and staying for a week.
King James
Acts 20:5 These going before tarried for us at Troas.
20:6 And we sailed away from Philippi after the days of unleavened bread, and came unto them to Troas in five days; where we abode seven days.

How would you describe the activities of Paul and his associates during their week in Troas?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Acts 20:5 These men went on ahead and waited in Troas for Paul and Luke
20:6 who left Philippi after Passover, arriving in Troas five days later and staying for a week.
King James
Acts 20:5 These going before tarried for us at Troas.
20:6 And we sailed away from Philippi after the days of unleavened bread, and came unto them to Troas in five days; where we abode seven days.

What might have been so important to Paul that would keep him speaking until after midnight?

Author’s Thoughts
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Acts 20:7 On Sunday, the followers of Jesus gathered for a meal, and Paul, who intended to leave the next day, spoke to them and was still talking at midnight
20:8 in the upper room, where many lamps were burning.
King James
Acts 20:7 And upon the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight.
20:8 And there were many lights in the upper chamber, where they were gathered together.

Why would Eutychus have been sitting in the open window during Paul’s message? Why do you think he fell asleep?

Author’s Thoughts
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Acts 20:9 Eutychus was sitting in the open window when he fell asleep during Paul’s long message. He slumped over and fell from the third floor to the ground. When they picked him up, he was dead.
King James
Acts 20:9 And there sat in a window a certain young man named Eutychus, being fallen into a deep sleep: and as Paul was long preaching, he sunk down with sleep, and fell down from the third loft, and was taken up dead.

When people went to Eutychus, lifeless on the ground three floors down, do you think he was dead or just unconscious? Why?

Author’s Thoughts
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Author’s Paraphrase
Acts 20:9 Eutychus was sitting in the open window when he fell asleep during Paul’s long message. He slumped over and fell from the third floor to the ground. When they picked him up, he was dead.
20:10 Paul went down and embraced him. “Do not mourn over him,” he said, “for he is still breathing.”
King James
Acts 20:9 And there sat in a window a certain young man named Eutychus, being fallen into a deep sleep: and as Paul was long preaching, he sunk down with sleep, and fell down from the third loft, and was taken up dead.
20:10 And Paul went down, and fell on him, and embracing him said, Trouble not yourselves; for his life is in him.

How might Paul’s embrace have been a factor in the young man’s recovery?

Author’s Thoughts
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Author’s Paraphrase
Acts 20:10 Paul went down and embraced him. “Do not mourn over him,” he said, “for he is still breathing.”
King James
Acts 20:10 And Paul went down, and fell on him, and embracing him said, Trouble not yourselves; for his life is in him.

What effect would Eutychus’s experience have had upon the discussion that lasted until morning?

Author’s Thoughts
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Acts 20:11 So they went back upstairs, continued their meal, and talked until daybreak, when Paul left.
King James
Acts 20:11 When he therefore was come up again, and had broken bread, and eaten, and talked a long while, even till break of day, so he departed.

How would you describe people’s gratitude that Eutychus was alive?

Author’s Thoughts
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Acts 20:12 The young man who had fallen was taken home, and they were greatly relieved that he was alive.
King James
Acts 20:12 And they brought the young man alive, and were not a little comforted.

Why might others have traveled by ship when Paul went to Assos by land?

Author’s Thoughts
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Acts 20:13 Luke and the others went by ship to Assos, where they planned to meet Paul, who took the land route.
King James
Acts 20:13 And we went before to ship, and sailed unto Assos, there intending to take in Paul: for so had he appointed, minding himself to go afoot.

What would the travelers have been talking about as they went from Assos to Miletus?

Author’s Thoughts
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Acts 20:14 From Assos, the entire group sailed to Mitylene,
20:15 Chios on the next day, and Samos on the day after that. They docked at Trogyllium and then arrived at Miletus on the following day.
King James
Acts 20:14 And when he met with us at Assos, we took him in, and came to Mitylene.
20:15 And we sailed thence, and came the next day over against Chios; and the next day we arrived at Samos, and tarried at Trogyllium; and the next day we came to Miletus.

Without use of a cell phone, how did church leaders in Ephesus know to meet Paul at Miletus?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Acts 20:16 In a hurry to be in Jerusalem during Pentecost, Paul decided to bypass Ephesus and avoid any delay in Asia
20:17 but called for the church leaders in Ephesus to meet him at Miletus.
King James
Acts 20:16 For Paul had determined to sail by Ephesus, because he would not spend the time in Asia: for he hasted, if it were possible for him, to be at Jerusalem the day of Pentecost.
20:17 And from Miletus he sent to Ephesus, and called the elders of the church.

If the church leaders knew him well, why did Paul need to say they knew him well?

Author’s Thoughts
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Acts 20:18 When they arrived, he said to them, “You know me well, since I was with you from the time I came to Asia and the days that followed,
20:19 how I humbly served the Lord with many tears and survived the trials from the Jews who plotted against me.
King James
Acts 20:18 And when they were come to him, he said unto them, Ye know, from the first day that I came into Asia, after what manner I have been with you at all seasons,
20:19 Serving the Lord with all humility of mind, and with many tears, and temptations, which befell me by the lying in wait of the Jews.

What was the basis of Paul’s message to the Ephesians?

Author’s Thoughts
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Acts 20:20 I spoke boldly in public and in your homes, sharing every word that would help you.
20:21 Standing before both Jews and Greeks, I preached repentance from sin, that we must turn to God and believe the message of our Lord Jesus Christ.
King James
Acts 20:20 And how I kept back nothing that was profitable unto you, but have shewed you, and have taught you publickly, and from house to house,
20:21 Testifying both to the Jews, and also to the Greeks, repentance toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.

How would you describe Paul’s desire to go to Jerusalem?

Author’s Thoughts
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Acts 20:22 Now, the Holy Spirit is sending me to Jerusalem. I don’t know exactly what is in store for me there.
King James
Acts 20:22 And now, behold, I go bound in the spirit unto Jerusalem, not knowing the things that shall befall me there.

Why did he think his reception in Jerusalem would be less than kind?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Acts 20:22 Now, the Holy Spirit is sending me to Jerusalem. I don’t know exactly what is in store for me there,
20:23 but in my preaching in all the other cities, the Spirit tells me that I will face beatings and imprisonment.
King James
Acts 20:22 And now, you see, I am going to Jerusalem, bound by the Holy Spirit and obligated and compelled by the convictions of my own spirit, not knowing what will befall me there—
20:23 Except that the Holy Spirit clearly and emphatically affirms to me in city after city that imprisonment and suffering await me.

Paul had fled from threats before, so why would he now want to go to Jerusalem where he expected to be imprisoned?

Author’s Thoughts
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Acts 20:24 This brings no cause for hesitation, because my life means nothing compared to the joy of doing the work that the Lord Jesus assigned to me, to deliver the life-changing message of God’s grace.
King James
Acts 20:24 But none of these things move me, neither count I my life dear unto myself, so that I might finish my course with joy, and the ministry, which I have received of the Lord Jesus, to testify the gospel of the grace of God.

What made Paul think he would never again see those he had preached to?

Author’s Thoughts
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Acts 20:25 Now listen, I know that those who have heard me preach the Kingdom of God will never see my face again.
King James
Acts 20:25 And now, behold, I know that ye all, among whom I have gone preaching the kingdom of God, shall see my face no more.

Truth is not established by majority opinion. How could Paul be so sure he had spoken the absolute truth?

Author’s Thoughts
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Acts 20:26 I declare today that I have spoken the absolute truth, so if anyone chooses eternal death instead of life, I cannot be blamed for their fate.
King James
Acts 20:26 Wherefore I take you to record this day, that I am pure from the blood of all men.

Why did Paul think he should not be blamed for people’s wrong choices?

Author’s Thoughts
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Acts 20:26 I declare today that I have spoken the absolute truth, so if anyone chooses eternal death instead of life, I cannot be blamed for their fate.
20:27 Without hesitation, I explained God’s plan and purpose, withholding no details.
King James
Acts 20:26 Wherefore I take you to record this day, that I am pure from the blood of all men.
20:27 For I have not shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of God.

Why should Christians guard their words and actions?

Author’s Thoughts
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Acts 20:28 So guard your words and actions, since the Holy Spirit has appointed you to watch over God’s sheep, so precious in his eyes that he gave his life for them.
King James
Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood.

What caused Paul to think the church would be in danger after he was gone?

Author’s Thoughts
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Acts 20:29 I know that when I am gone, vicious wolves will come among you to prey upon the flock.
20:30 Leaders from your own group will rise up, distort the truth, and draw away followers after themselves.
King James
Acts 20:29 For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock.
20:30 Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them.

If Paul’s prediction was unavoidable, why was his warning important?

Author’s Thoughts
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Acts 20:31 Be vigilant, remembering how I watched over you for three years, tearfully warning you of the dangers.
King James
Acts 20:31 Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears.

What was Paul’s motivation for ministry?

Author’s Thoughts
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Acts 20:32 Now I must place you in God’s care, whose gracious words are able to encourage and equip you for the work you have been set apart to do.
20:33 I never longed for another man’s riches or his reputation.
King James
Acts 20:32 And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up, and to give you an inheritance among all them which are sanctified.
20:33 I have coveted no man’s silver, or gold, or apparel.

Why should we work to help others rather than ourselves? How did Paul know what Jesus said?

Author’s Thoughts
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Luke 6:38 Give, and you will not have to worry about receiving. You will receive a full measure, packed down, shaken together, and spilling into your lap. The measure you give determines the measure you will receive.
Acts 20:35 By my example, you have seen how we should work to help those in need. Remember that Jesus said greater blessing is found in giving, not receiving.
King James
Luke 6:38 Give, and it shall be given unto you; good measure, pressed down, and shaken together, and running over, shall men give into your bosom. For with the same measure that ye mete withal it shall be measured to you again.
Acts 20:35 I have shewed you all things, how that so labouring ye ought to support the weak, and to remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, It is more blessed to give than to receive.

In his parting prayer, what do you think Paul said?

Author’s Thoughts
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Acts 20:36 When he had finished speaking, he knelt with everyone to pray.
King James
Acts 20:36 And when he had thus spoken, he kneeled down, and prayed with them all.

How would you describe the emotion of the people who said goodbye to Paul?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Acts 20:37 After parting hugs, kisses, and much weeping,
20:38 sorrowing that they would not see or hear him again, they walked with him to the ship.
King James
Acts 20:37 And they all wept sore, and fell on Paul’s neck, and kissed him,
20:38 Sorrowing most of all for the words which he spake, that they should see his face no more. And they accompanied him unto the ship.