Genesis 36: Esau’s Descendants

How can we benefit from knowing something about Esau’s descendants?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Genesis 36:1 These are the descendants of Esau, also called Edom.
King James
Genesis 36:1 Now these are the generations of Esau, who is Edom.

In what ways might Esau’s marriage to Basemath been different from his relationship with the two Canaanite women?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Genesis 36:2–5 Esau married two Canaanite women, Adah, daughter of Elon the Hittite and Aholibamah, daughter of Anah and granddaughter of Zibeon the Hivite. He also married Basemath, Ishmael’s daughter and Nebaioth’s sister. Adah gave birth to Esau’s son Eliphaz, and Basemath gave birth to Reuel. Aholibamah gave birth to Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. These are Esau’s sons who were born in Canaan.
King James
Genesis 36:2–5 Esau took his wives of the daughters of Canaan; Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite; And Bashemath Ishmael’s daughter, sister of Nebajoth. And Adah bare to Esau Eliphaz; and Bashemath bare Reuel; And Aholibamah bare Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah: these are the sons of Esau, which were born unto him in the land of Canaan.

What led Esau to leave Canaan and not Jacob?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Genesis 36:6–8 Esau took his wives, children, and entire household, his livestock and everything he had acquired in Canaan and moved to a land distant from his brother Jacob. Their possessions were too great for both of them to dwell together. The land where they were staying became insufficient to support all their livestock.
So Esau, known as Edom, settled in the Seir hill country.
King James
Genesis 36:6–8 And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the persons of his house, and his cattle, and all his beasts, and all his substance, which he had got in the land of Canaan; and went into the country from the face of his brother Jacob. For their riches were more than that they might dwell together; and the land wherein they were strangers could not bear them because of their cattle. Thus dwelt Esau in mount Seir: Esau is Edom.

What kind of relationship did Esau’s descendants have with the Israelites?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Genesis 36:9 These are Esau’s descendants when he became the ancestor of the Edomites in the Seir hill country.
King James
Genesis 36:9 And these are the generations of Esau the father of the Edomites in mount Seir:

Why were the sons of Seir the Horite included in the listing of Esau’s descendants?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Genesis 36:20–30 These are the sons of Seir the Horite, who inhabited the land before Esau:
Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, 21 Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. These are the Horite chiefs, children of Seir in Edom.
Lotan’s sons were Hori and Hemam. Lotan’s sister was Timna.
Shobal’s sons were Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho, and Onam.
Zibeon’s sons were Aiah and Anah. Anah found the oasis in the wilderness while grazing his father Zibeon’s donkeys.
Anah’s children were his son, Dishon, and daughter, Oholibamah, who was Esau’s wife.
Dishon’s sons were Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Keran.
Ezer’s sons were Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan.
Dishan’s sons were Uz and Aran.
These are the Horite leaders: chiefs Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer, Dishan. These are the leaders descended from Hori, who were chiefs in the land of Seir.
King James
Genesis 36:20–30 These are the sons of Seir the Horite, who inhabited the land; Lotan, and Shobal, and Zibeon, and Anah, And Dishon, and Ezer, and Dishan: these are the dukes of the Horites, the children of Seir in the land of Edom. And the children of Lotan were Hori and Hemam; and Lotan’s sister was Timna. And the children of Shobal were these; Alvan, and Manahath, and Ebal, Shepho, and Onam. And these are the children of Zibeon; both Ajah, and Anah: this was that Anah that found the mules in the wilderness, as he fed the asses of Zibeon his father. And the children of Anah were these; Dishon, and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah. And these are the children of Dishon; Hemdan, and Eshban, and Ithran, and Cheran. The children of Ezer are these; Bilhan, and Zaavan, and Akan. The children of Dishan are these; Uz, and Aran. These are the dukes that came of the Horites; duke Lotan, duke Shobal, duke Zibeon, duke Anah, Duke Dishon, duke Ezer, duke Dishan: these are the dukes that came of Hori, among their dukes in the land of Seir.

How did Esau’s descendants compare in number to the descendants of Jacob?

Author’s Thoughts
Author’s Insights Pending
Author’s Paraphrase
Genesis 36:40–43 These are the names of leaders descended from Esau, who lived in places named for them: chiefs Timna, Alvah, Jetheth, Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon, Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar, Magdiel, and Iram. These are Edom’s leaders according to the places they occupied, descendants of Esau, ancestor of the Edomites.
King James
Genesis 36:40–43 And these are the names of the dukes that came of Esau, according to their families, after their places, by their names; duke Timnah, duke Alvah, duke Jetheth, Duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke Pinon, Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar, Duke Magdiel, duke Iram: these be the dukes of Edom, according to their habitations in the land of their possession: he is Esau the father of the Edomites.