Genesis 19: Destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah

Why was Lot sitting near the city gate?

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Genesis 19:1 In the evening, two angels arrived at Sodom. Sitting near the city gate, Lot saw the angels coming. He rose to greet them, and bowed before them.
King James
Genesis 19:1 And there came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground;

How did Lot recognize the two men as angels?

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Genesis 19:1 In the evening, two angels arrived at Sodom. Sitting near the city gate, Lot saw the angels coming. He rose to greet them, and bowed before them.
King James
Genesis 19:1 And there came two angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing them rose up to meet them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground;

Why did the angels resist Lot’s offer to spend the night at his house? What changed their minds?

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Genesis 19:2–3 “Gentlemen,” Lot said, “I am your servant. Please come to my place, where you can wash your feet and spend the night. Then you can rise early and be on your way.”
“No,” the angels said. “We’ll just sleep in the city square.”
Lot insisted, refusing to take no for an answer, so the angels entered his house, where he baked unleavened bread and spread a feast for them to eat.
King James
Genesis 19:2–3 And he said, Behold now, my lords, turn in, I pray you, into your servant’s house, and tarry all night, and wash your feet, and ye shall rise up early, and go on your ways. And they said, Nay; but we will abide in the street all night. And he pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in unto him, and entered into his house; and he made them a feast, and did bake unleavened bread, and they did eat.

How did the men of Sodom learn about Lot’s guests?

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Genesis 19:4–5 Before bedtime, both young and old men from all parts of Sodom surrounded the house.
The men shouted, “Lot, where are the men who came with you tonight? Bring them out so we can be one with them.”
King James
Genesis 19:4–5 But before they lay down, the men of the city, even the men of Sodom, compassed the house round, both old and young, all the people from every quarter: And they called unto Lot, and said unto him, Where are the men which came in to thee this night? bring them out unto us, that we may know them.

What motivated Lot to offer his daughters to the men of Sodom? Why was his offer refused??

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Genesis 19:6–9 Lot went outside and shut the door behind him. “No, my neighbors. Do not behave so wickedly. Look, I have two daughters who have never slept with a man. Let me bring them out and you can do with them as you wish, but you cannot have my guests. Under my roof, they have my protection.”
“Don’t tell us what to do,” the men shouted. “You’re an outsider who has no right to judge us. We’ll treat you worse than them.” The mob pressed against Lot and were ready to break down the door.
King James
Genesis 19:6–9 And Lot went out at the door unto them, and shut the door after him, And said, I pray you, brethren, do not so wickedly. Behold now, I have two daughters which have not known man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do ye to them as is good in your eyes: only unto these men do nothing; for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof. And they said, Stand back. And they said again, This one fellow came in to sojourn, and he will needs be a judge: now will we deal worse with thee, than with them. And they pressed sore upon the man, even Lot, and came near to break the door.

What do you think would have happened if the angels had not agreed to stay at Lot’s house but instead went to the city square?

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Genesis 19:10–11 The angels reached out, pulled Lot inside, and shut the door. Then they struck the men outside with blindness, both young and old, so they couldn’t find the door.
King James
Genesis 19:10–11 But the men put forth their hand, and pulled Lot into the house to them, and shut to the door. And they smote the men that were at the door of the house with blindness, both small and great: so that they wearied themselves to find the door.

By what power and authority could the angels strike men with blindness?

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Genesis 19:10–11 The angels reached out, pulled Lot inside, and shut the door. Then they struck the men outside with blindness, both young and old, so they couldn’t find the door.
King James
Genesis 19:10–11 But the men put forth their hand, and pulled Lot into the house to them, and shut to the door. And they smote the men that were at the door of the house with blindness, both small and great: so that they wearied themselves to find the door.

How did the angels know God was about to destroy the city?

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Genesis 19:12–13 “Lot,” the angels said, “do you have any sons, daughters, or their spouses elsewhere in the city? Get every relative out of this place. The outcry against the people’s wickedness has become so great that the Lord has sent us to destroy the city.”
King James
Genesis 19:12–13 And the men said unto Lot, Hast thou here any besides? son in law, and thy sons, and thy daughters, and whatsoever thou hast in the city, bring them out of this place: For we will destroy this place, because the cry of them is waxen great before the face of the Lord; and the Lord hath sent us to destroy it.

Why didn’t the daughters’ fiancés respect Lot’s warning?

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Genesis 19:14 Lot went to the young men who were engaged to marry his daughters. “Quick, get out of here, because the Lord is about to destroy the city.”
But they scoffed like they thought he was expressing a religious fantasy.
King James
Genesis 19:14 And Lot went out, and spake unto his sons in law, which married his daughters, and said, Up, get you out of this place; for the Lord will destroy this city. But he seemed as one that mocked unto his sons in law.

Why did Lot hesitate, not wanting to leave the city when the angels told him what was about to happen?

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Genesis 19:15–16 At dawn, the angels urged Lot to leave, saying, “Get up! Take your wife and two daughters and flee, or you will be punished for the guilt of others in the city.”
When he hesitated, the angels grabbed the hands of Lot, his wife, and the two daughters and led them to safety outside the city, for the Lord was merciful.
King James
Genesis 19:15–16 And when the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters, which are here; lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of the city. And while he lingered, the men laid hold upon his hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the hand of his two daughters; the Lord being merciful unto him: and they brought him forth, and set him without the city.

Why did the angel tell Lot to run and not look back?

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Genesis 19:17 Outside the city gate, an angel said, “Run for your lives, and don’t look back. Don’t stop anywhere in the valley, but escape to the mountain or you will be consumed.”
Luke 9:62 “After a man puts his hand to the plow,” Jesus said, “he is not fit for the Kingdom of God if he keeps looking back.”
King James
Genesis 19:17 And it came to pass, when they had brought them forth abroad, that he said, Escape for thy life; look not behind thee, neither stay thou in all the plain; escape to the mountain, lest thou be consumed.
Luke 9:62 And Jesus said unto him, No man, having put his hand to the plough, and looking back, is fit for the kingdom of God.

Did Lot have a good reason not to flee to the mountain? Why?

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Genesis 19:18–20 “Oh, please,” Lot said. “Don’t send us so far away. Your servant has found favor in your sight by saving my life. I can’t escape to the mountain or another evil will cause my death. Look, there’s a small town. It doesn’t amount to much. Let me go there so my life will be spared.”
Genesis 19:30 Afraid to live in Zoar, Lot went to the mountain and lived in a cave with his two daughters.
King James
Genesis 19:18–20 And Lot said unto them, Oh, not so, my Lord: Behold now, thy servant hath found grace in thy sight, and thou hast magnified thy mercy, which thou hast shewed unto me in saving my life; and I cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil take me, and I die: Behold now, this city is near to flee unto, and it is a little one: Oh, let me escape thither, (is it not a little one?) and my soul shall live.
Genesis 19:30 And Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in the mountain, and his two daughters with him; for he feared to dwell in Zoar: and he dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters.

Why was it so important for Lot to reach Zoar as quickly as possible? How long did the journey take?

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Genesis 19:21–23 “Okay,” the angel said. “As you have asked, I will not destroy that town. Get there as quickly as you can, for I cannot do anything until you get there.”
Lot called the town Zoar, meaning insignificant. By the time Lot reached Zoar, the sun had risen much higher in the sky.
King James
Genesis 19:21–23 Haste thee, escape thither; for I cannot do any thing till thou be come thither. Therefore the name of the city was called Zoar. The sun was risen upon the earth when Lot entered into Zoar.

What natural calamity do you think most resembles God’s method of destroying Sodom and Gomorrah?

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Genesis 19:24–25 Upon Sodom and Gomorrah, the Lord rained fire and burning stones from the sky. He destroyed those cities and their inhabitants, the valley and everything that grew there.
King James
Genesis 19:24–25 Then the Lord rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven; And he overthrew those cities, and all the plain, and all the inhabitants of the cities, and that which grew upon the ground.

If Lot’s wife knew she shouldn’t look back but wasn’t told what would happen if she did, why did she become a pillar of salt?

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Genesis 19:26 Lot’s wife looked back toward Sodom, and she became a pillar of salt.
King James
Genesis 19:26 But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became a pillar of salt.

What were Abraham’s concerns when he smoke saw rising from the direction where Sodom and Gomorrah were?

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Genesis 19:27–28 Early the next morning, Abraham got up and went to the place where he had stood before the Lord. Abraham looked toward the valley where Sodom and Gomorrah were. Smoke was rising from that area like it was on fire.
King James
Genesis 19:27–28 And Abraham gat up early in the morning to the place where he stood before the Lord: And he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land of the plain, and beheld, and, lo, the smoke of the country went up as the smoke of a furnace.

After seeking refuge in Zoar, why did Lot not want to live there but went to the place where he had not wanted to go before?

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Genesis 19:29–30 Before destroying the cities in the valley, God remembered Abraham and brought Lot out of the place where he had been living. Afraid to live in Zoar, Lot went to the mountain and lived in a cave with his two daughters.
King James
Genesis 19:29–30 And it came to pass, when God destroyed the cities of the plain, that God remembered Abraham, and sent Lot out of the midst of the overthrow, when he overthrew the cities in the which Lot dwelt. And Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in the mountain, and his two daughters with him; for he feared to dwell in Zoar: and he dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters.

Why did Lot’s daughters have no hope for getting married?

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Genesis 19:31–38 The older daughter said to her sister, “Our father is getting old, and there is no man around here to give us children. Let’s get our father drunk and sleep with him so we can preserve our family line.”
That night, they got their father drunk on wine, and the older daughter slept with him. Lot wasn’t aware when she came in or when she left.
The next day, the older daughter said to her sister, “I slept with our father last night. Let’s get him drunk again, and you sleep with him so we can preserve our family line.”
Again that night, they got their father drunk on wine and the younger daughter slept with him. Lot wasn’t aware when she came in or when she left.
In this way, both daughters became pregnant by their father. The older daughter gave birth to Moab. Her son became the ancestor of the Moabites. The younger daughter gave birth to Ben-ammi. Her son became the ancestor of the Ammonites.
King James
Genesis 19:31–38 And the firstborn said unto the younger, Our father is old, and there is not a man in the earth to come in unto us after the manner of all the earth: Come, let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father. And they made their father drink wine that night: and the firstborn went in, and lay with her father; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose.
And it came to pass on the morrow, that the firstborn said unto the younger, Behold, I lay yesternight with my father: let us make him drink wine this night also; and go thou in, and lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father. And they made their father drink wine that night also: and the younger arose, and lay with him; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when she arose.
Thus were both the daughters of Lot with child by their father. And the firstborn bare a son, and called his name Moab: the same is the father of the Moabites unto this day. And the younger, she also bare a son, and called his name Benammi: the same is the father of the children of Ammon unto this day.

If Lot was part of Abraham’s family, why did Lot’s descendants become enemies of Israel?

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Genesis 19:37–38 The older daughter gave birth to Moab. Her son became the ancestor of the Moabites. The younger daughter gave birth to Ben-ammi. Her son became the ancestor of the Ammonites.
King James
Genesis 19:37–38 The older daughter gave birth to Moab. Her son became the ancestor of the Moabites. The younger daughter gave birth to Ben-ammi. Her son became the ancestor of the Ammonites.