Genesis 47: Jacob’s Family Settles in Goshen

Why was Goshen picked as Israel’s dwelling place?

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Genesis 47:1 Joseph said to Pharaoh, “My father and brothers have brought from Canaan their flocks and herds and everything they own and are now in the land of Goshen.”
King James
Genesis 47:1 Then Joseph came and told Pharaoh, and said, My father and my brethren, and their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have, are come out of the land of Canaan; and, behold, they are in the land of Goshen.

Which five brothers did Joseph present to Pharaoh? Why didn’t he bring them all?

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Genesis 47:2 He took five of his brothers and presented them to Pharaoh.
King James
Genesis 47:2 And he took some of his brethren, even five men, and presented them unto Pharaoh.

Why did the brothers tell Pharaoh why they were in Egypt? Didn’t Pharaoh already know?

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Genesis 47:3–4 “What is your occupation?” Pharaoh said.
“We have always raised livestock,” they said, “the same as our fathers before us. We have come to live in Egypt, because the famine is severe in Canaan. We have no pasture for our livestock, so we ask your permission to settle in Goshen.”
King James
Genesis 47:3–4 And Pharaoh said unto his brethren, What is your occupation? And they said unto Pharaoh, Thy servants are shepherds, both we, and also our fathers. They said moreover unto Pharaoh, For to sojourn in the land are we come; for thy servants have no pasture for their flocks; for the famine is sore in the land of Canaan: now therefore, we pray thee, let thy servants dwell in the land of Goshen.

Why were the Israelites settled in Goshen and not somewhere else?

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Genesis 47:5–6 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Now that your father and brothers have arrived, 6 all of Egypt is before you. Settle them in Goshen, the best land that suits their needs. Put those with the best skills in charge of my livestock.”
King James
Genesis 47:5–6 And Pharaoh spake unto Joseph, saying, Thy father and thy brethren are come unto thee: The land of Egypt is before thee; in the best of the land make thy father and brethren to dwell; in the land of Goshen let them dwell: and if thou knowest any men of activity among them, then make them rulers over my cattle.

Why did Pharaoh think he would do well to have Hebrews in charge of his livestock?

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Genesis 47:5–6 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Now that your father and brothers have arrived, 6 all of Egypt is before you. Settle them in Goshen, the best land that suits their needs. Put those with the best skills in charge of my livestock.”
King James
Genesis 47:5–6 And Pharaoh spake unto Joseph, saying, Thy father and thy brethren are come unto thee: The land of Egypt is before thee; in the best of the land make thy father and brethren to dwell; in the land of Goshen let them dwell: and if thou knowest any men of activity among them, then make them rulers over my cattle.

What kind of blessing did Jacob give Pharaoh?

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Genesis 47:7–10 Joseph brought his father before Pharaoh, and Jacob blessed Pharaoh.
Pharaoh said to Jacob, “How old are you?”
“The days of my life on Earth have been 130 difficult years. My fathers lived longer, and life was not as hard for them.” Jacob gave Pharaoh a parting blessing and left.
King James
Genesis 47:7–10 And Joseph brought in Jacob his father, and set him before Pharaoh: and Jacob blessed Pharaoh.
And Pharaoh said unto Jacob, How old art thou?
And Jacob said unto Pharaoh, The days of the years of my pilgrimage are an hundred and thirty years: few and evil have the days of the years of my life been, and have not attained unto the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage. And Jacob blessed Pharaoh, and went out from before Pharaoh.

Why did Pharaoh ask how old Jacob was?

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Genesis 47:8 Pharaoh said to Jacob, “How old are you?”
King James
Genesis 47:8 And Pharaoh said unto Jacob, How old art thou?

Why did Jacob view his life as more difficult than for Abraham and Isaac?

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Genesis 47:9 The days of my life on Earth have been 130 difficult years. My fathers lived longer, and life was not as hard for them.”
King James
Genesis 47:9 And Jacob said unto Pharaoh, The days of the years of my pilgrimage are an hundred and thirty years: few and evil have the days of the years of my life been, and have not attained unto the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage.

How did the people of Goshen feel about the arrival of Jacob’s household?

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Genesis 47:11–13 As Pharaoh had commanded, Joseph gave them the choicest land in Egypt, in Goshen near the city of Rameses. He provided food for his father and his brothers’ families.
Because the famine was so severe, food was scarce in Egypt and Canaan. People were starving.
King James
Genesis 47:11–13 And Joseph placed his father and his brethren, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded. And Joseph nourished his father, and his brethren, and all his father’s household, with bread, according to their families. And there was no bread in all the land; for the famine was very sore, so that the land of Egypt and all the land of Canaan fainted by reason of the famine.

What happened to all the money that was deposited in Pharaoh’s treasury?

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Genesis 47:14 Joseph collected from Egypt and Canaan all the money that was used to buy grain, and deposited it in Pharaoh’s treasury.
King James
Genesis 47:14 And Joseph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, for the corn which they bought: and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s house.

What did Pharaoh do with all the livestock that was exchanged for grain?

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Genesis 47:15–17 The Egyptians said to Joseph, “All our money is gone. Give us food, or we will die in your presence.”
“If you have no money,” Joseph said, “then bring your livestock. I will give you food in exchange for your animals.”
So Joseph gave them grain in exchange for their horses, cattle, sheep, and donkeys. By selling their livestock, the people had enough food to survive for that year.
King James
Genesis 47:15–17 And when money failed in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came unto Joseph, and said, Give us bread: for why should we die in thy presence? for the money faileth. And Joseph said, Give your cattle; and I will give you for your cattle, if money fail. And they brought their cattle unto Joseph: and Joseph gave them bread in exchange for horses, and for the flocks, and for the cattle of the herds, and for the asses: and he fed them with bread for all their cattle for that year.

Why did the Egyptians sell their land and surrender themselves as slaves?

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Genesis 47:18–21 The next year, the people said, “You know we’ve spent all our money, and now you have all our livestock. We have nothing left to buy food except our bodies and our land. Of what value are our bodies and our land if we die before your eyes? Give us grain in exchange for our bodies and our land. As Pharaoh’s servants, we will live and not die, and the land will not be desolate.”
Because of the famine, the Egyptians sold their fields to Joseph, so the land belonged to Pharaoh, and the people became his slaves, from one end of Egypt to the other.
King James
Genesis 47:18–21 When that year was ended, they came unto him the second year, and said unto him, We will not hide it from my lord, how that our money is spent; my lord also hath our herds of cattle; there is not ought left in the sight of my lord, but our bodies, and our lands: Wherefore shall we die before thine eyes, both we and our land? buy us and our land for bread, and we and our land will be servants unto Pharaoh: and give us seed, that we may live, and not die, that the land be not desolate. And Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh; for the Egyptians sold every man his field, because the famine prevailed over them: so the land became Pharaoh’s. And as for the people, he removed them to cities from one end of the borders of Egypt even to the other end thereof.

Why didn’t the priests have to sell their land?

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Genesis 47:22 Joseph didn’t purchase land belonging to the priests, because Pharaoh’s allotment was enough to avoid their having to sell.
King James
Genesis 47:22 Only the land of the priests bought he not; for the priests had a portion assigned them of Pharaoh, and did eat their portion which Pharaoh gave them: wherefore they sold not their lands.

How did Pharaoh benefit from having all the money and owning all the land and its people?

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Genesis 47:23–26 “You and your land belong to Pharaoh,” Joseph said to the people. “Here is seed for planting your fields. At harvest time, 20 percent belongs to Pharaoh and 80 percent is yours for feeding your families and seeding your fields.”
“You have saved our lives,” they said. “Thank you for your kindness. We will gladly serve Pharaoh with his portion.”
Joseph established Egypt’s law that 20 percent of the harvest belonged to Pharaoh, but the priests were exempt.
King James
Genesis 47:23–26 Then Joseph said unto the people, Behold, I have bought you this day and your land for Pharaoh: lo, here is seed for you, and ye shall sow the land. And it shall come to pass in the increase, that ye shall give the fifth part unto Pharaoh, and four parts shall be your own, for seed of the field, and for your food, and for them of your households, and for food for your little ones. And they said, Thou hast saved our lives: let us find grace in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh’s servants. And Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt unto this day, that Pharaoh should have the fifth part; except the land of the priests only, which became not Pharaoh’s.

If Pharaoh owned all the land, how did the Israelites acquire property?

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Genesis 47:27 Now settled in Egypt, the Israelites in Goshen prospered. They acquired property and their families grew rapidly.
King James
Genesis 47:27 And Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen; and they had possessions therein, and grew, and multiplied exceedingly.

How comfortable was Jacob, living in Egypt for seventeen years.?

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Genesis 47:27–28 Now settled in Egypt, the Israelites in Goshen prospered. They acquired property and their families grew rapidly.
Jacob lived to be 147 years old, including seventeen years in Egypt.
King James
Genesis 47:27–28 And Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen; and they had possessions therein, and grew, and multiplied exceedingly. And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years: so the whole age of Jacob was an hundred forty and seven years.

Why was Joseph compelled to swear that he would bury his father in Canaan, not in Egypt?

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Genesis 47:29–31 Knowing he had little time left on Earth, Jacob called for his son Joseph. “If you love me,” Jacob said, “put your hand under my thigh and swear that you will not bury me in Egypt. I want to be buried with my fathers. Take my body out of Egypt and bury me with Abraham and Isaac.”
“Yes,” Joseph said, “I will do as you say.”
“Swear that you will do it,” Jacob said, and Joseph swore that he would. Upon his bed, Jacob bowed his head in gratitude.
King James
Genesis 47:29–31 And the time drew nigh that Israel must die: and he called his son Joseph, and said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh, and deal kindly and truly with me; bury me not, I pray thee, in Egypt: But I will lie with my fathers, and thou shalt carry me out of Egypt, and bury me in their buryingplace. And he said, I will do as thou hast said. And he said, Swear unto me. And he sware unto him. And Israel bowed himself upon the bed’s head.