Genesis 14: Lot’s Captivity and Rescue

In what way was Chedorlaomer’s kingdom different from the other kingdoms?

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Genesis 14:1–4 In the days when Amraphel ruled Babylonia, Arioch, Chedorlaomer, and Tidal were kings over Ellasar, Elam, and Goiim. These four made war with Bera, Birsha, Shinab, Shemeber, and Bela, rulers over Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboiim, and Zoar, who had gathered as allies in Siddim Valley, the area of the salt sea. After twelve years of being subject to Chedorlaomer, they rebelled in the thirteenth year.
King James
Genesis 14:1–4 And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of nations; That these made war with Bera king of Sodom, and with Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, and Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela, which is Zoar. All these were joined together in the vale of Siddim, which is the salt sea. Twelve years they served Chedorlaomer, and in the thirteenth year they rebelled.

What motivated the five kings to rebel against Chedorlaomer?

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Genesis 14:4 After twelve years of being subject to Chedorlaomer, they rebelled in the thirteenth year.
King James
Genesis 14:4 Twelve years they served Chedorlaomer, and in the thirteenth year they rebelled.

What did Chedorlaomer’s conquests prove?

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Genesis 14:5–7 The next year, Chedorlaomer and the kings with him defeated the giants in Ashtaroth and Karnaim, the Zuzim in Ham, and the Emim in Shaveh Kiriathaim, as well as the Horites from the Seir hill country to El-paran at the edge of the wilderness. They went back to Enmishpat, also known as Kadesh, and conquered the land belonging to the Amalekites, then the Amorites living in Hazezon Tamar.
King James
Genesis 14:5–7 And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim, and the Horites in their mount Seir, unto Elparan, which is by the wilderness. And they returned, and came to Enmishpat, which is Kadesh, and smote all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites, that dwelt in Hazezontamar.

How much might fear have been a factor in the Siddim Valley battle?

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Genesis 14:8–10 The kings of Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah, Zeboyim, and Zoar went to battle in Siddim Valley against Chedorlaomer, Tidal, Amraphel, and Arioch, kings of Elam, Goyim, Babylonia, and Ellasar—armies of four kings against five. When the armies of Sodom and Gomorrah retreated, some men fell into the tar pits that filled Siddim Valley. The rest escaped to the hills.
King James
Genesis 14:8–10 And there went out the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrah, and the king of Admah, and the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (the same is Zoar;) and they joined battle with them in the vale of Siddim; With Chedorlaomer the king of Elam, and with Tidal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar; four kings with five. And the vale of Siddim was full of slimepits; and the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, and fell there; and they that remained fled to the mountain.

Why do you think Lot was captured and not killed?

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Genesis 14:11–12 The victorious four kings plundered Sodom and Gomorrah, taking everything of value, including their food. They captured Abram’s nephew Lot and took everything he owned.
King James
Genesis 14:11–12 And they took all the goods of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their victuals, and went their way. And they took Lot, Abram’s brother’s son, who dwelt in Sodom, and his goods, and departed.

How could Abram think he had any chance of victory in a battle with Chedorlaomer’s army?

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Genesis 14:13–14 One who escaped capture went to tell Abram, the Hebrew, who was living by the oaks of Mamre the Amorite, Eshcol and Aner’s brother. All were Abram’s allies.
Upon learning that his nephew had been captured, Abram called out 318 trained men born in his own house. He pursued Chedorlaomer’s army and caught up with them at Dan.
King James
Genesis 14:13–14 And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram. And when Abram heard that his brother was taken captive, he armed his trained servants, born in his own house, three hundred and eighteen, and pursued them unto Dan.

How did Abram gain an advantage in battle?

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Genesis 14:15 Abram divided his men, attacked the army from multiple fronts at night, and won a great victory. He pursued the enemy all the way to Hobah, north of Damascus.
King James
Genesis 14:15 And he divided himself against them, he and his servants, by night, and smote them, and pursued them unto Hobah, which is on the left hand of Damascus.

Why did the king of Sodom go out to meet Abram?

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Genesis 14:16–17 He recovered all that had been taken and brought back his nephew Lot and his possessions, including the women and other captives.
When Abram returned from his victory over Chedorlaomer and his allies, the king of Sodom met him in Shaveh Valley, also known as King’s Valley.
Genesis 14:21 The king of Sodom said to Abram, “Let me have my people, and you can keep all the goods for yourself.”
King James
Genesis 14:16–17 And he brought back all the goods, and also brought again his brother Lot, and his goods, and the women also, and the people. And the king of Sodom went out to meet him after his return from the slaughter of Chedorlaomer, and of the kings that were with him, at the valley of Shaveh, which is the king’s dale.
Genesis 14:21 And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, Give me the persons, and take the goods to thyself.

Who was Melchizedek?

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Genesis 14:18 Melchizedek, king of Salem and priest of the most high God, brought bread and wine.
Psalm 110:4 God made a solemn promise and will never change his mind. “You are a priest forever, of the Melchizedek order.”
Hebrews 7:1–20 Melchizedek, king of Salem and priest of the most high God, blessed Abraham when he returned from his victory over the kings. Abraham gave him a tenth of everything. The name Melchizedek means “king of righteousness.” The “king of Salem” means “king of peace.” Without father or mother, with no ancestors, and without beginning or end, the image of God’s Son, Melchizedek remains a priest forever. See how great Melchizedek is, for Abraham gave him a tenth of all he had taken in his victory over the kings. The Law commanded the sons of Levi, who were the priests, to receive the people’s tithes, even though they were descendants of Abraham. Melchizedek was not a Levitical priest but received the tithe and blessed Abraham, who laid hold of God’s promise. Without question, the one with the power of blessing is greater than the one who is blessed. All the priests receiving tithes will die, but Scripture says Melchizedek still lives. Indirectly, Levi who received tithes payed tithes through Abraham, for Abraham had Levi’s seed when he met Melchizedek. If perfection were available through the Levitical priesthood under the Law, then another priest would be after the order of Aaron, not Melchizedek. With a change in the priesthood, there must also be a change in the rule of law. Our great High Priest is of a different tribe, without priests who serve at the altar. Nothing in Jesus’ ancestry put him in the line of Levitical priests, for the evidence points to a different priest of the Melchizedek order, not out of genealogical descent but by the power of indestructible life. As the poet declared, “You are a priest forever, of the Melchizedek order,” which says the old priesthood was set aside because it was ineffective, being weak. The Law made nothing perfect, but it gave us hope for what would make us perfect, through whom we now draw near to God. With a solemn oath, God appointed the new priest,
King James
Genesis 14:18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God.
Psalm 110:4 The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.
Hebrews 7:1–20 For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace; Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually. Now consider how great this man was, unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils. And verily they that are of the sons of Levi, who receive the office of the priesthood, have a commandment to take tithes of the people according to the law, that is, of their brethren, though they come out of the loins of Abraham: But he whose descent is not counted from them received tithes of Abraham, and blessed him that had the promises. And without all contradiction the less is blessed of the better. And here men that die receive tithes; but there he receiveth them, of whom it is witnessed that he liveth. And as I may so say, Levi also, who receiveth tithes, payed tithes in Abraham. For he was yet in the loins of his father, when Melchisedec met him. If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, (for under it the people received the law,) what further need was there that another priest should rise after the order of Melchisedec, and not be called after the order of Aaron? For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law. For he of whom these things are spoken pertaineth to another tribe, of which no man gave attendance at the altar. For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Juda; of which tribe Moses spake nothing concerning priesthood. And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of Melchisedec there ariseth another priest, Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life. For he testifieth, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec. For there is verily a disannulling of the commandment going before for the weakness and unprofitableness thereof. For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did; by the which we draw nigh unto God. And inasmuch as not without an oath he was made priest:

Why did Abram give Melchizedek 10 percent of everything?

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Genesis 14:20 Blessed be the most high God, who helped defeat your enemies.”
Abram gave him a tenth of everything.
King James
Genesis 14:20 And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.

What did the king of Sodom have rights to claim from Abram?

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Genesis 14:21 The king of Sodom said to Abram, “Let me have my people, and you can keep all the goods for yourself.”
King James
Genesis 14:21 And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, Give me the persons, and take the goods to thyself.

Why did Abram refuse the spoils of war?

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Genesis 14:21–24 The king of Sodom said to Abram, “Let me have my people, and you can keep all the goods for yourself.”
His right hand raised, Abram said to the king of Sodom, “I swear before the most high God, possessor of earth and sky, I will accept nothing from you, not even a strap from your sandal. You will give nothing to me, because I don’t want to hear you say, ‘I have made Abram rich.’ I want nothing other than what the young men have eaten, and let the men who fought with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre, have their share.”
King James
Genesis 14:21–24 And the king of Sodom said unto Abram, Give me the persons, and take the goods to thyself. And Abram said to the king of Sodom, I have lift up mine hand unto the Lord, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth, that I will not take from a thread even to a shoelatchet, and that I will not take any thing that is thine, lest thou shouldest say, I have made Abram rich: Save only that which the young men have eaten, and the portion of the men which went with me, Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre; let them take their portion.