Genesis 27: Isaac Blesses Jacob Instead of Esau

Why did Isaac want to feast on Esau’s wild game before he blessed him?

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Genesis 27:1–4 When Isaac was old and blind, he called for Esau, his firstborn. “My son?” he said.
“Yes, here I am,” Esau said.
“I’m an old man,” Isaac said. “I could die at any time. 3 Please, take your bow and quiver of arrows out in the field and hunt some wild game for me. Prepare the delicious meat that I love so much. Bring it to me so I can eat and give you my blessing before I die.”
King James
Genesis 27:1–4 And it came to pass, that when Isaac was old, and his eyes were dim, so that he could not see, he called Esau his eldest son, and said unto him, My son: and he said unto him, Behold, here am I. And he said, Behold now, I am old, I know not the day of my death: Now therefore take, I pray thee, thy weapons, thy quiver and thy bow, and go out to the field, and take me some venison; And make me savoury meat, such as I love, and bring it to me, that I may eat; that my soul may bless thee before I die.

Jacob already owned the birthright of the firstborn. Why did Rebekah want him to have his father’s blessing, as if he were Esau?

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Genesis 27:5–10 Rebekah overhead what Isaac said. While Esau had gone to the field to hunt wild game, she said to her son Jacob, “Listen, I heard your father tell your brother Esau to bring wild game for a delicious meal. Your father wants to bless him in the Lord’s presence before he dies.
“Son, listen carefully and do exactly what I say. Bring me two choice young goats from your flock, and I’ll prepare the delicious meal that your father loves. Then you can take it to him so he will eat it and give you his blessing before he dies.”
King James
Genesis 27:5–10 And Rebekah heard when Isaac spake to Esau his son. And Esau went to the field to hunt for venison, and to bring it. And Rebekah spake unto Jacob her son, saying, Behold, I heard thy father speak unto Esau thy brother, saying, Bring me venison, and make me savoury meat, that I may eat, and bless thee before the LORD before my death. Now therefore, my son, obey my voice according to that which I command thee. Go now to the flock, and fetch me from thence two good kids of the goats; and I will make them savoury meat for thy father, such as he loveth: And thou shalt bring it to thy father, that he may eat, and that he may bless thee before his death.

Why did Rebekah want two goats killed to prepare a meal for one man?

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Genesis 27:9 Bring me two choice young goats from your flock, and I’ll prepare the delicious meal that your father loves.
King James
Genesis 27:9 Go now to the flock, and fetch me from thence two good kids of the goats; and I will make them savoury meat for thy father, such as he loveth:

Why was Jacob reluctant to follow his mother’s instructions? Was he concerned for doing what was right and most pleasing to God? Why?

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Genesis 27:11–12 “But wait,” Jacob said to Rebekah. “My brother Esau is very hairy, and I am smooth-skinned. What if my father touches me? He will see me as a deceiver and speak curses over me, not his blessing.”
King James
Genesis 27:11–12 And Jacob said to Rebekah his mother, Behold, Esau my brother is a hairy man, and I am a smooth man: My father peradventure will feel me, and I shall seem to him as a deceiver; and I shall bring a curse upon me, and not a blessing.

Was Rebekah guilty of wrongdoing? Why?

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Genesis 27:13 “Let the curse be on me,” she said. “Just do what I ask, my son, and bring me the goats.”
King James
Genesis 27:13 And his mother said unto him, Upon me be thy curse, my son: only obey my voice, and go fetch me them.

Was Jacob guilty of wrongdoing when he obeyed his mother? Why?

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Genesis 27:14 So Jacob got the goats and brought them to his mother. She prepared the delicacy that Isaac loved.
King James
Genesis 27:14 And he went, and fetched, and brought them to his mother: and his mother made savoury meat, such as his father loved.

Was Rebekah 100 percent confident that Isaac would be deceived? Why? How confident was she?

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Genesis 27:15–17 Rebekah found her older son Esau’s best garments in the house and clothed Jacob with them. She covered Jacob’s arms and the smooth part of his neck with hairy goatskins and handed him bread and the delicious meat.
King James
Genesis 27:15–17 And Rebekah took goodly raiment of her eldest son Esau, which were with her in the house, and put them upon Jacob her younger son: And she put the skins of the kids of the goats upon his hands, and upon the smooth of his neck: And she gave the savoury meat and the bread, which she had prepared, into the hand of her son Jacob.

How do you think Jacob felt as he was lying to his father? Nobody lies without a perception of its benefits. What did Jacob expect to gain?

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Genesis 27:18–24 “My father,” Jacob said.
“Yes,” Isaac said, “who is it?”
“I am Esau, your firstborn,” Jacob said. “I have done as you asked. Please, sit up and eat of my wild game so you can give me your blessing.”
Isaac said, “How did you find it so quickly, my son?”
“The Lord your God brought it to me,” Jacob said.
“Come close where I can touch you,” Isaac said, “so I can be sure you really are my son Esau.”
When Jacob moved closer, Isaac touched him. “You sound like Jacob,” Isaac said, “but you have the hairy skin of Esau.” Because of the hair, Isaac was unaware that he was talking to Jacob and was ready to bless him. “Are you really my son Esau?”
“Yes,” Jacob said. “I am.”
King James
Genesis 27:18–24 And he came unto his father, and said, My father: and he said, Here am I; who art thou, my son?
And Jacob said unto his father, I am Esau thy firstborn; I have done according as thou badest me: arise, I pray thee, sit and eat of my venison, that thy soul may bless me.
And Isaac said unto his son, How is it that thou hast found it so quickly, my son?
And he said, Because the Lord thy God brought it to me.
And Isaac said unto Jacob, Come near, I pray thee, that I may feel thee, my son, whether thou be my very son Esau or not. And Jacob went near unto Isaac his father; and he felt him, and said, The voice is Jacob’s voice, but the hands are the hands of Esau. And he discerned him not, because his hands were hairy, as his brother Esau’s hands: so he blessed him. And he said, Art thou my very son Esau?
And he said, I am.

Why did Isaac’s meal of goat not taste different from wild game?

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Genesis 27:25 “Bring the wild game to me so I can eat and give you my blessing.”
So Jacob brought the food and wine, and Isaac ate and drank.
King James
Genesis 27:25 And he said, Bring it near to me, and I will eat of my son’s venison, that my soul may bless thee. And he brought it near to him, and he did eat: and he brought him wine, and he drank.

If Isaac thought he was blessing Esau, how could the blessing have any value for Jacob?

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Genesis 27:26–29 “Come here, my son,” Isaac said, “and kiss me.”
When Jacob came close and kissed him, Isaac smelled Esau’s clothes and said in blessing, “The smell of my son is like the field that the Lord has blessed. May God give you heaven’s dew and earth’s grain and wine in great abundance. Nations will bow down to you and people will serve you. You will rule over your brothers, and they will bow before you. Those who curse you will be cursed, and those who bless you will be blessed.”
King James
Genesis 27:26–29 And his father Isaac said unto him, Come near now, and kiss me, my son. And he came near, and kissed him: and he smelled the smell of his raiment, and blessed him, and said, See, the smell of my son is as the smell of a field which the Lord hath blessed: Therefore God give thee of the dew of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine: Let people serve thee, and nations bow down to thee: be lord over thy brethren, and let thy mother’s sons bow down to thee: cursed be every one that curseth thee, and blessed be he that blesseth thee.

While Esau was preparing the meat, why wasn’t he aware of what was happening in his father’s tent?

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Genesis 27:30–31 Right after Isaac’s blessing and Jacob had left, Esau came in from hunting. He too had made the delicious meat and was bringing it to Isaac. “My father, sit up and eat some of my wild game so you can give me your blessing.”
King James
Genesis 27:30–31 And it came to pass, as soon as Isaac had made an end of blessing Jacob, and Jacob was yet scarce gone out from the presence of Isaac his father, that Esau his brother came in from his hunting. And he also had made savoury meat, and brought it unto his father, and said unto his father, Let my father arise, and eat of his son’s venison, that thy soul may bless me.

When he realized he had been deceived, how did Isaac feel?

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Genesis 27:32–33 “Who are you?” Isaac said.
“I’m your firstborn son, Esau.”
Isaac was deeply shaken. “Then who just served me wild game? I finished eating it and blessed him just before you came. Indeed, he will be blessed.”
King James
Genesis 27:32–33 And Isaac his father said unto him, Who art thou?
And he said, I am thy son, thy firstborn Esau.
And Isaac trembled very exceedingly, and said, Who? where is he that hath taken venison, and brought it me, and I have eaten of all before thou camest, and have blessed him? yea, and he shall be blessed.

Why couldn’t Isaac speak the same blessing upon Esau as with Jacob?

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Genesis 27:32–37 “Who are you?” Isaac said.
“I’m your firstborn son, Esau.”
Isaac was deeply shaken. “Then who just served me wild game? I finished eating it and blessed him just before you came. Indeed, he will be blessed.”
Upon hearing this, Esau cried bitterly. “My father, can’t you bless me too?”
“Your brother deceived me,” Isaac said. “He has taken your blessing.”
“He is rightly named Jacob, for he has now taken advantage of me twice. First he took my birthright and now my blessing. Don’t you have a blessing left for me?”
“I have made him to rule over you,” Isaac said. “All his relatives have been given to him as servants, and I have promised grain and wine in abundance. My son, what is left for me to give you?”
King James
Genesis 27:32–37 And Isaac his father said unto him, Who art thou?
And he said, I am thy son, thy firstborn Esau.
And Isaac trembled very exceedingly, and said, Who? where is he that hath taken venison, and brought it me, and I have eaten of all before thou camest, and have blessed him? yea, and he shall be blessed.
And when Esau heard the words of his father, he cried with a great and exceeding bitter cry, and said unto his father, Bless me, even me also, O my father.
And he said, Thy brother came with subtilty, and hath taken away thy blessing.
And he said, Is not he rightly named Jacob? for he hath supplanted me these two times: he took away my birthright; and, behold, now he hath taken away my blessing. And he said, Hast thou not reserved a blessing for me?
And Isaac answered and said unto Esau, Behold, I have made him thy lord, and all his brethren have I given to him for servants; and with corn and wine have I sustained him: and what shall I do now unto thee, my son?

Why didn’t Esau accept his father’s word that there could be no blessing for him? How did he feel about the words his father gave? Why?

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Genesis 27:38–41 “Father, please. Don’t you have just one blessing for me?” Esau cried and would not be consoled.
“You will live away from the earth’s great abundance and heaven’s dew,” Isaac said. “You will live by your sword and will serve your brother. When you grow restless, you will break the yoke from your neck and be free.”
Esau hated Jacob for stealing his father’s blessing and thought, My father will die soon. Then I will kill my brother Jacob.
King James
Genesis 27:38–41 And Esau said unto his father, Hast thou but one blessing, my father? bless me, even me also, O my father. And Esau lifted up his voice, and wept.
And Isaac his father answered and said unto him, Behold, thy dwelling shall be the fatness of the earth, and of the dew of heaven from above; And by thy sword shalt thou live, and shalt serve thy brother; and it shall come to pass when thou shalt have the dominion, that thou shalt break his yoke from off thy neck.
And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father are at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob.

How did Rebekah discover what Esau was planning?

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Genesis 27:42 When Rebekah found out what her older son was planning, she sent for Jacob. “Your brother Esau comforts himself with thoughts of how he will kill you.”
King James
Genesis 27:42 And these words of Esau her elder son were told to Rebekah: and she sent and called Jacob her younger son, and said unto him, Behold, thy brother Esau, as touching thee, doth comfort himself, purposing to kill thee.

How would escape to Rebekah’s brother’s house keep Jacob safe?

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Genesis 27:43–45 “Listen, my son, you need to leave. You can escape to my brother Laban, who lives in Haran. Stay with him for a while and give your brother time to cool off. When he calms down and has forgotten why he was so angry, I’ll send word for you to return. Why should I lose both of you at the same time?”
King James
Genesis 27:43–45 Now therefore, my son, obey my voice; and arise, flee thou to Laban my brother to Haran; And tarry with him a few days, until thy brother’s fury turn away; Until thy brother’s anger turn away from thee, and he forget that which thou hast done to him: then I will send, and fetch thee from thence: why should I be deprived also of you both in one day?

Why did Rebekah think her husband would be receptive to the suggestion that Isaac needed to leave? What might have been said about Jacob’s deception?

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Genesis 27:46 Rebekah said to Isaac, “Esau’s foreign wives are disgusting. I would rather die than see Jacob take a wife from among the Hittite daughters.”
King James
Genesis 27:46 And Rebekah said to Isaac, I am weary of my life because of the daughters of Heth: if Jacob take a wife of the daughters of Heth, such as these which are of the daughters of the land, what good shall my life do me?