Genesis 3: God’s Judgment of Sin

How would you expect Eve to react when she heard a snake talking to her?

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Genesis 3:1 Of all the animals that God had made, the snake was most cunning. “Hey,” the snake said to the woman, “did God say you couldn’t eat of any tree in the garden?”
King James
Genesis 3:1 Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?

Why was the snake allowed access to Eve, to talk to her?

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Author’s Paraphrase
Genesis 3:1 Of all the animals that God had made, the snake was most cunning. “Hey,” the snake said to the woman, “did God say you couldn’t eat of any tree in the garden?”
King James
Genesis 3:1 Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?

How did Eve learn about the special trees in the midst of the garden and what God’s instructions were?

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Genesis 3:1–3 Of all the animals that God had made, the snake was most cunning. “Hey,” the snake said to the woman, “did God say you couldn’t eat of any tree in the garden?”
The woman said, “We may eat the fruit of any tree except the one in the midst of the garden. God said we cannot eat of that one. We can’t even touch it, or we will die.”
King James
Genesis 3:1–3 Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden? And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden: But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.

Why didn’t Eve immediately recognize what was wrong with the snake’s message?

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Genesis 3:4–5 “No, you won’t die,” the snake said. God knows that when you eat of it, you will be like him, knowing good and evil.”
King James
Genesis 3:4–5 And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.

What made the fruit attractive to Eve?

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Genesis 3:6 When Eve saw the tree’s fruit as attractive and delicious, something that would make her wise, she picked the fruit and took a bite. She then gave it to Adam, and he ate too.
1 Timothy 2:14 She transgressed, being deceived, but he sinned knowingly.
King James
Genesis 3:6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.
1 Timothy 2:14 And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression.

Why didn’t Adam keep Eve from eating the fruit?

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Genesis 3:6 When Eve saw the tree’s fruit as attractive and delicious, something that would make her wise, she picked the fruit and took a bite. She then gave it to Adam, and he ate too.
1 Timothy 2:14 She transgressed, being deceived, but he sinned knowingly.
King James
Genesis 3:6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.
1 Timothy 2:14 And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression.

After Eve ate of the fruit, what changed? How might her view of the change have been different from Adam’s??

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Genesis 3:7 With their eyes opened, they saw their nakedness and sewed fig leaves together to cover themselves.
King James
Genesis 3:7 And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons.

If Adam and Eve were the only ones in the garden, why did they think they needed to cover themselves?

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Genesis 3:7 With their eyes opened, they saw their nakedness and sewed fig leaves together to cover themselves.
King James
Genesis 3:7 And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons.

After clothing themselves, why did Adam and Eve still have a need to hide from God?

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Genesis 3:7–10 With their eyes opened, they saw their nakedness and sewed fig leaves together to cover themselves.
In the cool of the day, when they heard God walking in the garden, they hid among the trees.
“Adam,” God said, “where are you?”
“I heard you walking in the garden,” Adam said. “I was afraid because I was naked, so I hid.”
King James
Genesis 3:7–10 And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves aprons. And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God amongst the trees of the garden.
And the Lord God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou?
And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.

Why did God ask Adam and Eve if they had eaten the forbidden fruit? Didn’t God already know?

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Genesis 3:11 “Who told you that you were naked?” God said. “Have you eaten of the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?”
King James
Genesis 3:11 And he said, Who told thee that thou wast naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat?

Why was Adam’s reason for eating the fruit reasonable? And/or why was it unreasonable?

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Genesis 3:12 “The woman you made to be my companion gave me the fruit,” Adam said, “and I ate it.”
King James
Genesis 3:12 And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat.

Why was Eve’s reason for eating the fruit reasonable? And/or why was it unreasonable?

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Genesis 3:13 To the woman, God said, “What did you do?”
The woman said, “The snake deceived me. That’s why I ate it.”
King James
Genesis 3:13 And the Lord God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done?
And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.

Shouldn’t God have asked the snake why he deceived Eve before giving punishment? Why?

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Genesis 3:14–15 God said to the snake, “Because of what you have done, you are cursed above all other animals. For as long as you live, you will crawl on your belly and eat dust. I will put hatred between you and the woman so your descendants will always be enemies. Her son will strike you on the head, and you will bruise his heel.”
King James
Genesis 3:14–15 And the Lord God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life: And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

Why might the hatred God put between the snake and the woman be important?

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Genesis 3:14–15 God said to the snake, “Because of what you have done, you are cursed above all other animals. For as long as you live, you will crawl on your belly and eat dust. I will put hatred between you and the woman so your descendants will always be enemies. Her son will strike you on the head, and you will bruise his heel.”
King James
Genesis 3:14–15 And the Lord God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life: And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

What did God do to make the woman’s childbirth more painful?

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Genesis 3:16 God said to the woman, “I will increase your pain of pregnancy and childbirth. You will desire equality with your husband, but he will rule over you.”
King James
Genesis 3:16 Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.

After they ate the fruit, how did the relationship between the man and the woman change?

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Genesis 3:16 God said to the woman, “I will increase your pain of pregnancy and childbirth. You will desire equality with your husband, but he will rule over you.”
King James
Genesis 3:16 Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.

After they ate the fruit, how did the man’s work responsibilities change?

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Genesis 3:17–19 “Adam,” God said, “because you listened to your wife and ate from the tree I told you was forbidden, the ground is cursed. For all your life, you will struggle to gain the fruit from it, because the weeds will make it difficult to harvest enough to eat. From dust you came and to dust you will go, with all your days spent sweating to earn enough to put food on the table.”
King James
Genesis 3:17–19 And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life; thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field; in the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.

With so many differences between people, how could Eve be the single ancestor of them all?

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Genesis 3:20 Adam called his wife Eve because she would be the mother of all human beings.
King James
Genesis 3:20 And Adam called his wife’s name Eve; because she was the mother of all living.

Why did God make clothes for Adam and Eve?

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Genesis 3:21 God made clothes of animal skin for Adam and his wife.
King James
Genesis 3:21 Unto Adam also and to his wife did the Lord God make coats of skins, and clothed them.

Is the fact that Adam and Eve now knew good and evil evidence that the snake’s message had been true? Why??

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Genesis 3:4–5 “No, you won’t die,” the snake said. God knows that when you eat of it, you will be like him, knowing good and evil.”
Genesis 3:22 The Lord God said, “Look, people have become like us, knowing good and evil. If they eat of the Tree of Life, they will live forever in this condition.”
King James
Genesis 3:4–5 And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.
Genesis 3:22 And the Lord God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:

Do you think Adam and Eve might have eaten of the Tree of Life before they sinned? Why?

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Genesis 3:22 The Lord God said, “Look, people have become like us, knowing good and evil. If they eat of the Tree of Life, they will live forever in this condition.”
King James
Genesis 3:22 And the Lord God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:

Why did God expel Adam and Eve from the garden and not just make the Tree of Life inaccessible?

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Genesis 3:22–24 The Lord God said, “Look, people have become like us, knowing good and evil. If they eat of the Tree of Life, they will live forever in this condition.” So God expelled Adam from the garden of Eden to work the ground from which he was taken.
After banning them, God placed cherubim with flaming swords at the east of the garden of Eden, pointing in all directions to keep them away from the Tree of Life.
King James
Genesis 3:22–24 And the Lord God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever: Therefore the Lord God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken. So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.