Genesis 46: Israel’s Migration to Egypt

How did Jacob feel about leaving God’s promised land for Egypt?

Author’s Thoughts
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Author’s Paraphrase
Genesis 46:1–4 On the way to Egypt, Jacob stopped at Beersheba to offer sacrifices to the God of his father, Isaac. That night, God spoke to him in a vision. “Jacob . . . Jacob!”
“Yes,” Jacob said, “I’m here.”
“I am God,” the voice said, “the God of your father. “Do not fear going down to Egypt, for I will make you a great nation there. I will go with you into Egypt, and I will bring you back again. When you die, Joseph will be there to close your eyes.”
King James
Genesis 46:1–4 And Israel took his journey with all that he had, and came to Beersheba, and offered sacrifices unto the God of his father Isaac.
And God spake unto Israel in the visions of the night, and said, Jacob, Jacob.
And he said, Here am I.
And he said, I am God, the God of thy father: fear not to go down into Egypt; for I will there make of thee a great nation: I will go down with thee into Egypt; and I will also surely bring thee up again: and Joseph shall put his hand upon thine eyes.

When we’re going somewhere, how important is knowing that God will be with us?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Genesis 46:4 “I will go with you into Egypt, and I will bring you back again. When you die, Joseph will be there to close your eyes.”
King James
Genesis 46:4 I will go down with thee into Egypt; and I will also surely bring thee up again: and Joseph shall put his hand upon thine eyes.

How large was the procession that left Canaan for Egypt?

Author’s Thoughts
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Author’s Paraphrase
Genesis 46:5–27 Jacob then left Beersheba for Egypt. His sons carried him and their wives and children in the carts that Pharaoh had provided. They took their possessions and livestock gained in Canaan, and all the families entered Egypt, Jacob’s sons, grandsons, and granddaughters—his entire family.
These are the names of Jacob’s descendants who lived in Egypt: Reuben was the firstborn, whose sons were Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi. Simeon’s sons were Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Zohar, and his son Shaul by the Canaanite woman. Levi’s sons were Gershon, Kohath, and Meran. Judah’s sons were Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez, and Zerah, but Er and Onan had already died in Canaan. The sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul. Issachar’s sons were Tola, Puah, Jashub, and Shimron.
Zebulun’s sons were Sered, Elon, and Jahleel. Thirty-three descendants were born to Jacob in Mesopotamia by Leah, including their daughter Dinah.
Gad’s sons were Zephon, Haggi, Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi, and Areli. Asher’s sons were Imnah, Ishvah, Ishvi, and Beriah. His daughter was Serah. The sons of Beriah were Heber and Malkiel. Sixteen descendants were born to Jacob by Zilpah. Jacob’s sons by Rachel were Joseph and Benjamin. Asenath, daughter of Potiphera, priest of Cairo, gave Joseph two sons in Egypt: Manasseh and Ephraim. Benjamin’s sons were Bela, Beker, Ashbel, Gera, Naaman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim, and Ard. Fourteen descendants were born to Jacob by Rachel.
Dan’s son was Hushim. Naphtali’s sons were Jahziel, Guni, Jezer and Shillem. Seven descendants were born to Jacob by Bilhah.
Not counting the wives, the number of children and grandchildren who went with Jacob to Egypt totaled sixty-six. Counting those who were born in Egypt, seventy members of Jacob’s family were in Egypt.
King James
Genesis 46:5–27 And Jacob rose up from Beersheba: and the sons of Israel carried Jacob their father, and their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him. And they took their cattle, and their goods, which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, and came into Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed with him: His sons, and his sons’ sons with him, his daughters, and his sons’ daughters, and all his seed brought he with him into Egypt. And these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons: Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn. And the sons of Reuben; Hanoch, and Phallu, and Hezron, and Carmi. And the sons of Simeon; Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman. And the sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zerah: but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. And the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul. And the sons of Issachar; Tola, and Phuvah, and Job, and Shimron. And the sons of Zebulun; Sered, and Elon, and Jahleel. These be the sons of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob in Padanaram, with his daughter Dinah: all the souls of his sons and his daughters were thirty and three. And the sons of Gad; Ziphion, and Haggi, Shuni, and Ezbon, Eri, and Arodi, and Areli. And the sons of Asher; Jimnah, and Ishuah, and Isui, and Beriah, and Serah their sister: and the sons of Beriah; Heber, and Malchiel. These are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter, and these she bare unto Jacob, even sixteen souls. The sons of Rachel Jacob’s wife; Joseph, and Benjamin. And unto Joseph in the land of Egypt were born Manasseh and Ephraim, which Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On bare unto him. And the sons of Benjamin were Belah, and Becher, and Ashbel, Gera, and Naaman, Ehi, and Rosh, Muppim, and Huppim, and Ard. These are the sons of Rachel, which were born to Jacob: all the souls were fourteen. And the sons of Dan; Hushim. And the sons of Naphtali; Jahzeel, and Guni, and Jezer, and Shillem. These are the sons of Bilhah, which Laban gave unto Rachel his daughter, and she bare these unto Jacob: all the souls were seven. All the souls that came with Jacob into Egypt, which came out of his loins, besides Jacob’s sons’ wives, all the souls were threescore and six; And the sons of Joseph, which were born him in Egypt, were two souls: all the souls of the house of Jacob, which came into Egypt, were threescore and ten.

Why did Jacob send Judah on ahead? Why not send Reuben, Simeon, or Benjamin?

Author’s Thoughts
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Author’s Paraphrase
Genesis 46:28 Jacob sent Judah on ahead to arrange their meeting with Joseph in Goshen.
King James
Genesis 46:28 And he sent Judah before him unto Joseph, to direct his face unto Goshen; and they came into the land of Goshen.

What was the meeting of Joseph and Jacob like? What did they talk about most?

Author’s Thoughts
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Author’s Paraphrase
Genesis 46:29–30 Joseph called for his chariot and went to meet his father in Goshen. As soon as Joseph appeared, Jacob embraced him, wept on his shoulder, and wouldn’t let go for a long time. “Now I am ready to die,” Jacob said, “for I have seen your face and know that you are still alive.”
King James
Genesis 46:29–30 And Joseph made ready his chariot, and went up to meet Israel his father, to Goshen, and presented himself unto him; and he fell on his neck, and wept on his neck a good while. And Israel said unto Joseph, Now let me die, since I have seen thy face, because thou art yet alive.

What preparations needed to be made for the arrival of Jacob’s household?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Genesis 46:31–34 Joseph said to his brothers and his father’s household, “I will tell Pharaoh that you have arrived from the land of Canaan. I will explain that you are shepherds and have brought your flocks and herds and everything you own. When Pharaoh summons you and asks what kind of work you do, tell him you have always raised livestock, both you and your fathers before you. Then you will be allowed to settle in Goshen, for the Egyptians have no respect for shepherds.”
King James
Genesis 46:31–34 And Joseph said unto his brethren, and unto his father’s house, I will go up, and shew Pharaoh, and say unto him, My brethren, and my father’s house, which were in the land of Canaan, are come unto me; And the men are shepherds, for their trade hath been to feed cattle; and they have brought their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have. And it shall come to pass, when Pharaoh shall call you, and shall say, What is your occupation? That ye shall say, Thy servants’ trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, and also our fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians.

How far was Joseph’s house from Goshen?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Genesis 46:33–34 “When Pharaoh summons you and asks what kind of work you do, tell him you have always raised livestock, both you and your fathers before you. Then you will be allowed to settle in Goshen, for the Egyptians have no respect for shepherds.”
King James
Genesis 46:33–34 And it shall come to pass, when Pharaoh shall call you, and shall say, What is your occupation? That ye shall say, Thy servants’ trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, and also our fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians.

Why did the Egyptians have no respect for shepherds?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Genesis 46:33–34 “When Pharaoh summons you and asks what kind of work you do, tell him you have always raised livestock, both you and your fathers before you. Then you will be allowed to settle in Goshen, for the Egyptians have no respect for shepherds.”
King James
Genesis 46:33–34 And it shall come to pass, when Pharaoh shall call you, and shall say, What is your occupation? That ye shall say, Thy servants’ trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, and also our fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians.