Psalm 89: Covenant with David

Why are some songs worth repeating?

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Psalm 89:1–2 A song by Ethan the Ezrahite.
I will sing about the Lord’s goodness forever. With my mouth I will make his faithfulness known to all generations. My stories of your kindness are forever building, for your faithfulness is firmly established as it reaches to the sky above.
King James
Psalm 89:1–2 <Maschil of Ethan the Ezrahite.> I will sing of the mercies of the Lord for ever: with my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness to all generations. For I have said, Mercy shall be built up for ever: thy faithfulness shalt thou establish in the very heavens.

Modern Israel has no king, so how has God established David’s throne forever?

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Psalm 89:3–4 The Lord said, “I made an agreement with my chosen servant. I swore to David, ‘I will forever establish one of your descendants and cause your throne to stand for all generations. I will forever establish one of your descendants and cause your throne to stand for all generations.’” Pause to think about that.
Luke 1:32–33 He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will make him king like his ancestor David, and he will rule over Israel forever.
King James
Psalm 89:3–4 I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn unto David my servant, Thy seed will I establish for ever, and build up thy throne to all generations. Selah.
Luke 1:32–33 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.

How can we best recognize God’s greatness and give him praise?

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Psalm 89:5–7 Let the heavens praise your marvelous works, the angels gathering to declare your faithfulness. None in Heaven can compare with you. Among the most mighty on Earth, none can measure up to your greatness. In the assembly of the most holy, God is exalted above all. He is more awesome than everyone who gathers around him in Heaven.
John 17:4 I have glorified you on Earth by completing the work you gave me to do.
King James
Psalm 89:5–7 And the heavens shall praise thy wonders, O Lord: thy faithfulness also in the congregation of the saints. For who in the heaven can be compared unto the Lord? who among the sons of the mighty can be likened unto the Lord? God is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints, and to be had in reverence of all them that are about him.
John 17:4 I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do.

If God rules stormy seas, why do they rage?

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Psalm 89:8–9 Almighty God, can anyone’s strength match yours? No one is powerful, loving, and faithful as you are. You rule the raging seas and calm its waves.
King James
Psalm 89:8–9 O Lord God of hosts, who is a strong Lord like unto thee? or to thy faithfulness round about thee? Thou rulest the raging of the sea: when the waves thereof arise, thou stillest them.

If God is so strong, why is the battle so difficult?

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Psalm 89:10–13 Like a carcass torn into pieces, you crushed Egypt. By your mighty arm, your enemies were scattered.
The skies above and the earth below belong to you, for you created the world and every living thing. You created the north and south poles. Mount Tabor and Mount Hermon rise to give you praise.
The might of your arm and strength of your raised hand is tremendous.
King James
Psalm 89:10–13 Thou hast broken Rahab in pieces, as one that is slain; thou hast scattered thine enemies with thy strong arm. The heavens are thine, the earth also is thine: as for the world and the fulness thereof, thou hast founded them. The north and the south thou hast created them: Tabor and Hermon shall rejoice in thy name. Thou hast a mighty arm: strong is thy hand, and high is thy right hand.

How is righteousness best defined? How can God’s righteousness become ours?

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Psalm 89:14–16 Your reign is founded upon justice and righteousness. Love and faithfulness lead the way.
People are blessed when they heed the joyful call to walk with you, Lord, in the light of your presence. All day long they will rejoice in your greatness. In your righteousness, they are lifted up.
King James
Psalm 89:14–16 Justice and judgment are the habitation of thy throne: mercy and truth shall go before thy face. Blessed is the people that know the joyful sound: they shall walk, O Lord, in the light of thy countenance. In thy name shall they rejoice all the day: and in thy righteousness shall they be exalted.

What are the greatest victories we have in Christ? Why??

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Psalm 89:17–18 You are the reason for their strength. Because of your favor, they have the victory.
The Lord is our protector. The Holy One of Israel is our King.
King James
Psalm 89:17–18 For thou art the glory of their strength: and in thy favour our horn shall be exalted. For the Lord is our defence; and the Holy One of Israel is our king.

How did King David’s forty-year reign differ from Saul’s and Solomon’s?

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Psalm 89:19–25 To the faithful, you spoke in a vision, saying, I have raised up a mighty warrior, chosen from among the people. I found my servant David and anointed him to be king. By my hand, he will be established. My mighty arm will make him strong. No enemy will prevail over him. Wicked people will not defeat him. He will see me strike and crush those who hate him. My lovingkindness toward him will not waver. By my authority, he will reign with power.
He will rule from the Mediterranean Sea in the west to the rivers in the east.
King James
Psalm 89:19–25 Then thou spakest in vision to thy holy one, and saidst, I have laid help upon one that is mighty; I have exalted one chosen out of the people. I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him: With whom my hand shall be established: mine arm also shall strengthen him. The enemy shall not exact upon him; nor the son of wickedness afflict him. And I will beat down his foes before his face, and plague them that hate him. But my faithfulness and my mercy shall be with him: and in my name shall his horn be exalted. I will set his hand also in the sea, and his right hand in the rivers.

How can David’s son “rule for all eternity”? What did people in David’s day think that meant??

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Psalm 89:26–29 Crying out to me, he will say, “You are my Father, my God, a mighty rock of safety.” He will be my firstborn son, above all the kings on Earth.
My goodness will be his forever, and I will never break my agreement with him. I will establish his son to rule for all eternity.
King James
Psalm 89:26–29 He shall cry unto me, Thou art my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation. Also I will make him my firstborn, higher than the kings of the earth. My mercy will I keep for him for evermore, and my covenant shall stand fast with him. His seed also will I make to endure for ever, and his throne as the days of heaven.

If God loves us, must we be punished for our transgressions? Why?

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Psalm 89:30–33 If his children reject my instruction and will not follow my guidance, if they are disobedient, refusing to keep my commandments, then my rod will punish them for their transgressions. For their iniquity, they will be beaten with many stripes. Even then, I will not abandon my love nor allow my faithfulness to waver.
King James
Psalm 89:30–33 If his children forsake my law, and walk not in my judgments; If they break my statutes, and keep not my commandments; Then will I visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes. Nevertheless my lovingkindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail.

Is there any circumstance where God might go back on his word? Why??

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Psalm 89:34–35 I will not break my agreement. I will not go back on my word. I have sworn by my own absolutely flawless character that I cannot lie to David.
King James
Psalm 89:34–35 My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips. Once have I sworn by my holiness that I will not lie unto David.

How can we be sure David’s son will reign forever?

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Psalm 89:36–37 His son will live forever. Like the sun that never fails to shine, his reign will be eternal. Like the moon was created to give light in the night, he will be a faithful witness from above. Pause to meditate on that.
King James
Psalm 89:36–37 His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me. It shall be established for ever as the moon, and as a faithful witness in heaven. Selah.

What makes God angry? Why?

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Psalm 89:38 But in your anger, you have despised and rejected your anointed one.
King James
Psalm 89:38 But thou hast cast off and abhorred, thou hast been wroth with thine anointed.

How does God’s anger compare to human anger?

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Psalm 89:39–45 You renounced your agreement with your servant and threw his crown to the ground. You tore down his city walls and left his fortress in ruin. He is robbed by people passing by and mocked by his neighbors.
You empowered his enemies and let them brag about their victory. You took away his sword and would not stand with him in battle. His splendor ended when you toppled his throne to the ground. You cut short his days of youthful strength and clothed him with shame. Pause to think about that.
King James
Psalm 89:39–45 Thou hast made void the covenant of thy servant: thou hast profaned his crown by casting it to the ground. Thou hast broken down all his hedges; thou hast brought his strong holds to ruin. All that pass by the way spoil him: he is a reproach to his neighbours. Thou hast set up the right hand of his adversaries; thou hast made all his enemies to rejoice. Thou hast also turned the edge of his sword, and hast not made him to stand in the battle. Thou hast made his glory to cease, and cast his throne down to the ground. The days of his youth hast thou shortened: thou hast covered him with shame. Selah.

What can turn God’s anger toward his people to a manifestation of his love?

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Psalm 89:46–47 Will you hide from him forever? Lord, how long will your anger burn like fire? Remember how short life is. Were we created for no reason?
John 15:5–8 I am the vine, and you are the branches. You will bear much fruit if you remain in me and I live in you, but without me you can do nothing. Anyone who does not remain in me is like a withered branch to be thrown away. Such branches are gathered, cast into the fire, and burned. If you remain in me and my words direct your life, whatever you ask will be done for you. When you bear much fruit, you glorify my Father and show that you are my disciples.
King James
Psalm 89:46–47 How long, Lord? wilt thou hide thyself for ever? shall thy wrath burn like fire? Remember how short my time is: wherefore hast thou made all men in vain?
John 15:5–8 I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing. If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them into the fire, and they are burned. If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you. Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be my disciples.

Is death inevitable? Why??

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Psalm 89:48 Can anyone alive escape death and the grave? Pause to consider that.
King James
Psalm 89:48 What man is he that liveth, and shall not see death? shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave? Selah.

Why does God allow his anointed to be persecuted?

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Psalm 89:49–51 Lord, where is the love you once had for us, when you swore faithfulness to David? Remember, Lord, how your servant has been insulted, mocked by mighty people. The taunts of your enemies, Lord, have reproached the steps of your anointed one.
King James
Psalm 89:49–51 Lord, where are thy former lovingkindnesses, which thou swarest unto David in thy truth? Remember, Lord, the reproach of thy servants; how I do bear in my bosom the reproach of all the mighty people; Wherewith thine enemies have reproached, O Lord; wherewith they have reproached the footsteps of thine anointed.

In the midst of our pain and suffering, how can we praise the Lord?

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Psalm 89:52 May the Lord be praised forever. Let it be so. Amen.
King James
Psalm 89:52 Blessed be the Lord for evermore. Amen, and Amen.